Open main menu

Wikibooks β

Flora of New York/Lamiales 2

< Flora of New York

Lamiales 1:
Oleaceae

Scrophulariaceae
Flora of New York — Lamiales 2: : Lamiaceae
Lamiales 3:
Mazaceae

Lentibulariaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Contents

Family LamiaceaeEdit

The Lamiaceae (mint family) is the sixth largest family of the flowering-plants.[F 1]

Subfamily ViticoideaeEdit

Although no members of the Viticoideae (sage subfamily) have yet been verified outside of cultivation in New York, the beach vitex has been documented as having the potential to be highly invasive in the Long Island region. The genus Callicarpa is included here only for convenience, as it is currently unplaced within the Lamiaceae but is said to be "allied" to the Viticoideae.[1] Callicarpa americana has also not been found to have naturalized in New York, but it is cultivaed and sold in the "native plant" trade.

Genus VitexEdit

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Vitex
Vitex Chaste-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
L.f.

1782. Vitex rotundifolia L.f.
1784. Vitex ovata Thunb.
1847. Vitex trifolia var. unifoliolata
1891. Vitex ovata var. subtrisecta
1903. Vitex trifolia var. ovata
1959. Vitex trifolia var. simplicifolia
Beach vitex,
Roundleaf chaste-tree,
Chasteberry,
Monk's pepper
Introduced from
 western Pacific,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 73%[2]

Perennial,
Shrub

USDA-X0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Genus CallicarpaEdit

American beautyberry is native to the Southeast and occasionally planted in New York as a "native" shrub, but its has not been known to naturalize in the Northeast.

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Viticoideae — Callicarpa
Callicarpa Beautyberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

1753. Callicarpa americana L.
1755. Burchardia americana (L.) Duhamel
American beautyberry,
Beauty-berry,
French mulberry
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
US South native
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS 

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily AjugoideaeEdit

The Ajugoideae

Tribe AjugeaeEdit

Genus TrichostemaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Trichostema
Trichostemasect. Trichostema Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Trichostema pilosumT. dichotomum var. puberulum
Forked bluecurls,
Bastard pennyroyal,
Common blue curls
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp

T. dichotomum var. lineareT. lineare
Narrowleaf bluecurls,
Narrow-leaved blue-curls
N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ITIS




Images, wsp
Trichostemasect. Orthopodium Bluecurls N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Trichostema brachiatum L.
1803. Isanthus coeruleus Michx.
1888. Isanthus brachiatus B.S.P.
[1]
1933. Isanthus brachiatus var. linearis
1943. Tetraclea viscida Lundell
Fluxweed,
False pennyroyal,
Glade blue curls,
Pennyroyal blue curls
N.Y. native,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. Weakley (2005) suggests that Trichostema sect. Orthopodium could be moved to Isanthus, which would return Trichostema brachiatum to Isanthus brachiatus. Weakley, Alan. 2005. Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia. Working draft. June 10, 2005. University of North Carolina Herbarium, Chapel Hill, NC.
Genus AjugaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Ajugoideae — Ajugeae — Ajuga
Ajuga Bugle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)

Carpet bugle,
Common bugle,
Blue bugle,
Bugle rampante
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
CP-5[1],
NE-3[2]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

Geneva bugle Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  2. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe TeucrieaeEdit

Genus TeucriumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Teucrieae — Teucrium
Teucrium Germander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. canadense

Teucrium canadense vars.Teucrium littorale
Canada germander N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.
var. occidentale

Teucrium borealeTeucrium occidentale
American germander,
Western germander
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Cutleaf germander,
Cut-leaved germander
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp

Subfamily ScutellarioideaeEdit

Genus ScutellariaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Scutellarioideae — Scutellaria
Scutellaria Skullcap N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 L.

Marsh skullcap,
Hooded skullcap
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Blue skullcap,
Mad-dog skullcap
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. parvula

Small skullcap N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 8,
Rare,
DEC-C[1]
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. missouriensis

Leonard's skullcap N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Biehler
var. incana

Hoary skullcap,
Downy skullcap
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[2]
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 L.

