Azerbaijan is a country was known as Caucasian Albania in ancient times. The area was the site of many conflicts involving Arabs, Kazars, and Turks. After the 11th century, the territory became dominated by Turks and eventually was a stronghold of the Shiite Muslim religion and Islamic culture. The territory of Soviet Azerbaijan was acquired by Russia from Persia through the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813 and the Treaty of Turkamanchai in 1828.
After the Bolshevik Revolution, Azerbaijan declared its independence from Russia in May 1918. The republic was reconquered by the Red Army in 1920 and was annexed into the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1922. It was later re-established as a separate Soviet Republic on Dec. 5, 1936. Azerbaijan declared independence from the collapsing Soviet Union on Aug. 30, 1991.
Where is Azerbaijan?Edit
What is the currency of Azerbaijan?Edit
How many people live in Azerbaijan?Edit
According to population census conducted in 2009 it is estimated about 8.9 million people living there
What are the most common languages in Azerbaijan?Edit
Azerbaijani, also called the Azeri, is the most widely spoken language in Azerbaijan with almost 93% of population speaking in the language.
What is the most common religion in Azerbaijan?Edit
The most common religions are Muslim religion (95%) , with 85% being Shia Muslims and 15% being Sunni Muslims.The rest are minority Christian sect followers such as Russian Orthodox, Georgian Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic
What is the sport of Azerbaijan?Edit
What are some important sites?Edit
The Palace of Shirvanshahs - The name Shirvanshahs literally named "The King of Shirvans". It is located in Baku, It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site built in the 15th century by the Shirvanshah dynasty. It is comprised of five distinct sections namely Divanhane, the shah’s mosque with a minaret, Seyid Yahya Bakuvi’s mausoleum, a portal in the east – Murad’s gate and a reservoir and the remnants of the bath-house.
Maiden Tower (Qiz Qalasi) - It was built in the 12th century originally on the shore of Caspian Sea supposedly to serve as a watch tower(later due to land reclamation, the tower is no more near the Caspian Sea) . It's an important part of Azerbaijani history considering that it features on the country's currency notes. The name of Maiden Tower are purportedly come from local tales as followed: A foreign prince fell in love with Azerbaijan's King beautiful daughter and wished to marry her. Horrified, the princess tried to delay the nuptials by asking her father to build the biggest tower she had ever seen. When the tower was completed, the princess went up to admire the view and threw herself into the waves of the Caspian, lapping against the tower walls below.