Flora of New York/Poaceae 4


Poaceae 3
Flora of New York — Poales : Poaceae : Pooideae : Poeae
Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Tribe Poeae R.Br. (1814) worldwide contains 2776 species in 118 genera. Soreng et al. (1990) identified two plastid clades: Chloroplast Group 1 (Aveneae type) and Chloroplast Group 2 (Poeae type).[1]

Tribe Poeae, Chloroplast Group 1 (Aveneae type)Edit

Subtribe TorreyochloinaeEdit

Subtribe Torreyochloinae Soreng (2003) contains Amphibromus, and Torreyochloa.[1]

TorreyochloaEdit

 
Torreyochloa pauciflora
Torreyochloa (false mannagrass) has also been treated as a section of Puccinellia (alkali grass). Torreyochloa can be distinguished from similar wetland species of Glyceria and Puccinellia by Torreyochloa's open leaf sheaths, 3-veined upper glumes, and conspicuous veins on its lemmas.[1]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Torreyochloinae — Torreyochloa
Torreyochloa False manna grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Torr.) G.L.Church
var. fernaldii (Hitchc.) Dore

1906. Glyceria pallida var. fernaldii
1917. Glyceria fernaldii
(Hitchc.) H.St.John
1949. T. fernaldii (Hitchc.) G.L.Church
1964. T. pallida var. fernaldii
1966. Puccinellia fernaldii
(Hitchc.) E.G.Voss
Fernald's false mannagrass
Glycérie de Fernald
Native, C:6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
(Torr.) G. L. Church
var. pallida

1819. Windsoria pallida Torr.
1829. Uralepis pallida (Torr.) Kunth
1836. Glyceria pallida (Torr.) Trin.
1891. Panicularia pallida
(Torr.) Kuntze
1949. T. pallida (Torr.) G.L.Church
1952. Puccinellia pallida
(Torr.) R.T.Clausen
Pale false mannagrass,
Pale mannagrass
Glycérie pâle
Native, C:6,
Secure

OBL
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe AveninaeEdit

Subtribe Aveninae J. Presl (1830) contains Arrhenatherum, Avellinia, Avena, Gaudinia, Graphephorum, Helictotrichon, Koeleria, Lagurus, Leptophyllochloa, Peyritschia, Rostraria, Sphenopholis, Trisetaria, Tricholemma, and Trisetum.[1] Genera in bold text have been found in New York.

SphenopholisEdit

 
Sphenopholis pensylvanica

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Sphenopholis
SphenopholisScribn. Wedge scale N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Rydb.) Rydb.

1909. Sphenopholis intermedia Rydb
Slender wedge grass,
Slender wedgescale
Native, C:6,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ITIS




Images, wsp
(Biehler) Scribn. (1906)

Shiny wedge grass,
Shiny wedgescale
Native, C:8,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ITIS




Images, wsp
(Michx.) Scribn. (1906)

Prairie wedgegrass,
Prairie wedgescale
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(L.) Hitchc.

1753. Avena pennsylvanica L.
1817. Trisetum pensylvanicum
(L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.
1823. Arrhenatherum pensylvanicum
(L.) Torr.
1915. Sphenopholis pennsylvanica
(L.) Hitchc.
Swamp oats
Swamp wedgescale
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Sphenopholis (excluded taxa) Wedge scale N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Sphenopholis obtusata ×
Sphenopholis pensylvanica

    
    
    
Native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
NPT 





Images, wsp
Sphenopholis intermedia × nitida

Sphenopholis intermedia ×
Sphenopholis nitida

    
    
    
Native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
NPT 





Images, wsp

TrisetumEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Trisetum
Trisetum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) K.Richt.

Narrow false oats,
Spike trisetum
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) P.Beauv.

1753. Avena flavescens
1805. Trisetum pratense Pers.
1812. Trisetum flavescens (L.) P.Beauv.
1816. Trisetaria flavescens (L.) Baumg.
Yellow oatgrass,
Yellow oat grass,
Golden oat grass
Avoine dorée,
Avoine jaunâtre
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

GraphephorumEdit

 
Graphephorum melicoides

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Graphephorum
Graphephorum False oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) Desv.

1803. Aira melicoides Michx.
1810. Graphephorum melicoides
(Michx.) Desv.
1818. Poa melicoides (Michx.) Nutt.
1884. Trisetum melicoides (Michx.) Scribn.
Melic oats
Purple false oats
False melic

Trisèe fausse-mélique
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp

KoeleriaEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Koeleria
Koeleria June grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Ledeb.) Schult.

1753. Aira cristata L.
1812. Aira macrantha Ledeb.
1824. K. macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.
 auct. K. cristatanon Pers. (i)
 auct. K. pyramidata
non (Lam.) P. Beauv.
Junegrass,
Prairie Junegrass
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Koeleria (excluded taxa) June grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Lam.) P. Beauv.

1791. Poa pyramidata Lam.
1812. K. pyramidata (Lam.) P. Beauv.
    
Misapplied to
  American Junegrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD

ARS 




Images, wsp

ArrhenatherumEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Arrhenatherum
Arrhenatherum Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. elatius

Tall oatgrass Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 


BNA


Images, wsp
Arrhenatherum (excluded taxa) Oat grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) P.Beauv. ex J.Presl & C.Presl
ssp. bulbosum
(Willd.) Schübl. & G.Martens

1799. Avena bulbosa Willd.
1825. Arrh. elatius var. bulbosum
1834. Arrh. elatius ssp. bulbosum
Tall oatgrass Introduced,
No specimens
  NYFA-D
USDA-X0
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

AvenaEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Avena
Avena Oat N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    Avena fatua L.
    Avena hybrida
Wild oat Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    Avena sativa L.
    Avena byzantina
    Avena fatua var. sativa
Common oat,
Cultivated oat
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

RostrariaEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aveninae — Rostraria
Rostraria Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Tzvelev

