Flora of New York/Brassicales


Malvales
Flora of New York — Brassicales
Santalales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Brassicales ...

Family TropaeolaceaeEdit

The Tropaeolaceae (nasturtium family) contains the single genus Tropaeolum, which in New York is represented by the cultivated ornamental commonly known as nasturtium. Note that this is not the same as the genus Nasturtium, commonly known as watercress, in the family Brassicaceae below.[1]
TropaeolumEdit
 
Tropaeolum majus
nasturtium

Brassicales — Tropaeolaceae — Tropaeolum
Tropaeolum Nasturtium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tropaeolum majus L.
    
    
Nasturtium Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Family LimnanthaceaeEdit

The Limnanthaceae (meadowfoam family) [1]

FloerkeaEdit
Brassicales — Limnanthaceae — Floerkea
Floerkea Floerkea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Willd.

1801. Floerkea proserpinacoides Willd.
1814. Nectris pinnata Pursh
1830. Cabomba pinnata (Pursh) Schult.& Schult.f.
1900. Floerkea occidentalis Rydb.
False mermaidweed,
False mermaid-weed,
False mermaid
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies

Family ResedaceaeEdit

The Resedaceae (mignonette family) contains up to a dozen genera worldwide, but only Reseda is listed in New York State.[1]
  1. Resedaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe ResedeaeEdit

ResedaEdit
 
Reseda lutea
Mignonette
Brassicales — Resedaceae — Resedeae — Reseda
ResedaTourn. (1753) Mignonette N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Yellow upright mignonette,
Cut-leaf mignonette,
Wild mignonette
Introduced,
Naturalized
 
NYFA: 15 counties
iNat: 3 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Alien GBIF
Go Botany
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Wikispecies
 L.

White upright mignonette Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Dyer's rocket,
Dyer's weed,
Dyer's weld,
Weld
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Garden mignonette Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Family CleomaceaeEdit

Subfamily CleomoideaeEdit

PolanisiaEdit

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Polanisia
Polanisia Clammyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.
ssp. dodecandra

1753. Cleome dodecandra L.
1824. Polanisia dodecandra (L.) DC.
1819. Polanisia graveolens Raf.
Common clammy-weed,
Redwhisker clammyweed,
Red-whisker clammy-weed
Polanisie à douze étamines
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure?
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
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PeritomaEdit

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Peritoma
Peritoma Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) DC.

1813. Cleome serrulata Pursh
1824. Peritoma serrulata (Pursh) DC.
1895. Cleome integrifolia var-angusta
1899. Cleome inornata Greene
1900. Peritoma inornata (Greene) Greene
Bee spider-flower,
Rocky Mountain beeplant,
Stinking bee-plant,
Guaco
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-
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ITIS
FNA
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TarenayaEdit

 
Tarenaya hassleriana

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Tarenaya
Tarenaya Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Chodat) H.H.Iltis

1898. Cleome hassleriana Chodat
2007. Tarenaya hassleriana (Chodat) H.H.Iltis
 auct. Cleome spinosanon Jacq.
Spider-flower
Pink queen
Giant spider-flower
Spiderplant
Introduced from
 South America,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
BONAP
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Tarenaya (excluded taxa) Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Jacq.) Raf.

1760. Cleome spinosa Jacq.
1838. Tarenaya spinosa (Jacq.) Raf.
    
Spiny spiderflower

Introduced from
 South America,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies

GynandropsisEdit

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Gynandropsis
Gynandropsis Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Briq.

1753. Cleome gynandra L.
1759. Cleome pentaphylla L.
1790. Pedicellaria pentaphylla (L.) Schrank
1914. Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
1824. Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC.
African spider-flower,
Spiderwisp,
Cat’s-whiskers
Introduced from
 Africa & Asia,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Family BrassicaceaeEdit

The Brassicaceae (mustard family) contains about 44 genera in New York, including more than 100 taxa. Of these, only about 30 percent are native to New York.[1][2][3]

Tribe AlysseaeEdit

BerteroaEdit
 
Berteroa incana (L.) DC.
hoary alyssum

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Berteroa
Berteroa False-madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.

Alyssum incanum L.
Hoary-alyssum
Hoary alyssum
Hoary false alyssum
Hoary false madwort
Hoary alison
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
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Wikispecies
Berteroa (excluded taxa) False-madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Vent.) DC.

1800. Alyssum mutabile Vent.
1821. Berteroa mutabilis (Vent.) DC.
    
Roadside false madwort

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
ITIS
IPN
Images
Wikispecies
(Sm.) DC.

1813. Alyssum obliquum Sm.
1821. Berteroa obliqua (Sm.) DC.
    
False madwort

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-00
IPN
Images
Wikispecies
AlyssumEdit
 
Alyssum alyssoides

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Alyssum
Alyssum Madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) L.

Alyssum,
Small Alison,
Pale madwort
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [1],
 GRIIS-US: Invasive,
Naturalized
 
NYFA: 19 counties
iNat: counties
NYFA-X
USDA-X
Go Botany
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Wikispecies
OdontarrhenaEdit
 
Odontarrhena muralis

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Odontarrhena
Odontarrhena Alyssum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Waldst. & Kit.) Endl.

