Flora of New York/Malvales


Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Flora of New York — Malvales
Brassicales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Malvales ...

Family ThymelaeaceaeEdit

The Thymelaeaceae (family)...

Subfamily ThymelaeoideaeEdit

Tribe ThymelaeeaeEdit

DircaEdit
Malvales — Thymelaeaceae — Thymelaeoideae — Thymelaeeae — Dirca
Dirca Leatherwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Dirca palustris L.
1995. Dirca mexicana G.L.Nesom & Mayfield
2009. Dirca decipiens Floden
Eastern leatherwood,
Wicopy,
Moosewood,
Ropebark
Dirca des marais,
Bois de plomb,
Dircé bois-de-plomb,
Dircée des marais
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade - shade
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DaphneEdit
 
Daphne mezereum
February daphne

Malvales — Thymelaeaceae — Thymelaeoideae — Thymelaeeae — Daphne
Daphne Daphne N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Daphne mezereum L.
1772. Thymelaea mezereum (L.) Scop.
1792. Thymelaea praecox Gilib. inval.
1804. Daphne albiflora J.W.Wolf
1843. Mezereum officinarum C.A.Mey.
1851. Daphne × houtteana Lindl.& Paxton
February daphne,
Mezereon,
Mezer’s daphne,
Paradise plant,
Spurge laurel,
Lady laurel
Bois joli,
Bois gentil,
Daphné mézéréon
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Notes:,[1][2]

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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  1. Daphne mezereum has invaded moist forests in S. Ontario "Invasive Exotic Species Ranking for Southern Ontario," Urban Forest Associates Inc., 2002
  2. All parts of Daphne mezereum are toxic if eaten, and contact with the sap can cause skin irritation."Go Botany" New England Wild Flower Society 2011-2016, Daphne mezereum Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, 2014

Family CistaceaeEdit

The Cistaceae (rock-rose family) in New York contains 4 genera with a total of 14 accepted taxa.[1]
  • Crocanthemum (frostweed) with 4 taxa,
  • Helianthemum (frostweed) with 1 taxon,
  • Hudsonia (goldenheather) with 2 taxa,
  • Lechea (pinweed) with 7 taxa.

  1. Cistaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

LecheaEdit

The genus Lechea is based primarily in eastern North America and contains about 18 species referred to as "pinweeds," of which seven sepecies (nine taxa) have been reported in New York. Most are low-growing herbs with narrow leaves and may small flowers that resemble pinheads.[1]

Linneaus named the genus Lechea for Swedish botanist Johan Leche (1704–1764), who taught in Finland and is regarded as the father of Finnish meteorology and space research, based on his documentation of the northern lights and early measurements of air temperature in collaboration with Anders Celsius.[2]


Malvales — Cistaceae — Lechea
Lechea Pinweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Legg. ex Britton

1888. Lechea leggettii var. intermedia (i)
1894. L. intermedia Legg. ex Britton
1938. L. intermedia var. laurentiana
Intermediate pinweed,
Largepod pinweed,
Large-podded pinweed,
Round-fruit pinweed,
Narrow-leaved pinweed,
Laurentian pinweed
Léchéa intermédiaire,
Léchéa de la vallée
  du Saint-Laurent
Native,
Secure
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 Raf.

1814. Lechea mucronata Raf.
1816. Lechea villosa Elliott
1903. L. major var. villosa Grosser
1966. L. minor var. villosa B.Boivin
auctLechea stricta non Legg. ex Britt.
Hairy pinweed
Léchéa velu
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 Legg. ex Britton
var. maritima

1881. Lechea maritima Legg. ex Britton
1890. Lechea minor var. maritima A.Gray
Beach pinweed Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
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 L.

1753. Lechea minor L.
1803. Lechea thymifolia Michx.
Thymeleaf pinweed,
Thyme-leaved pinweed,
Small pinweed
Léchéa mineur,
Léchéa mineure
Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3
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 Lam.

1803. Lechea racemulosa Lam.
1843. Lechea minor var. gracilis Torr.
Illinois pinweed Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3
USDA-N0
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 Raf.

1836. Lechea pulchella Raf.
1894. L. leggettii Britton & Hollick
1938. L. leggettii var. moniliformis
1978. L. pulchella var. moniliformis
Leggett's pinweed,
Bead pinweed,
Pinweed
Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3?
USDA-N0
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 Michx.