    Festuca cristata (L.) Tzvelev
    Koeleria gerardii
    Koeleria phleoides
Mediterranean hairgrass Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subtribe PhalaridinaeEdit

Subtribe Phalaridinae Fr. (1835) contains only the genus Phalaris.[1]

PhalarisEdit

Although the New York Flora Atlas only lists Phalaris arundinacea var. picta as a synonym of Phalaris arundinacea, the Catalogue of New World Grasses (2003) lists both P. arundinacea var. arundinacea and P. arundinacea var picta as valid taxa.[1] Because the ornamental var. picta is readily identifiable by its striped leaves, it's doubtful that it has naturalized in New York without being reported. However, it is believed that hardy European races of var. arundinacea have been introduced at various times since early European settlement and have probably hybridized with American races. So, the Phalaris arundinacea species may be considered invasive in New York.[2]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Phalaridinae — Phalaris
Phalaris Canary grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. arundinacea

1753. Phalaris arundinacea L.
1969. Phalaroides arundinacea
Rauschert
Reed canary grass
Alpiste roseau
Native, C:0,
Secure,
NYIS: 78%[1],
CP-3[2],
Highly invasive[3]

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid,
Sun
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. picta L.

1753. P. arundinacea var. picta L.
1852. Phalaris picta (L.) Sloboda
1969. Phalaroides arundinacea
ssp. japonica
Ornamental canary grass,
Ribbon grass,
Gardener's gaiters
Alpiste ruban,
Ruban de la vierge
Introduced,
Potentially invasive

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid,
Sun
  NYFA-0
USDA-0
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Phalaris canariensis L.
1794. Phalaris ovata Moench
1796. Phalaris avicularis Salisb.
Annual canary grass,
Common canary grass,
Seed canary grass,
Birdseed grass
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Canary Isands

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subtribe AnthoxanthinaeEdit

Subtribe Anthoxanthinae A. Gray (1856) contains only Anthoxanthum.[1]

AnthoxanthumEdit

Anthoxanthum is known variously as sweetgrass, vernalgrass, vanillagrass, or holygrass. The merging of the genus Hierochloe into Anthoxanthum by Schouten and Veldkamp (1985) may be cause for confusion between the native Anthoxanthum nitens (formerly Hierochloe odorata) and the Eurasian Anthoxanthum odoratum. These are two distinct species, and A. nitens appears never to have been considered a sub-taxon of A. odoratum.
Anthoxanthum subg. HierochloeEdit
 
Anthoxanthum nitens
The grasses of Anthoxanthum subg. Hierochloe are generally known as sweetgrass. Because A. hirtum and A. nitens were previously included together under Hierochloe odorata, the county-level distribution shown here for these two species is likely incorrect. The A. hirtum map is based on the BONAP map, while the A. nitens is based on the NYFA map as of 10-Nov-2016.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Phalaridinae — Anthoxanthum subg. Hierochloe
Anthoxanthumsubg. Hierochloe Sweet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
ssp. nitens

1753. Holcus odoratus L.
1787. Poa nitens Weber
1806. Ho. borealis Schrad. (i)
1812. Hierochloe odorata (L.) P.Beauv.
1817. Hi. borealis
(Schrad.) Roem. & Schult. (i)
1898. Savastana nashii E.P.Bicknell
1914. Hi. nashii (E.P.Bicknell) Kaczmarek
1915. Torresia odorata (L.) Hitchc.
1921. T. nashii (E.P.Bicknell) House
1985. Anthoxanthum nitens
(Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
Vanilla sweet grass,
Vanilla sweetgrass,
Common sweetgrass,
Vanilla grass,
Holy grass,
Manna grass,
Seneca grass
Hiérochloé odorante,
Hiérochloé odorant,
Avoine odorante,
Foin d'odeur,
Herbe sainte,
Houlque boréale
Native, C:8,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Schrank) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp

1789. Savastana hirta Schrank
1830. Hierochloe arctica J.Presl
1900. H. hirta (Schrank) Borbas
1930. H. odorata var. annulata
1971. H. hirta ssp. arctica
1973. H. odorata ssp. hirta
1976. H. odorata ssp. arctica
1979. H. hirta var. annulata
1985. Anthoxanthum hirtum
(Schrank) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp
1996. A. hirtum ssp. arcticum
[1]
Hairy sweetgrass,
Hairy sweet grass,
Northern sweetgrass,
Northern sweet grass
Hiérochloé hérissée
Native, C:2,
Unranked

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-U
USDA-N0
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
(Bigelow) Veldkamp
ssp. monticola

1816. Holcus monticola Bigelow
1817. Dimesia monticola (Bigelow) Raf.
1954. Hierochloe orthantha T.J.Sørensen
1962. Hi. alpina var. orthantha
1964. Hi. monticola
(Bigelow) Á.Löve & D.Löve (i)
1971. Hi. alpina ssp. orthantha
1985. A. monticola (Bigelow) Veldkamp
1996. A. monticola ssp. orthanthum
2012. A. monticola ssp. monticola
Alpine sweetgrass
Hiérochloé des montagnes
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. When separated into subspecies, A. hirtum ssp. arcticum is the only North American native of the species. The New York Flora Atlas (2016) treats all A. hirtum subspecies as one variable taxon, baed on Allred and Barkworth (2007).
  2. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Anthoxanthum monticola ssp. monticola. Endangered, S1/GNL.
Anthoxanthum subg. AnthoxanthumEdit
 
Anthoxanthum odoratum
The Old-World Anthoxanthum species found in New York often go by the name vernal grass and appear to be more widespread in the state than the native sweetgrass.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Phalaridinae — Anthoxanthum subg. Anthoxanthum
Anthoxanthumsubg. Anthoxanthum Vernal grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Anthoxanthum odoratum L.
1823. A. villosum Dumort.
1873. A. odoratum var. villosum
1880. Xanthonanthos odoratum
(L.) St.-Lag.
Sweet vernal grass,
Sweet vernalgrass,
Large sweet grass,
Large sweet vernalgrass,
Scented vernal grass
Flouve odorante,
Foin d'odeur
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Lag.
var. aristatum (Boiss.) Pérez Lara