1799. Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit.
1841. Odontarrhena muralis (Waldst. & Kit.) Endl.
Yellowtuft,
Wall alyssum
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization
  NYFA-X
USDA-X
GBIF
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
LunariaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Lunaria
Lunaria Honesty N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Annual honesty Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
AuriniaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Aurinia
Aurinia Aurinia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Ard.) Schur

1764. Alyssum petraeum Ard.
1866. Aurinia petraea (Ard.) Schur
    
Gold-tuft
Goldentuft
Golden tuft
Rock Aurinia
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Go Botany-0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
IPN
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Desv.
ssp. saxatilis

1753. Alyssum saxatile L.
1815. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv.
    
Basket-of-gold,
Golden tuft
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
LobulariaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Lobularia
Lobularia Lobularia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Desv.

Sweet alyssum Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe ConringieaeEdit

ConringiaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Conringieae — Conringia
Conringia Hare's-ear-mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Brassica orientalis L.
1821. Conringia orientalis (L.) C. Presl
Hare's-ear-mustard,
Rabit's-ear-mustard,
Treacle mustard,
Slinkweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe ThlaspideaeEdit

AlliariaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Alliaria
Alliaria Alliaria N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

1753. Erysimum alliaria L.
1772. Sisymbrium alliaria Scop.
1808. Arabis petiolata M.Bieb.
1819. Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex M.Bieb.
1913. Alliaria petiolata Cavara & Grande
Garlic mustard,
Hedge garlic
Alliaire officinale,
Alliaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Very highly invasive,
 NYIS: 84%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
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ARS-GRIN
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ThlaspiEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Thlaspi
Thlaspi Pennycress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Thlaspi arvense L.
    
    
Field penny-cress,
Fanweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
SNA,
NSE: [2]

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
MummenhoffiaEdit
 
Mummenhoffia alliacea

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Mummenhoffia
Mummenhoffia Pennycress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Esmailbegi & Al-Shehbaz

1753. Thlaspi alliaceum L.
2018. Mummenhoffia alliacea (L.) Esmailbegi & Al-Shehbaz
Garlic pennycress
Roadside pennycress

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [3],
Not listed in NY Flora Atlas
 
NYFA: Not listed
iNat: 8 counties

GBIF
Kew POWO
iNaturalist
Images
Wikispecies
NoccaeaEdit
 
Noccaea perfoliata

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Microthlaspi
NoccaeaMoench Pennycress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Al-Shehbaz

1753. Thlaspi perfoliatum L.
1973. Microthlaspi perfoliatum (L.) F.K.Mey.
2014. Noccaea perfoliata (L.) Al-Shehbaz
Perfoliate penny-cress
Claspleaf pennycress
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
TeesdaliaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Teesdalia
Teesdalia Shepard's cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T. Aiton

Iberis nudicaulis L.
Barestem teesdalia,
Common shepherd's-cress
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe ArabideaeEdit

ArabisEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Arabideae — Arabis
Arabis Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 M.Hopkins
var. pycnocarpa

1937. Arabis pycnocarpa M.Hopkins
1937. A. pycnocarpa var. reducta M.Hopkins
1941. A. hirsuta var. pycnocarpa Rollins
1945. A. hirsuta ssp. pycnocarpa Hultén
1951. A. hirsuta var. minshallii B.Boivin
Creamflower rockcress,
Cream-flowered rockcress,
Hairy rock-cress,
Hairy eared-rockcress
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
iNaturalist
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
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Wikispecies
 M.Hopkins
var. adpressipilis M.Hopkins

1937. A. pycnocarpa var. adpressipilis M.Hopkins
1941. A. hirsuta var. adpressipilis Rollins
Slender rock-cress,
Southern hairy rock-cress,
Creamflower rockcress
Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports,
NYNHP: SH[1]
  NYFA-NU
Go Botany
VASCAN
iNaturalist
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Willd.

1814. Arabis caucasica Willd.
1913. Arabis alpina ssp. caucasica
Alpine rockcress,
Alpine rock-cress,
Gray rockcress,
Garden rockcress
Introduced from
 Candada,
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
Arabis (excluded taxa) Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Scop.

1772. Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.
    
    
Hairy rockcress

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NM
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
DrabaEdit

Various Dreba species are known as whitlow-grass or whitlow-mustard because they were thought to a cure for the "whitlow," which is an inflammation of fingernail, toenail, or hoof areas.

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Arabideae — Draba
Draba Whitlow grass,
whitlow mustard
N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Draba arabisans Michx.
1807. D. arabis Pers. (i)
1835. D. incana var. glabriuscula
1888. D. incana var. arabisans
1953. D. arabisans var. superiorensis
Rock whitlow-grass,
Rock whitlow-mustard,
Rock draba
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany
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Tropicos
BONAP
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 (Lam.) Fernald

1783. Arabis reptans Lam.
1788. Draba caroliniana Walter
1838. Draba micrantha Nutt.
1916. Tomostima micrantha (Nutt.) Lunell
1934. Draba reptans (Lam.) Fernald
2012. T. reptans (Lam.) Al-Shehbaz,
M.Koch & Jordon-Thaden
Carolina whitlow-grass,
Carolina whitlow-mustard,
Carolina draba,
Creeping draba
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
BONAP
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 Pursh

1813. Draba glabella Pursh
1821. Draba daurica DC.
1865. Draba canadensis Brunet
1905. D. arabisans var. canadensis
1905. Draba pycnosperma
Fernald & C.H. Knowlt.
Smooth whitlow-grass,
Smooth whitlow-mustard,
Smooth rock-cress,
Smooth draba
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[3]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP
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 L.

