Turkish/Pronunciation and Alphabet/S-Z

Pronunciation and Alphabet
← Previous: İ-R S-Z Next: Vowel Classifications and Harmony →

Now that you've learnt everything up to and including r, let's learn the rest of the alphabet:


/s/   Click for sound

Or se. Pronounced like the s in see.

For example:

  • soğan - onion
  • salam - salami (a Turkish delicacy)
  • sel - flood, bruh


/ʃ/   Click for sound

Or şe. Pronounced like the sh in shout.

For example:

  • şey - thing
  • şarap - wine
  • şişe - bottle


/t/   Click for sound

Or te. Pronounce like the t in tea.

For example:

  • tabak - plate
  • tavsiye - recommendation
  • televizyon - television


/u/   Click for sound

Pronounced like the ou in the French word boum.

For example:

  • uçak - plane
  • ucuz - cheap
  • ufak - small


/y/   Click for sound

Pronounced just like the German ü, or the u in the French expression, "j'ai perdu".

For example: It is pronounced the same as the "u" in pure.

  • ürün - product
  • üç - three
  • üzüm - grape


/ʋ/   Click for sound

Pronounced like the v in vase.

For example:

  • Vikikitap - Wikibooks (Ws are transliterated as Vs in Turkish, therefore Wiki would be transliterated as Viki, and the word kitap means book)
  • vazo - vase
  • Venedik - Venice


/j/   Click for sound

Where's the w and x? Turkish also doesn't have these letters. Y is pronounced like the y in in you.

For example:

  • yarın - tomorrow
  • yarım - half
  • yukarı - above


/z/   Click for sound

The final letter of the Turkish alphabet. Pronounced like the z in zoo.

For example:

  • zeytin - olive
  • zil - bell
  • zehir - poison

So, you've managed to learn the alphabet! Well done! Before you move on to the real lessons, though, please take a look at a useful grammatical note by clicking "next" below.

← Previous: İ-R S-Z Next: Vowel Classifications and Harmony →
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