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Trainz/Kinds/kind scenery

< Trainz‎ | Kinds

Introduction to 'kind scenery'Edit

KIND Scenery provides the basis for all surveyor-placeable assets covering especially those that have no relationship to rails or railroad assets, and is the class of objects which can individually be laid down, rotated, height adjusted, and if capable, tilted. Examples of everyday scenery objects are virtually anything which is not part of a railroad, but includes many assets which indeed are. Individual buildings, trees and other sorts of foliage assets (cactii, shrubs, lichen, grasses), animals (dogs to exotic zoo critters) and since in some task cases Trainz supports doing the same thing in multiple ways (i.e. using a different Kinds to get to the same goal.), surprisingly even sound effects.

Kind scenery objects by and large DO NOT have interactivity, though increasingly some provide animations to lend verisimilitude; this is particularly true especially for those which are child classed.

A basic scenery asset that supports night mode lighting (windows, exterior lighting come on at night), smoke (particle) effects (e.g. chimneys, water spraying as log hits water), sound effects (sound FX, s.a. a dog barking, industry machinery, wind blowing) and animation. It is height adjustable and forms the majority of map objects used. Only a minority are configured too allow a tilting of the object, but quite a few could be altered with added parameters to allow such—such would be useful in a lot more standard trees for example to place near tracks in the so called 'tree tunnels' of a route.

KIND HierarchyEdit

Parent Classes

Config.txt files

Child Classes

 

Supported TagsEdit

Each scenery asset supports the following tags.
Note: Each tag is shown here with its default value, meaning the value Trainz CM/CMP will insert should the tag be left undefined.   

Remember: Other usual and common tags & containers legal in all Kinds are listed in the TrainzBaseSpec

 autoname                  0
 backdrop                  0
 collate-meshes            0
 random-color-low-hsb     0,0,100
 random-color-high-hsb    0,0,100
 nightmode                "none"
 rgb                      0,0.5,0
 snapmode                 0
 snapgrid                 0
 dighole                  0,0
 interior                 ""
 soundscript container     
 {  
 } 
 smoke container, smoke{NN:0...NN}
 {  
 } 
 floating                 0
 height-range             0,0
 rotate                   1
 rotate-yz-range          0,0
 surveyor-only            0
 icon-texture             ""
 queues container     
 {  
 } 
 rotstep                  1
 rollstep                 1
 decal container     
 {  
 } 

   

autonameEdit

Type: Boolean
Desc: Will cause the object to be automatically named when placed in Surveyor. Objects are auto-named with their localised languages' asset name followed by a number (eg. "Tree 10").

 

backdropEdit

Type: Boolean
Desc: If true then this signifies that the asset is a "backdrop". Backdrops are used to create the illusion of distant terrain in a route. To achieve this a backdrop has a much greater draw distance than other scenery assets so that it is visible from much farther away. Also, backdrops are not z-sorted, meaning that they will always appear 'behind' other scenery regardless of their actual position in the world. For this reason, backdrop objects should never be placed near the track.

 

camera-collidableEdit

Type: Integer
Desc: This tag is not used in Trainz.

 

collate-meshesEdit

Type: Boolean
Desc: The 'collate-meshes' tag allowed for rapid rendering (a primitive form of stitching) in older versions of Trainz. There were significant limitations on how they could be used. The tag allowed the ability to add random color variation to scenery objects via the 'random-color-low-hsb' and 'random-color-high-hsb' tags. Collated mesh coloring is not currently supported in TS2009 but is expected to be revived in future Trainz versions.

 

decalEdit

Type: Decal Container
Desc: Specifies a decal to attach to the scenery object. Decals are effectively textures attached to the asset that are drawn on the ground rather than the asset itself. Decals are ideal for the creation of object shadows, or adding ground detail such as cracks, oil stains, etc. Decals should be used sparingly, as there is a runtime cost to creating and updating decals.

 

digholeEdit

Type: Integer Pair
Desc: This tag allows objects to be sunk into the terrain by specifying a hole size to dig at the objects location. The ground underneath the object will not be drawn where there is a hole. This value is specified as an integer pair in 10 meter grid squares (ie. 5,2 = 50 x 20m) regardless of the actual terrain grid size, where the first value is the size in the N-S direction and the second value is the size in the E-W direction. Note that the size of a hole cannot exceed 64 (where "dighole = a,b", a * b <= 64). Also note that the hole position will be snapped to the terrain grid so the asset should generally have the 'snapgrid' tag specified. Typical usage for the 'dighole' tag is to allow for turntable pits.

 

floatingEdit

Type: Decimal

Desc: If specified the 'floating' tag specifies a vertical offset, in meters, for the assets position. This allows you to create an asset which 'floats' a certain distance of the ground.

 

height-rangeEdit

Type: Decimal Pair

Desc: Allows you to specify a range, in meters, for Surveyors height adjustment tool, this is handy when creating assets that may be placed on uneven ground.

 

icon-textureEdit

Type: Image File
Desc: Specifies an icon texture for the asset. Icons are used as thumbnails in various asset lists in Surveyor and can alternatively be specified using a thumbnail container.

 

interiorEdit

Type: KUID
Desc: Specifies an interior asset. Optional.

