Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

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Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Contents

Family LamiaceaeEdit

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily ViticoideaeEdit

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1] Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivaed and sold in the "native plant" trade.

Genus VitexEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Viticoideae – genus Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia  L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata  Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[2]

Perennial,
Shrub

USDA-X0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp

Genus CallicarpaEdit

American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Viticoideae – genus Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

1753. Callicarpa americana  L.
1755. Burchardia americana  (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily AjugoideaeEdit

The Ajugoideae

Tribe AjugeaeEdit

Genus TrichostemaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Ajugoideae – tribe Ajugeae – genus Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Trichostema pilosum
T. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp

T. dichotomum var. lineare
T. lineare
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum  L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus  Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus  B.S.P.[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida  Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
Genus AjugaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Ajugoideae – tribe Ajugeae – genus Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle,
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L. (1753)
Geneva bugle Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe TeucrieaeEdit

Genus TeucriumEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – tribe Teucrieae – genus Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. canadense

Teucrium canadense vars.
Teucrium littorale
Canada germander Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. occidentale

Teucrium boreale
Teucrium occidentale
American germander,
Western germander
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp

Subfamily ScutellarioideaeEdit

Genus ScutellariaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Scutellarioideae – genus Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 L.
Hooded skullcap,
Marsh skullcap
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. parvula
Small skullcap Native,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
NYFA-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. missouriensis
Leonard's skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana
Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Fernald
[ galericulata × lateriflora ]
Skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Pursh
Veined skullcap Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Showy skullcap Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp

Subfamily LamioideaeEdit

Tribe MarrubieaeEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Marrubieae
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L,
Black horehound Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Horehound Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp

Tribe LamieaeEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Lamieae
Lamiastrum Lamiastrum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ehren. & Polatschek

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon  L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon  Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum  Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon  Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant

Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Lamium album  L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule  L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album (i)
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum  L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle

Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[2],
IPA
NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 L.
var. purpureum

1753. Lamium purpureum  L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea  (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. incisum

     Lamium dissectum  With.
 auct. Lamium hybridum  non Vill.
     Lamium purpureum var. incisum (Willd.) Pers.
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 




Images, wsp
  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe LeonureaeEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Leonureae
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Leonurus glaucescens
Common mother-wort,
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

Chaiturus marrubiastrum
Lion's tail Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe PhlomideaeEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Phlomideae
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

    
    
    
Jerusalem sage Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Tribe SynandreaeEdit

Genus PhysostegiaEdit

The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated 'northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Synandreae – genus Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum  L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum  Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa  Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana  (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior  Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius  Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head

Physostégie de Virginie
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 
Images, wsp

Tribe StachydeaeEdit

Genus StachysEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe Stachydeae – genus Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Willd.

1800. Stachys tenuifolia  Willd.
1814. Stachys hispida  Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra  Riddell
1920. S. palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. S. tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. S. palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
Smooth hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

     Stachys hyssopifolia  Michx.
     Stachys atlantica  Britton
     Stachys lythroides  Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved
    hedge-nettle
Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys palustris  L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony

Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 K.Koch
Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica  L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort

Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua  L.
1763. Stachys annua  (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle

Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis  Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii  Miq.[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera  Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis  L.
1763. Stachys arvensis  (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis  (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort

Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp
 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora  Stephan (i)
1834. S. grandiflora  (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha  K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha  (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis  L.
1834. Stachys betonica  Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii  Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides  Small
1920. Stachys riddellii  House
1927. Stachys subcordata  Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata  Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
Excluded
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS

BNA 

Images, wsp

Tribe uncertainEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Lamioideae – tribe uncertain
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 Boenn.
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. ladanum
Red hempnettle Introduced,
No specimens
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. latifolia
Red hempnettle Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.
var. tetrahit
Brittle-stemmed hempnettle Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Subfamily NepetoideaeEdit

Tribe ElsholtzieaeEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Elsholtzieae
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Stoneroot
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Perilla Perilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
var. crispa
Beefsteak plant Introduced,
No sources
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
var. frutescens

Perilla arguta
Perilla ocymoides
Beefsteak plant Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

Tribe MentheaeEdit

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]

Subtribe SalviinaeEdit
Genus SalviaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Salviinae – genus Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
L.

     Salvia lyrata  L.
    
    
Lyre-leaved sage Native,
Endangered
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. grandiflora

    
Salvia pitcheri
    
Blue sage Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Hornem.

Salvia lancifolia Poir.
    
    
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-NW





Images, wsp

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
NYFA[1]

USDA-X0

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XW





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow clary,
Meadow sage
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Genus MelissaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Salviinae – genus Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    
    
    
Common balm,
Garden balm,
Lemon balm
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Subtribe PrunellinaeEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Prunellinae
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. lanceolata

P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
P. vulgaris var. elongata
American self-heal,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
Native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
NYFA-N
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. vulgaris

P. caroliniana
P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris
Common self-heal,
Eurasian self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
NYFA-X
USDA-NX





Images, wsp
Cutleaf selfheal Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for Lance Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén
Subtribe LycopinaeEdit
Genus LycopusEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Lycopinae – genus Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus  Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus
   Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1917. Phytosalpinx americana
   (Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell

    
American bugleweed,
American water horehound,
Common water horehound[1]
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
 Michx.

