LaTeX/Command Glossary

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LaTeX

Getting Started
  1. Introduction
  2. Installation
  3. Installing Extra Packages
  4. Basics
  5. How to get help

Common Elements

  1. Document Structure
  2. Text Formatting
  3. Paragraph Formatting
  4. Colors
  5. Fonts
  6. List Structures
  7. Special Characters
  8. Internationalization
  9. Rotations
  10. Tables
  11. Title creation
  12. Page Layout
  13. Customizing Page Headers and Footers‎
  14. Importing Graphics
  15. Floats, Figures and Captions
  16. Footnotes and Margin Notes
  17. Hyperlinks
  18. Labels and Cross-referencing
  19. Initials

Mechanics

  1. Errors and Warnings
  2. Lengths
  3. Counters
  4. Boxes
  5. Rules and Struts

Technical Text

  1. Mathematics
  2. Advanced Mathematics
  3. Theorems
  4. Chemical Graphics
  5. Algorithms
  6. Source Code Listings
  7. Linguistics

Special Pages

  1. Indexing
  2. Glossary
  3. Bibliography Management
  4. More Bibliographies

Special Documents

  1. Scientific Reports (Bachelor Report, Master Thesis, Dissertation)
  2. Letters
  3. Presentations
  4. Teacher's Corner
  5. Curriculum Vitae

Creating Graphics

  1. Introducing Procedural Graphics
  2. MetaPost
  3. Picture
  4. PGF/TikZ
  5. PSTricks
  6. Xy-pic
  7. Creating 3D graphics

Programming

  1. Macros
  2. Plain TeX
  3. Creating Packages
  4. Creating Package Documentation
  5. Themes

Miscellaneous

  1. Modular Documents
  2. Collaborative Writing of LaTeX Documents
  3. Export To Other Formats

Help and Recommendations

  1. FAQ
  2. Tips and Tricks

Appendices

  1. Authors
  2. Links
  3. Package Reference
  4. Sample LaTeX documents
  5. Index
  6. Command Glossary

edit this boxedit the TOC

This is a glossary of LaTeX commands—an alphabetical listing of LaTeX commands with the summaries of their effects. (Brackets "[]" are optional arguments and braces "{}" are required arguments.)

Contents
#   A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

#Edit

/
see slash marks
\@
following period ends sentence
\\[*][extra-space]
new line
\,
thin space, math and text mode
\;
thick space, math mode
\:
medium space, math mode
\!
negative thin space, math mode
\-
hyphenation; tabbing
\=
set tab, see tabbing
\>
tab, see tabbing
\<
back tab, see tabbing
\+
see tabbing
\'
accent or tabbing
\`
accent or tabbing
\|
double vertical lines, math mode
\(
start math environment
\)
end math environment
\[
begin displaymath environment
\]
end displaymath environment

AEdit

\addcontentsline{file}{sec_unit}{entry}
adds an entry to the specified list or table
\addtocontents{file}{text}
adds text (or formatting commands) directly to the file that generates the specified list or table
\addtocounter{counter}{value}
increments the counter
\address{Return address}
\addtolength{len-cmd}{len}
increments a length command, see Length
\addvspace
adds a vertical space of a specified height
\alph
causes the current value of a specified counter to be printed in alphabetic characters
\appendix
changes the way sectional units are numbered so that information after the command is considered part of the appendix
\arabic
causes the current value of a specified counter to be printed in Arabic numbers
\author
declares the author(s). See Document Structure

BEdit

\backslash
prints a backslash
\baselineskip
a length command (see Lengths), which specifies the minimum space between the bottom of two successive lines in a paragraph
\baselinestretch
scales the value of \baselineskip
\bfseries
Boldface typeface
\bibitem
generates a labeled entry for the bibliography
\bigskipamount
\bigskip
equivalent to \vspace{\bigskipamount}
\boldmath
bold font in math mode
\boldsymbol
bold font for symbols

CEdit

\cal
Calligraphic style in math mode
\caption
generate caption for figures and tables
\cdots
Centered dots
\centering
Used to center align LaTeX environments
\chapter
Starts a new chapter. See Document Structure.
\circle
\cite
Used to make citations from the provided bibliography
\cleardoublepage
\clearpage
Ends the current page and causes any floats to be printed. See Page Layout.
\cline
Adds horizontal line in a table that spans only to a range of cells. See \hline and Tables chapter.
\closing
Inserts a closing phrase (e.g. \closing{yours sincerely}), leaves space for a handwritten signature and inserts a signature specified by \signature{}. Used in the Letter class.
\color
Specifies color of the text. LaTeX/Colors
\copyright
makes © sign. See Formatting.