Helmet flower,
Hyssop skullcap
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Spreng.
var. elliptica

    Scutellaria ovalifolia Pers.
    Scutellaria pilosa Michx.
Hairy skullcap N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Pursh

Veined skullcap N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Showy skullcap N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z






Images, wsp
 Fernald

Scutellaria galericulata ×
Scutellaria lateriflora

Skullcap N.Y. native,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Subfamily LamioideaeEdit

Tribe MarrubieaeEdit

Genus BallotaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Ballota
Ballota Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
ssp. foetida (Koch) Hayek

1929. Ballota nigra ssp. foetida
    Ballota nigra var. alba
    Ballota nigra var. foetida
    Ballota borealis Schweigg.
Black horehound,
Fetid horehound
Ballote vulgaire,
Ballote noire,
Marrube noire
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Genus MarrubiumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Marrubium
Marrubium Horehound N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Horehound Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus MoluccellaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Marrubieae — Moluccella
Moluccella Moluccella N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Shellflower Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Tribe LamieaeEdit

Genus LamiastrumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamiastrum
Lamiastrum Lamiastrum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ehren. & Polatschek

1753. Galeopsis galeobdolon L.
1769. Lamium galeobdolon Crantz
1778. Galeobdolon luteum Huds.
1966. Lamiastrum galeobdolon Ehren. &al.
Yellow archangel,
Yellow henbit,
Aluminum plant,
Artillery plant
Lamier jaune,
Ortie jaune,
Lamier doré
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive,
Weed[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
  1. Lamiastrum galeobdolon is declared as a noxious weed in Oregon and Washington state
Genus LamiumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Lamieae — Lamium
Lamium Deadnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Lamium amplexicaule L.
1960. Lamium amplexicaule var. album
Pickens & M.C.W.Pickens
Henbit deadnettle,
Common dead-nettle,
Common henbit,
Clasping henbit
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lamium album L.
White deadnettle,
White-nettle,
White henbit,
Snowflake
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Lamium album var. maculatum L.
1763. Lamium maculatum L.
Spotted deadnettle,
Spotted henbit,
Variegated deadnettle
Lamier maculé,
Lamier tacheté
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1],
IPA
NYFA-X
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. purpureum

1753. Lamium purpureum L.
1852. Lamiopsis purpurea (L.) Opiz
Purple deadnettle,
Red hanbit,
Red deadnettle
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.
var. incisum

    Lamium dissectum With.
 auct. Lamium hybridumnon Vill.
    Lamium purpureum var. incisum
Hybrid deadnettle,
Purple deadnettle,
Red deadnettle,
Red hanbit
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe LeonureaeEdit

Genus LeonurusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Leonureae — Leonurus
Leonurus Motherwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Leonurus cardiaca L.
1830. Leonurus glaucescens Bunge
1849. Leonurus cardiaca var. villosus
1874. Lamium cardiaca (L.) Baill.
1945. Leonurus cardiaca ssp. villosus
Common mother-wort,
Motherwort
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Widespread weed,
NE-3[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Chaiturus marrubiastrum
Lion's tail Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe PhlomideaeEdit

Genus PhlomisEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Phlomideae — Phlomis
Phlomis Jerusalem-sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Phlomis tuberosa L.
1794. Phlomoides tuberosa (L.) Moench
1824. Leonotis tuberosa (L.) Hoffmanns.
1829. Phlomidopsis tuberosa (L.) Link
1837. Trambis tuberosa (L.) Raf.
1843. Phlomitis tuberosa (L.) Rchb.
ex T.Nees
Tuberous Jerusalem sage,
Jerusalem sage
Sauge de Jérusalem
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe SynandreaeEdit

Genus PhysostegiaEdit

The only native or naturalized member of Physostegia found in New York is P. virginiana, the commonly-cultivated 'northern obedient-plant. Although it is considered native to New York, most populations are probably the result of naturalized escapes.[1]

Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Synandreae — Physostegia
Physostegia Lionsheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Benth.
ssp. virginiana

1753. Dracocephalum virginianum L.
1789. Dracocephalum denticulatum Aiton
1830. Physostegia speciosa Sweet
1834. Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
1908. Physostegia formosior Lunell
1931. Dracocephalum formosius Rydb.
1982. P. virginiana ssp. virginiana autonym
Obedient plant,
False dragon-head,
Obedient false dragon-head,
Virginia false dragon-head
Physostégie de Virginie
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Tribe StachydeaeEdit

Genus StachysEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — Stachydeae — Stachys
Stachys Hedgenettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Willd.