    
    
    
Spring whitlow-grass,
Spring whitlow-mustard,
Spring draba
Introduced,
Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Go Botany
BONAP
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Wikispecies

Tribe IberideaeEdit

IberisEdit

The common name candytuft is derived from the Latin name Candia, which referred to the island of Crete or what is now Heraklion, its largest city.

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Iberideae — Iberis
Iberis Candy tuft N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Iberis sempervirens L.
1773. Iberis garrexiana All.
1850. Iberis serrulata Vis.
1888. Aethionema longistylum Post
Evergreen candytuft,
Evergreen candy-tuft
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Iberis umbellata L.
1821. Thlaspi umbellatum
Steven ex DC.
1901. Iberis roseopurpurea Sagorski
1937. Iberis visiani Degen
Globe candy-tuft,
Globe candytuft,
Annual candytuft
Introduced from
 Europe,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
L.

1753. Iberis amara L.
1836. Iberis coronaria D.Don
    
Rocket candy-tuft,
Rocket candytuft,
Annual candy-tuft
Introduced from
 Europe,
Unk. naturalizaion
  NYFA-X
USDA-Xw
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Iberis (excluded taxa) Candy tuft N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Willd.

1800. Iberis carnosa Willd.
1817. Iberis pruitii Tineo
1854. Iberis jordanii Boiss.
1821. Iberis lagascana DC.
1821. Iberis tenoreana DC.
Pruit's candytuft Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
ITIS
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe IsatideaeEdit

IsatisEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Isatideae — Isatis
Isatis Woad N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Isatis tinctoria L.
    
    
Dyer’s woad,
Pastel des teinturiers
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe BrassiceaeEdit

The Brassicaceae tribe Brassiceae contains the 13 genera: Brassica, Cakile, Carrichtera, Coincya, Crambe, Diplotaxis, Eruca, Erucastrum, Hirschfeldia, Orychophragmus, Raphanus, Rapistrum, and Sinapis.[1] The 9 genera known to be present in New York are shown in bold text.
CakileEdit
 
Cakile edentula
The genus Cakile contains the only New York native in the tribe Brassiceae. The species Cakile edentula is native to coastal New York, with American sea rocket (Cakile edentula var. edentula) primarily on Atlantic coastal beaches and lake sea rocket (Cakile edentula var. lacustris) on Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. European sea-rocket has also been found near New York City beaches.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Cakilinae — Cakile
Cakile Sea rocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Bigelow) Hook.
var. edentula

1814. Bunias edentula Bigelow
1818. Cakile americana Nutt.
1830. Cakile edentula Hook.
1907. Cakile californica A.Heller
1945. Cakile edentula ssp. californica
1965. Cakile aegyptia var. edentula
American sea rocket,
Sea rocket,
Sea kale
Caquillier édentulé
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
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 (Bigelow) Hook.
var. lacustris Fernald

1922. Cakile edentula var. lacustris
1945. Cakile edentula ssp. lacustris
1964. Cakile lacustris (Fernald) Pobed.
Great lakes searocket
Caquillier des Grands Lacs
Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Scop.
ssp. maritima

1753. Bunias cakile L.
1772. Cakile maritima Scop.
1812. Cakile pinnatifida Stokes
1821. Rapistrum maritimum
(Scop.) Bergeret ex DC.
1882. Cakile cakile (L.) H. Karst.
European sea-rocket Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not naturalized
  Bronx (1923-1926),
Kings (1865),
Nassau (2001),
New York (1948)
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
BrassicaEdit
 
Brassica nigra
The genus Brassica contains the majority of the cruciferous vegetable species
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Brassica
Brassica Mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Czern.

Brassica nigra (n = 8) ×
Brassica rapa (n = 10)

1753. Sinapis juncea L.
1859. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
    Brassica integrifolia
    Brassica japonica
    Brassica willdenowii
Chinese mustard
Mustard greens
Brown mustard
Indian mustard
Leaf mustard

Moutarde d'Inde
Moutarde brune
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 (L.) W.D.J.Koch

1833. Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch
    Sinapis nigra
    Sisymbrium nigrum
Black mustard,
Shortpod mustard,
Moutarde noire
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNAFNA
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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Brassica rapa L.
    Brassica campestris
    Brassica chinensis
    Brassica pekinensis
    Sinapis pekinensis
Field mustard
Turnip
Chinese cabbage
Wild turnip
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
FNA
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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Brassica napus L.
1768. Brassica napobrassica (L.) Mill.
1833. Brassica napus var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.
Rapeseed
Rutabaga
Rape
Oilseed rape
Swedish turnip
Canola

Colza
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
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 L.