DEdit

\dashbox
\date
\ddots
Inserts a diagonal ellipsis (3 diagonal dots) in math mode
\documentclass[options]{style}
Used to begin a latex document
\dotfill

EEdit

\em
Toggles italics on/off for the text inside curly braces with the command. Such as {\em This is in italics \em but this isn't \em and this is again}. This command allows nesting.
\emph
Toggles italics on/off for the text in curly braces following the command e.g. \emph{This is in italics \emph{but this isn't} and this is again}.
\ensuremath (LaTeX2e)
Treats everything inside the curly braces as if it were in a math environment. Useful when creating commands in the preamble as they will work inside or out of math environments.
\epigraph
Adds an epigraph. Requires epigraph package.
\euro
Prints euro € symbol. Requires eurosym package.

FEdit

\fbox
\flushbottom
\fnsymbol
\footnote
Creates a footnote.
\footnotemark
\footnotesize
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\footnotetext
\frac
inserts a fraction in mathematics mode. The usage is \frac{numerator}{denominator}.
\frame
\framebox
Like \makebox but creates a frame around the box. See Boxes.
\frenchspacing
Instructs LaTex to abstain from inserting more space after a period (´.´) than is the case for an ordinary character. In order to untoggle this functionality resort to the command \nonfrenchspacing.

GEdit

HEdit

\hfill
Abbreviation for \hspace{\fill}.
\hline
adds a horizontal line in a tabular environment. See also \cline, Tables chapter.
\href
Add a link, or an anchor. See Hyperlinks
\hrulefill
\hspace
Produces horizontal space.
\huge
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\Huge
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\hyphenation{word list}
Overrides default hyphenation algorithm for specified words. See Hyphenation

IEdit

\include
This command is different from \input in that it's the output that is added instead of the commands from the other files. For more see LaTex/Basics
\includegraphics
Inserts an image. Requires graphicx package.
\includeonly
\indent
\input
Used to read in LaTex files. For more see LaTex/Basics.
\itshape
Italicizes the text which is inside curly braces with the command. Such as {\itshape This is in italics}. \em is generally preferred since it allows nesting.
\item
Creates an item in a list. Used in list structures.

KEdit

\kill
Prevent a line in the tabbing environment from being printed.

LEdit

\label
Used to create label which can be later referenced with \ref. See Labels and Cross-referencing.
\large
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\Large
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\LARGE
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\LaTeX
Prints LaTeX logo. See Formatting.
\LaTeXe
Prints current LaTeX version logo. See Formatting.
\ldots
Prints sequence of three dots. See Formatting.
\left
\lefteqn
\line
\linebreak
Suggests LaTeX to break line in this place. See Page Layout.
\linethickness
\linewidth
\listoffigures
Inserts a list of the figures in the document. Similar to TOC
\listoftables
Inserts a list of the tables in the document. Similar to TOC
\location

MEdit

\makebox
Defines a box that has a specified width, independent from its content. See Boxes.
\maketitle
Causes the title page to be typeset, using information provided by commands such as \title{} and \author{}.
\markboth \markright
\mathcal
\mathop
\mbox
Write a text in roman font inside a math part
\medskip
\multicolumn
\multiput

NEdit

\newcommand
Defines a new command. See New Commands.
\newcolumntype
Defines a new type of column to be used with tables. See Tables.
\newcounter
\newenvironment
Defines a new environment. See New Environments.
\newfont
\newlength
\newline
Ends current line and starts a new one. See Page Layout.
\newpage
Ends current page and starts a new one. See Page Layout.
\newsavebox
\newtheorem
\nocite
Adds a reference to the bibliography without an inline citation. \nocite{*} causes all entries in a bibtex database to be added to the bibliography.
\noindent
\nolinebreak
\nonfrenchspacing
Setting the command untoggles the command \frenchspacing and activates LaTeX standards to insert more space after a period (´.´) than after an ordinary character.
\normalsize
Sets default font size. See Text Formatting.
\nopagebreak
Suggests LaTeX not to break page in this place. See Page Layout.
\not

OEdit

\onecolumn
\opening
Inserts an opening phrase when using the letter class, for example \opening{Dear Sir}
\oval
\overbrace
Draws a brace over the argument. Can be used in displaystyle with superscript to label formulae. See Advanced Mathematics.
\overline
Draws a line over the argument.

