Messier 86 (also known as M86 or NGC 4406) is a w:lenticular galaxy in the constellation Virgo. It was discovered by w:Charles Messier in w:1781. M86 lies in the heart of the Virgo Cluster of galaxies and forms a most conspicuous group with another giant, w:Lenticular Galaxy M84. It displays the highest w:blue shift of all Messier objects, as it is approaching the w:Milky Way at 244 km/s. This is thought to be due to its falling towards the center of the Virgo cluster, which brings it closer to us.[3]

Messier 86
Observation data (w:J2000 epoch)
Right ascension12h 26m 11.7s[1]
Declination+12° 56′ 46″[1]
Redshift-0.000814 +/- 0.000017 (-244 ± 5 km/s)[1]
Distance52 ± 3 Mly (15.9 ± 1.0 Mpc)[2]
Apparent dimensions (V)8′.9 × 5′.8[1]
Apparent magnitude (V)9.8[1]
Notable featuresdisplays a rare w:blue shift
Other designations
NGC 4406,[1] UGC 7532,[1] PGC 40653,[1] VCC 0881[1]

External links


  1. a b c d e f g h i j "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 4406. Retrieved 2006-11-14.
  2. Jensen, Joseph B.; Tonry, John L.; Barris, Brian J.; Thompson, Rodger I.; Liu, Michael C.; Rieke, Marcia J.; Ajhar, Edward A.; Blakeslee, John P. (2003). "Measuring Distances and Probing the Unresolved Stellar Populations of Galaxies Using Infrared Surface Brightness Fluctuations". Astrophysical Journal. 583 (2): 712–726. doi:10.1086/345430. {{cite journal}}: Unknown parameter |month= ignored (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. Jacoby, G. H.; Kenney, J. D. P.; Tal, T.; Crowl, H. H.; Feldmeier, J. J. (2005). "Imaging and Spectroscopy of Large Scale H-alpha Filaments in M86". American Astronomical Society Meeting 207, #138.06; Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society. 37: 1392.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)