Ada Programming/Libraries/Interfaces

The Interfaces package helps in interfacing with other programming languages. Ada is one of the few languages where interfacing with other languages is part of the language standard. The language standard defines the interfaces for C, Cobol and Fortran. Of course any implementation might define further interfaces — GNAT, for example, defines an interface to C++.

Ada. Time-tested, safe and secure.
Ada. Time-tested, safe and secure.

Interfacing with other languages is actually provided by pragma Export, pragma Import and pragma Convention.

In Ada 2012 these clauses have an alternate form using "with" in place of "pragma."

Example edit

As an example, here is a complete program that queries the terminfo (terminal information) database on Unix systems to get the dimensions of the current terminal window. It interfaces with C language functions in the ncurses package, so it must be linked with ncurses (e.g. with the -lncurses switch) when it is compiled.

 with Ada.Text_IO;
 with Interfaces.C;
 with Interfaces.C.Pointers;
 with Interfaces.C.Strings;
 procedure ctest is
   use  Interfaces.C;
   type int_array is array (size_t range <>) of aliased int with Pack;
   package Int_Pointers is new Pointers (
     Index              => size_t,
     Element            => int,
     Element_Array      => int_array,
     Default_Terminator => 0
   -- int setupterm (char *term, int fildes, int *errret);
   function Get_Terminal_Data (
     terminal           : Interfaces.C.Strings.chars_ptr; 
     file_descriptor    : int; 
     error_code_pointer : Int_Pointers.Pointer
   ) return int
   with Import => True, Convention => C, External_Name => "setupterm";
   -- int tigetnum (char *name);
   function Get_Numeric_Value (name : Interfaces.C.Strings.chars_ptr) return int
   with Import => True, Convention => C, External_Name => "tigetnum";
   function Format (value : int) return String is
     result : String := int'Image (value);
     return (if result(1) = ' ' then result(2..result'Last) else result);
   end Format;
   error_code         : aliased int;
   error_code_pointer : Int_Pointers.Pointer := error_code'Access;
   if Get_Terminal_Data (Interfaces.C.Strings.Null_Ptr, 1, error_code_pointer) = 0 then
     Ada.Text_IO.Put_Line (
       "Window size: " &
       Format (Get_Numeric_Value (Interfaces.C.Strings.New_String ("cols"))) & "x" & 
       Format (Get_Numeric_Value (Interfaces.C.Strings.New_String ("lines")))
     Ada.Text_IO.Put_Line ("Can't access terminal data");
   end if;
 end ctest;

Child Packages edit

See also edit

Wikibook edit

Ada Reference Manual edit

Ada 95 edit

Ada 2005 edit