Narrowleaf pinweed,
Slender pinweed
Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]
  NYFA-2
USDA-N0
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Lechea (excluded taxa) Pinweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Leggett ex Britton

    Lechea stricta Leggett ex Britton
    
    
Prairie pinweed

N. America native
 Midwest,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
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Wikispecies

HudsoniaEdit

Malvales — Cistaceae — Hudsonia
Hudsonia Goldenheather N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Nutt.

    
    
    
Sand-heather,
Sand false-heather,
Woolly beachheather,
False heather,
Woolly Hudsonia
Hudsonie tomenteuse
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 L.

False heather,
Golden heather,
Pine barren goldenheather,
Pine-barren false heather
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
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CrocanthemumEdit

Malvales — Cistaceae — Crocanthemum
CrocanthemumSpach New-world frostweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Britton

1753. Cistus canadensis L.
1803. Helianthemum canadense (L.) Michx.
1888. Helianthemum major (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1903. Halimium canadense (L.) Grosser
1913. Crocanthemum canadense (L.) Britton
Long-branched frostweed,
Common frostweed,
Canada frostweed,
Canada sun-rose,
Rock-rose,
Frostwort
Hélianthème du Canada,
Crocanthème du Canada
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
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 (Fernald) Janch.

1890. Helianthemum canadense var. walkerae
1913. Crocanthemum majus (L.) Britton
1919. Helianthemum bicknellii Fernald
1925. Crocanthemum bicknellii (Fernald) Janch.
1927. Helianthemum walkerae Lyon,Jr.,M.W.
Hoary frostweed,
Bicknell's frostweed,
Bicknell's hoary frostweed,
Plains frostweed
Hélianthème de Bicknell,
Crocanthème de Bicknell
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
  NYFA-5
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 E.P.Bicknell

1905. Helianthemum propinquum E.P. Bicknell
1913. Crocanthemum propinquum (E.P. Bicknell) E.P. Bicknell
Low frostweed,
Early frostweed
Native, CoC: 6,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2-3[1]
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0
Go Botany
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 E.P.Bicknell

1913. Crocanthemum dumosum E.P.Bicknell
1917. Helianthemum dumosum (E.P.Bicknell) Fernald
Bushy frostweed,
Bush rockrose,
Bushy rockrose
Native, CoC: 0,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
Go Botany
Tropicos
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Wikispecies

HelianthemumEdit

Malvales — Cistaceae — Helianthemum
HelianthemumMill. Old-world frostweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Mill.

1753. Cistus salicifolius L.
1768. H. salicifolium (L.) Mill.
Willow-leaved frostweed,
Willowleaf frostweed,
Frostweed
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
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ITIS
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Family MalvaceaeEdit

The circumscription used here for the Malvaceae (mallow family) is based on that presented by Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.[1]

Subfamily ByttnerioideaeEdit

The Byttnerioideae (subfamily)

Tribe HermannieaeEdit

MelochiaEdit
 
Melochia corchorifolia

Malvales — Malvaceae — Byttnerioideae — Hermannieae — Melochia
Melochia Melochia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Chocolate-weed Introduced,
Not Naturalized,
1986 checklist[1]
 
NYFA: Richmmond (1917)
iNat: 0 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
  1. R.S.Mitchell, ed. (1986). A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.

Subfamily SterculioideaeEdit

FirmianaEdit

 
Firmiana simplex

Malvales — Malvaceae — Tilioideae — Tilieae — Tilia
Firmiana ' N.Y. Status Images Distribution  NPT
W.Wight

1763. Hibiscus simplex L.
1909. Firmiana simplex (L.) W.Wight
Chinese parasol tree

Introduced,
Potentially invasive
 
NYFA: 0 counties
iNat: 2 counties

GBIF
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
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Subfamily TilioideaeEdit

The Tilioideae (subfamily)...[1]

Tribe TilieaeEdit

TiliaEdit
 
Tilia americana
American basswood

  1. Malvaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Malvales — Malvaceae — Tilioideae — Tilieae — Tilia
Tilia Basswood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. americana

