Flora of New York/Dioscoreales & Liliales


Acorales & Alismatales
Flora of New York — Dioscoreales & Liliales
Asparagales (1)
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Common name(s) #
Dioscoreales Nartheciaceae Aletris colic root 1
Narthecium asphodel X
Dioscoreaceae Dioscoreoideae Dioscorea yam 2
Liliales Colchicaceae Uvularieae Uvularia bellwort 4
Colchiceae Colchium autumn crocus X
Melanthiaceae Melanthieae Melanthium bunchflower 2
Veratrum false hellebore 1
Anticlea death camas 1
Amianthium fly poison 1
Stenanthium featherbells 6
Heloniadeae Helonias swamp pink 1
Chionographideae Chamaelirium fairywand, devil's bit 1
Parideae Trillium trillium, wake-robin 7
Smilacaceae Smilax greenbrier 7
Liliaceae Calochortoideae Streptopus twisted stalk 2
Prosartes fairy bells 1
Medeoloideae Clintonia bluebead 1
Medeola Indian cucumber 2
Lilioideae Tulipeae Tulipa wild tulip 1
Lilieae Erythronium trout lily 2
Lilium lily 6

Order DioscorealesEdit

The order Dioscoreales contains only a few taxa that are native or naturalized in New York.[1]

Family NartheciaceaeEdit

The Nartheciaceae Fr. ex Bjurzon has also been placed in the order Nartheciales Reveal & Zomlefer, Novon 8: 176. 15 Jul 1998. It contains a single species that is native to New York.[2]

AletrisEdit

 
Aletris farinosa, white colicroot
Of the five colic-root (Aletris) species native to North America, only Aletris farinosa (white colicroot, unicorn root, or stargrass) is found as far north as New York State, where it is listed as a threatened native plant.
Dioscoreales — Nartheciaceae — Aletris
Aletris Colic root N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Aletris farinosa L.
Unicorn root,
White colicroot,
White stargrass,
Mealy stargrass,
White-tubed colicroot,
Ague-root,
Crow-corn
Alétris farineux
Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

NartheciumEdit

Dioscoreales — Nartheciaceae — Narthecium
Narthecium (excluded taxa) Asphodel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Ker Gawl.

1812. Narthecium americanum Ker Gawl.
1867. N. ossifragum var. americanum
1894. Abama americana
(Ker Gawl.) Morong
Yellow asphodel,
Bog asphodel
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Family DioscoreaceaeEdit

The Dioscoreaceae (yam family).[1]

DioscoreaEdit

 
Dioscorea villosa
wild yam

  1. Dioscoreaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Dioscoreales — Dioscoreaceae — Dioscoreoideae — Dioscorea
Dioscorea Yam N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Dioscorea villosa L.
1791. D. quaternata J.F.Gmel.
1803. D. paniculata Michx. (i)
1833. D. glauca Muhl. ex L.C.Beck (i)
1866. Merione villosa (L.) Salisb.
1910. D. hirticaulis Bartlett
1964. D. villosa var. hirticaulis
Wild yam,
Yam root,
Wild yam root,
Colic root,
China root,
Yellow yam,
Four-leaved yam
Igname velue,
Dioscorée velue
Native, C:6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Vine
  NYFA-5
USDA-N
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Turcz.

 auct. Dioscorea oppositifolianon L.
 auct. Dioscorea oppositanon Thunb. (i)
1837. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.
1865. Dioscorea decaisneana
Carriere
1854. Dioscorea batatas Decne.
Chinese yam,
Cinnamon vine,
Air potato
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-X
NPT 
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Order LilialesEdit

The Liliales...[1]

Family MelanthiaceaeEdit

The Melanthiaceae.[2]

Tribe MelanthieaeEdit

Tribe Melanthieae Grisebach
VeratrumEdit
 
Veratrum viride
American false-hellebore (Veratrum viride)
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Veratrum
Veratrum False hellebore N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton

1789. Veratrum viride Aiton
American false-hellebore,
Green false-hellebore,
Indian poke,
American white-hellebore
Vérâtre vert,
Hellébore blanc,
Tabac du diable
Native,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
MelanthiumEdit
 
Melanthium virginicum
Many sources treat the bunchflower species of Melanthium as part of Veratrum. Both of the New York bunchflowers are now presumed to be extirpated.
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Melanthium
Melanthium Bunchflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Melanthium virginicum L.
1813. Veratrum virginicum W.T.Aiton
1898. Melanthium dispersum Small
Virginia bunchflower Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC: Not listed

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Nassau, Orange, Richmond, Rockland NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 
NSE 