1800. Stachys tenuifolia Willd.
1814. Stachys hispida Pursh
1836. Stachys glabra Riddell
1920. S. palustris var. macrocalyx Jenn.
1943. S. tenuifolia var. platyphylla Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. perlonga Fernald
1943. S. tenuifolia var. hispida Fernald
1972. S. palustris var. hispida B.Boivin
Smooth hedgenettle,
Smooth hedge-nettle,
Slender betony
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.
var. hyssopifolia

    Stachys hyssopifolia Michx.
    Stachys atlantica Britton
    Stachys lythroides Small
Hyssopleaf hedgenettle,
Hyssop-leaved
    hedge-nettle
N.Y. native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys palustris L.
1849. S. palustris var. elliptica Clos
1879. S. palustris var. petiolata T.Durand
1881. S. palustris var. segetum Nyman
1908. S. palustris var. homotricha Fernald
Marsh hedge-nettle,
Marsh woundwort,
Marsh betony
Épaire des marais,
Crapaudine
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 K.Koch

Woolly hedgenettle,
Lamb's ears,
Epiaire laineuse
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Stachys sylvatica L.
Whitespot,
Woodland hedge-nettle,
Hedge woundwort
Épaire des bois,
Épaire des forêts
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Betonica annua L.
1763. Stachys annua (L.) L.
Annual hedgenettle
Épiaire annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XW
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Bunge

1833. Stachys affinis Bunge
1865. Stachys sieboldii Miq.
[1]
1887. Stachys tuberifera Naudin
Artichoke betony,
Chinese artichoke,
Crosne du Japon
Introduced from
 China,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. Glechoma arvensis L.
1763. Stachys arvensis (L.) L.
1778. Cardiaca arvensis (L.) Lam.
Field hedgenettle,
Staggerweed,
Field woundwort
Épiaire des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N. Africa,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (K. Koch) Stearn

1800. Betonica grandiflora Stephan
ex Willd.
1834. S. grandiflora (Willd.) Benth. hom.
1849. Betonica macrantha K.Koch
1951. Stachys macrantha (K.Koch) Stearn
Big-sage Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Impersistent,
No specimens
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 (L.) Trevis.

1753. Betonica officinalis L.
1834. Stachys betonica Benth.
Common hedgenettle Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 N.Africa,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Riddell

1848. Stachys nuttallii Shuttlw. ex Benth.
1903. Stachys salvioides Small
1920. Stachys riddellii House
1927. Stachys subcordata Rydb.
1936. Stachys cordata Riddell
Heartleaf hedgenettle,
Heart-leaved
  hedge-nettle
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe (uncertain)Edit

Genus GaleopsisEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Lamioideae — uncertain — Galeopsis
Galeopsis Hempnettle N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
Boenn.

1824. Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
1831. G. tetrahit var. bifida
1848. G. tetrahit var. parviflora
1881. G. tetrahit ssp. bifida
1921. G. bifida var. emarginata
1929. G. tetrahit var. bifida
Notched hemp-nettle,
Bifid-lip hempnettle,
Splitlip hempnettle,
Common hempnettle
Galéopside bifide,
Galéopsis bifide
Introduced,
Naturalized,
Widespread
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can

Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis tetrahit L.
1763. Lamium tetrahit (L.) Crantz
1771. G. tetrahit var. tetrahit
1794. Tetrahit nodosum (L.) Moench
1821. G. nodosum (Moench) Gray (i)
1862. G. tetrahit ssp. tetrahit
1891. Ladanum tetrahit (L.) Kuntze
Common hempnettle,
Common hemp-nettle,
Brittle-stemmed hemp-nettle,
Brittlestem hempnettle,
Dog nettle,
Ironwort
Galéopside à tige carrée,
Galéopside tétrahit,
Ortie royale
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Galeopsis ladanum L.
    
