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Latin/Lesson 1-Revision

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Notice that almost all 1st declension nouns are feminine. A mnemonic device for the common masculine ones is PAIN -- poeta (poet), agricola (farmer), incola (inhabitant), and nauta (sailor). Almost all 2nd declension nouns are either masculine or neuter.

Latin
Intro: 12
Chapter 1 123456
Chapter 2 12345678
Chapter 3 12345678
Chapter 4 12345678910
Chapter 5 123456789
  • 1st declension: genitive ends in -ae, nominative usually ends in -a
  • 2nd declension: genitive ends in -i, nominative usually ends in -us for masculine and -um for neut.
  • 3rd declension: genitive ends in -is, nominative varies
  • 4th declension: genitive ends in -us, nominative usually ends in -us for m/f and -u for neut.
  • 5th declension: genitive ends in -ei, nominative usually ends in -es

Notice that in all cases, the accusative of neuter nouns is the same as the nominative.


1st Declension

sing pl
Nom -a -ae
Gen -ae -arum
Dat -ae -is
Acc -am -as
Abl -a -is


2nd

masculine

-us -i -i -orum -o -is -um -os -o -is

neuter

-um -a -i -orum -o -is -um -a -o -is


3rd

m/f

-? -es -is -um -i -ibus -em -es -e -ibus

neut.

-? -a -is -um -i -ibus -? -a -e -ibus


4th

m/f

-us -us -us -uum -ui -ibus -um -us -u -ibus

neut. -u -ua -us -uum -u -ibus -u -ua -u -ibus


5th -es -es -ei -erum -ei -ebus -em -es -e -ebus


A mnemonic device for the common irregular imperatives is the rhyme: dic, duc, fac, fer: there ought to be an "e", but it isn't there. dicite, ducite, facite, ferte.

1st conjugation: amo, amare, amavi, amatus

2nd conjugation: moneo, monere, monui, monitus

3rd conjugation: ago, agere, egi, actus

3rd -io  : capio, capere, cepi, captus

4th conjugation: sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus


Indicative Active Present