Cookbook:Cuisine of Nigeria

Cookbook | Ingredients | Cuisines | African cuisines

Influences edit

The cuisine of Nigeria is influenced by its many ethnic groups, as well as neighboring West African nations, British colonialism, and other countries Nigeria has interacted with through trade. New-world foods such as cassava, tomatoes, and maize/corn were introduced by Portuguese traders, and they have since become staple foods.

Characteristics edit

Nigerian food features a wide variety of flavors, ingredients, and spices, both native and imported. Soups and stews are a staple food often containing assorted vegetables and meats, and they are often served with a variety of swallows like fufu. Dishes are typically hot and peppery.

Common ingredients edit

Meat edit

A variety of meats are consumed across Nigeria, including beef, goat, lamb, chicken, turkey, and bush meat. Brush-tailed porcupine and cane rats are common bush meat varieties.

Seafood edit

Fish and other seafood are widely consumed in Nigeria. They can be sourced from the southern coast or the Niger river. Carp, perch, and catfish are common. Stockfish is also widely imported from Scandinavia. Fish may be preserved by smoke-drying to make dryfish.

Fruits and vegetables edit

Leafy greens are common across Nigeria and go by many names. Popular options include water leaves, African spinach (efo tete), bitter leaves, Lagos spinach (efo shoko), fluted pumpkin leaves (ugwu), jute leaves (ewedu), and scent leaves (efirin).

Yam and taro (cocoyam) are starchy tubers that may be boiled, fried, and/or pounded until soft. Plantains are used similarly.

Grains and legumes edit

A variety of legumes such as beans and lentils are eaten in Nigeria, typically boiled. Peanuts/groundnuts are common.

Typical grains include rice, millet, and sorghum.

Seasonings edit

Nigerian food is seasoned with a variety of flavors. Dried ground chili peppers are common, as well as black pepper, cinnamon, and nutmeg. Ground crayfish and fermented products such as iru and ogiri are sources of umami. Stock cubes (Maggi is a popular brand) are also common.

Other edit

Palm oil and groundnut oil are two very common oils used in Nigerian cooking.

Gallery edit

Recipes edit

External links edit