The bell pepper, sometimes ambiguously known simply as "pepper" or "capsicum", is a type of large mild chili pepper that is considered by many to be without heat. Bell peppers are often considered to be merely vegetables, not spices, even though some people find them to be slightly hot.
Bell peppers are green while developing and then ripen to a variety of colors—red and yellow are the most common but purple and orange are also found. They are edible while still unripe and have a distinctly different (and milder) taste in that state. Compared to green ones, red bell peppers have three times as much vitamin C and 11 times as much beta carotene.
For general usage, slice bell peppers in half lengthwise, then remove the stem, core, seeds, and white veins.
Red bell peppers are often heated over a fire, such as a gas range, to remove the skins and add a distinctive smokey flavor.
|Seasonality tables|Autumn|Winter|Spring|Summer|All year|
Green (unripe) bell peppers are available all year, with their peak season falling between July and November. The ripe varieties are more sensitive to season and will reach their peak towards the end of the green pepper's season.