1753. Brassica oleracea L.
1753. Brassica oleracea var. capitata
1768. Brassica sylvestris Mill.
1821. Brassica oleracea var. acephala DC.
1829. Napus oleracea
(L.) K.F.Schimp.& Spenn.
1841. Brassica maritima Tardent
1902. Crucifera brassica E.H.L. Krause
1922. Brassica alboglabra L.H. Bailey
Cabbage
Kale
Collards
Broccoli
Cauliflower
Kohlrabi
Wild cabbage

Chou potager
Chou
Introduced from
 Europe,
Not naturalized,
SNA, GNR
  Cattaraugus,
Nassau (1897),
Otsego (1969),
Tompkins (1918)
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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SinapisEdit
 
Sinapis arvensis
charlock mustard

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Sinapis
Sinapis Mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Sinapis arvensis L.
1938. Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C.Wheeler
Charlock,
Charlock mustard,
Corn mustard,
Wild mustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

    Sinapis alba L.
    Brassica alba Rabenh., non L.
    Brassica hirta Moench
White mustard Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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CoincyaEdit
 
Coincya monensis
Coincya monensis is now spreading from Pennsylvania into southern New York. [1] [2]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Coincya
Coincya Star-mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Greuter & Burdet
ssp. cheiranthos C.Aedo Pérez, Leadlay & Muñoz Garm.

1779. Brassica cheiranthos Vill.
1785. Sinapis recurvata All.
1804. Brassica pseudoerucastrum Brot.
1843. Brassica cheiranthos var. cheiranthos (Vill.) Bab.
1957. Rhynchosinapis cheiranthos (Vill.) Dandy
1959. R. pseudoerucastrum (Brot.) Franco
1977. Hutera cheiranthos (Vill.) Gómez-Campo
1983. Coincya coincyoides (Humbert & Maire) Greuter & Burdet
1990. Coincya monensis var. recurvata (All.) Leadlay
1990. Coincya monensis ssp. recurvata (All.) Leadlay
1993. Coincya monensis ssp. cheiranthos (Vill.) C.Aedo Pérez, Leadlay & Muñoz Garm.
Star-mustard
Tall wallflower-cabbage
Wallflower-cabbage
Coincya
Isle of Man cabbage
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
 
NYFA: 3 counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
GBIF
WFO
Kew POWO
iNaturalist
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DiplotaxisEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Diplotaxis
Diplotaxis Wall rocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC

Annual wallrocket,
Sand-rocket,
Wall-rocket
Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 (L.) DC

Perennial wallrocket Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) DC.

White wallrocket Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies
ErucaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Eruca
Eruca Rocket salad N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Cav.
ssp. sativa (Mill.) Thell.

1753. Brassica eruca L.
1768. Eruca sativa Mill.
1898. Eruca eruca (L.) Asch. & Graebn.
1918. Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativa (Mill.) Thell.
Arugula
Rocketsalad
Rocket-salad
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
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Eruca (excluded taxa) Rocket salad N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Cav.
ssp. vesicaria

1753. Brassica vesicaria L.
1803. Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.
Rocket

Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-00
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
ErucastrumEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Erucastrum
Erucastrum Dog mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Willd.) O.E.Schulz

    Sisymbrium gallicum Willd.
    Erucastrum pollichii
Common dogmustard,
French rocket,
Moutarde des chiens
Introduced,
Naturalized

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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RaphanusEdit
 
Raphanus raphanistrum
The genus Raphanus contains the radish species, including the cultivated garden radish and wild radishes.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Raphanus
Raphanus Radish N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. raphanistrum

Wild radish Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

R. raphanistrum var. sativus
Cultivated radish Introduced,
Unknown naturalization
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
RapistrumEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Rapistrum
Rapistrum Bastard cabbage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) All.

Myagrum rugosum L.
Bastard-cabbage,
Annual bastard cabbage,
Grenade
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-Xw
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe SisymbrieaeEdit

SisymbriumEdit
 
Sisymbrium officinale
Hedgemustard
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Sisymbrieae — Sisymbrium
Sisymbrium Hedgemustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. 'Sisymbrium altissimum' L.
Tall tumble-mustard,
Tall rocket
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [4],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
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 (L.) Scop.

1753. Erysimum officinale L.
1772. Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
Common hedge mustard
Common hedge-mustard
Hedge mustard
Hairy-pod hedge mustard
Hairy-pod hedge-mustard
Hairy-podded hedgemustard

Sisymbre officinal
Introduced from
 Euraasia native,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [5],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR,
NSE: Exotic

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
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L.

1755. Sisymbrium loeselii L.
1891. Hesperis loeselii (L.) Kuntze
1902. Crucifera loeselii (L.) E.H.L.Krause
Small tumbleweed mustard,
False London rocket,
Tall hedgemustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [6],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
NSE: Exotic,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: 5 counties
iNat: Putnam (2019)
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
GBIF
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 L. (1753)

Indian hedgemustard,
Eastern rocket
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent
 
NYFA: Tompkins (1932)
iNat: No observations
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L. (1753)

Norta irio (L.) Britton
London rocket,
Rocketmustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent
 
NYFA: New York (1880)
iNat: No observations
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
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Tribe BuniadeaeEdit

BuniasEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Buniadeae — Bunias
Bunias Warty cabbage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Bunias orientalis L.
1785. Myagrum taraxacifolium Lam.
1786. Rapistrum glandulosum
J.P.Bergeret
1794. Bunias verrucosa Moench
1813. Bunias perennis Sm.
1837. Laelia orientalis (L.) Rchb.
Turkish rocket,
Turkish warty-cabbage,
Hill mustard
Bunias d'Orient
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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BONAP
CABI
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Tribe HesperideaeEdit