    
Broad-leaved hemp-nettle,
Broadleaf hempnettle,
Hemp nettle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

    G. angustifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
    G. ladanum var. angustifolia
    
Narrow-leaved hemp-nettle,
Narrowleaf hempnettle
Introduced,
Not naturalized
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subfamily NepetoideaeEdit

Tribe ElsholtzieaeEdit

Genus CollinsoniaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Collinsonia
Collinsonia Horsebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Collinsonia canadensis L.
Stoneroot,
Canada horse-balm,
Northern horsebalm,
Richweed,
Citronella
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus ElsholtziaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Elsholtzia
Elsholtzia Elsholtzia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Elsholtzia cristata
Crested elsholtzia,
Crested latesummer mint,
Vietnamese balm
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus PerillaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Elsholtzieae — Perilla
Perilla Perilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
var. crispa

Beefsteak plant Introduced,
No sources
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
var. frutescens

Perilla argutaPerilla ocymoides
Beefsteak plant Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Tribe MentheaeEdit

Mentheae is the largest Lamiaceae tribe and contains the herbs sage, thyme, and of course mint. The subtribes used here are from Drew & Sytsma (2012).[F 1]

Subtribe SalviinaeEdit
Genus SalviaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Salvia
Salvia Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
L.

1753. Salvia lyrata L.
1768. Horminum lyratum (L.) Mill.
1837. Larnastyra lyrata (L.) Raf.
1828. Cunila lyrata (L.) Schrank
Lyre-leaved sage,
Lyreleaf sage,
Cancerweed
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 10,
Endangered

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx. ex Lam.
var. grandiflora Benth.

1833. Salvia pitcheri Torr. ex Benth.
1848. Salvia azurea var. grandiflora
1894. Salvia azurea var. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. pitcheri
1939. Salvia azurea ssp. intermedia
Blue sage,
Pitcher sage,
Pitcher's sage
Introduced from
 southern U.S.,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Hornem.

    Salvia lancifolia Poir.
    
    
Lance-leaved sage,
Rocky Mountain sage,
Blue sage,
Lambsleaf sage,
Sage mint
Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-NW






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Salvia glutinosa L.
    
    
Sticky sage,
Jupiter's sage,
Jupiter's distaff
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
Naturalized[1]
NYFA-Xn
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 Benth.

    
    
    
Wood sage Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Kitchen sage Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Meadow sage
Meadow clary
Introduced sage

Sauge des près
Introduced,
Naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Lilac sage Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Salvia(excluded species) Sage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
L.

    
    
    
Clary
Clary sage
Europe sage

Sauge sclarée
Sclarée
Toute-bonne
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Silver sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Nodding sage Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
L. (pro. sp)

Salvia nemorosa ×
Salvia pratensis

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 wood sage &
 meadow sage
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
  1. Nava M. Tabak (2011). Salvia glutinosa (Lamiaceae) naturalized in southeastern New York. Rhodora 113: 220-224.
Genus MelissaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Salviinae — Melissa
Melissa Balm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    
    
    
Common balm,
Garden balm,
Lemon balm
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Subtribe PrunellinaeEdit
Genus PrunellaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Prunellinae — Prunella
Prunella Selfheal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. lanceolata
(W.P.C.Barton) Piper & Beattie

1818. P. pennsylvanica var. lanceolata
1834. P. vulgaris var. elongata
1913. P. vulgaris var. lanceolata
1915. P. vulgaris ssp. lanceolata
American self-heal,
American heal-all,
Lance selfheal,
Mountain selfheal,
Narrowleaf selfheal
N.Y. native,
Likely secure,
Fact sheet[1]
NYFA-N
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.
var. vulgaris

    P. caroliniana
    P. vulgaris ssp. vulgaris
Common self-heal,
Eurasian self-heal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
(L.) L.

    Prunella laciniata (L.) L.
    
