Punjabi/Gurmukhi/Neo-group

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In the previous lessons we have learnt all the letters of original Penti, the Velars, the Palatals, the Retroflexes, the Dentals, the Labials and the Semi vowels in addition to the vowel carriers and ਸ and ਹ. In this lesson we will learn the letters of the eighth row of Gurmukhi. This group of letters is called the Neo group because of the fact that the letters have been added to Gurmukhi to denote sounds which were not found in Punjabi originally. These sounds have been borrowed from Persian and other foreign languages.

Eighth row of GurmukhiEdit

The Neo group consists of the following letters

ਸ਼ ਖ਼ ਗ਼ ਜ਼ ਫ਼ ਲ਼

These are called ਸ਼ - susse pair bindi, ਖ਼ - khukhe pair bindi, ਗ਼ - gugge pair bindi, ਜ਼ - jujje pair bindi , ਫ਼ - phuphe pair bindi and ਲ਼ - lulle pair bindi. ਸ਼ is pronounced as /sh/, ਖ਼ as /khh/, ਗ਼ as /ghh/, ਜ਼ as /jhh/ , ਫ਼ as /phh/ and ਲ਼ as /lh/.

ਸ਼- susse pair bindi 
This is how words shark and shore are written in Gurmukhi
ਸ਼ਾ + ਰ + ਕ = ਸ਼ਾਰਕ = shark
ਸ਼ੋ + ਰ = ਸ਼ੋਰ = shore
ਖ਼- khakke pair bindi 
This sound is not found in English. However here are some Punjabi examples
ਖ਼ + ਤ = ਖ਼ਤ = letter
ਤ + ਖ਼ + ਤ = ਤਖ਼ਤ = throne
ਖ਼ + ਰ + ਗੋ + ਸ਼ = ਖ਼ਰਗੋਸ਼ = rabbit
ਸ਼ਾ + ਖ਼ = ਸ਼ਾਖ਼ = branch
ਗ਼- gagge pair bindi 
This sound is also not found in English. However here are some Punjabi examples
ਗ਼ + ਮ + ਲਾ = ਗ਼ਮਲਾ = flower pot
ਜ਼- jajje pair bindi 
This sound is equivalent to /z/. Here are some examples
ਜ਼ਿ + ਪ = ਜ਼ਿਪ = zip
ਜੈ + ਬ + ਰਾ = ਜ਼ੈਬਰਾ = zebra
ਫ਼- fufe pair bindi 

ExercisesEdit

1. Read these English words written in Gurmukhi

  1. ਸ਼ੈੱਡ
  2. ਸ਼ਾਉਟ
  3. ਐਸ਼
  4. ਗੱਸ਼
Solutions
  1. Shed
  2. Shout
  3. Ash
  4. Gush

2. Write these English words in Gurmukhi

  1. Shop
  2. Shoe
  3. Rush
  4. Blush
  5. Push
Solutions
  1. ਸ਼ੌ + ਪ = ਸ਼ੌਪ
  2. ਸ਼ੂ
  3. ਰੱ + ਸ਼ = ਰੱਸ਼
  4. ਬ + ਲੱ + ਸ਼ = ਬਲੱਸ਼
  5. ਪੁ + ਸ਼ = ਪੁਸ਼

SummaryEdit

In this lesson we have learnt the five letters of the second row of Gurmukhi script. These letter are ਸ਼ susse pair bindi, ਖ਼ khukhe pair bindi, ਗ਼ gugge pair bindi, ਜ਼ jujje pair bindi , ਫ਼ phuphe pair bindi and ਲ਼ lulle pair bindi. We have now learnt the complete Gurmukhi alphabet:

ੳ ਅ ੲ ਸ ਹ
ਕ ਖ ਗ ਘ ਙ
ਚ ਛ ਜ ਝ ਞ
ਟ ਠ ਡ ਢ ਣ
ਤ ਥ ਦ ਧ ਨ
ਪ ਫ ਬ ਭ ਮ
ਯ ਰ ਲ ਵ ੜ
ਸ਼ ਖ਼ ਗ਼ ਜ਼ ਫ਼ ਲ਼
Last modified on 24 April 2014, at 12:48