1842. Anthoxanthum aristatum Boiss.
1848. A. puelii Lecoq & Lamotte
1854. A. odoratum var. puelii
1854. A. odoratum var. aristatum
1886. A. ovatum var. aristatum
Vernal grass,
Annual vernalgrass,
Small sweet vernal grass
Flouve aristée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not Naturalized

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
NWGTrop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Subtribe BrizinaeEdit

Subtribe Brizinae Tzvelev (1968) Airopsis and Briza.[1]

BrizaEdit

 
Briza maxima
Quakinggrass (Briza).
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Brizinae — Briza
Briza Quakinggrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Big quakinggrass,
Large quaking grass
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Perennial quaking grass Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
Briza (excluded taxa) Quakinggrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Little quakinggrass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subtribe EchinopogoninaeEdit

Subtribe Echinopogoninae Soreng (2017) contains Ancistragrostis, Dichelachne, Echinopogon, Pentapogon, Relchela,[1] and Greeneochloa.[2]

GreeneochloaEdit

 
Greeneochloa coarctata
Greeneochloa P.M. Peterson, Soreng, Romasch. & Barberá (2019) was segregated from Calamagrostis based on phylogenetic and morphological differences. It contains type species Greeneochloa coarctata (syn. Calamagrostis coarctata Eaton), which is present in New York State.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Echinopogoninae — Greeneochloa
Greeneochloa Reedgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
P.M. Peterson, Soreng, Romasch. & Barberá

 auct. Calamagrostis cinnoides W.P.C.Barton (i)
1823. Arundo coarctata Torr.
1829. Calamagrostis coarctata (Torr.) Eaton
2019. Greeneochloa coarctata
P.M. Peterson, Soreng, Romasch. & Barberá
Small reedgrass,
Arctic reedgrass,
Nuttall's reedgrass
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

OBL
  NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe AgrostidinaeEdit

Subtribe Agrostidinae Fr. (1835) contains about 604 species in 16 genera: Agrostis, Ammophila, Ancistragrostis, Bromidium, Calamagrostis, Chaetopogon, Dichelachne, Echinopogon, Hypseochloa, Gastridium, Lachnagrostis, Limnodea, Pentapogon, Podagrostis, Polypogon, and Triplachne.[1]

AgrostisEdit

 
Agrostis scabra
Bentgrass or simply bent (Agrostis)
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Agrostis
Agrostis Bentgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Willd.

1797. Agrostis scabra Willd.
1813. Trichodium scabrum (Willd.) Muhl.
1824. Agrostis geminata Trin.
1843. Agrostis scabra var. tenuis
1843. Agrostis laxiflora var. scabra
1921. Agrostis peckii House
1942. Agrostis scabra var. geminata
1948. Agrostis hyemalis var. scabra
1952. Agrostis hyemalis var. tenuis
Northern tickle grass
Rough bentgrass

Agrostide scabre
Native, C:3,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1788. Cornucopiae hyemalis Walter
1888. Agrostis hyemalis (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1888. Agrostis hiemalis orth. var.
1898. Agrostis canina var. hyemalis
1908. Agrostis antecedens E.P.Bicknell
Southern tickle grass
Southern hair grass
Winter bent grass
Hair grass
Tickle grass

Agrostide d'hiver
Native, C:3,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
(Walter) Tuck.

    A. altissima (Walter) Tuck.
    A. perennans (Walter) Tuck.
    
Autumn bent,
Upland bent,
Upland bentgrass
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Trin. (1836)

A. borealis Hartm. (1843)
Northern bent,
Northern bentgrass,
Arctic bentgrass
Agrostide de Mertens
Native, C:9,
Threatened

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-2
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

 auct. A. albanon L.
    A. maritima Lam.
    A. palustris Huds.
Creeping bent,
Creeping bentgrass
Introduced,
N. America native,
Nativity in question

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X5
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

    A. canina var. varians
Velvet bent,
Velvet bentgrass
Agrostide des chiens
Introduced,
N. America native

UPL-FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-NW
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

1753. A. capillaris L.
1794. A. tenuis Sibth.
1796. A. vulgaris With.
    A. stricta
    A. sylvatica
Rhode Island bent,
Rhode Island bentgrass,
Colonial bent,
Colonial bentgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp

 auct. Agrostis albanon L.
    Agrostis nigra
    A. stolonifera ssp. gigantea
    A. stolonifera var. major
Redtop,
Red-top,
Black bentgrass
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
Agrostis (excluded taxa) Bentgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Schreb.

1771. Agrostis vinealis Schreb.
    
    
Brown bentgrass Introduced from
 Alaska,
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-00






Images, wsp

Agrostis mertensii ×
Agrostis scabra

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 northern bent &
 northern tickle-grass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Agrostis canina ×
Agrostis capillaris

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 velvet bent &
 Rhode Island bent
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Agrostis gigantea ×
Agrostis stolonifera

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 red-top &
 creeping bent
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Agrostis capillaris ×
Agrostis gigantea

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 Rhode Island bent &
 red-top
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

CalamagrostisEdit

 
Calamagrostis canadensis
Canada bluejoint grass
Jeffery M. Saarela et al. (2017) showed that two species of Ammophila are nested within separate clades in Calamagrostis s.s., making both Ammophila and Calamagrostis polyphyletic. Merging Ammophila into Calamagrostis was the solution.[1]

Molecular and morphological studies have shown that native eastern North American beechgrass comprises a number of lineages with overlapping characteristics that may be best treated as a single species:[2]

  • Coastal populations (A. breviligulata):
    • Northern Atlantic coast,
    • Southern Atlantic coast,
  • Interior populations (A. champlainensis):
    • Lake Champlain & St. Lawrence River, and
    • Great Lakes.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Calamagrostis
Calamagrostis Reedgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. canadensis

