Wikijunior:Asia/Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country that became independent with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The capital city of Kyrgyzstan is Bishkek. It is located in the northern part of the country, in the Chui Valley, and is the largest city in Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek became the capital of Kyrgyzstan in 1991, following the country's independence from the Soviet Union.

Kyrgyzstan flag is unique as the sun symbol with 40 golden sun with forty evenly spaced sun rays represents all the forty tribes which Manas united to fight the Mongols..

In the late 18th century, the Kokand Khanate, a Muslim state in Central Asia, began to expand its influence into the Kyrgyz regions. The Kokand Khanate was ruled by a dynasty of Uzbek rulers and was known for its military prowess and cultural achievements. In 1775, the Kokand Khanate conquered the Kyrgyz Khanate and incorporated it into its territory. However, the Kyrgyz people remained fiercely independent and continued to resist foreign rule. The Kyrgyz people were caught up in a power struggle between the Kokand Khanate and the Qing dynasty of China. The Kokand Khanate, which was expanding its influence in Central Asia, clashed with the Chinese over control of the Tarim Basin, a fertile region that lay on the border between China and Central Asia.

Where is Kyrgyzstan? Edit

Due to the size of Kyrgyzstan country is small and it is also a landlocked country (meaning it does not located near the sea). It have many neighboring countries , for this case is 5 different countries. It is bordered by Kazakhstan on the northwest and north, by China on the east and southeast , and by Tajikistan on south and Uzbekistan on the south west.

How many people live in Kyrgyzstan? Edit

Based on national census conducted ion 2019, the population is estimated at 6.4 million people. The people of Kyrgyzstan identifies them self as Kyrgyz. They consists of 73% of the population. Uzbek consists of 15% of the population , Russians consists of 5% of the population and the minorities consists of 7% of the population.

What are the most common languages in Kyrgyzstan? Edit

 
Kyrgyz latin alphabet
A person man speaking Kyrgyz

Kyrgyz is the most widely spoken by the majority of the population of Kyrgyzstan . The language is a Turkic language belonging to the Kipchak branch. It is an agglutinative language, which means that words are formed by combining different morphemes (meaningful units) together, such as affixes and suffixes, to create complex words. The language has a complex system of declension and conjugation, with six cases for nouns and six tenses for verbs.

Kyrgyz is written using the Cyrillic alphabet, which was introduced by the Soviet Union in 1941. Before that, the language was written using the Arabic script. In recent years, there has been a movement to switch back to the Latin alphabet, which was used briefly in the early 20th century, in order to promote closer ties with other Turkic-speaking countries.

What is the most common religion in Kyrgyzstan? Edit

Sunni Muslims make up about 83% of the population of Kyrgyzstan, followed by Christians at 15%.2% of the population are Buddhist or Jewish.

What is the sport of Kyrgyzstan? Edit

 
A kok boru player carrying a goat carcass

Kok Boru literally translated to Dead Goat Polo is national sport of Kyrgyzstan. The game is believed originated from men hunting down the grey wolves that were killing their herds in the mountains. They would kill the wolf and play with its carcass by trying to take it from each other on their way back to the village. The man who could throw the dead wolf into the elder’s yurt upon arrival, would be the winner and gain the respect of his peers.

Kok Boru is played by two teams with up to 10 players per team. The game begins with the goat carcass, being placed in the center of a large field. The goal is once player had pick up the goat carcass from the ground, they need to race it across the field as well as stayed away from opposing teams and toss it into the center of the kazan, a ring of tires functioning as a goal. Each team has their own kazan, one at either end of the field. Every time the carcass is thrown completely inside into the opposing team's kazan , the players team scores a point. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins. The game is typically played in a timed format, with a set number of periods or a set time limit.

What are some important sites? Edit

 
Tash Rabat

Tash Rabat - It is called Таш Рабат in the natives tongue. It is a well preserved historic stone caravanserai (roadside inn) that were used by merchants and their caravans on the ancient Silk Road to stop for the night or a few days to rest before continuing their journey. It is built from hefty stone forming a single structure that looks like a blend between a castle and a temple.

 
Burana Tower

Burana Tower - It was built in the 11th century, and was once part of a flourishing Silk Road city called Balasaghunwhich was the capital of the Karakhanid Empire in the 9th century. Originally, the minaret stood at 45 m tall, but an earthquake in the 15th century destroyed the upper half of the tower, and it now tops out at 24m. The tower leans ever so slightly to one side like many monumental brick constructions from this era. The tower was restored in the early 20th century, and again in 1970, after locals stripped some of the bricks for use in their own construction projects.

 
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