1753. Tilia americana L.
1800. Tilia glabra Vent. nom. superfl.
1834. Tilia neglecta Spach
1834. Tilia truncata Spach
1918. Tilia venulosa Sarg.
1939. Tilia palmeri F.C.Gates
1955. Tilia americana var. neglecta Fosberg
American basswood,
American linden,
White basswood,
Whitewood
Tilleul d'Amérique,
Bois blanc,
Tilleul glabre
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
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 L.
var. heterophylla (Vent.) Loudon

1800. Tilia heterophylla Vent.
1838. T. americana var. heterophylla Loudon
1846. Tilia michauxii Nutt.
1902. Tilia eburnea Ashe
1918. Tilia lasioclada Sarg.
1918. Tilia monticola Sarg.
American basswood,
American linden,
White basswood,
Beetree
Tilleul d'Amérique,
Bois blanc,
Tilleul glabre
Native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NX
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Note: ,[1][2]
 Mill.

Littleeaf linden,
Little-leaved linden,
Small-leaved lime
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

1785. Tilia tomentosa Moench
1813. Tilia argentea Desf. ex DC.
1824. Tilia petiolaris DC.
1973. Tilia tomentosa ssp. petiolaris (DC.) Soó
Silver lime
Pendant silver linden
Hungarian silver linden
Silver linden

Tilleul argenté
Tilleul de Hongrie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
few observations,
NSE: GNR
 
NYFA: 0 counties
iNat: New York (2020)

USDA-
ARS-GRIN
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Subfamily MalvoideaeEdit

The Malvoideae (subfamily)...

Tribe HibisceaeEdit

HibiscusEdit
 
Hibiscus moscheutos

Malvales — Malvaceae — Malvoideae — Hibisceae — Hibiscus
Hibiscus Rosemallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. moscheutos

1753. Hibiscus moscheutos L.
1753. Hibiscus palustris L.
1830. Hibiscus moscheutos var. purpurescens Sweet
1949. Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. palustris R.T.Clausen
Swamp rosemallow,
Crimsoneyed rosemallow,
Marsh mallow,
Sea hollyhock
Ketmie des marais
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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 All.

1773. Hibiscus laevis All.
1788. Hibiscus militaris Cav.
1900. Hibiscus coccineus var. virginicus Hochr.
Halberdleaf rosemallow,
Smooth rose-mallow,
Scarlet rose-mallow
Ketmie lisse
Native,
Extirpated
 
NYFA: Bronx (1990)
iNat: Only cultivated
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
BONAP
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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Hibiscus trionum L.
1838. H. collinsianus Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray
1915. Trionum trionum Wooton & Standl.
Flower-of-an-hour,
Venice mallow
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

1753. Hibiscus syriacus L.
1772. Ketmia syriaca (L.) Scop.
1787. Ketmia syrorum Medik. superfl.
1787. Hibiscus rhombifolius Cav.
1796. Hibiscus floridus Salisb. superfl.
1805. Hibiscus acerifolius Salisb. superfl.
Rose of Sharon,
Shrub-althea,
Shrubby rose-mallow
Hibiscus de Syrie
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
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  1. NYFA did not originally list Hibiscus laevis, but USDA-NRCS shows it as native to eastern US and Ontario, with NY inside the northeast edge of the US range. It references a report in the 1991 Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. A subsequent 2004 article in that Bulletin, The historical and extant vascular flora of Pelham Bay Park, Bronx County, New York 1947-1981 notes the 1991 discovery, but states that it was extirpaed the next year due to repeated mowing.
TaliparitiEdit
 
Talipariti tiliaceum
Some sources still include sea hibiscus (Talipariti tiliaceum) in genus Hibiscus.
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malvoideae — Hibisceae — Talipariti
Talipariti Sea hibiscus N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Fryxell

1753. Hibiscus tiliaceus L.
2001. Talipariti tiliaceum (L.) Fryxell
Sea hibiscus
Sea rosemallow
Beach hibiscus
Cottontree
Hawaiian tree hibiscus
Linden hibiscus
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS Tier: 1b
 
NYFA: Not listed
iNat: 0 counties

GBIF
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KosteletzkyaEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malvoideae — Hibisceae — Kosteletzkya
KosteletzkyaC.Presl 1835 Kosteletzkya N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Ledeb.