    
    
    
Canada bluejoint grass,
Bluejoint,
Blue-joint reedgrass
Native, C:7,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. langsdorfii

    
    
    
Bluejoint Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1?
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
(Michx.) P. Beauv.
var. macouniana

    
    
    
Macoun's reedgrass Native,
Historical
  NYFA-N
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Fernald) Saarela

1920. Ammophila breviligulata Fernald
1966. A. champlainensis F. Seym.
2006. A. breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
2017. Calamagrostis breviligulata
(Fernald) Saarela
2017. C. breviligulata ssp. champlainensis
Beech grass
American beachgrass
Native, C:8,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 A.Gray

    
    
    
Pickering's reedgrass,
Pickering's reed bent-grass
Native,
Rare
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
 (Timm) Koeler
ssp. inexpansa

    Calamagrostis hyperborea
    Calamagrostis inexpansa
    Calamagrostis lacustris
Northern reedgrass Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (Timm) Koeler
ssp. stricta

    Calamagrostis neglecta
    
    
Slim-stemmed small-reedgrass Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
  NYFA-1






Images, wsp
 A.Gray
ssp. porteri

    
    
    
Porter's reedgrass Native, C:9,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[3]
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

    
    
    
Wood reed grass Native,
Endangered,
Endemic to NY,
NYNHP: 1[4]
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 (L.) Roth

    
    
    
Feathertop,
Chee reedgrass
Introduced,
Very rare
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS




Images, wsp

PolypogonEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Agrostidinae — Polypogon
Polypogon Rabbitsfoot grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Kunth (1816)

Ditch beard grass,
Ditch rabbitsfoot grass,
Ditch polypogon
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(L.) Desf.

1753. Alopecurus monspeliensis L.
1798. P. monspeliensis (L.) Desf.
Annual rabbit's-foot grass,
Annual beard grass,
Rabbit's-foot polypogon
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalization unknown
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Poeae, Chloroplast Group 2 (Poeae type)Edit

Subtribe SesleriinaeEdit

Subtribe Sesleriinae Parl. (1845) contains 37 species in 5 genera: Mibora, Echinaria, Oreochloa, Sesleria, and Sesleriella.[1]

MiboraEdit

Mibora species previously listed have now been excluded from the New York Flora.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Sesleriinae — Mibora
Mibora (excluded taxa) Sand grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Desv.

    Mibora minima (L.) Desv.
Early sandgrass,
Early sand grass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Waif

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-EXCLUDED
USDA-X0
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe ColeanthinaeEdit

Subtribe Coleanthinae Rouy (1913) contains Catabrosa, Catabrosella, Coleanthus, Colpodium, Hyalopoa, Paracolpodium, Phippsia, Puccinellia, Sclerochloa, and Zingeria.[1]

PuccinelliaEdit

 
Puccinellia distans
The Puccinellia (alkali grass) species are similar in appearance to the wetland genera Glyceria and Torreyochloa, however, alkali grass is adaptable to saline areas.[1]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Coleanthinae — Puccinellia
PuccinelliaParl. Alkali grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Jacq.) Parl.

    
    
    
European alkaligrass,
Weeping alkaligrass
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-MX
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Torr.) E.P. Bicknell

    
    
    
Saltmarsh alkaligrass,
Salt marsh alkaligrass,
Salt marsh goosegrass
Introduced

OBL
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NPT 


BNA


Images, wsp
(With.) Fernald & Weath.

    
    
    
Stiff alkaligrass,
British alkaligrass,
Goosegrass
Introduced

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-
USDA-X






Images, wsp
Puccinellia (excluded taxa) Alkali grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(J. Presl) Fernald & Weath.

    
    
    
Nootka alkaligrass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Schult.) Hitchc.

    
    
    
Nuttall's alkaligrass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NPT 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Scribn. & Merr.

    P. alaskana Scribn. & Merr.
    P. langeana ssp. alaskana
    P. paupercula var. alaskana
    P. tenella ssp. alaskana
    
Alaska goose grass,
Tundra alkaligrass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Seaside alkaligrass,
Seaside speargrass
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-MX
NPT 





Images, wsp

SclerochloaEdit

 
Sclerochloa dura
Hardgrass (Sclerochloa P. Beauv.)
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Coleanthinae — Sclerochloa
Sclerochloa Hardgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) P.Beauv.

1753. Cynosurus durus L.
1812. Sclerochloa dura (L.) P.Beauv.
    
Fairground grass,
Common hardgrass,
Hard meadowgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Wool mill waif,
GMW[1]
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XN
NEW-0Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. Grass Manual on the Web and USDA-NRCS seem to contradict about the North American nativity of Sclerochloa dura.

Subtribe MiliinaeEdit

Subtribe Miliinae Dumort. (1829) contains about 5 species in 1 geneus: Milium.[1][2]

MiliumEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Miliinae — Milium
Milium Millet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. cisatlanticum Fernald

1950. M. effusum var. cisatlanticum
2010. M. effusum ssp. cisatlanticum
    
American milletgrass,
Tall millet-grass
Native, C:8,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Milium (excluded taxa) Millet grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.
var. effusum

1753. Milium effusum L.
1783. Agrostis effusa (L.) Lam.
1794. Miliarium effusa (L.) Moench.
1796. Melica effusa (L.) Salisb.
1808. Decandolia effusa (L.) Bastard
Millet grass,
Wood millet
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-

ARS 
NWG



Images, wsp

Subtribe AirinaeEdit

Subtribe Airinae Caro (1982) contains about 41 species in 7 genera: Aira, Antinoria, Avenella, Corynephorus, Helictochloa, Molineriella, and Periballia.[1]

AvenellaEdit

 
Avenella flexuosa
Hairgrass (Avenella Bluff ex Drejer, 1837)
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Avenella
Avenella Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Drejer