HesperisEdit
 
Hesperis matronalis L.
Dame's rocket

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Hesperideae
Hesperis Rocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    
    
    
Dame's rocket,
Sweet rocket,
Dame's violet,
Damask violet,
Mother-of-the-evening
Julienne des dames,
Arragone
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 57%[1],
CP-3[2]

FACU

Biennial, perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Tribe CardamineaeEdit

CardamineEdit
 
C. concatenata
 
C. diphylla
 
C. maxima
 
C. parviflora
 
C. pensylvanica
 
C. pratensis
 
C. rotundifolia
 
C. douglassii

The genus Cardamine has, in the past, been segregated into the two species:

  • Cardamine (bittercress) and
  • Dentaria (toothwort).

Here they are treated as subgenera.

Cardamine subg. DentariaEdit

Cardamine subg. Dentaria contains the toothworts.

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Cardamine subg. Dentaria
Cardaminesubg. Dentaria Toothwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Michx.) O. Schwarz

1800. Dentaria laciniata Muhl. ex Willd.
1803. Dentaria concatenata Michx.
1870. Cardamine laciniata Alph.Wood
1939. Cardamine concatenata O. Schwarz
Cut-leaved toothwort,
Five-part toothwort,
Slender toothwort,
Cut-leaf toothcup
Dentaire laciniée,
Cardamine découpée
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (Michx.) Alph.Wood

1803. Dentaria diphylla Michx.
1812. Dentaria bifolia Stokes
1870. Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph.Wood
1903. Dentaria incisa Small
1904. Cardamine incisa (Small) K.Schum.
Two-leaved toothwort,
Broadleaf toothwort,
Crinkleroot
Dentaire à deux feuilles,
Snicroûte,
Carcajou
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (Nutt.) Alph.Wood

1818. Dentaria maxima Nutt.
1870. Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) Alph.Wood
1903. Dentaria anomala Eames
1904. Cardamine anomala (Eames) K.Schum.
Large toothwort,
Three-leaved toothwort
Dentaire géante,
Cardamine géante
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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Cardaminesubg. Dentaria (excluded taxa) Toothwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Cardamine concatenata × diphylla

Cardamine concatenata ×
Cardamine diphylla

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 cut-leaved toothwort &
 two-leaved toothwort
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies
Cardamine concatenata × maxima

Cardamine concatenata ×
Cardamine maxima

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 cut-leaved toothwort &
 large toothwort
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies
Cardamine diphylla × maxima

Cardamine diphylla ×
Cardamine maxima

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 two-leaved toothwort &
 large toothwort
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies
Cardamine subg. CardamineEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Cardamine subg. Cardamine
Cardaminesubg. Cardamine Bittercress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Muhl. ex Willd.

1800. Cardamine pensylvanica Willd.
1902. Cardamine multifolia Rydb.
1903. Cardamine flexuosa ssp. pensylvanica O.E.Schulz
1915. Dracamine pensylvanica Nieuwl.
1917. Cardamine longii Fernald
1945. Cardamine hirsuta var. pensylvanica Graff
Pennsylvania bitter-cress,
Quaker bittercress
Cardamine de Pennsylvanie
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure,
S5

FACW-OBL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1793. Arabis bulbosa Schreb. ex Muhl
1806. Arabis rhomboidea Pers.
1821. C. rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.
1888. C. bulbosa Britton et al.
Bulbous bitter-cress,
Bulb bittercress,
Spring cress
Cardamine bulbeuse
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 L.

1753. Cardamine pratensis L.
1829. C. pratensis var. palustris
1846. Cardamine palustris Peterm.
1915. Dracamine pratensis (L.) Nieuwl.
Cuckooflower,
Cuckoo flower,
Pink cuckoo bitter-cress
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5, G5
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 var. arenicola

    
    
    
Small-flowered bitter-cress,
Sand bittercress
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure,
S4

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
VASCAN
Images
Wikispecies
 Britton

    
    
    
Purple cress,
Limestone bittercress
Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
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 Michx.

    Dentaria rotundifolia
Mountain watercress,
Round-leaved water-cress
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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 L.

1753. Cardamine hirsuta L.
Hairy bittercress,
Hairy cress,
Hoary bittercress
Cardamine hérissée,
Cardamine hispide,
Cardamine hirsute
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
CP-3[2]
 
NYFA: 16 counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 Hornem.

1796. Cardamine flexuosa With.
1819. Cardamine occulta Hornem.
1825. Cardamine debilis D.Don
1886. Cardamine hirsuta ssp. flexuosa Forbes & Hemsl.
1945. Cardamine konaensis H.St.John
Asian wavy bitter cress
Nursery Bittercress
Introduced from
 Asia (2n=64)[3],
Invasive
 
NYFA: 7 counties
iNat: 8 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 L.