1753. Hibiscus pentacarpos L.
1753. Hibiscus virginicus L.
1816. Pavonia pentacarpa (L.) Poir.
1842. Kosteletzkya pentacarpa (L.) Ledeb.
1849. K. virginica (L.) C.Presl ex A.Gray
1860. K. virginica var. althaeifolia Chapm.
1860. K. virginica var. smilacifolia Chapm.
1878. K. althaeifolia A.Gray ex S.Watson
1883. K. smilacifolia Chapm.
1941. K. virginica var. aquilonia Fernald
Saltmarsh mallow,
Seashore mallow,
Virginia saltmarsh mallow,
Virginia sea-shore mallow
Native, CoC: 10,
Extirpated

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
Go Botany-0
VASCAN-0
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Tribe MalveaeEdit

The subtribal membership used here is based on previous uses of the tribe names, modified by the more recently published generic alliances and molecular phylogeny as presented in Tate et al. (2005).[1]
Subtribe AbutilinaeEdit
AbutilonEdit
 
Abutilon theophrasti Medik.
velvetleaf Indian-mallow

Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Abutilinae — Abutilon
Abutilon Indian-mallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Medik.

1753. Sida abutilon L.
1787. Abutilon theophrasti Medik.
1791. A. avicennae Gaertn. superfl.
    
Velvetleaf,
Indian mallow,
Velvetleaf Indian mallow,
Butterprint,
Pie-marker
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Widespread weed,
iMapInvasives,
IOWW

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-X
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SidaEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Abutilinae — Sida
Sida Fanpetals N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Prickly fanpetals,
Prickly mallow
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NX
Images
Wikispecies
AnodaEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Abutilinae — Anoda
Anoda Anoda N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Schltdl.

1753. Sida cristata L.
1837. Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl.
Crested anoda,
Spurred anoda,
Violetta
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  Richmond (1917) NYFA-X
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
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Subtribe MalvinaeEdit
MalvaEdit
 
Malva moschata

Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Malvinae — Malva
Malva Mallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Malva moschata L.
    
    
Musk mallow,
Musk cheeseweed,
Musk plant
Mauve musquée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 Wallr.

    Malva neglecta Wallr.
    
 auct. M. rotundifolianon L.
Common mallow Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

    Malva sylvestris L.
    
    
High mallow,
Cheeses,
High cheeseweed
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [1],
Unknown naturalization,
SNA,
NSE: Exotic, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    Malva alcea L.
    
    
Vervain mallow Introduced,
Unknown naturalization
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    Malva parviflora L.
    
    
Cheeseweed mallow Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    Malva verticillata L.
    M. crispa
    M. verticillata var. crispa
Curled cheeseweed Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
AlceaEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Malvinae — Alcea
Alcea Hollyhock N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Alcea rosea L.
1753. Alcea ficifolia L.
1786. Althaea rosea (L.) Cav.
1786. Althaea ficifolia (L.) Cav.
Hollyhock Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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AlthaeaEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Malvinae — Althaea
Althaea Marshmallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Althaea officinalis L.
1824. Althaea taurinensis DC.
1829. Malva officinalis (L.) Schimp.& Spenn.
Common marsh-mallow,
White-mallow,
Wymote
Guimauve officinale,
Guimauve sauvage
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

1753. Althaea hirsuta L.
1794. Althaea hispida Moench
1862. Axolopha hirsuta (L.) Alef.
1994. Dinacrusa hirsuta (L.) G. Krebbs
Hairy marshmallow,
Rough marshmallow,
Hirsute mallow
Guimauve hérissée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
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BONAP
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Wikispecies
SidalceaEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Malvinae — Sidalcea
Sidalcea Checkerbloom N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.Gray

Checker-bloom,
Oregon checkerbloom
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
CallirhoeEdit
Malvales — Malvaceae — Malveae — Malvinae — Callirhoe
Callirhoe Poppy mallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray

1827. Nuttallia involucrata Torr. inval.
1838. Malva involucrata Torr. & A.Gray
1849. Callirhoe involucrata A.Gray
Purple poppy mallow,
Winecup,
Low poppy mallow
Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-0
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
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    Callirhoe bushii
Bush's poppy mallow
Bush's poppy-mallow
Bush's poppymallow
Poppy-mallow

Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports

USDA-N0
BONAP
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