1753. Aira flexuosa L.
1811. Arundo flexuosa (L.) Clairv.
1823. Avena flexuosa (L.) Mert. & Koch (i)
1836. Deschampsia flexuosa (L.) Trin.
1838. Avenella flexuosa (L.) Drejer
1852. Deschampsia flexuosa var. montana
1866. Lerchenfeldia flexuosa (L.) Schur
Common hair grass,
Wavy hair grass,
Crinkled hair grass
Native, C:8,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

AiraEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Aira
Aira Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Aspris praecox (L.) Nash
Early hairgrass,
Yellow hairgrass,
Spike hairgrass,
Early silver hairgrass,
Small hairgrass
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can





Images, wsp
 L.
var. caryophyllea

1753. Aira caryophyllea L.
1780. Avena caryophyllea (L.) Weber
1796. Agrostis caryophyllea (L.) Salisb.
1866. Fussia caryophyllea (L.) Schur
1913. Aspris caryophyllea (L.) Nash
Silver hairgrass,
Silvery hairgrass,
Common silver hairgrass
Canche caryophyllée,
Aira caryophyllé
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
GMW,
iMapInvasives
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Aira (excluded taxa) Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. capillaris
(Mert. & W.D.J.Koch) Bluff & Fingerh.

1798. Aira capillaris Savi
1823. Avena capillaris Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1836. Aira caryophyllea var. capillaris
Bluff & Fingerh.
1853. Aira elegantissima Schur
 auct. Aira elegans
Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.
Delicate hairgrass,
Annual silver hairgrass
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
No specimens,
GMW
 
USDA-X0
NPT 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

CorynephorusEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Corynephorus
Corynephorus Clubawn grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Beauv.

Gray clubawn grass,
Gray hairgrass
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XN






Images, wsp

Subtribe AristaveninaeEdit

Subtribe Aristaveninae F.Albers & Butzin (1977) contains only Deschampsia with about 51 species worldwide. Soreng et al. (2015) tentatively placed Deschampsia in subtribe Holcinae,[1] but Soreng et al. (2017) moved it to its own subtribe Aristaveninae.[2]

DeschampsiaEdit

 
Deschampsia cespitosa
Hairgrass (Deschampsia)
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Aristaveninae — Deschampsia
DeschampsiaP.Beauv. Hairgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) P.Beauv.
ssp. cespitosa

1753. Aira cespitosa L.
1796. Agrostis caespitosa (L.) Salisb.
1812. D. caespitosa (L.) P.Beauv.
1846. D. cespitosa ssp. glauca
1861. D. cespitosa var. parviflora
1918. D. cespitosa var. glauca
1940. D. anadyrensis V.N.Vassil.
Tufted hairgrass,
Small-flowered ticklegrass,
Tussock grass
Deschampsie cespiteuse,
Canche cespiteuse,
Canche gazonnante
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NM
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Trin.) Munro

1830. Aira danthonioides Trin.
1830. D. calycina J. Presl
1857. D. danthonioides (Trin.) Munro
Annual hairgrass Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized

FACW

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe HolcinaeEdit

Subtribe Holcinae Dumort. (1868) contains about 11 species in 2 genera: Holcus and Vahlodea. Soreng et al. (2015) tentatively placed Deschampsia in subtribe Holcinae,[1] but Soreng et al. (2017) moved it to its own subtribe Aristaveninae.[2]

VahlodeaEdit

 
Poa fendleriana & Vahlodea atropurpurea
Mountain hair grass (Vahlodea atropurpurea) is a circumboreal grass that is probably extirpated from New York State.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Holcinae — Vahlodea
Vahlodea Hair grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Wahlenb.) Fr. ex Hartm.

1812. Aira atropurpurea Wahlenb.
1822. Avena atropurpurea (Wahlenb.) Link
1826. Holcus atropurpureus
(Wahlenb.) Wahlenb.
1843. Vahlodea atropurpurea
(Wahlenb.) Fr. ex Hartm.
1844. Deschampsia atropurpurea
(Wahlenb.) Scheele
1937. Vahlodea latifolia (Hook.) Hultén
Mountain hair grass,
Mountain hairgrass,
Arctic hair grass,
Arctic hairgrass
Deschampsie pourpre
Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

FACW,
Graminoid
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

HolcusEdit

 
Holcus lanatus
Velvet grass or soft grass (Holcus) contains two non-native grasses found in New York State.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Airinae — Holcus
Holcus Velvetgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Holcus lanatus L.
1787. Aira holcus-lanata Vill.
1802. Avena lanata (L.) Koeler
1817. Holcus argenteus
C. Agardh ex Roem. & Schult.
1912. Notholcus lanatus
(L.) Nash ex Hitchc.
1916. Ginannia lanata (L.) F.T.Hubb.
Common velvetgrass,
Fog grass
Holoque laineuse
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. mollis

1759. Holcus mollis L.
1771. Aira mollis (L.) Schreb.
1787. Aira holcus-mollis Vill.
1802. Avena mollis (L.) Koeler (i)
1901. Ginannia mollis (L.) Bubani
1915. Notholcus mollis (L.) Hitchc.
Creeping velvet grass
Creeping soft grass
Creeping fog

Houlque molle
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS
NWGTrop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe CynosurinaeEdit

Subtribe Cynosurinae Fr. (1835) contains 10 species in the genus Cynosurus.[1][2]

CynosurusEdit

 
Cynosurus cristatus
Dogtail grass (Cynosurus) contains two non-native grasses occasionally found in New York.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Cynosurinae
Cynosurus Dogstail grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Crested dog's tail,
Crested dogtail grass
Crêtelle à crêtes
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Bristly dogtail grass,
Rough dog's tail
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe DactylidinaeEdit

Subtribe Dactylidinae Stapf (1898) contains 2 species in 2 genera: Dactylis and Lamarckia.[1]

