Last modified on 3 February 2015, at 16:05

Punjabi

PunjabiEdit

Punjabi, a language of the Indo-European family is natively spoken in Punjab in India, where it is written in Gurmukhi script, and in Punjab in Pakistan, where Shahmukhi, an adapted derivative of Arabic script is used. It is the first official language of Punjab and second official language of many other states in India. It is the largest spoken language in Pakistan even as it lacks an official status there. It is spoken internationally by an estimated 100 to 125 million people and is the tenth most widely spoken language in the world. It has a place of pride in Canada where it is the third most spoken language and in England and Wales where it is the fourth most spoken language. This wiki book seeks to help readers learn this fascinating language.


Table of Contents


  1. Gurmukhi - the Script
    1. First row of Gurmukhi
    2. Vowels
    3. Diacritics
    4. Second row - the Velars
    5. Third row - the Palatals
    6. Fourth row - the Retroflexes
    7. Fifth row - the Dentals
    8. Sixth row - the Labials
    9. Seventh row - Semi-vowels
    10. Eighth row - the Neo-group
    11. Conjuncts
    12. Practice

  2. Muharni - the Reading Practice
    1. First row
    2. Second row - the Velars
    3. Third row - the Palatals
    4. Fourth row - the Retroflexes
    5. Fifth row - the Dentals
    6. Sixth row - the Labials
    7. Seventh row - Semi-vowels
    8. Full muharni

  3. Vocabulary
    1. Colors
    2. Birds
    3. Animals
    4. Flowers
    5. Fruits
    6. Trees
    7. Vegetables
    8. Plants
    9. Food
    10. Body parts
    11. Transport
    12. Sports
    13. Health
    14. Metals
    15. Furniture
    16. Relations
    17. Weekdays
    18. Months
    19. Numbers
    20. Miscellaneous

  4. Conversation
    1. Meeting People
    2. Seeking Attention
    3. Making Phone Call
    4. Seeking Advice
    5. Talking About People
    6. Discussing Films
    7. Expressing Emotions
    8. Asking For Directions
    9. Sending Messages
    10. Talking About Success

  5. Grammar
    1. Parts of speech
    2. Noun
    3. Pronoun
    4. Adjective
    5. Verb
    6. Participle
    7. Adverb
    8. Postposition
    9. Conjunction
    10. Interjection

  6. More About Punjabi...
    1. Punjabi Language
    2. Punjabi Literature
    3. Punjabi Culture
    4. Punjabi Wikibook
    5. Using Punjabi Wikibook
    6. Contributors

  7. Appendices
    1. Appendix 1 : Phonetics
    2. Appendix 2 : A Dictionary of Punjabi Usage

  8. External Links
    1. Punjabi grammar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    2. Online Punjabi Teaching -- ACTDPL, Punjabi University, Patiala
    3. Omniglot: Useful Punjabi phrases
    4. ਅਜੀਤ Ajit Jalandhar
    5. ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਟ੍ਰਿਬਿਊਨ Punjabi Tribune
    6. ਜਗਬਾਣੀ Jagbani
    7. ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਪੋਸਟ Punjabi Post (Canada)
    8. ਤਿੰਨ ਰੰਗ ਨਹੀਉਂ ਲਭਣੇ - Wikisource