1753. Cardamine impatiens L.
1903. C. impatiens var. angustifolia
Narrowleaf bittercress,
Touch-me-not bittercress,
Bushy rock-cress
Cardamine impatiente
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 76%[4],
Prohibited[5]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Cardamine rotundifolia. Endangered, S1/G4.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
  3. Flora of North America (based on Lihová et al. 2006) states that the tetraploid European and octaploid Asian populations of Cardamine flexuosa should be treated as two distinct species. Both taxa are found in similar habitats. It is not known which these (or whether both of these) taxa have naturalized in New York.
  4. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentCardamine impatiens: Highly invasive (76).
  5. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
RorippaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Rorippa
Rorippa Yellowcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Besser
ssp. palustris

1753. Sisymbrium amphibium
var. palustre L.
1769. Nasturtium palustre (L.) DC.
1794. Radicula palustris (L.) Moench
1821. Ro. palustris (L.) Besser
1940. Ro. islandica var. fernaldiana Butters & Abbe
1968. Ro. palustris ssp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell
1972. Ro. palustris var. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Stuckey
 auct. Ro. islandica
Marsh yellow-cress
Bog yellow-cress
Fernald's yellow-cress
Rorippa palustris

Native, CoC: 3,
Likely secure,
2n = 32
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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 (L.) Besser
ssp. hispida

Hispid yellow-cress Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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Images
Wikispecies
 (Eaton) Palmer & Steyerm.

1822. Cochlearia armoracia var. aquatica Eaton
    Neobeckia aquatica (Eaton) Greene
1935. Rorippa aquatica
(Eaton) E.J.Palmer & Steyermark
Lake water cress
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened,
S2, G4?,
NYNHP: 2[1]

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-2
USDA-NN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (Crantz) Besser

1762. Nasturtium austriacum Crantz
1764. Myagrum austriacum Jacq.
1807. Camelina austriaca Pers.
1822. Rorip(p)a austriaca Besser
1841. Cochlearia austriaca Ledeb.
1866. Brachylobus austriacus Schur
Austrian yellowcress,
Austrian yellow-cress,
Austrian field cress,
Austrian fieldgrass
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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 (L.) Hiern

1763. Sisymbrium indicum L.
1821. Nasturtium indicum DC.
1832. Sinapis patens Roxb.
1861. Nasturtium montanum Wall.
1896. Rorippa indica Hiern
Indian yellow-cress,
Variableleaf yellowcress,
Variable-leaved yellow-cress
Introduced from
 Asia,
Impersistent
  Bronx (1949),
Broome (2008)
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Besser

1753. Sisymbrium sylvestre L.
1763. Radicula sylvestris Druce
1785. Brachiolobos sylvestris All.
1812. Nasturtium sylvestre W.T.Aiton
1821. Rorip(p)a sylvestris Besser
Creeping yellowcress,
Creeping yellow-cress,
Creeping fieldcress
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
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(Bergeret) Shinz & Thell.

Rorippa amphibia ×
Rorippa sylvestris

    
    
    
Prostrate yellow cress

Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-U
Images
Wikispecies
Rorippa (excluded taxa) Yellowcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Oeder ex Murray) Borbás

1768. Sisymbrium islandicum Oeder
1900. R. islandica (Oeder) Borbas
    
Northern marsh yellowcress
Marsh cress
Northern yellowcress
Yellow watercress

Introduced from
 Europe,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Besser

1753. Sisymbrium amphibium L.
1812. Nasturtium amphibium
(L.) W.T.Aiton
1821. R. amphibia (L.) Besser
Great yellow-cress
Great yellowcress
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
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SubulariaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Subularia
Subularia Awlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. americana G.A.Mulligan & Calder

1964. S. aquatica ssp. americana G.A.Mulligan & Calder
1966. S. aquatica var. americana (G.A.Mulligan & Calder) B.Boivin
American awlwort
American waterawlwort
American water awlwort
Awlwort

Subulaire d'Amérique
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
VASCAN
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Subularia (excluded taxa) Awlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.
ssp. aquatica

1753. Subularia aquatica L.
1823. Draba subularia Poir.
    
Water awlwort

N. America native
 Alaska
 Greenland,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-00
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
ArmoraciaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Armoracia
Armoracia Armoracia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.

1753. Cochlearia armoracia L.
1800. Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.
Horseradish,
Mérédic,
Raifort cran
Introduced from
 eastern Europe,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [7],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Perennial,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: ? counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
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iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
BarbareaEdit
 
Barbarea vulgaris
Yellow-rocket or wintercress (particularly Barbarea vulgaris) is common in disturbed fields.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Barbarea
Barbarea Yellowrocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

Yellow rocket,
Wintercress,
Garden yellow-rocket
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [8],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

FAC-FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
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ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (Mill.) Asch.

Early yellowrocket,
Early wintercress,
Winter Belle Isle
Introduced

Biennial-Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
Andrz.

1821. Barbarea stricta Andrz.
    Campe stricta (Andrz.) W. Wight ex Piper
Upright winter cress
Small-flowered winter cress
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA
  Wayne (1936) NYFA-X
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
NasturtiumEdit
 
Nasturtium officinale
Note that the genus Nasturtium does not contain the cultivated ornamental plants commonly known as nasturtium, which are in the Tropaeolum genus above.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Nasturtium
Nasturtium Watercress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 W.T.Aiton

1753. Sisymbrium nasturtium Δ L. (i)
1812. Nasturtium officinale W.T.Aiton
1905. Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek
Watercress Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 66%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 Bönn ex Reichenb.

