Flora of New York/Lamiales 2


Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family LamiaceaeEdit

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily ViticoideaeEdit

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1] Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivated and sold in the "native plant" trade.

VitexEdit

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
 
USDA-X0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

CallicarpaEdit

American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1753. Callicarpa americana L.
1755. Burchardia americana (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
  NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily AjugoideaeEdit

The Ajugoideae

Tribe AjugeaeEdit

TrichostemaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trichostema dichotomum L.
1821. Trichostema pilosum Roth
1937. T. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls,
Blue curls
Trichostème fourchu
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp

1778. Trichostema setaceum Houtt.
1788. T. lineare Walter
1814. T. dichotomum var. lineare
1818. T. lineare Nutt.
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT Can-0
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.
[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
Native,
Rare
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
AjugaEdit
 
Ajuga reptans L.
carpet bugle
Ajuga, or bugleweed, contains about 40 species of herbaceous plants, none of which are native to North America. The two species Ajuga reptans and to a lesser extent Ajuga genevensis have been found to naturalize in New York State.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Ajuga reptans L.
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ajuga genevensis L.
Erect bugle,
Standing bugle,
Geneva bugle
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe TeucrieaeEdit

TeucriumEdit
 
Teucrium canadense L.
American germander

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Teucrieae — Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Teucrium canadense L.
1829. T. canadense var. virginicum
1878. T. occidentale A. Gray
1901. T. boreale E.P. Bicknell
1901. T. littorale E.P. Bicknell
1908. T. canadense var. littorale
1946. T. canadense var. occidentale
1963. T. canadense var. boreale
American germander
Canada germander
Canadian germander
Hairy germander
Western germander
Wood sage

Germandrée du Canada
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb=forb,
Part shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Teucrium botrys L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander,
Cut-leaf germander
Introduced from
 Europe,
Possibly naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Subfamily ScutellarioideaeEdit

ScutellariaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Scutellarioideae — Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Marsh skullcap,
Hooded skullcap
Native, C:6,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
Native, C:7,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. parvula

Small skullcap Native, C:8,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. missouriensis

Leonard's skullcap Native, C:10,
No recent reports
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana

Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 L.

Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

    Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
    Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Pursh

Veined skullcap Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Showy skullcap Native, C:10,
No recent reports
  NYFA-Z






Images, wsp
 Fernald

Scutellaria galericulata ×
Scutellaria lateriflora

Skullcap Native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Subfamily LamioideaeEdit

Tribe MarrubieaeEdit

BallotaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Ballota
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. foetida (Koch) Hayek

1929. Ballota nigra ssp. foetida
    Ballota nigra var. alba
    Ballota nigra var. foetida
    Ballota borealis Schweigg.
Black horehound,
Fetid horehound
Ballote vulgaire,
Ballote noire,
Marrube noire
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
MarrubiumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Marrubium
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

Horehound Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
MoluccellaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Moluccella
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Tribe LamieaeEdit

LamiumEdit
Lamium species are commonly known as dead-nettles and are native to Eurasia and northern Africa. About six of these species have naturalized in New York.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamium
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Crantz

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant
Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NPT Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle
Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[2],
IPA
  NYFA-X
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium purpureum L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced,
Widespread weed
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.
var. incisum

    Lamium dissectum With.
 auct. Lamium hybridumnon Vill.
    Lamium purpureum var. incisum
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album
Pickens & M.C.W.Pickens
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. album

1753. Lamium album L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe LeonureaeEdit

LeonurusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Leonurus
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Leonurus cardiaca L.
1830. Leonurus glaucescens Bunge
1849. Leonurus cardiaca var. villosus
1874. Lamium cardiaca (L.) Baill.
1945. Leonurus cardiaca ssp. villosus
Common mother-wort,
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Houtt.

1753. Leonurus sibiricus L. misapplied
    Leonurus japonicus Houtt.
Honeyweed,
Siberian motherwort
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
ChaiturusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Chaiturus
Chaiturus Lion's tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Spenn.

