Messier Index/Contents

< Messier Index

List of ObjectsEdit

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Messier number NGC Number Common name Picture Object type Distance (kly) Constellation Apparent magnitude
M1 NGC 1952 Crab Nebula   Supernova remnant 6.3 Taurus 9.0
M2 NGC 7089     Globular cluster 36 Aquarius 7.5
M3 NGC 5272     Globular cluster 31 Canes Venatici 7.0
M4 NGC 6121     Globular cluster 7 Scorpius 7.5
M5 NGC 5904     Globular cluster 23 Serpens 7.0
M6 NGC 6405 Butterfly Cluster   Open cluster 2 Scorpius 4.5
M7 NGC 6475 Ptolemy Cluster   Open cluster 1 Scorpius 3.5
M8 NGC 6523 Lagoon Nebula   Cluster with nebula 6.5 Sagittarius 5.0
M9 NGC 6333     Globular cluster 26 Ophiuchus 9.0
M10 NGC 6254     Globular cluster 13 Ophiuchus 7.5
M11 NGC 6705 Wild Duck Cluster   Open cluster 6 Scutum 7.0
M12 NGC 6218     Globular cluster 18 Ophiuchus 8.0
M13 NGC 6205 Great Globular Cluster in Hercules   Globular cluster 22 Hercules 5.8
M14 NGC 6402     Globular cluster 27 Ophiuchus 9.5
M15 NGC 7078 Cúmulo de Pegaso   Globular cluster 33 Pegasus 7.5
M16 NGC 6611 Eagle Nebula   Cluster with H II region 7 Serpens 6.5
M17 NGC 6618 Omega Nebula   Cluster with H II region 5 Sagittarius 7.0
M18 NGC 6613     Open cluster 6 Sagittarius 8.0
M19 NGC 6273     Globular cluster 27 Ophiuchus 8.5
M20 NGC 6514 Trifid Nebula   Cluster with H II region 2.2 Sagittarius 5.0
M21 NGC 6531     Open cluster 3 Sagittarius 7.0
M22 NGC 6656 Sagittarius Cluster   Globular cluster 10 Sagittarius 6.5
M23 NGC 6494     Open cluster 4.5 Sagittarius 6.0
M24 NGC 6603 Sagittarius Star Cloud   Milky Way star cloud 10 Sagittarius 11.5
M25 IC 4725     Open cluster 2 Sagittarius 4.9
M26 NGC 6694     Open cluster 5 Scutum 9.5
M27 NGC 6853 Dumbbell Nebula   Planetary nebula 1.25 Vulpecula 7.5
M28 NGC 6626     Globular cluster 18 Sagittarius 8.5
M29 NGC 6913     Open cluster 7.2 Cygnus 9.0
M30 NGC 7099     Globular cluster 25 Capricornus 8.5
M31 NGC 224 Andromeda Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 2,500 Andromeda 3.5
M32 NGC 221     Dwarf elliptical galaxy 2,900 Andromeda 10.0
M33 NGC 598 Triangulum Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 2,590 Triangulum 7.0
M34 NGC 1039     Open cluster 1.4 Perseus 6.0
M35 NGC 2168     Open cluster 2.8 Gemini 5.5
M36 NGC 1960     Open cluster 4.1 Auriga 6.5
M37 NGC 2099     Open cluster 4.6 Auriga 6.0
M38 NGC 1912     Open cluster 4.2 Auriga 7.0
M39 NGC 7092     Open cluster 0.8 Cygnus 5.5
M40   Winnecke 4   Double star]WNC4   Ursa Major 9.0
M41 NGC 2287     Open cluster 2.4 Canis Major 5.0
M42 NGC 1976 Orion Nebula   H II region 1.6 Orion 5.0
M43 NGC 1982 De Mairan's Nebula   H II region
(part of the Orion Nebula)
1.6 Orion 7.0
M44 NGC 2632 Beehive Cluster   Open cluster 0.5 Cancer 4.0
M45   Pleiades 60px Open cluster 0.4 Taurus 1.4
M46 NGC 2437     Open cluster 5.4 Puppis 6.5
M47 NGC 2422     Open cluster 1.6 Puppis 4.5
M48 NGC 2548     Open cluster 1.5 Hydra 5.5
M49 NGC 4472     Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 10.0
M50 NGC 2323     Open cluster 3 Monoceros 7.0
M51 NGC 5194, NGC 5195 Whirlpool Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 37,000 Canes Venatici 8.0
M52 NGC 7654     Open cluster 7 Cassiopeia 8.0
M53 NGC 5024     Globular cluster 56 Coma Berenices 8.5
M54 NGC 6715     Globular cluster 83 Sagittarius 8.5
M55 NGC 6809     Globular cluster 17 Sagittarius 7.0
M56 NGC 6779     Globular cluster 32 Lyra 9.5