DactylisEdit

 
Dactylis glomerata
Orchard grass
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Dactylidinae — Dactylis
Dactylis Orchard grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Dactylis glomerata L.
1771. Bromus glomeratus (L.) Scop.
1785. Festuca glomerata (L.) All.
1817. Limnetis glomerata (L.) Eaton
1828. D. glomerata var. detonsa
1838. D. glomerata var. ciliata
1906. D. glomerata ssp. lobata
1911. D. glomerata ssp. aschersoniana
Orchard grass,
Orchardgrass,
Cock's foot,
Cock's foot grass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subtribe LoliinaeEdit

Subtribe Loliinae Dumort. (1829) contains about 700 species in 9 genera: Castellia, Drymochloa, Festuca, Leucopoa, Lolium, Megalachne, Patzkea, Podophorus, and Pseudobromus.[1]

FestucaEdit

 
Festuca subverticillata
Fescue (Festuca L. 1753)
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Festuca
Festuca Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pers.) E. B. Alexeev

1805. Poa subverticillata Pers.
1807. Festuca obtusa Biehler
1980. Festuca subverticillata
(Pers.) E.B. Alexeev
Nodding fescue Native, C:7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
var. saximontana

Mountain fescue,
Sheep fescue,
Rocky Mountain fescue
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Hack.) R.P. Murray

1882. F. ovina var. trachyphylla
1895. Festuca trachyphylla
(Hack.) R.P. Murray
 auct. Festuca ovina var. duriuscula
 auct. Festuca longifolianon Thuill.
1930. Festuca trachyphylla
(Hack.) Krajina
1977. Festuca brevipila R.Tracey
Fétuque dressée,
Fétuque à feuilles scabres,
Hard fescue,
Sheep Fescue
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized

UPL

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Pourr.

    Festuca capillata Lam.
    Festuca ovina ssp. tenuifolia
    Festuca ovina var. capillata
    Festuca tenuifolia Sibth.
    
Hair fescue,
Fineleaf sheep fescue,
Fine-leaved sheep fescue
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[2]

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp

F. rubra var. heterophylla
Various-leaved fescue Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. rubra

    Festuca prolifera (Piper) Fernald
Red fescue,
Prolific fescue
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. commutata Gaudin

1786. Festuca nigrescens Lam.
1788. Festuca heteromalla Pourr.
1799. Festuca fallax Thuill.
1828. F. rubra ssp. commutata
1881. F. rubra var. fallax
1882. F. rubra ssp. fallax
Chewing's fescue,
Varioushair fescue
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Festuca (excluded taxa) Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Schult. & Schult.f.

1823. F. brevifolia R.Br.non Muhl.
1827. F. brachyphylla
Schult. & Schult.f.
1871. F. ovina var. brevifolia
1906. F. ovina var. brachyphylla
Alpine fescue,
Rock fescue
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp

F. ovina var. hispidula
Sheep fescue Introduced,
Synonym
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

VulpiaEdit

 
Vulpia octoflora
Recent souces, including Soreng et al. (2015) and the New York Flora Atlas (2021) place Vulpia species within Festuca, while many other sources continue to treat them as separate species.[1]
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Vulpia
Vulpia Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) Rydb.
var. tenella (Willd.) Fernald

1797. Festuca tenella Willd.
1812. Schedonorus tenellus
(Willd.) P. Beauv.
1840. Vulpia tenella (Willd.) Heynh.
1862. Festuca gracilenta Buckley
1932. Festuca octoflora var. tenella
1932. Festuca octoflora var. glauca
1945. Vulpia octoflora var. tenella
1945. Vulpia octoflora var. glauca
Northern six-weeks fescue
Eight-flowered six-weeks grass
Slender 8-flowered fescue
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) C.C.Gmel.

    Festuca megalura
    Festuca myuros
1805. Vulpia myuros (L.) C.C.Gmel.
    Vulpia megalura
Annual fescue,
Rat's-tail six-weeks grass
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Vulpia (excluded taxa) Fescue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Gray

1753. Festuca bromoides L.
1785. Bromus dertonensis
1821. Vulpia bromoides (L.) Gray
1901. Festuca dertonensis
(All.) Asch. & Graebn.
1904. Vulpia dertonensis (All.) Gola
1905. Vulpia dertonensis (All.) Volkart
1956. Vulpia dertonensis (All.) Parodi
Brome fescue,
Brome six-weeks grass
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

LoliumEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Lolium
Lolium Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lam.

Italian ryegrass,
Ivraie multiflore,
Ray-grass d'Italie
Introduced,
GMW
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Ivraie vivace,
Perennial ryegrass,
Ray-grass anglais
Introduced,
GMW
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Boiss. & Hohen. ex Boiss. (1854)

Lolium dorei B. Boivin
Ivraie de Perse,
Persian darnel,
Persian ryegrass
Introduced,
Impersistent,
GMW
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. temulentum

Darnel,
Darnel ryegrass,
Ivraie enivrante
Introduced,
GMW
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp

SchedonorusEdit

Because the Festuca subgenus Schedonorus seems to be more similar to Lolium than to the rest of Festuca, some sources now treat it as its own genus while others now treat it as a subgenus of Lolium.[1]
  1. Stephen J. Darbyshire (1993). "Realignment of Festuca subg. Schedonorus with the genus Lolium (Poaceae)". Novon (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 3 (3): 239–243. 
    Stephen J. Darbyshire. "Schedonorus treatment". Grass Manual on the Web (updated 2009). http://herbarium.usu.edu/webmanual/info2.asp?name=Schedonorus&type=treatment. 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). 2010. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=781282#. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Current Standing: accepted" 
    "Schedonorus P. Beauv.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). USDA-ARS. 13 August 2009. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?17593. Retrieved 27 February 2013. "Probable synonym of: Festuca L. … placed by some in Lolium L." 
    "Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.". Catalogue of New World Grasses. Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden.. http://www.tropicos.org/Name/25558279?projectid=10. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Loliinae — Schedonorus
Schedonorus Rye grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Huds.) P.Beauv.

