Lombard language course
Morphology of Lombard language

AdjectivesAdjective degrees
PronounsSubject personal pronouns •• Object and term personal pronouns •• Pronominal and adverbial particles - Demonstrative pronouns •• Possessive pronouns •• Indefinite pronouns
VerbsMoods and tenses •• Infinitive •• Gerund and gerundial complements •• Participle - Present Indicative •• Past Indicative (Perfect Indicative) •• Imperfect Indicative •• Past Perfect Indicative •• Simple Future Indicative •• Compound Future Indicative •• Present Subjunctive •• Past Subjunctive (Perfect Subjunctive) •• Imperfect Subjunctive •• Past Perfect Subjunctive •• Present Conditional •• Past Conditional •• Present Imperative •• Future Imperative •• Continuous construction ••• Irregular verbs
••• Auxiliary verbs
••• Modal verbs
••• Phrasal verbs
Prepositions and prepositional locutions
Adverbs and adverbial locutions
Pronominal and adverbial particles
Other constructions replacing the adverbs "easily" and "hardly"
Conjunctions and conjunctive locutions

Lombard The reference orthography for this page of Lombard course is New Lombard orthography
  • In Lombard there is no present participle (however it was introduced as Italianism in some dialects) but just its periphrases.
    • paying = che 'l paga. (“that pays” that it the periphrasis that plays the role of the present participle that would be instead “pagant”)
  • The past participle, on the other hand, exists and is widely used (especially to form compound tenses, but also as an adjective).

Formation of the regular past participle Edit

As for spelling, the formation of the past participle in New Lombard Orthography has already been described in the module about the orthography. However, the pronunciation of the ending differs from one dialect to another.
To know the pronunciation IPA in the various dialects please refer to the appendices of the wiktionary in Lombardy:

Western lombard Edit

First conjugation
Second conjugation
Third conjugation
Forth conjugation

Eastern Lombrd Edit

First conjugation
Third conjugation
Forth conjugation

Alpine Lombard Edit

Irregular past participles Edit

►► vedi ►► Lombard/Irregular verbs