1753. Leonurus marrubiastrum L
    Chaiturus marrubiastrum (L.) Spenn.
Lion's tail Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Tribe PhlomideaeEdit

PhlomisEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Phlomideae — Phlomis
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

1753. Phlomis tuberosa L.
1794. Phlomoides tuberosa (L.) Moench
1824. Leonotis tuberosa (L.) Hoffmanns.
1829. Phlomidopsis tuberosa (L.) Link
1837. Trambis tuberosa (L.) Raf.
1843. Phlomitis tuberosa (L.) Rchb.
ex T.Nees
Tuberous Jerusalem sage,
Jerusalem sage
Sauge de Jérusalem
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe SynandreaeEdit

PhysostegiaEdit

The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Synandreae — Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head
Physostégie de Virginie
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe StachydeaeEdit

StachysEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Stachydeae — Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Pursh

1800. Stachys tenuifolia Willd. (misappl.)
1814. Stachys hispida Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra Riddell
1920. S. palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. S. tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. S. palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
Hispid hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

    Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
    Stachys atlantica Britton
    Stachys lythroides Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved
    hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NPT Can-0
ITIS




Images, wsp
Nutt.

1834. Stachys pilosa Nutt.
1934. Stachys palustris ssp. pilosa
1943. Stachys palustris var. pilosa
Hairy hedgenettle
Hairy hedge nettle
hairy hedge-nettle

Native, C:3,
Unranked
NYFA-Nu
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys palustris L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony
Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 K.Koch

Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort
Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua L.
1763. Stachys annua (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle
Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
NPT Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii Miq.
[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
 
 
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis L.
1763. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort
Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora Stephan
ex Willd.
1834. S. grandiflora (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis L.
1834. Stachys betonica Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides Small
1920. Stachys riddellii House
1927. Stachys subcordata Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe (uncertain)Edit

GaleopsisEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — uncertain — Galeopsis
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Boenn.

1824. Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
1831. G. tetrahit var. bifida
1848. G. tetrahit var. parviflora
1881. G. tetrahit ssp. bifida
1921. G. bifida var. emarginata
1929. G. tetrahit var. bifida
Notched hemp-nettle,
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle,
Common hempnettle
Galéopside bifide,
Galéopsis bifide
Introduced,
Naturalized,
Widespread
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can

Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis tetrahit L.
1763. Lamium tetrahit (L.) Crantz
1771. G. tetrahit var. tetrahit
1794. Tetrahit nodosum (L.) Moench
1821. G. nodosum (Moench) Gray (i)
1862. G. tetrahit ssp. tetrahit
1891. Ladanum tetrahit (L.) Kuntze
Common hempnettle,
Common hemp-nettle,
Brittle-stemmed hemp-nettle,
Brittlestem hempnettle,
Dog nettle,
Ironwort
Galéopside à tige carrée,
Galéopside tétrahit,
Ortie royale
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis ladanum L.
    
    
Broad-leaved hemp-nettle,
Broadleaf hempnettle,
Hemp nettle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

    G. angustifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
    G. ladanum var. angustifolia
    
Narrow-leaved hemp-nettle,
Narrowleaf hempnettle
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subfamily NepetoideaeEdit

Tribe ElsholtzieaeEdit

CollinsoniaEdit
 
Collinsonia canadensis
stoneroot, horsebalm, richweed

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Collinsonia
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Collinsonia canadensis L.
Stoneroot,
Horsebalm,
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Citronella,
Citronella horse balm
Native, C:7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
ElsholtziaEdit
 
Elsholtzia ciliata
crested late-summer mint
Elsholtzia ciliata (crested late-summer mint) is listed as invasive in Connecticut.[1]
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Elsholtzia
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Thunb.) Hyl.

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Crested late-summer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
PerillaEdit
 
Perilla frutescens
beefsteak plant

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Perilla
Perilla Perilla-mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Britton
var. frutescens

1753. Ocimum frutescens L.
1764. Perilla ocymoides L. superfl.
1856. Perilla ocymoides var. japonica
1939. Salvia infuscata Epling
1948. Perilla frutescens var. japonica
Beefsteak plant
Beefsteakplant
Perilla-mint
Wild sesame
Introduced,
Naturalized

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Britton
var. crispa (Benth.) W. Deane

1784. Ocimum crispum Thunb.
1848. Perilla ocymoides var. crispa
1848. Perilla arguta Benth.
1923. Perilla frutescens var. crispa
Crisped beefsteak plant
Shiso
Beefsteakplant
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe MentheaeEdit

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]

Subtribe SalviinaeEdit
SalviaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Salvia lyrata L.
1768. Horminum lyratum (L.) Mill.
1837. Larnastyra lyrata (L.) Raf.
1828. Cunila lyrata (L.) Schrank
Lyre-leaved sage,
Lyreleaf sage,
Cancerweed
Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx. ex Lam.
var. grandiflora Benth.

