French › Level one lessons › Recreation · Récréation

By the end of this lesson, you should understand:
Aimez-vous ce film ? Oui, je l'aime.
Nous jouons aux cartes.

and possibly understand:

Je lui donne le livre.
Il adore jouer aux jeux vidéo.

Dialogue Edit

Grammar · Regular -er verbs · Les verbes en -erEdit

FormationEdit

Most French verbs fall into the category of -er verbs. To conjugate, drop the -er to find the stem or root. Add endings to the root based on the subject and tense.

jouerto play /ʒwe/
Pronoun Ending Verb Pronunciation
je -e joue   /ʒu/
tu -es joues   /ʒu/
il/elle -e joue   /ʒu/
nous -ons jouons   /ʒwɔ̃/
vous -ez jouez   /ʒu.e/
ils/elles -ent jouent   /ʒu/

Pronunciation, elision and liaisonEdit

The -e, -es, and -ent endings all have the same silent pronunciation. The -er and -ez endings are pronounced   /e/ , and the -ons ending is pronounced   /ɔ̃/ .

In all conjugations, je changes to j ' when followed by a vowel or silent h:

J'aime…I like…
J'habite…I live…

In all plural forms, the s at the end of each subject pronoun, normally unpronounced, becomes a z sound and the n of on becomes pronounced when followed by a vowel.

Conjugation examplesEdit

Infinitive Stem Present indicative conjugation
First person Second person Third person
aimer aim J' aime Tu aimes Il aime Singular
Nous aimons Vous aimez Ils aiment Plural
parler parl Je parle Tu parles Il parle Singular
Nous parlons Vous parlez Ils parlent Plural
habiter habit J' habite Tu habites Il habite Singular
Nous habitons Vous habitez Ils habitent Plural
écouter écout J' écoute Tu écoutes Il écoute Singular
Nous écoutons Vous écoutez Ils écoutent Plural

Supplementary vocabulary · Common -er verbs Edit

aimer   /ɛ.me/ to like J’aime beaucoup ce tableau. I love this painting.
arriver   /a.ʁi.ve/ to arrive, to happen J'arrive ! I'm comming!
chercher   /ʃɛʁʃe/ to look for Je cherche du boulot. I'm looking for some work.
demander   /dǝ.mɑ̃.de/ to ask (for) Je demande qu'il fasse cela. I ask him to do this.
donner   /dɔ.ne/ to give Il donne aux pauvres. He gives to the poor.
écouter   /ekute/ to listen to J’écoute la radio. I'm listening to the radio.
entrer   /ɑ̃t.ʁe/ to enter Il entre dans la salle. He's entering the room.
parler   /paʁle/ to speak, to talk Zoé parle couramment le français. Zoé speaks French fluently.
passer   /pa.se/ to pass, to spend (time) Il me passe un livre. He is giving me a book.
porter   /pɔʁ.te/ to carry, to wear Quentin porte un sac de blé. Quentin is carrying a bag of wheat.
regarder   /ʁǝ.ɡaʁ.de/ to watch, to look Je regarde dehors. I look outside.
sembler   /sɑ̃.ble/ to seem, to resemble Tu sembles fatigué. You seem tired.
trouver   /tʁu.ve/ to find, to surprise Il a trouvé ses clés. He found his keys.

Vocabulary · Places Edit


la bibliothèque   /bi.bli.jɔ.tɛk/ library caution: a librairie is a bookshop On est à la bibliothèque publique. We are at the public library.
le parc   /paʁk/ park
la piscine   /pi.sin/ swimming pool
la plage   /plaʒ/ beach
le restaurant   /ʁɛs.to.ʁɑ̃/ restaurant On dîne au restaurant français. We are dining at the French restaurant.
la salle de concert concert hall
le cinéma
la salle de cinéma
  /si.ne.ma/ cinema
le casino
la maison de jeu
  /ka.zi.no/ casino Les jeux de casino sont des bons exemples de jeu de hasard. Casino games are good examples of games of chance.
la salle de jeux   /sal.də.ʒø/ game room, playroom Le casino a six salles de jeu. The casino has six game rooms.
le stade   /stad/ stadium
le théâtre   /te.atʁ/ theater

Grammar · Direct object pronouns le, la, and les Edit

The direct object pronoun le (  /lə/), meaning it or him, replaces masculine singular direct objects:

Je donne le livre au prof. (I'm giving the book to the teacher.)
Je le donne au prof. (I'm giving it to the teacher.)