 auct. Festuca elatiornon L. (1753)
1762. Festuca pratensis Huds.
1812. Schedonorus pratensis
(Huds.) P.Beauv.
1993. Lolium pratense (Huds.) Darbysh.
Tall rye grass,
Meadow rye grass,
Meadow fescue
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

FACU
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Schreb.) Dumort

1753. Festuca elatior L. nom. rej.
1771. Poa phoenix Scop.
1771. Festuca arundinacea Schreb.
1789. Bromus arundinaceus
(Schreb.) Roth
1857. Festuca elatior var. arundinacea
1867. Festuca elatior ssp. arundinacea
1824. Schedonorus arundinaceus
(Schreb.) Dumort
1993. Lolium arundinaceum Darbysh.
1998. S. phoenix (Scop.) Holub
Tall rye grass,
Alta fescue,
Tall fescue,
Coarse fescue,
Kentucky fescue,
Reed fescue
Fétuque élevée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 65%[1]

FACU
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Holub

1753. Bromus giganteus L.
1787. Festuca gigantea (L.) Vill.
1993. Lolium giganteum (L.) Darbysh.
1998. Schedonorus giganteus (L.) Holub
Giant rye grass,
Giant fescue
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-Xu
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: GMW

Subtribe ParapholiinaeEdit

Subtribe Parapholiinae Caro (1982) contains about 26 species in 8 genera: Agropyropsis, Catapodium, Cutandia, Desmazeria, Hainardia, Parapholis, Sphenopus, and Vulpiella.[1]

CatapodiumEdit

 
Catapodium rigidum
Ferngrass (Catapodium rigidum) was collected from Monroe County but has not been reported to naturalize anywhere in the state.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Parapholiinae — Catapodium
Catapodium Fern grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) C.E. Hubb.
ssp. rigidum

1846. Scleropoa rigida (L.) Griseb.
1952. Desmazeria rigida (L.) Tutin
1953. Catapodium rigidum (L.) C.E. Hubb.
Ferngrass Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subtribe AlopecurinaeEdit

Subtribe Alopecurinae worldwide contains 3 genera with 47 species. According to Soreng et. al. (2015) the genera of Alopecurinae were included in subtribe Poinae.[1] But Soreng et. al. (2017) retained the separation, placing Alopecurinae in supersubtribe Poodinae within tribe Poeae.[2]

AlopecurusEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Alopecurinae — Alopecurus
Alopecurus Foxtail N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Sobol.
var. aequalis

1799. Alopecurus aequalis Sobol.
1803. Alopecurus aristulatus Michx.
1823. Alopecurus geniculatus var. aristulatus
1925. Alopecurus aequalis ssp. aequalis
1925. Alopecurus aequalis var. aequalis
1925. Alopecurus aequalis var. natans
Shortawn foxtail,
Short-awn foxtail,
Short-awned foxtail,
Short foxtail,
Little meadow foxtail,
Water foxtail
Vulpin à courtes arêtes
Native,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
 Walter

    
    
    
Tufted foxtail,
Carolina foxtail,
Carolina meadow foxtail
Introduced,
N. America native,
Weed

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow foxtail,
Water foxtail,
Floating foxtail,
Marsh foxtail,
Marsh meadow-foxtail,
Knee-joint foxtail
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Weed

FACW-OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Huds.

    
    
    
Slender meadow-foxtail
Vulpin des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow foxtail,
Field meadow-foxtail
Vulpin des prés
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp

Subtribe BeckmanniinaeEdit

According to Soreng et. al. (2014) Beckmanniinae should be included in subtribe Poinae.[1] But Soreng et. al. (2017) retained the separation, placing Alopecurinae in supersubtribe Poodinae within tribe Poeae.[2]

BeckmanniaEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Alopecurinae — Beckmannia
Beckmannia Sloughgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Steud.) Fernald

American sloughgrass Introduced,
N. America native
 

ITIS




Images, wsp

Subtribe PhleinaeEdit

According to Soreng et. al. (2015) Phleinae should be included in subtribe Poinae.[1] But Soreng et. al. (2017) retained the separation, placing Alopecurinae in supersubtribe Poodinae within tribe Poeae.[2]

PhleumEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Alopecurinae — Phleum
Phleum Timothy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. pratense

1753. Phleum pratense L.
1778. P. pratense var. nodosum
1821. P. nodosum var. pratense
1824. P. pratense ssp. nodosum
1854. P. intermedium Jord.
1859. P. parnassicum Boiss. (i)
Common timothy
Meadow timothy
Timothy
Meadow cat's-tail

Fléole des près
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1]

FACU
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

Sand timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Huds. (1762)

Phleum asperum (Retz.) Jacq.
British timothy Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm

ARS 




Images, wsp

Subtribe PoinaeEdit

Subtribe Poinae Dumort. (1829) contains the genera Agrostopoa, Alopecurus, Aniselytron, Apera, Arctagrostis, Arctophila, Beckmannia, Bellardiochloa, Brizochloa(?), Cinna, Cornucopiae, Cyathopus, Dupontia, Dupontiopsis, Gaudiniopsis, Hookerochloa, Limnas, Nephelochloa, Nicoraepoa, Parvotrisetum, Phleum, Pholiurus, Poa, Pseudophleum, Rhizocephalus, Saxipoa, Simplicia, Sylvipoa, Ventenata.[1]

PoaEdit

Poa is the largest genus of grasses and contains over 500 species throughout temperate and boreal regions in both hemispheres. North American Poa species are generally known as bluegrass. The system used here for subgeneric Poa organization is based on Gillespie and Soreng (2005).[1] The subgenera names use here are those proposed in Gillespie et al. (2007).[2]
Poa subg. ArctopoaEdit
Poa subg. Arctopoa Grisebach (1971) is here considered equivalent of the ArcSyl clade, made up of subg. Arctopa sections Arctopa and Aphydris, and previous subg. Poa sect. Sylvestris: ( Arctopoa + Sylvestres ). It is considered to be the basal clade of the genus Poa.
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Arctopoa
Poasubg. Arctopoasect. Sylvestres Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.Gray

1856. Poa alsodes A.Gray
Grove bluegrass Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 

Trop.



Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand
ssp. languida
(A.S. Hitchc.) A. Haines

    
    Poa debilis Torr.
    Poa saltuensis ssp. languida
Weak bluegrass,
Woodland bluegrass,
Oldpasture bluegrass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Fernald & Wiegand
ssp. saltuensis

Common weak bluegrass,
Drooping bluegrass,
Oldpasture bluegrass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1848. Poa sylvestris A.Gray
Woodland bluegrass,
Forest bluegrass
Pâturin des forêts
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Poasubg. Arctopoasect. Arctopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Vasey

    Poa pseudopratensis
    Poa glaucifolia
1893. Poa arida Vasey
Plains bluegrass Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X

ARS 




Images, wsp
Poa subg. OchlopoaEdit
Poa subg. Ochlopoa (Ascherson & Graebner) Hylander (1953) is here treated as equivalent to the BAPO clade, comprising pervious subg. Poa sections: ( ( Bolbophorum + Alpinae ) ( Parodiochloa + Ochlopoa ) ).
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Ochlopoa
Poasubg. Ochlopoasect. Micrantherae Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Annual bluegrass,
Speargrass
Introduced,
Naturalized

Annual,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 (excluded taxa) Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY /NPT
 Scribn.

    
    
    
Chapman bluegrass,
Chapman's bluegrass
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

Annual,
Graminoid
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Poasubg. Ochlopoasect. Arenariae Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. vivipara (Koeler) Arcang.

Bulbous bluegrass Introduced,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 49%[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 (excluded taxa) Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY /NPT
L.
ssp. bulbosa

    Poa bulbosa L.
    
    
Bulbous bluegrass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Poa subg. StenopoaEdit
Poa subg. Stenopoa (Dumortier) Soreng & L. J. Gillespie, Aliso (2006) is here considered to be equivalent to the SPOSTA clade, made up of members of sections:

( Secundae ( Pandemos ( Oreinos + Stenopoa + Tichopoa + Abbreviatae ) ) ).


Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. StenopoaEdit
 
Poa palustris

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Stenopoa
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Stenopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1759. Poa palustris L.
Fowl bluegrass,
Meadowgrass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
ssp. glauca

Glaucous bluegrass Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-2






Images, wsp
 Rydb.

Inland bluegrass Native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
  NYFA-1






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Poa nemoralis L.
1753. Agrostis alba L.
1808. Poa glaucantha Schleich. ex Gaudin
1915. Agrestis alba  (L.) Lunell
1915. Paneion nemorale (L.) Lunell
Woodland bluegrass,
Woods bluegrass,
Wood bluegrass
Introduced   NYFA-Xn
USDA-MM
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Poasubg. Stenopa (excluded taxa) Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Haenke
ssp. laxa

    
    
    
Mt. Washington bluegrass N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Haenke

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 gaucous bluegrass &
 Mt. Washington bluegrass
Native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. OreinosEdit
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. Oreinos
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Oreinos Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Haenke
ssp. fernaldiana (Nannf.) Hyl.

1935. Poa fernaldiana Nannf.
1953. Poa laxa ssp. fernaldiana Hyl.
1964. Poa flexuosa ssp. fernaldiana
Á. Löve & D. Löve
Fernald's bluegrass Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Slender marsh bluegrass,
Bog bluegrass
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1






Images, wsp
Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. PandemosEdit
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. Pandemos
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Pandemos Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. trivialis

1753. Poa trivialis L.
1854. Poa attica Boiss. & Heldr.
Rough bluegrass,
Rough-sheathed bluegrass,
Rough-stalk bluegrass,
Rough-stalk meadow grass,
Scribner bluegrass
Introduced from
 Europe
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. TichopoaEdit
Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Stenopoa sect. Tichopoa
Poasubg. Stenopasect. Tichopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Poa compressa L.
    
    
Wiry bluegrass,
Canada bluegrass,
Flattened meadow grass
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[1],
CP-2[2]

FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Poa subg. PoaEdit

The Poa subgenus is here considered to be composed of the HAMBADD clade (supersect. Homalopoa) and the PoM clade (supersect. Poa).

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Poa subg. Poa
Poasect. Homalopoa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Poa brachyphylla
Early bluegrass Native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Vill.

Chaiz bluegrass,
Broadleaf bluegrass
Introduced   NYFA-X






Images, wsp
Poasect. Poa Bluegrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. pratensis

1753. Poa pratensis L.
1800. Poa pratensis var. pratensis
1915. Paneion pratense (L.) Lunell
Kentucky bluegrass,
Smooth meadow grass (GBI)
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n.Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 68%[1]

Perennial,
Graminoid
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. angustifolia (L.) Lej.

1753. Poa angustifolia L.
1800. P. pratensis var. angustifolia Sm.
1828. P. pratensis ssp. angustifolia Lej.
Narrow-leaved bluegrass Introduced   NYFA-X


NWGTrop.



Images, wsp

CinnaEdit

According to Soreng et. al. (2014)[1] Cinna should be included in Poinae.

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Cinna
Cinna Wood reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Stout woodreed,
Sweet woodreed,
Wood reedgrass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN


NWG



Images, wsp
(Trevis. ex Goepp.) Griseb.

Drooping woodreed,
Slender wood reedgrass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

AperaEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Apera
Apera Silky bent N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) P.Beauv.

    Agrostis interrupta
    Apera interrupta P.Beauv.
Dense silky bentgrass,
Interrupted windgrass
Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Silky bentgrass,
Loose silkybent,
Common windgrass
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-Xun
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

VentenataEdit

Poales — Poaceae — Pooideae — Poeae — Poinae — Ventenata
VentenataKöhlerer (excluded taxa) North Africa grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Leers) Coss.

    
1855. Ventenata dubia (Leers) Coss.
    
North Africa grass Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD

ARS 




Images, wsp