When entities like variables or subprograms are declared, certain properties thereof normally are left to the compiler to specify (like the size or the address of a variable, the calling convention of a subprogram). Properties which may be queried are called Attributes; those which may be specified are called Aspects. Some aspects correspond with attributes which then have the same name. Aspects and attributes are defined in the Ada Reference Manual Annex K: Language-Defined Aspects and Attributes [Annotated], pragmas in Annex L: Language-Defined Pragmas [Annotated].

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Description edit

This language feature has been introduced in Ada 2012.

Aspects are certain properties of an entity that may be specified, depending on the kind of entity, by an aspect specification as part of its declaration or by a separate attribute definition clause or pragma declaration.

Aspect_Specification ::=
  with Aspect_Name [ => Aspect_Definition] {,
       Aspect_Name [ => Aspect_Definition] } ;
Attribute_Definition_Clause ::= 
     for entity_name'attribute_designator use expression;
   | for entity_name'attribute_designator use name;
pragma Name (Parameter_List);

If an aspect is not specified, it depends on the aspect itself whether its value is left to the compiler or prescribed in the Ada RM.

The specification of a Boolean valued aspect may omit the aspect definition, which then has the value True.

Examples of such properties are the size of a type, i.e. the number of bits a stand-alone object of that type will use; or that a subprogram will not return from its call: aspect No_Return. This latter one is an example of an aspect that has a Boolean value.

List of language defined aspects edit

If not marked otherwise, an aspect is specified by an Aspect_Specification.

An aspect marked Ada 2012 is an Ada 2012 language functionality not available in previous Ada generations. Aspects not so marked were previously defined via pragmas or attribute definition clauses. This is still possible, but deprecated.

A – D edit

E – O edit

P – Z edit

List of implementation defined aspects edit

The following pragmas are not available in all Ada compilers, only in those that had implemented them.

Currently, there are only listed the implementation-defined pragmas of a few compilers. You can help Wikibooks adding specific aspects of other compilers:

Implementation defined aspect of the GNAT compiler from AdaCore and FSF.

See also edit

Wikibook edit

Ada Reference Manual edit

Ada 2012 edit

References edit