La (  /la/), meaning it or her, replaces feminine singular direct objects:

Je donne la calculatrice au prof. (I'm giving the calculator to the teacher.)
Je la donne au prof. (I'm giving it to the teacher.)

Les (  /le/), meaning them, replaces plural direct objects:

Je donne les livres au prof. (I'm giving the books to the teacher.)
Je les donne au prof. (I'm giving them to the teacher.)

Le and la become l' before a vowel:

Aimez-vous le concert ? Oui, je l'aime. (Do you like the concert? Yes, I like it.)

Le, la, and les can replace either people or things:

Aimez-vous le film ? Oui, je l'aime. (Do you like the film? Yes, I like it.)
Aimez-vous l'acteur ? Oui, je l'aime. (Do you like the actor? Yes, I like him.)

SummaryEdit

masculine singular direct object le   /lə/ (luh) it, him
feminine singular direct object la   /la/ (lah) it, her
singular direct object, before a vowel l' /l/ it, him, her
plural direct object les   /le/ (lay) them

ExamplesEdit

Vocabulary · Sports, games, and instruments Edit

The verb jouer /ʒwe/ is a regular -er verb meaning to play. It can be used to refer to sports, games, and instruments.

When referring to sports or games, jouer à … is used; recall that au /o/ replaces à le, and aux /o/ replaces à les:

Je joue au baseball.I'm playing baseball.
Nous jouons aux cartes.We are playing cards.

When referring to instruments, jouer de … is used; recall that du /dy/ replaces de le, and des /dɛ/ replaces de les:

Je joue du piano.I'm playing the piano.

Supplementary vocabulary · Sports Edit

le baseball   /bɛz.bol/ baseball Il fait du baseball. He's doing baseball.
le basket   /bas.kɛt/ basketball Elle est plutôt forte at basket. She's pretty good at basketball.
le football   /fut.bol/ football/soccer Il est un bon joueur de football. He is a good football player.
le football américain   /fut.bol a.me.ʁi.kɛ̃/ American football Il faisait du football américain avant. He was doing American football before.
le golf   /gɔlf/ golf Mon père joue souvent du golf. My father plays golf often.
le tennis   /te.nis/ tennis Il est champion du monde de tennis. He's the world champion of tennis.
le volley   /vɔː.le/ volleyball Le match de volleyball va être ce samedi The volleyball match will be this Sunday.

Supplementary vocabulary · Games · Les jeuxEdit

le jeu (les jeux)   /ʒø/ game Nous avons plein de jeux pour les enfants. We have many games for the children.
le jeu de hasard game of chance Poker est un jeu de hasard.
Il joue aux jeux de hasard.
Poker is a game of chance.
He plays games of chance.
le jeu vidéo   /ʒø vi.deo/ video game Ce jeu vidéo est très difficile. This video game is very difficult.
le jeu de société   /ʒø də sɔ.sje.te/ board game
le jeu de rôle role-playing game
les cartes   /kaʁt/ cards
les dames   [daːm] checkers/draughts
les échecs   /e.ʃɛk/ chess Le jeu d’échecs a des règles complexes. The game of chess has complex rules.
les dés   /de/ dice

Supplementary vocabulary · Instruments Edit

la clarinette   /kla.ʁi.nɛt/ clarinet Le son de cette clarinette est agréable. The sound of this clarinet is nice.
le piano   /pja.nɔ/ piano Elle joue du piano depuis l’âge de trois ans. She plays the piano since the age of three.
la guitare   /ɡi.taʁ/ guitar Michael a apris a jouer la guitare l'été dernier. Michael learned to play the guitar last summer.
le violon   /vjɔ.lɔ̃/ violin On danse au son du violon. We are dancing to the sound of the violin.
la batterie   /batʀi/ drums La batterie est mon instrument préféré. The drums is my favorite instrument.

Supplementary grammar · Indirect object pronouns lui and leur Edit

The indirect object pronoun lui /lɥi/ means to him or to her:

Je lui donne le livre.I'm giving the book to him/her.
Je lui donne un coup de main.I'm giving a hand to him/her.

Likewise, the indirect object pronoun leur /lœʁ/ means to them:

Je leur donne le livre.I'm giving the book to them.
Je leur donne un coup de main.I'm giving a hand to them.