1832. Nasturtium microphyllum Boenn. ex Rchb.
1948. Rorippa microphylla (Boenn. ex Rchb.) Hyl. ex Á.Löve & D.Löve
One-rowed yellowcress Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYS Tier 2
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 (Airy Shaw) Oefel.

Nasturtium microphyllum ×
Nasturtium officinale

Sterile water cress Introduced,
No specimens
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe LepidieaeEdit

LepidiumEdit
 
Lepidium virginicum
Out of the dozen Lepidium (pepperweed) species known to grow in the wild in New York, only Lepidium virginicum is considered to be native.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Lepidieae — Lepidium
Lepidium Pepperweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. virginicum

1753. Lepidium virginicum L.
1906. Lepidium virginicum var. virginicum autonym
1906. Lepidium virginicum ssp. virginicum autonym
1930. Lepidium virginicum var. linearifolium Farw.
1945. Lepidium virginicum var. typicum C.L. Hitchc. (i)
Poor-man's pepper,
Virginia pepperweed,
Wild peppergrass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Schrad.
var. densiflorum

1832. Lepidium densiflorum Schrad.
    
    
Prairie pepperweed,
Common pepperweed,
Prairie peppergrass,
Greenflower pepperweed,
Miner's pepperwort
Introduced from
 western North America,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-MM
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1812. Lepidium campestre (L.) W.T.Aiton
Field cress,
Field pepperweed,
Field peppergrass,
Cow-cress
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1767. Lepidium didymum L.
1800. Coronopus didymus (L.) Small
1806. Senebiera didyma (L.) Pers.
1913. Carara didyma (L.) Britton
Lesser swinecress
Lesser swine's cress
Introduced from
 South America,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Lepidium draba L.
1815. Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.
Heart-podded hoary-cress,
Whitetop
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
Images
Wikispecies
 Nutt.

1838. Lepidium nitidum Nutt.
1838. Lepidium leiocarpum Hook. & Arn.
1891. Lepidium oreganum Howell ex Greene
1891. Nasturtium nitidum Kuntze
1892. Lepidium tenuifolium Phil.
Shining pepperweed,
Tongue pepper-weed
Introduced from
 Washington,
 Oregon, California,
 Baja Norte
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Clasping pepperweed Introduced   NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Roadside pepperweed Introduced

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Gardencress pepperweed,
Garden pepper-grass
Cresson alénois
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 L. (1753)

Cardaria latifolia
Broad-leaved pepper-grass,
Perennial pepperweed,
Tall pepperweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 79%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Al-Shehbaz

1753. Cochlearia coronopus L.
1775. Lepidium squamatum Forssk.
1803. Senebiera coronopus (L.) Cav.
1806. Senebiera coronopus (L.) Poir.
1860. Coronopus squamatus (Forssk.) Asch.
2004. Lepidium coronopus (L.) Al-Shehbaz
Greater swinecress
Creeping wart cress
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
L.

1753. Lepidium chalepense L.
Lens-podded pepperweed
Lens-podded hoary cress
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA
NYFA: 1 county
iNat: 1 county
NYFA-X
iNaturalist
Images
Wikispecies
Lepidium (excluded taxa) Pepperweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. bourgeauanum

Bourgeau's pepperweed Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 Benth.

Purpleanther field pepperweed Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-Excluded
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe DescurainieaeEdit

DescurainiaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Descurainieae — Descurainia
Descurainia Tansy mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) Britton (1894)
ssp. brachycarpa

Sophia brachycarpa
Northern tansy-mustard,
Western tansymustard,
Moutarde tanaisie
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
 (Walter) Britton (1894)
ssp. pinnata

Western tansymustard,
Western tansy-mustard
Introduced,
N. America native,
No specimens
  NYFA-X
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Webb ex Prantl

Herb Sophia Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-Xn
GBIF
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe BoechereaeEdit

In 2003, Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz recognized most of the North American species of Arabis as belonging to the genus Boechera.[1]

BorodiniaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Boechereae — Borodinia
BorodiniaN.Busch (1921) Rock-cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1753. Arabis canadensis L.
1891. Erysimum canadense (L.) Kuntze
2003. Boechera canadensis (L.) Al-Shehbaz
2013. Borodinia canadensis (L.) P.J.Alexander & Windham
Sicklepod,
Sicklepod rockcress,
Canada rockcress
Arabette du Canada
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1800. Turritis laevigata Muhl. ex Willd.
1811. Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.)
Poir.
2003. Boechera laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.)
Al-Shehbaz
2013. Borodinia laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.)
P.J.Alexander & Windham
Smooth rock-cress Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1908. Arabis missouriensis Greene
1911. Arabis viridis Harger
1964. Arabis laevigata var. missouriensis
2003. Boechera missouriensis (Greene)
Al-Shehbaz
2013. Borodinia missouriensis (Greene)
P.J.Alexander & Windham
Green rockcress,
Missouri rock-cress
Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-
Go Botany
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1840. Shortia dentata Raf.
1937. Arabis dentata var. phalacrocarpa
1952. Arabis shortii (Fernald) Gleason
2003. Boechera shortii (Fernald)
Al-Shehbaz
2008. Boechera dentata (Raf.) Al-Shehbaz & Zarucchi
2013. Borodinia dentata (Raf.) P.J.Alexander & Windham
Toothed rock-cress Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
  1. Al-Shehbaz, I.A., 2003. Transfer of most North American species of Arabis to Boechera (Brassicaceae). Novon 13(4): 381-391.
BoecheraEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Boechereae — Boechera
BoecheraA.Löve & D.Löve Rock-cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Al-Shehbaz