Images, wsp
 (Walter)
Zimmerman, James Hall ex Zomlefer

1788. Melanthium hybridum Walter
1797. Melanthium latifolium Desr.
1803. Melanthium racemosum Michx.
1826. Leimanthium hybridum Sweet
1843. Zigadenus hybridus Endl. ex Kunth
1997. Veratrum latifolium Zomlefer
2012. Veratrum hybridum
Zimmerman, James Hall ex Zomlefer
Crisped bunchflower,
Slender bunchflower
Native,
Extirpated

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Nassau, Orange, Queens, Westchester NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NPT 
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE 


Images, wsp
AnticleaEdit
 
Anticlea elegans
White death camas are threatened in New York State.
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Anticlea
AnticleaMichx. Death camas N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pursh) Rydb.
var. glauca (Nutt.) Zomlefer & Judd

1818. Melanthium glaucum Nutt.
1830. Leimanthium glaucum
(Nutt.) Schult. & Schult.f.
1834. Zigadenus glaucus (Nutt.) Nutt.
1836. Evonyxis glaucus (Nutt.) Raf.
1843. Anticlea glauca (Nutt.) Kunth
1973. Z. elegans ssp. glaucus
1991. Z. elegans var. glaucus
2009. A. elegans var. glaucus
2010. A. elegans ssp. glaucus
White death-camas,
Glaucous death camas,
Smooth camas,
White camas
Zigadène glauque
Native, C:9,
Threatened

FACW
  Genesee, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Onondaga, St. Lawrence NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
AnticleaMichx. (excluded taxa) Death camas N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pursh) Rydb
var. elegans

1814. Zigadenus elegans Pursh
1903. Anticlea elegans (Pursh) Rydb.
1903. A. chlorantha (Richardson) Rydb.
1903. A. coloradensis (Rydb.) Rydb.
1905. Z. alpinus Blank.
Mountain deathcamas,
Mountain death camas
Zigadène élégant
N. America native,
excluded

FACW
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
AmianthiumEdit
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Amianthium
Amianthium Fly poison N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Walter) A.Gray

1788. Melanthium muscaetoxicum
Walter
1837. A. muscaetoxicum (Walter) A.Gray
1883. Zigadenus muscitoxicum
(Walter) Regel
1891. Chrosperma muscitoxicum
(Walter) Kuntze
1891. Chrysosperma muscitoxicum
(Walter) Kuntze
Fly-poison,
Flypoison,
Crow poison
Native,
Likely extirpated
  Nassau, Queens NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NPT 
ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
StenanthiumEdit
The endangered pine barrens death camas (Stenanthium leimanthoides) is closely related to S. densum (Osceola’s plume, black snakeroot, crow poison). If lumped as conspecific, S. densum would probably have priority, since its basionym is Melanthium densum Desr. (1797).
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Melanthieae — Stenanthium
Stenanthium Featherbells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd

1837. Amianthium leimanthoides
A.Gray
1857. Zigadenus leimanthoides
(A.Gray) A.Gray
1903. Oceanorus leimanthoides
(A.Gray) Small
2002. Stenanthium leimanthoides
(A.Gray) Zomlefer & Judd
Pine barren death-camas,
Pine barren deathcamas,
Death-camas
Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Nassau, Oneida, Richmond, Suffolk NYFA-Z
USDA-N
NEW-0
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Stenanthium (excluded taxa) Featherbells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Desr.) Zomlefer & Judd

1797. Melanthium densum Desr.
1856. Zigadenus leimanthoides
A. Gray
1903. Tracyanthus angustifolius
(Michx.) Small
1940. Z. densus (Desr.) Fernald
2002. S. densum
(Desr.) Zomlefer & Judd
Osceola's plume,
Black snakeroot,
Crow poison
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Ker Gawl.) Morong

1813. Helonias graminea Ker Gawl.
1894. Stenanthium gramineum
(Ker Gawl.) Morong
1879. S. robustum S.Watson
1946. S. gramineum var. micranthum
1946. S. gramineum var. robustum
Eastern featherbells,
Feather-fleece
N. America native,
No NY reports
  NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NPT 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe HeloniadeaeEdit

HeloniasEdit
 
Helonias bullata
swamp pink
Swamp-pink is considered to be extirpated from Staten Island, the only location in New York where it is thought to be native. However it is occasionally found in natural areas where it appears to have been planted.
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Heloniadeae — Helonias
Helonias Helonias N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Helonias bullata L.
Swamp pink Native,
Extirpated

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Tribe ChionographideaeEdit

ChamaeliriumEdit
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Chionographideae — Chamaelirium
Chamaelirium Chamaelirium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) A.Gray (1848)

Devil's-bit,
Fairy-wand,
Rattlesnake-root,
Blazing-star
Native, C:9,
Endangered,
NYNHP: S1S2[1]

FACU
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp

Tribe ParideaeEdit

TrilliumEdit
Liliales — Melanthiaceae — Parideae — Trillium
Trillium Trillium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trillium erectum L.
1803. T. rhomboideum Michx. superfl.
1803. T. rhomboideum var. album
1814. T. erectum var. erectum
1814. T. erectum var. album
1817. T. purpureum Kin in Elliott
1903. T. album (Michx.) Small
Red trillium,
Wake robin,
Red wakerobin,
Stinking Benjamin,
Stinking Willie,
Birthwort
Trille rouge,
Trille dressé
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

White trillium,
Great white trillium,
White wake-robin,
Large-flowered trillium
Trille grandiflore
Native, C:7,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 


NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Willd. (1801)

T. erythrocarpum Michx.
Painted trillium,
Painted lady
Trille ondulé
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ITIS
FNA 
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Nodding trillium,
Whip-poor-will flower
Native, C:8,
Vulnerable

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
  NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NPT 

FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1840. Trillium flexipes Raf.
1906. T. declinatum (A. Gray) Gleason
nom. illeg. hom.
1932. T. gleasonii Fernald
Bent trillium
Declined trillium
Nodding trillium
Nodding wakerobin
Native, C:10,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN


FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Sessile trillium,
Toad trillium,
Toadshade
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
L.C.Beck

    
    
    
Prairie trillium

N. America native,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-U
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
Trillium (excluded taxa) Trillium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.C.Beck

Green trillium,
Wood trillium,
Wood wakerobin
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-U
USDA-N0


FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (Muhl.) Harb. (1901)

    
    T. sessile var. luteum
    T. veride var. luteum
Yellow wakerobin,
Yellow trillium,
Yellow toadshade,
Wax trillium
N. America native,
US South native
  NYFA-0
USDA-NX



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Riddell

    
    
    
Snow wakerobin
Snow trillium
Dwarf white trillium
Dwarf white wakerobin

N. America native,
US Midwest native
  NYFA-0
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Family ColchicaceaeEdit

The Colchicaceae.[1]

Tribe UvularieaeEdit

UvulariaEdit
 
Uvularia sessilifolia
sessile-leaved bellwort
Uvularia, or bellwort, is a North American plant genus with five species, all of which grow wild in New York except for Florida bellwort (U. floridana). However, most of New York State is outside the range of U. puberula, pine-barren bellwort, which only occurs in a few locations (or possibly just one) on Long Island, and is considered endangered in the state.

Note that both perfoliate bellwort (U. perfoliata) and large-flowered bellwort (U. grandiflora) have perfoliate leaves.


  1. Colchicaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Liliales — Colchicaceae — Uvularieae — Uvularia
Uvularia Bellwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Uvularia sessilifolia L.
1879. Oakesia sessilifolia (L.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella sessilifolia (L.) Small
Sessile-leaved bellwort,
Sessileleaf bellwort,
Straw-lily,
Wild-oats
Uvulaire à feuilles sessiles,
Uvulaire petites-fleurs
Native, C:6,
Secure

FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
iNat
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Sm.

1804. Uvularia grandiflora Sm.
Largeflower bellwort,
Large-flowered bellwort,
Yellow bellwort
Uvulaire à grandes fleurs,
Uvulaire grandes-fleurs,
Uvulaire grandiflore
Native, C:8,
Secure

N. R.

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
iNat
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Uvularia perfoliata L.
Perfoliate bellwort,
Straw-bell
Uvulaire perfoliée
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
iNat
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

1803. Uvularia puberula Michx.
1879. Oakesia puberula (Michx.) S.Watson
1903. Oakesiella puberula (Michx.) Small
1939. Uvularia pudica (Walter) Fernald
Pine-barren bellwort,
Mountain bellwort,
Appalachian bellwort
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]
  Suffolk only NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0
iNat

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe ColchiceaeEdit

ColchicumEdit
Liliales — Colchicaceae — Colchiceae — Colchicum
Colchicum (excluded taxa) Colchicum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    Colchicum autumnale L.
    
    
Autumn crocus,
Common autumn-crocus,
Meadow-saffron
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
NPT 
ITIS




Images, wsp

Family SmilacaceaeEdit

Members he Smilacaceae (greenbrier or catbrier family) have leaves that are not typical of most monocots, in that their veins are reticulate (net-like) between major veins. Smilax is the only genus of this family found in the wild in New York State.[1]
  1. Smilacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

SmilaxEdit

 
Smilax tamnoides (bristly greenbriar) flowers
Bristly greenbriar may have comprised the briar patch into which Brer Rabbit begged Brer Fox not to throw him.[1]
Liliales — Smilacaceae — Smilax
Smilax Greenbrier N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Smilax herbacea L.
1850. Coprosmanthus herbaceous
(L.) Kunth
1903. Nemexia herbacea (L.) Small
Carrion-flower,
Jacob’s-ladder,
Smooth carrionflower,
Smooth herbaceous
  greenbrier
Smilax herbacé
Native, C:5,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Smilax tamnoides L.
1840. Smilax hispida Raf.
1843. S. hispida Muhl. ex Torr.
nom. illeg.
1843. S. grandifolia Buckley
1933. S. hispida var. australis
1936. S. regelii Killip & C.V.Morton
1944. S. tamnoides var. hispida
1944. S. hispida var. montana
Bristly greenbrier,
China-root,
Hispid greenbriar,
Halberdleaf greenbriar
Smilax hispide
Native, C:6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Smilax rotundifolia L.
1753. Smilax caduca L.
1806. S. quadrangularis
1847. S. rotundifolia
var. quadrangularis
Roundleaf greenbrier,
Common greenbrier,
Common catbrier,
Horse-brier,
Bull-brier
Smilax à feuilles rondes
Native, C:4,
Secure

Perennial,
Vine
  NYFA-5
NPT Can

FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Walter

1788. Smilax glauca Walter
1918. Smilax glauca var. leurophylla
    
White-leaved greenbrier,
Glaucous-leaved greenbrier,
Wild sarsaparilla,
Sawbrier,
Catbrier,
Cat greenbrier
Native, C:6,
Secure

Perennial,
Vine
  NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NPT 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
L.

1753. Smilax pseudo china L.
1788. S. inermis Walter
1803. S. tamnifolia Michx.
1850. Coprosmanthus tamnifolius
(Michx.) Kunth
1903. Nemexia tamnifolia Small
(Michx.) Small
1916. S. leptanthera Pennell
Coastal carrion-flower,
Bamboo vine,
False China-root
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0

FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Michx.

1803. Smilax pulverulenta Michx.
1856. S. herbacea var. pulverulenta
    
Powdery carrion-flower,
Downy carrion-flower,
Jacob's-ladder
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-vine
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0

FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Hook.

1840. Smilax lasioneura Hook.
1850. Coprosmanthus lasioneuron
(Hook.) Kunth
1878. S. herbacea var. lasioneura
1905. Nemexia lasioneura Rydb.
(Hook.) Rydb.
Midwestern carrion-flower,
Blue Ridge carrion-flower,
Hairy-nerved carrionflower,
Common carrionflower
Smilax à nervures
  pubescentes
Native, C:10,
No recent reports

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-vine
NYFA-H?
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can

FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Family LiliaceaeEdit

The Liliaceae (lily family).[1]

Subfamily CalochortoideaeEdit

StreptopusEdit
 
Streptopus lanceolatus
rose twisted-stalk
There are two species of twisted-stalk (Streptopus) found in New York. Rose twisted-stalk (S. lanceolatus) has sessile leaves that are not clasping, while white twisted-stalk (S. amplexifolius) has clasping leaves.
  1. Liliaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Liliales — Liliaceae — Calochortoideae — Streptopus
StreptopusMichx. 1803 Twisted stalk N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Aiton) Reveal

1789. Uvularia lanceolata Aiton
1803. Streptopus roseus Michx.
1901. Streptopus curvipes Vail
1906. Streptopus longipes Fernald
1993. Streptopus lanceolatus Reveal
Rose twisted-stalk,
Rosy twisted-stalk,
Rose mandarin,
Rosybells,
Lance-leaved twistedstalk,
Sessile-leaved twistedstalk,
Simple-stemmed twistedstalk
Streptope rose
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) DC.

1753. Uvularia amplexifolia L.
1805. Streptopus amplexifolius DC.
1906. Convallaria amplexifolia
E.H.L.Krause
1933. Tortipes amplexifolius Small
White twisted-stalk,
White mandarin,
Claspleaf twistedstalk,
Clasping-leaved twistedstalk,
Liverberry
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-MN
NPT 
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Streptopus (excluded taxa) Twisted stalk N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Fernald

Streptopus amplexifolius ×
Streptopus lanceolatus

1906. Streptopus oreopolus Fernald
1935. Streptopus amplexifolius
var. oreopolus Fassett
Twistedstalk,
Mandarin
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NPT 

Trop.



Images, wsp
ProsartesEdit
 
Prosartes lanuginosa
hairy mandarin

Liliales — Liliaceae — Calochortoideae — Prosartes
Prosartes Fairy bells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) D. Don (1839)

    Disporum lanuginosum
    Streptopus lanuginosus
Hairy mandarin,
Yellow fairybells,
Yellow mandarin,
Hairy Disporum
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW-0


BNA


Images, wsp
Prosartes (cultivated taxa) Fairy bells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Buckley) A.Gray

1843. Streptopus maculatus Buckley
1844. Prosartes maculata A.Gray
1888. Disporum maculatum Britton
1923. Disporum cahnae Farwell
1935. Disporum schaffneri Moldenke
Yellow mandarin,
Nodding mandarin,
Spotted mandarin
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-cult.
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

Subfamily MedeoloideaeEdit

MedeolaEdit
 
Medeola virginiana
Indian cucumber-root

Liliales — Liliaceae — Medeoloideae — Medeola
Medeola Indian cucumber N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Medeola virginiana L.
Indian cucumber-root,
Indian cucumber
Médéole de Virginie,
Concombre sauvage,
Jarnotte
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
ClintoniaEdit
Liliales — Liliaceae — Medeoloideae — Clintonia
Clintonia Blue bead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Aiton) Raf.

1789. Dracaena borealis Aiton
1811. Smilacina borealis (Aiton) Ker Gawl.
1817. Convallaria borealis (Aiton) Poir.
1832. Clintonia borealis (Aiton) Raf.
Bluebead,
Yellow blue-bead lily,
Yellow clintonia,
Corn-lily, Clinton lily,
Dogberry
Clintonie boréale,
Lis-boréal
Native,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Michx.) Morong (1894)

    Clintonia alleghaniensis
    Convallaria umbellulata
    Xeniatrum umbellulatum
White clintonia,
Speckled wood-lily,
Clinton's lily
Native,
Rare
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Subfamily LilioideaeEdit

Tribe TulipeaeEdit

TulipaEdit
Liliales — Liliaceae — Lilioideae — Tulipeae — Tulipa
Tulipa Tulip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tulipa sylvestris L.
1837. Liriopogon sylvestre (L.) Raf.
Wild tulip Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NPT 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe LilieaeEdit

ErythroniumEdit
Liliales — Liliaceae — Lilioideae — Lilieae — Erythronium
Erythronium Fawn lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Ker Gawl.
ssp. americanum

1808. Erythronium americanum Ker Gawl.
American trout-lily,
Yellow trout-lily,
Dogtooth violet
Native, C:5,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
  NYFA-5
USDA-
NPT 


BNA


Images, wsp
 Nutt.

1818. Erythronium albidum Nutt.
White trout-lily,
White fawnlily
Native, C:6,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Myrmecochore
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
LiliumEdit

"True" lilies are those of the genus Lilium and don't include daylilies, lilies of the valley, or other species with "lily" in their common names.

Liliales — Liliaceae — Lilioideae — Lilieae — Lilium
Lilium Lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lilium canadense L.
1813. L. canadense var. coccineum
1813. L. canadense var. flavum
1890. L. canadense fo. rubrum
1943. L. canadense var. editorum
1947. L. philadelphicum ssp. editorum
Canada lily,
Canadian lily,
Wild yellow lily,
Yellow bell lily,
Red Canada lily
Lis du Canada
Native, C:6,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1762. Lilium philadelphicum L.
Wood lily,
Philadelphia lily
Lis de Philadelphie
Native, C:8,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 

FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1762. Lilium superbum L.
1871. L. canadense ssp. superbum
Turk’s-cap lily Native, C:6,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NPT 
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Farw.

1915. Lilium michiganense Farw.
1915. L. michiganense var. uniflorum
1956. L. canadense ssp. michiganense
1947. L. canadense fo. umbelliferum
1967. L. canadense var. umbelliferum
Michigan lily
Lis du Michigan
Native, C:7,
Endangered

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Lilium canadense × michiganense

Lilium canadense ×
Lilium michiganense

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 Canada lily &
 Michigan lily
Hybride de
 Lis du Canada et de
 Lis du Michigan
Native,
Unranked
  NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Thunb.

1794. Lilium lancifolium Thunb.
1809. Lilium tigrinum Ker Gawl. (i)
Tiger lily,
Lance-leaved tiger lily
Lis tigré
Introduced from
 China
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Acorales & Alismatales
Flora of New York — Dioscoreales & Liliales
Asparagales (1)
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index

ReferencesEdit