1833. Salvia pitcheri Torr. ex Benth.
1848. Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
1894. Salvia azurea var. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. intermedia
Blue sage,
Pitcher sage,
Pitcher's sage
Introduced from
 southern U.S.,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Hornem.

    Salvia lancifolia Poir.
    
    
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NW






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Salvia glutinosa L.
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
Naturalized[1]
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow sage
Meadow clary
Introduced sage

Sauge des près
Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Salvia(excluded species) Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    
    
    
Clary
Clary sage
Europe sage

Sauge sclarée
Sclarée
Toute-bonne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
L. (pro. sp)

Salvia nemorosa ×
Salvia pratensis

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 wood sage &
 meadow sage
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
MelissaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Common balm,
Garden balm,
Lemon balm
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Subtribe PrunellinaeEdit
PrunellaEdit
Prunella vulgaris ssp. lanceolata (native) has mid-stem leaf blades that are lanceolate to narrow-oblong, usually cuneate at the base and 
2 to 5 times as long as wide.

Prunella vulgaris ssp. vulgaris (introduced) has mid-stem leaf blades that are ovate to ovate-oblong, usually rounded at the base and 1.5 to 2.5 times as long as wide.


Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Prunellinae — Prunella
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. lanceolata
(W.P.C.Barton) Piper & Beattie

1818. P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
1834. P. vulgaris var. elongata
1913. P. vulgaris var. lanceolata
1915. P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
American self-heal,
American heal-all,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
  NYFA-N
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. vulgaris

1753. Prunella vulgaris L.
Common self-heal,
Eurasian self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 




Images, wsp
(L.) L.

    Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
    
    
Cutleaf selfheal,
Cut-leaved selfheal,
Cut-leaved heal-all
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for Lance Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén
Subtribe LycopinaeEdit
LycopusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Lycopinae — Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton
1917. Phytosalpinx americana
(Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell
    
American bugleweed,
American water horehound,
Common water horehound[1]
Native, C:4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Michx.

    
    
    
Northern bugleweed,
Slender bugleweed
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Raf.

    
    
    
Sessile-leaved bugleweed Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Moench

    
    
    
Stalked bugleweed,
Taperleaf water horehound
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Greene

    
    
    
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
European bugleweed,
Gypsywort
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
Subtribe NepetineaeEdit
AgastacheEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia
Willd.
1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia
(Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop,
Purple giant hyssop,
Figwort giant hyssop
Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
Native, C:2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides
(L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop
Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
Native, C:6,
Threatened

Perennial,
Forb-herb
  NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum Pursh
1818. H. foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus Benth.
1891. A. foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum
(Pursh) MacMill.
1894. V. anethiodora (Nutt.) Greene
1898. A. anethiodora (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint
Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb,
Sun-shade
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
DracocephalumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
L.

    Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
GlechomaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy,
Gill-over-the-ground,
Creeping Charlie
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO

FACU
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
HyssopusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT

Hyssop Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
NepetaEdit
 
Nepeta cataria L. catnip

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.

Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel

Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
MeehaniaEdit
 
Meehania cordata
Meehan's mint
Meehan's mint is native to the Appalachians from North Carolina to Pennsylvania. It doesn't appear to have naturalized in New York, though it is planted as a "native" groundcover.
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Nepetineae — Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Britton

1818. Dracocephalum cordatum Nutt.
1834. Cedronella cordata Benth.
1894. Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britton
Meehan's mint,
Creeping mint,
Trailing mint
Introduced from
 Appalachians,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Subtribe MenthinaeEdit
The large Menthinae subtribe can ce separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.
HedeomaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Pers. (1806)

    Cunila pulegioides
    Melissa pulegioides
    Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 Pursh

Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
BlephiliaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Benth.

Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.

Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
MonardaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Oswego tea,
Scarlet beebalm,
Bee-balm,
Red bergamot,
Bergamot,
Mountain-mint
Monarde écarlate,
Monarde pourpre
Native, C:7,
Secure,
DEC-D[1]

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa

Common wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native, C:2,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NPT Can


BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

    Monarda mollis L.
    Monarda fistulosa var. mollis
    Monarda scabra Beck
Pale wild bergamot Native, C:2,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can


BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Willd.

Monarda didyma ×
Monarda fistulosa var. fistulosa.

    Monarda media Willd.
    Mondarda fistulosa var. media
Purple bergamot,
Purple horsemint
Monarde moyenne,
Monarde pourpre
N. America native,
NY nativity unk.



Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-?
USDA-NN
NPT Can


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis

Horsemint Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata

Spotted beebalm,
Dotted horse mint
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1?
NPT 


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

    Monarda clinopodia L.
    M. allophylla Michx.
    M. fistulosa var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basilbalm,
Basil bee-balm
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0



BNA


Images, wsp
PycnanthemumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemumsect. Capitellatae Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1809. P. tenuifolium Schrad.
 auct. P. flexuosum
non (Walter) Britton et al.
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 


LBJ

Images, wsp
(L.) T.Durand & B.D.Jacks.
ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald

1753. Satureja virginiana L.
1908. P. virginianum (L.) T.Durand &
B.D.Jacks. ex B.L.Rob. & Fernald
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 



LBJ

Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum

Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
var. pilosum

yyyy. Koellia pilosa (Nutt.) Baill.
yyyy. Pycnanthemum pilosum Nutt.
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp

Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
Pycnanthemumsect. Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Michx.

1753. Clinopodium incanum L.
1803. P. incanum (L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1]
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
Pycnanthemumsect. Brachystemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[2],
NYNHP: 2[3]
  NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
CunilaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-






Images, wsp
MenthaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis L.
1833. M. canadensis var. glabrata
1882. M. arvensis ssp. piperascens
1908. M. arvensis var. glabrata
 auct. M. arvensisnon L.
American wild mint,
American corn mint,
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
Native, C:4,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L. (1753)

Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    Mentha citrata Ehrh.
    Mentha × piperi var. citrata
    Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    M. sylvestris L.
    M. viridis L.
 auct. M. cordifolianon Opiz ex Fresen.
 auct. M. longifolianon (L.) Huds.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha spicata

    M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
 auct. M. gentilisnon L.
    M. × gentilis var. cardiaca
 auct. M. × muelleriananon F.W.Schultz
Scotch spearmint,
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)

Mentha aquatica ×
Mentha spicata

    M. aquatica var. crispa
    M. Mentha crispa L.
    M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha longifolia ×
Mentha suaveolens

Peppermint Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha spicata ×
Mentha suaveolens

    M. alopecuroides Hull
    M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced  
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
ClinopodiumEdit
 
Clinopodium vulgare
wild basil

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Clinopodium vulgare L.
1835. Calamintha clinopodium Spenn.
1882. Calamintha vulgaris (L.) H. Karst.
1897. Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
Native, C:0,
Secure,
Questionable[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Nutt.) House

1836. Hedeoma arkansana Nutt.
1891. Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja arkansana (Nutt.) Briq.
1921. Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House
1940. Satureja glabella var. angustifolia
1955. Calamintha glabella var. angustifolia
1962. Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 (L.) House

1753. Thymus acinos L.
1794. Acinos thymoides Moench
1811. Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairv.
1843. Satureja acinos (L.) Scheele
1891. Clinopodium acinos (L.) Kuntze
1946. Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy
Basil thyme,
Mother of thyme
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Melissa nepeta L.
1798. Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi
1843. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele
1891. Clinopodium nepeta (L.) Kuntze
1896. Satureja calamintha var. nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0

iNat
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare with an "Unknown Native Status." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
SaturejaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Winter savory Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
OriganumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Origanum vulgare L.
1867. Thymus origanum (L.) Kuntze
1934. Micromeria formosana C.Marquand
Wild marjoram,
Marjoram,
Oregano,
Organy
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
ThymusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Lemon thyme Introduced   NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

Garden thyme Introduced   NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Tribe OcimeaeEdit

LavandulaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Lavandula
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

English lavender Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
OcimumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Ocimum
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

ReferencesEdit


Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index