A sweetener is a food additive which adds the basic taste of sweetness to a food; it may come from a natural source or it may be artificially manufactured.
The list below includes the apparent sweetness of the sweetener, when compared to granulated sugar. This is for the chemical sweetener; commercially available preparations may be less sweet due to binders and fillers like dextrose.
- acesulfame potassium (also known as Acesulfame-K or Ace-K) - 200x
- aspartame - 160x (trademarked as Equal and Nutrasweet)
- cyclamate (calcium cyclamate or sodium cyclamate) - 30x
- saccharin (also spelled saccarine, saccarin, or saccharine) - 300x (Sweet'n Low)
- stevia - 250x (also called Steviosides, or Sweetleaf. Marketed as a 'Dietary Supplement'. Truvia and PureVia are sweeteners partially derived from Stevia. )
- sucralose (trademarked as Splenda or Splendar) - 600x
- xylitol - 1x (gram for gram); 1.5x (joule for joule)