PEdit

\pagebreak
Suggests LaTeX breaking page in this place. See Page Layout.
\pagenumbering
Defines the type of characters used for the page numbers. Options : arabic, roman, Roman, alph, Alph, gobble (invisible).
\pageref
Used to reference to number of page where a previously declared \label is located. See Floats, Figures and Captions.
\pagestyle
See Page Layout.
\par
Starts a new paragraph
\paragraph
Starts a new paragraph. See Document Structure.
\parbox
Defines a box whose contents are created in paragraph mode. See Boxes.
\parindent
Normal paragraph indentation. See Lengths.
\parskip
\part
Starts a new part of a book. See Document Structure.
\protect
\providecommand (LaTeX2e)
See Macros.
\put

QEdit

\quad
Similar to space, but with the size of a capital M
\qquad
double \quad

REdit

\raggedbottom
Command used for top justified within other environments.
\raggedleft
Command used for right justified within other environments.
\raggedright
Command used for left justified within other environments.
\raisebox
Creates a box and raises its content. See LaTeX/Boxes.
\ref
Used to reference to number of previously declared \label. See Labels and Cross-referencing.
\renewcommand
\right
\rmfamily
Roman typeface.
\roman
Causes a counter to be printed in roman numerals.
\rule
Creates a line of specified width and height. See LaTeX/Rules and Struts.

SEdit

\savebox
Makes a box and saves it in a named storage bin.
\sbox
The short form of \savebox with no optional arguments.
\scshape
Small caps.
\scriptsize
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\section
Starts a new section. See Document Structure.
\setcounter
\setlength
\settowidth
\sffamily
Sans serif.
\shortstack
\signature
In the Letter class, specifies a signature for later insertion by \closing.
\slshape
Slanted.
\slash
See slash marks
\small
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\smallskip
\sout
Strikes out text. Requires ulem package. See Text Formatting.
\space
force ordinary space
\sqrt
Creates a root (default square, but magnitude can be given as an optional parameter).
\stackrel
Takes two arguments and stacks the first on top of the second.
\stepcounter
Increase the counter.
\subparagraph
Starts a new subparagraph. See Document Structure.
\subsection
Starts a new subsection. See Document Structure.
\subsubsection
Starts a new sub-subsection. See Document Structure.

TEdit

\tableofcontents
Inserts a table of contents (based on section headings) at the point where the command appears.
\telephone
In the letter class, specifies the sender's telephone number.
\TeX
Prints TeX logo. See Text Formatting.
\textbf{}
Sets bold font style. See Text Formatting.
\textcolor{}{}
Creates colored text. See Entering colored text.
\textit{}
Sets italic font style. See Text Formatting.
\textmd{}
Sets medium weight of a font. See Text Formatting.
\textnormal{}
Sets normal font. See Text Formatting.
\textrm{}
Sets roman font family. See Text Formatting.
\textsc{}
Sets font style to small caps. See Text Formatting.
\textsf{}
Sets sans serif font family. See Text Formatting.
\textsl{}
Sets slanted font style. See Text Formatting.
\texttt{}
Sets typewriter font family. See Text Formatting.
\textup{}
Sets upright shape of a font. See Text Formatting.
\textwidth
\textheight
\thanks
\thispagestyle
\tiny
Sets font size. See Text Formatting.
\title
\today
Writes current day. See Text Formatting.
\ttfamily
\twocolumn
\typeout
\typein

UEdit

\uline
Underlines text. Requires ulem package. See Formatting.
\underbrace
\underline
\unitlength
\usebox
\usecounter
\uwave
Creates wavy underline. Requires ulem package. See Formatting.

VEdit

\value
\vbox{text}
Encloses a paragraph's text to prevent it from running over a page break
\vcenter
\vdots
Creates vertical dots. See Mathematics.
\vector
\verb
Creates inline verbatim text. See Formatting.
\vfill
\vline
\vphantom
\vspace


This page uses material from Dr. Sheldon Green's Hypertext Help with LaTeX.

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