Lui replaces à [person]:

Je parle à Jean.I'm speaking to Jean.
Je lui parle.I'm speaking to him.

Likewise, leur replaces à [people]:

Je parle à Jean et Marie.I'm speaking to Jean and Marie.
Je leur parle.I'm speaking to them.

Lui and leur usually only refer to people; they will sometimes also be used in reference to things.

ExamplesEdit

Supplementary grammar · Conjugated verb + infinitive Edit

Like in English, some verbs can be followed by infinitives. Three -er verbs used in this manner are aimer, adorer, and détester:

Nous aimons jouer aux cartes.We like to play cards
Je déteste jouer au golf.I hate playing golf.
Il adore jouer aux jeux vidéo.He loves to play video games.

ExamplesEdit

Supplementary grammar · To have fun · S'amuserEdit

The verb s'amuser means to have fun in English. It is a type of pronominal verb (a verb that includes a pronoun as part of it) called a reflexive verb, which means that the action of the verb is reflected back onto the subject. Literally translated, the verb means To amuse oneself.

FormationEdit

Infinitive Stem Present indicative conjugation
First person Second person Third person
s'amuser amus Je m' amuse Tu t' amuses Il s' amuse Singular
Nous nous amusons Vous vous amusez Ils s' amusent Plural

ExamplesEdit

Je m'amuse avec mes amis.I'm having fun with my friends.
T'est en train de t'amuser.You're having fun.
Il a l'air de bien s'amuser.Looks like he's having fun.
Nous sommes en train de nous amuser.We're having fun.
Vous avez l'air de bien vous amusez.It looks like you're having a lot of fun.
Ils s'amusent avec ce ballon.They're having fun with this ball.

Dialogue Edit

Exercises Edit

ExerciseFill in the blank using jouer

(Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.) Fill in each blank with the correct form of jouer.

nous ______ nous jouons
elle ______ elle joue
tu ______ tu joues
il ______ il joue
elles ______ elles jouent
vous ______ vous jouez
je ______ je joue
ils ______ ils jouent
ExerciseTranslation

(Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.) Translate from French to English.

le théâtre theater
le parc park
la piscine swimming pool
la salle de jeux game room, playroom
le restaurant restaurant
le stade stadium
le cinéma
la salle de cinéma
cinema
la plage beach
le casino
la maison de jeu
casino
la salle de concert concert hall
la bibliothèque library
ExerciseTranslation

(Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.) Translate from English to French.

restaurant le restaurant
game room, playroom la salle de jeux
theater le théâtre
concert hall la salle de concert
swimming pool la piscine
cinema le cinéma
la salle de cinéma
casino le casino
la maison de jeu
library la bibliothèque
stadium le stade
beach la plage
park le parc

Supplementary exercises Edit

ExerciseTranslation

(Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.) Translate from French to English.

porter to carry, to wear
donner to give
regarder to watch
écouter to listen to
parler to speak, to talk
entrer to enter
aimer to like
demander to ask (for)
sembler to seem, to resemble
trouver to find, to surprise
passer to pass, to spend (time)
chercher to look for
arriver to arrive, to happen
ExerciseTranslation

(Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.) Translate from English to French.

to find, to surprise trouver
to look for chercher
to give donner
to watch regarder
to carry, to wear porter
to speak, to talk parler
to enter entrer
to arrive, to happen arriver
to listen to écouter
to seem, to resemble sembler
to like aimer
to ask (for) demander
to pass, to spend (time) passer
ExerciseFill in the blank using -er verbs

(Highlight or hover over a line to show the answer.) Fill in each blank with the correct form of the -er verb in parentheses.

nous ______ (parler) nous parlons
elle ______ (chercher) elle cherche
tu ______ (écouter) tu écoutes
il ______ (entrer) il entre
elles ______ (regarder) elles regardent
vous ______ (aimer) vous aimez
je ______ (demander) je demande
ils ______ (sembler) ils semblent
nous ______ (donner) nous donnons
tu ______ (arriver) tu arrives
on ______ (porter) on porte
ils ______ (chercher) ils cherchent
nous ______ (demander) nous demandons
je ______ (regarder) je regarde
vous ______ (sembler) vous semblez
on ______ (aimer) on aime
elles ______ (donner) elles donnent
vous ______ (chercher) vous cherchez