    
    
    
Northern bugleweed,
Slender bugleweed
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Raf.

    
    
    
Sessile-leaved bugleweed Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Moench

    
    
    
Stalked bugleweed,
Taperleaf water horehound
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Greene

    
    
    
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
European bugleweed,
Gypsywort
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Subtribe NepetineaeEdit
Genus AgastacheEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia
   Willd.

1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia
   (Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop

Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 2

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA 

Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides  L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides  (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides  (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides
   (L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop

Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
Native,
Threatened,
CoC: 6

Perennial,
Forb-herb
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA 

Images, wsp
(Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus  Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum  Pursh
1818. H. foeniculum  (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus  Benth.
1891. A. foeniculum  (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum
   (Pursh) MacMill.

1894. V. anethiodora  (Nutt.) Greene
1898. A. anethiodora  (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint

Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus DracocephalumEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora  Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora  Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
L.

     Moldavica thymiflora  (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus GlechomaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO






Images, wsp
Genus HyssopusEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Hyssop Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Genus NepetaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Neptinae – genus Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.
Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel
Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Genus MeehaniaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Nepetineae – genus Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

    
    
Meehan's mint Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ITIS

NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Subtribe MenthinaeEdit

For convenience, the large Menthinae subtribe is here separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.

Genus HedeomaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Pers. (1806)

Cunila pulegioides
Melissa pulegioides
Ziziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Pursh
Rough false pennyroyal Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus BlephiliaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Pursh) Benth.
Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.
Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus MonardaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.
Oswego tea,
Bee-balm
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

Monarda mollis L.
Monarda scabra Beck
Wild bergamot Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis
Horsemint Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata
Spotted beebalm Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?





Images, wsp
 Willd.
Purple bergamot Native,
Very vulnerable
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

M. allophylla Michx.
M. fistulosa L. var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basil bee-balm
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Genus PycnanthemumEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(L.) Michx.
Hoary mountain-mint Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5





Images, wsp
Virginia mountain-mint Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Blunt mountain-mint Native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1],
NYNHP: 2[2]
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[3]
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
Torrey's mountain mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum
Whorled mountain-mint Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
var. pilosum

Koellia pilosa
Pycnanthemum pilosum
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus CunilaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.
Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-





Images, wsp
Genus MenthaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis  L.
1833. M. canadensis var. glabrata
1882. M. arvensis ssp. piperascens
1908. M. arvensis var. glabrata
auct. M. arvensis non L.
American wild mint,
American corn mint,
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
Native,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native,
CoC: 4
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L. (1753)
Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.

Mentha citrata Ehrh.
Mentha × piperi var. citrata
Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L.

M. cordifolia auct. non Opiz ex Fresen.
M. longifolia auct. non (L.) Huds.
M. sylvestris L.
M. viridis L.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)
[ M. arvensis × M. spicata ]

M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
M. gentilis auct. non L.
M. × gentilis L. var. cardiaca
M. × muelleriana auct. non F.W. Schultz
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)
[ M. aquatica × M. spicata ]

M. aquatica L. var. crispa
M. Mentha crispa L.
M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)
[ M. longifolia × M. suaveolens ]
Peppermint Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)
[ M. spicata × M. suaveolens ]

M. alopecuroides Hull
M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced

USDA-XX





Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Genus ClinopodiumEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

     Clinopodium vulgare  L.
     Calamintha vulgaris
     Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
Native,
Secure,
Questionable[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 




Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. glabrum  (Nutt.) Kuntze
     Calamintha glabella
   var.
angustifolia
     Calamintha arkansana
     Clinopodium arkansanum
     Hedeoma arkansana
     Satureja arkansana
     Satureja glabella
   var.
angustifolia
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
Native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 (L.) Kuntze

     Cl. acinos  (L.) Kuntze
     Acinos arvensis
     Acinos thymoides
     Calamintha acinos
     Satureja acinos
Basil thyme Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp
(L.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. nepeta  (L.) Kuntze
     Calamintha nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 



Images, wsp
Note: [3]
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare as "Not Native." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
  3. NYFA and USDA-NRCS PLANTS list Clinopodium nepeta as Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both list it as Clinopodium nepeta (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Genus SaturejaEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)
Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced,
Eurasia native
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 



Images, wsp
 L.
Winter savory Introduced
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus OriganumEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Wild marjoram Introduced
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
Genus ThymusEdit
Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Mentheae – subtr. Menthinae – genus Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
Lemon thyme Introduced
NYFA-X





Images, wsp
 L.
Garden thyme Introduced
NYFA-X





Images, wsp

Tribe OcimeaeEdit

Lamiales – fam. Lamiaceae – subfam. Nepetoideae – tribe Ocimeae
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
English lavender Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





Images, wsp

ReferencesEdit