Cookbook:Idli (Steamed Rice and Black Gram Bread)
|Idli (Steamed Rice and Black Gram Bread)|
|Category||Fermented food recipes|
|Time||soak: 8-12 hours|
prep: 10 minutes
ferment: 12-24 hours
cook: 20 minutes
Idli is a round, fluffy bread roughly eight centimetres in diameter. Idli is made from ground rice or rice flour mixed with ground urad dal, salt, methi (fenugreek seeds) and water. The mixture is allowed to ferment prior to being steamed in an idli steamer. They are traditional to Southern India and are most often eaten with sambar.
Making the BatterEdit
- wash rice and dehusked Urad whole or urad dal thoroughly.
- Soak methi seeds (Fenugreek) along with urad dal.
- Soak the rice and urad dal in separate bowls for no more than 2 hours. You will need about twice as much water in the bowl as urad dal, as it expands as it soaks up water.
- Drain the rice and urad dal, do not discard soaking water of dal as it helps better fermentation.Discard excess water from rice fully . Do not worry, the rice has soaked up enough water for grinding.
if you need some water, use soaking water of urad dal while grinding rice.
- Grind the urad dal to a fine paste.
- Grind the rice to a not so fine paste with about 1 cup of chlorine-free water, less if you can. Grind coarsely if the batter will only be used for idli, but grind finely if it will later be used for dosa.
- Mix the rice and urad dal pastes together well, with salt and methi.
- Optional: add fermentation starter and mix well (see note).
- Set aside somewhere warm like pre heated oven (200degrees F for 3 minutes) to ferment for 8 hours(see note).
Making the IdliEdit
Notes, tips, and variationsEdit
Idli is a very temperamental creature: it is not easy to get soft fluffy idlis. These tips may help.
- A traditional stone grinder is recommended for making idlis. The modern high speed mixer with metal blades won't work as well, but a blender will do a reasonable job.
- Idli is made of black lentil and rice. The southern parts of India use boiled rice, while the rest uses raw rice. It depends on your taste. The black lentil should be the full, round variety. Avoid broken dal.
- The ratio of black lentil to rice should not exceed 1:3 or 1:4 by volume. If you have good quality dal, you can stretch this ratio by increasing the quantity of rice.
- Soak dal and rice separately for at least three hours, You can add half a teaspoon of fenugreek (methi) seeds to the dal for a good twist.
- The rice is typically par boiled short grain white rice, but brown rice works well also and adds flavour, colour, and more nutrition. Brown rice needs to be soaked at least 4 to 6 hours.
- Use plenty of water for grinding the dal and make it a very smooth paste. But grind the rice coarse and granular.
- Add salt to taste.
- Mix the dal and rice batters thoroughly. It takes more time and energy than you might think. Uneven mixing causes many failures. Mixing them by hand works best!
- A warm temperature is essential for fermentation. 25 to 28 °C (77 - 82.4 °F) will be ideal. If the weather is cold, keep some warm water in a large bowl and immerse the vessel containing the dough. To help maintain the temperature of the warm water bath, cover it with a blanket, or better, use a regulated heater, like a heating pad or aquarium heater. Even easier, turn on the light in the oven, and use that to keep the batter warm.
- Allow at least 8 hours to ferment. If you don't see tiny bubbles the next morning, the dough will not rise and you have to start all over again.
- If you can't get it to ferment by itself, try adding a fermentation starter like a spoonful of commercially prepared idli batter (commercial idli batters sold under refrigeration may have live culture), or a teaspoonful of yogurt with live culture.Kefir may be used but yogurt is best . kefir. Just bread yeast will not make for good flavour, as bacteria are needed also.
- Use chlorine-free water or R/O Water when grinding, as this will be the water that the batter will have in it when fermenting. Tap water will work, but will inhibit the ferment a little. Most modern water filters remove both chlorine and chloramine.
- In the morning, gently scoop the top layer of the batter and steam it. DO NOT stir or otherwise break the batter. The trapped bubbles should not escape; they are necessary for sponginess.
- Steam the idlis in the idli pan. An open stove is preferable over microwave. The vessel should steam like an old locomotive.
- Steam it for 12 minutes. You know it is done from the characteristic smell. If you are not sure, poke it gently with a spoon and make sure the batter does not stick to the spoon.
- Allow it to cool for a minute. Sprinkle the idlis liberally with sesame oil and eat them with suitable side dishes, such as chutni, sambaar and idli powder.
- Leftover batter that has lost its froth can still be used to make dosa.
Ready-made idli batterEdit
Some Indian groceries may stock fresh ready-to-cook idli batter. Batter can be found in refrigerated section. Simply spoon the batter into idli pans well brushed with ghee, and steam. This produces a very good idli, light and fluffy with a characteristic tangy flavor. However, some of these products are fermented using citric acid and chemical leavening (i.e., baking powder) and may not be as beneficial. Recent studies indicate that fermented foods are more healthful.( Please remember that readymade batters usually contain preservatives like Potassium Sorbate or Pot. Metabi lulfites)
Idli pans are inexpensive and available in the same Indian grocery stores.