Tonyukuk Inscriptions, among the oldest examples of Turkic languages surviving.
The reconstructed ancestor of the Turkic languages.

Table of ContentsEdit

Welcome to the Proto-Turkic page! Here we will assist Wikibooks, together with Wiktionary, to consider the content of the reconstructed language, which is supposed to have been spoken between 500 BCE and 100 AD. Such a language was spoken in Mongolia before the Turks' Oghur tribe migrated to the west, somewhere north of the Black Sea! Proto-Turkic language, which we can call a kind of Xiongnu language, is the ancestor of all Turkic languages today.


  1. Introduction  
  2. Contributors  


  1. History of Xiongnu
  2. History of Proto-Turkic language  

Pronunciation and AlphabetEdit

  1. Alphabet  
  2. Pronunciation  


  1. Lesson one: Pronouns and numbers  
  2. Lesson two: Basics  
  3. Lesson three: Locative-ablative case and plurality  
  4. Lesson four: Past tenses and vowel harmony  
  5. Lesson five: Vocabulary  
  6. Lesson six: Genitive, accusative and dative cases  
  7. Lesson seven: Suffixes used to create new words with new meanings  
  8. Lesson eight: Verbals  
  9. Lesson nine: Optatives, necessitatives and questions  
  10. Lesson ten: Vocabulary 2  
  11. Lesson eleven: Equative, instrumental and imperatives  
  12. Lesson twelve: Converbs and sentence formation  
  13. Final lesson: Abilities, future tense and present continuous