Wikijunior Europe: Denmark

Map showing the location of Denmark in Europe

Denmark is a country in northern Europe. It shares a border with Germany and is connected to Sweden by a road and rail bridge. Denmark is made up of a mainland and hundreds of islands. The capital city is Copenhagen. Other big cities in Denmark are Århus and Odense. Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973 and uses the Danish Krone as its currency.

Denmark's realms extend well beyond the few islands and peninsulas it makes up in Scandinavia. The Realm of Denmark or the Kingdom of Denmark also includes Greenland, the world's largest non-continental island and the Faroe Islands, an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean. Both the Faroe Islands and Greenland have a considerable level of autonomy, but are both a part of the Nordic council, use the Danish Krone as their currency, and observe the Danish monarch as their head of state.

Denmark's History


People have lived in Denmark since around 12,500 BCE. Over time, the original population mixed with people from other parts of Scandinavia (a region consisting of Denmark, Sweden and Norway proper), the British Isles (UK and Ireland) and other nearby countries. Between the 8th and 10th century CE The Vikings (the name the Danish were known as at this time) invaded, traded with, discovered and fought people in other parts of Europe and North America. The Vikings discovered North America in the 10th century—over 400 years before Christopher Columbus (see Vinland).


The Vikings — Between the 8th and 10th centuries groups of Danish people known as Vikings terrorized, traded with and invaded many parts of Europe and even North America

In later centuries, Denmark was closely associated with neighbouring countries and there was for many hundreds of years a union between Denmark, Sweden and Norway. In the late 19th century, Denmark had a period of cultural growth with the famous storyteller Hans Christian Andersen and the philosopher Søren Kierkegaard producing their most famous works. During World War II, Denmark was controlled by Germany's army (or "occupied") while its main colonies of Greenland and Iceland were occupied by the British and the USA. After the war, Iceland became an independent country while Greenland became an autonomous region.

Denmark has been a member of the European Union since 1973 joining at the same time as the UK and Ireland.

Denmark's Geography

The flag of Denmark is named Dannebrog

Denmark has thousands of islands, including 443 which are named. Denmark is a very flat country and its highest mountain is Møllehøj, at 171 metres. Because of Denmark's indented coast and thousands of islands, Denmark has a coastline of over 7,300 kilometres. The climate in Denmark is temperate and the country experiences cold winters and moderate summers.

Gefion Fountain in Copenhagen

The Øresund Bridge connects the island of Zealand (where the capital is located) with Sweden measuring almost 8 km in total. No location in Denmark is more than 52 km from the sea.

Denmark's People

Rooftops of Copenhagen

Just over 5.8 million people live in Denmark. The majority of people in Denmark are of Danish descent. There are small minorities from South Asia and the Middle East and Inuit people from Greenland and the Faroe Islands (both territories are possessions of Denmark). The national language is Danish, which is similar to English. Most Danes also speak English.

Around 83% of the population are Lutheran Christians and 3.7% are Muslim.

The most popular sports in Denmark are football, sailing, badminton, and handball.

Like many other countries in northern Europe, Denmark is a monarchy but the king or queen does not have any real political power. The ruler as of 2022 is Queen Margrethe II.

Denmark's Sights


Denmark is a popular destination for tourists and is very popular for short trips for visitors from Sweden, Norway, Germany, and the United Kingdom. Denmark's many sandy beaches attract large numbers of Germans and the capital city Copenhagen is popular with others especially tourists from the UK and Sweden—often because of the quality beers and lower taxes compared to Sweden. The popular Roskilde Festival attracts music fans from all over Europe every summer.

Denmark is home to 3 UNESCO World Heritage Sites including: Kronborg Castle and Roskilde Cathedral.

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