1829. Turritis stricta Graham
1864. Arabis drummondii A. Gray
1975. Boechera drummondii (A. Gray)
Á.Löve & D.Löve
2003. B. stricta (Graham) Al-Shehbaz
Drummond's rock cress,
Canada rockcress,
Straight-up suncress
Arabette de Drummond
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]
  NYFA-2
Go Botany
VASCAN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 Windham & Al-Shehbaz

B. collinsii ×
B. stricta

1831. Turritis grahamii Lehm.
1894. Arabis brachycarpa (Torr.& A.Gray) Britton
2001. B. brachycarpa
(Torr.& A.Gray) Dorn
2007. B. grahamii
Lehm. Windham & Al-Shehbaz
Graham's rock cress,
Spreadingpod rock-cress,
Graham's suncress
Arabette de Graham
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
Boechera (excluded taxa) Rock-cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(A.Nelson) Á. Löve & D. Löve

B. retrofracta ×
B. sparsiflora ×
B. stricta

1900. Arabis divaricarpa A.Nelson
1917. Arabis stokesiae Rydb.
1975. B. divaricarpa
(A.Nelson) Á.Löve & D.Löve
Spreading-pod rockcress

Arabette à fruits divariqués
N. America native
 western U.S.,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
VASCAN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies

B. holboellii ×
B. stricta

    
    
    
Quebec rockcress
Limestone rockcress

Arabette du Québec
N. America native
 Quebec,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe ErysimeaeEdit

ErysimumEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Erysimeae — Erysimum
Erysimum Wallflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (S.Watson) MacMill.
var. inconspicuum

    Cheirinia inconspicua (S.Watson) Britton
    Erysimum parviflorum Nutt.
Small-flowered wall-flower
Shy wallflower
Small worm-seed mustard
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
GBIF
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Wormseed mustard,
Wormseed wallflower,
Treacle mustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX?
GBIF
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Tall wall-flower
Wormseed mustard
European wallflower
Tall rocket
Tall wormseed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    Erysimum repandum L.
    Cheirinia repanda (L.) Link
Spreading wallflower Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
Images
Wikispecies
(Nutt.) DC.

    
1821. E. asperum (Nutt.) DC.
    
Prairie wall-flower
Western wallflower

Introduced from
 western N. America,
 central N. America,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
GBIF
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
Erysimum (excluded taxa) Wallflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene

1829. Cheiranthus capitatus
Douglas ex Hook.
1891. E. capitatum
(Douglas ex Hook.) Greene
    
Sanddune wallflower N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-N0
GBIF
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Fisch. & C.A. Mey.

1838. E. perofskianum
Fisch. & C. A. Mey.
    
    
Afghan erysimum

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
GBIF
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe CamelineaeEdit

TurritisEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Turritis
Turritis Towercress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh.
Tower rockcress Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
ArabidopsisEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Arabidopsis
ArabidopsisHeynh. Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
 ssp. lyrata

1753. Arabis lyrata L.
1753. Cardamine petraea L.
1950. Cardaminopsis lyrata (L.) Hiitonen
1997. Arabidopsis lyrata (L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
Lyrate rockcress,
Lyreleaf rockcress,
Lyre-leaved rockcress
Arabette lyrée
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Heynh.

1753. Arabis thaliana L.
Mouseear cress,
Wall-cress
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Arabidopsis (excluded taxa) Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
ssp. kamchatica
(Fisch. ex DC.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz

1821. Arabis lyrata ssp. kamchatica Fisch. ex DC.
1997. Arabidopsis lyrata
ssp. kamchatica
Lyrate rockcress

N. America native
 western N. Am.
 northeast Asia,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
CamelinaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Camelina
Camelina False-flax N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Andrz. ex DC.

    C. microcarpa Andrz. ex DC.
    C. sativa ssp. microcarpa
Littlepod false flax,
Little-podded false flax
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Crantz
ssp. sativa

    Myagrum sativum L.
    Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz
    Camelina parodii
Dutch flax,
Gold-of-pleasure
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies
CapsellaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Capsella
Capsella Capsella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Medik.

    Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L.
    Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
Shepherd's purse Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
NesliaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Neslia
Neslia Neslia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Desv.

1753. Myagrum paniculatum L.
1814. N. paniculata (L.) Desv.
    
Ball mustard
Ballmustard
Common ball-mustard
Introduced from
 Belgium,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe AnastaticeaeEdit

MalcolmiaEdit
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Anastaticeae — Malcolmia
Malcolmia (excluded taxa) Malcolmia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) W.T.Aiton

1759. Cheiranthus maritimus L.
1778. Hesperis maritima (L.) Lam.
1812. M. maritima (L.) W.T.Aiton
1895. Wilckia maritima (L.) Halácsy
Virginia stock
Virginia-stock

Giroflée de Mahon
Julienne de Mahon
Malcolmie maritime
Introduced from
 southeast Europe,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies