Punjabi/Gurmukhi/Semi-vowels

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The last six lessons were devoted to learn the Velars, Palatals, Retroflexes, Dentals and Labials. In this lesson we will learn the letters of the seventh row of Gurmukhi consisting of the Semi vowels.

Seventh row of GurmukhiEdit

The letters of the seventh row of Gurmukhi are

ਯ ਰ ਲ ਵ ੜ

They are called ਯ - yaiyya, ਰ - rara, ਲ - lulla, ਵ - vavaa and ੜ - rhaarha. Their pronunciation is ਯ - /y/, ਰ - /r/, ਲ - /l/, ਵ - /w/ and ੜ - /rh/.
Each of them is explained below.


Gurmukhi Yayia Ani.gif

Yaiyya : This is how words yak and yes are written in Gurmukhi

ਯਾ + ਕ = ਯਾਕ = yak
ਯੈੱ + ਸ = ਯੈੱਸ = yes

Gurmukhi Rara Ani.gif

Rara : ਰ is equivalent to /r/. For illustration of the use of ਰ see these examples

ਰੈ + ਟ = ਰੈਟ = rat
ਰੇ + ਡੀ + ਓ = ਰੇਡੀਓ = radio

Gurmukhi Lulla Ani.gif

Lulla : ਲ is equivalent to /l/. The words lava and jail are written in Gurmukhi as

ਲਾ + ਵਾ = ਲਾਵਾ = lava
ਜੇ + ਲ = ਜੇਲ = jail

Gurmukhi Vuwa Ani.gif

Vuwwa : ਵ is equivalent to /w/. Notice the words west and welding in Gurmukhi below.

ਵੈ + ਸ + ਟ = ਵੈਸਟ = west
ਵੈ + ਲ + ਡਿੰ + ਗ = ਵੈਲਡਿੰਗ = welding

Gurmukhi Rharha Ani.gif

Rharha : Let's now go to the last letter of this row which is ੜ and is equivalent to /rh/.


ExercisesEdit

1. Read these English words written in Gurmukhi

  1. ਯੈੱਸ
  2. ਰੇਡੀਓ
  3. ਲੈਟਰ
  4. ਵੈਸਟ
  5. ਯੀਸਟ
Solutions
  1. Yes
  2. Radio
  3. Letter
  4. West
  5. Yeast

2. Write the following words in Gurmukhi and English.

  1. ਲੇਮ
  2. ਵਿੰਡ
  3. ਰੀਡ
  4. ਯੀਲਡ
  5. ਵਾਇਟ
Solutions
  1. ਲੇਮ - Lame
  2. ਵਿੰਡ - Wind
  3. ਰੀਡ - Read
  4. ਯੀਲਡ - Yield
  5. ਵਾਇਟ - White

3. Write these English words in Gurmukhi

  1. Leap
  2. Rate
  3. Yellow
  4. Wax
  5. Lake
  6. Welding
  7. Loom
  8. Yak
  9. Lady
  10. Wet
Solutions
  1. ਲੀ + ਪ = ਲੀਪ
  2. ਰੇ + ਟ = ਰੇਟ
  3. ਯੈ + ਲੋ = ਯੈਲੋ
  4. ਵੈ + ਕ + ਸ = ਵੈਕਸ
  5. ਲੇ + ਕ = ਲੇਕ
  6. ਵੈ + ਲ + ਡਿੰ + ਗ = ਵੈਲਡਿੰਗ
  7. ਲੂ + ਮ = ਲੂਮ
  8. ਯੈ + ਕ = ਯੈਕ
  9. ਲੇ + ਡੀ = ਲੇਡੀ
  10. ਵੈੱ + ਟ = ਵੈੱਟ

SummaryEdit

In this lesson we have learnt the five letters of the second row of Gurmukhi script. These letter are ਯ yaiyya, ਰ rara, ਲ lulla, ਵ wuwwa and ੜ rhaarha. In the next lesson we will introduce the last six letters of Gurmukhi.

Last modified on 8 July 2012, at 07:25