Mirad Grammar/Hybrids

HybridsEdit

There is a class of words in Mirad which are called hybrids, i.e. cross-combinations of opposite words that mean something and something else or something or something else. For example, in English, swinging is "rocking BACK-AND-FORTH", or, questions can be of the type "YES-OR-NO". The vowels in these directionals are, for euphonic purposes, ao, eo, or ui. These alternating expressions are often used as adverbs or verbal prefixes. Here is an incomplete list of such expressions, the elements decomposed, and examples of their usage:
Hybrid Expressions
HYBRID DECOMPOSITION EXAMPLES
aob....off-and-on ab....on
ob....off
aoper....get on and off
aober....take on and off
bui....to-and-fro / give-and-take bu....to
bi....from
bu-....give
bi-....take
buinax....round trip fare
buipar....shuttle bus
buier....trade
gao....more-or-less ga....more
go....less
gao....more-or-less
huim....here-and-there hum....there
him....here
huimpoper....travel here and yon
huis....this-and-that hus....that
his....this
huisbier....select between this and that
hyaos....all-or-nothing hyas....everything
hyos....nothing
hyaoson....all-or-nothing matter
hyuit....one another hyut....another
hyit....the same person
hyuita....mutual
hyuitifer....love one another
teoj....life-or/and-death tej....life
toj....death
teoja ebyem....life-and-death situation
ui....east-west i....east
u....west
uimera....east-west

uinab....row
uinada....horizontal

uiz....straight and crooked uz....crooked
iz....straight
uizpaser....careen, stagger
uib....toward and away ub....toward
ib....away
uipeni....comings and goings
uij....stop and start uj....end
ij....beginning
uijbar....on-off switch
uig....fast and slow uga....slow
iga....fast
uigpar....scooter
vao....yes-and-no / yes-or-now va....yes
vo....no
vaoder....decide
vaotexer....wonder
vaodid....yes-or-no question
yuij....open-and-shut yuja....closed
yija....open
yuija....open-and-shut
milyuijar....water faucet
manyuijar....light switch
teabyuijer....blink
yaob....up-and-down yab....up
yob....down
yaobur....elevator (up-and-down machine)
yaopyaser....
jump up and down
aoyeb....in-and-out ayeb1....in
oyeb....out
aoyebar....piston (in-and-out-device
zao....front-and-back za....front
zo....back
zaobaser....rock
zaopaser....swing
zui....left-and-right zu....left
zi....right

zuibaser....wobble
zuipaser....zigzag
1This is a long form of yeb (in) that contrasts with oyeb (out).
Keep in mind that if a hybrid word ends in b, the b assimilates by dropping from per (to go) and ber (to put) words, eg:
  • aob + ber = aober
  • uib + per = uiper