M57 NGC 6720 Ring Nebula   Planetary nebula 2.3 Lyra 9.5
M58 NGC 4579     Barred spiral galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M59 NGC 4621   Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.5
M60 NGC 4649     Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 10.5
M61 NGC 4303   Spiral galaxy 60,000 Virgo 10.5
M62 NGC 6266     Globular cluster 22 Ophiuchus 8.0
M63 NGC 5055 Sunflower Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 37,000 Canes Venatici 8.5
M64 NGC 4826 Black Eye Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 12,000 Coma Berenices 9.0
M65 NGC 3623     Barred spiral galaxy 35,000 Leo 10.5
M66 NGC 3627     Barred spiral galaxy 35,000 Leo 10.0
M67 NGC 2682     Open cluster 2.25 Cancer 7.5
M68 NGC 4590     Globular cluster 32 Hydra 9.0
M69 NGC 6637     Globular cluster 25 Sagittarius 9.0
M70 NGC 6681     Globular cluster 28 Sagittarius 9.0
M71 NGC 6838     Globular cluster 12 Sagitta 8.5
M72 NGC 6981     Globular cluster 53 Aquarius 10.0
M73 NGC 6994     Asterism   Aquarius 9.0
M74 NGC 628     Spiral galaxy 35,000 Pisces 10.5
M75 NGC 6864     Globular cluster 58 Sagittarius 9.5
M76 NGC 650, NGC 651 Little Dumbbell Nebula   Planetary nebula 3.4 Perseus 12.0
M77 NGC 1068   Spiral galaxy 60,000 Cetus 10.5
M78 NGC 2068   Diffuse nebula 1.6 Orion 8.0
M79 NGC 1904     Globular cluster 40 Lepus 8.5
M80 NGC 6093     Globular cluster 27 Scorpius 8.5
M81 NGC 3031 Bode's Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 11,000 Ursa Major 8.5
M82 NGC 3034 Cigar Galaxy   Barred spiral galaxy (?) 11,000 Ursa Major 9.5
M83 NGC 5236 Southern Pinwheel Galaxy   Barred spiral galaxy 10,000 Hydra 8.5
M84 NGC 4374   60px Lenticular galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M85 NGC 4382     Lenticular galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 10.5
M86 NGC 4406     Lenticular galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M87 NGC 4486     Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M88 NGC 4501     Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 11.0
M89 NGC 4552   Elliptical galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.5
M90 NGC 4569     Spiral galaxy 60,000 Virgo 11.0
M91 NGC 4548     Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 11.5
M92 NGC 6341     Globular cluster 26 Hercules 7.5
M93 NGC 2447     Open cluster 4.5 Puppis 6.5
M94 NGC 4736     Spiral galaxy 14,500 Canes Venatici 9.5
M95 NGC 3351     Spiral galaxy 38,000 Leo 11.0
M96 NGC 3368     Spiral galaxy 38,000 Leo 10.5
M97 NGC 3587 Owl Nebula   Planetary nebula 2.6 Ursa Major 12.0
M98 NGC 4192     Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 11.0
M99 NGC 4254     Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 10.5
M100 NGC 4321     Spiral galaxy 60,000 Coma Berenices 10.5
M101 NGC 5457 Pinwheel Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 24,000 Ursa Major 8.5
M102 (Not conclusively identified)          
M103 NGC 581     Open cluster 8 Cassiopeia 7.0
M104 NGC 4594 Sombrero Galaxy   Spiral galaxy 50,000 Virgo 9.5
M105 NGC 3379     Elliptical galaxy 38,000 Leo 11.0
M106 NGC 4258     Spiral galaxy 25,000 Canes Venatici 9.5
M107 NGC 6171     Globular cluster 20 Ophiuchus 10.0
M108 NGC 3556     Spiral galaxy 45,000 Ursa Major 11.0
M109 NGC 3992     Spiral galaxy 55,000 Ursa Major 11.0
M110 NGC 205   Dwarf elliptical galaxy 2,200 Andromeda 10.0
Messier number NGC Number Common name Picture Object type Distance (kly) Constellation Apparent magnitude