 

nightmodeEdit

Type: Selection
Desc: Specifies how/when to use a night mesh specified in the mesh table. Requires one or more night meshes to be added to the mesh-table, which are identified by the 'night-mesh-base' tag. 'nightmode' must be one of the following values:
  • home - switches on night effect at dusk and off sometime during the night
  • lamp - switches the night effect on from dusk to dawn
  • constant - lights are on day and night
  • none - no lights (default)

 

queuesEdit

Type: Queues Container
Desc: A queue container is used by certain asset types (such as stations, industries and rolling stock) to 'hold' product. Passengers are 'product' for queue purposes. Queue containers can make use of animated meshes or custom attachments to visually represent the amount of product they hold in game.

 

random-color-high-hsbEdit

Type: Color (HSB)
Desc: This value requires 'collate-meshes' to be turned on and specifies the high point of the random color variation of an asset. Random color variations are specified as hue-saturation-brightness colors to allow meaningful interpolation between values.

 

random-color-low-hsbEdit

Type: Color (HSB)
Desc: This value requires 'collate-meshes' to be turned on and specifies the low point of the random color variation of an asset. Random color variations are specified as hue-saturation-brightness colors to allow meaningful interpolation between values.

 

rgbEdit

Type: Color (RGB, 0 to 255); 'Sometimes'... Newer Trainz generate a fault unless the (older format, typically three) CSL Values are made into four numbers (so include an opacity value).
Desc: Specifies the color that this object will appear on the Minimap. Defaults to (0, 0.5, 0).

 

rotateEdit

Type: Boolean
Desc: Used to allow rotation to be disabled for an asset. If added and set to false the object rotation tool in Surveyor will not work for this asset. Rotation is enabled if this tag is not supplied.

 

rotate-yz-rangeEdit

Type: Decimal Pair

Desc: Allows 'rolling' of the asset along its Y axis where the first and second values reflect the number of degrees from normal orientation. For example, if the first value is -20 and the second is 20 then the asset can be rolled anywhere within 40 degrees of arc. By default, objects have a roll range of 0 to 0 (i.e. no roll). Rolling is performed in Surveyor by holding 'shift' while using the object rotate tool.

 

rollstepEdit

Type: Decimal

Desc: Specifies the step size of roll in degrees and is used in conjunction with rotate-yz-range. For example, if rotate-yz-range is (-10, 10), and rollstep is 5, then the allowable roll is -10, 5, 0, 5, and 10. The default rollstep is 1.0

 

rotstepEdit

Type: Decimal

Desc: Specifies the amount of each rotation step (in degrees) when rotating an asset in Surveyor

 

smokeEdit

Type: Smoke Container
Desc: A smoke container is effectively a PFX (particle effects) emitter that allows your scenery object to produce smoke and similar effects. Smoke tags take the form smokeX where X is a number. There is no maximum number of smoke tags but they must be numbered sequentially (i.e. smoke0,smoke1,smoke2,etc).

 

snapgridEdit

Type: Integer
Desc: This tag specifies the size, in meters, of the snap grid for the 'snapmode' tag, default 10 meters.

 

snapmodeEdit

Type: Boolean
Desc: If true then this objects position will be constrained to a grid location on the ground. When placed or moved in Surveyor the object will 'snap' to the nearest grid location, the size of the grid is set using the snapgrid tag.

 

soundscriptEdit

Type: SoundScript Container
Desc: Details sounds that a scenery object produces. Sound should be used sparingly - objects that appear in large numbers throughout a scene should not contain a soundscript, to prevent an unnecessary performance hit.

 

surveyor-onlyEdit

Type: Boolean
Desc: Enables the creation of Surveyor only objects. Surveyor only objects will not exist in Driver.

Example Config.txtEdit

Sample config.txt file for a scenery asset, with the Standard Tags excluded for brevity:

kind scenery
nightmode home
mesh-table
{
  default
  {
    mesh scenery_asset.im
    anim anim.kin
    auto-create 1
    animation-loop-speed 1
    effects
    {
      0
      {
        kind name
        fontsize 0.15
        fontcolor 30,30,30
        att a.name0
        name name
      }
      1
      {
        kind corona
        att a.coronawhite
        frequency 1
        directional 0
        texture-kuid <KUID:-3:10111>
      }
    }
  }
  default-night
  {
    mesh night.im
    night-mesh-base default
  }
  radar
  {
  mesh radar/radar.im
  anim radar/radar.kin
  att a.radar
  att-parent default
  animation-loop-speed 1.0
  }
}

 

Examples with commentsEdit

 

Notes, Footnotes & ReferencesEdit

Config.txt files are endemic and ever present in Trainz assets, for no asset can be defined without this type of Computer Science container. The keyword-value_of_key pairing must always be kept in mind in editing or creating Trainz content. The TrainzBaseSpec contains values and containers which are most common in asset defining config.txt files.  

Notes

 

Footnotes

 

References

Fundamentals for Trainz Trainees
TOC | BeginningsFun | AM&C | Creation | InBook Refs ORP Refs:  • Index • Containers • Kinds • Tags | Appendixes  • Vers
 
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