    
Cutleaf selfheal,
Cut-leaved selfheal,
Cut-leaved heal-all
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. USDA-NRCS Plant Fact Sheet for Lance Selfheal, Prunella vulgaris L. ssp. lanceolata (W. Bartram) Hultén
Subtribe LycopinaeEdit
Genus LycopusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Lycopinae — Lycopus
Lycopus Bugleweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton

1813. Lycopus americanus Muhl. (i)
1815. Lycopus americanus
Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton
1917. Phytosalpinx americana
(Muhl. ex W.P.C.Barton) Lunell
    
American bugleweed,
American water horehound,
Common water horehound[1]
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Michx.

    
    
    
Northern bugleweed,
Slender bugleweed
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Virginia bugleweed,
Virginia water horehound
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Raf.

    
    
    
Sessile-leaved bugleweed N.Y. native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Moench

    
    
    
Stalked bugleweed,
Taperleaf water horehound
N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Greene

    
    
    
Rough bugleweed,
Rough water horehound[2]
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
European bugleweed,
Gypsywort
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Subtribe NepetineaeEdit
Genus AgastacheEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Agastache
AgastacheJ.Clayton ex Gronov. Giant-hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
(Willd.) Kuntze

1800. Hyssopus scrophulariaefolia
Willd.
1891. Agastache scrophulariifolia
(Willd.) Kuntze
Purple giant-hyssop,
Figwort giant-hyssop
Agastache à feuilles
  de scrofulaire
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hyssopus nepetoides L.
1808. Vleckia nepetoides (L.) Raf.
1891. A. nepetoides (L.) Kuntze
1829. Lophanthus nepetoides
(L.) Benth.
Yellow giant hyssop,
Catnip giant-hyssop
Agastache faux-népéta,
Agastache faux-népète
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 6,
Threatened

Perennial,
Forb-herb
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Pursh) Kuntze

1813. Hyssopus anethiodorus Nutt.
1814. Stachys foeniculum Pursh
1818. H. foeniculum (Pursh) Spreng.
1829. Lophanthus anisatus Benth.
1891. A. foeniculum (Pursh) Kuntze
1892. Vleckia foeniculum
(Pursh) MacMill.
1894. V. anethiodora (Nutt.) Greene
1898. A. anethiodora (Nutt.) Britton
Anise-hyssop,
Fragrant giant-hyssop,
Lavender giant-hyssop,
Anise mint,
Blue giant hyssop,
Fennel giant hyssop,
Licorice mint
Agastache fenouil
Introduced from
 S-central Canada,
 N-central US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Naturalized: ?

Perennial,
Forb-herb
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus DracocephalumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Dracocephalum
Dracocephalum Dragonhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Nutt.

1818. Dracocephalum parviflora Nutt.
1913. Moldavica parviflora Britton
American dragonhead,
Dragonhead mint
N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
L.

    Moldavica thymiflora (L.) Rydb.
Thymeleaf dragonhead,
Thyme-leaved dragon-head
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus GlechomaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Glechoma
Glechoma Glechoma N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Nepeta hederacea
Ground ivy Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO







Images, wsp
Genus HyssopusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Hyssopus
Hyssopus Hyssop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Hyssop Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus NepetaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Neptinae — Nepeta
Nepeta Catnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

Catnip Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 M.Bieb.

Caucasus catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Spreng. ex Henckel

Persian catmint Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Genus MeehaniaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Nepetineae — Meehania
Meehania Meehan's mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
(Nutt.) Britton

1818. Dracocephalum cordatum Nutt.
1834. Cedronella cordata Benth.
1894. Meehania cordata (Nutt.) Britton
Meehan's mint Introduced from
 Appalachians,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Subtribe MenthinaeEdit

For convenience, the large Menthinae subtribe is here separated into Old-World and New-World clades along the lines presented in Drew and Sytsma (2012).[F 1] However, many of the genera have been found to be polyphyletic, including Mentha and Clinopodium, which have New York species in both clades.

Genus HedeomaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Hedeoma
Hedeoma False-pennyroyal N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Pers. (1806)

Cunila pulegioidesMelissa pulegioidesZiziphora pulegioides
American false pennyroyal,
American pennyroyal
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Pursh

Rough false pennyroyal N.Y. native,
Threatened
NYFA-2-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus BlephiliaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Blephilia
Blephilia Pagoda-plant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Pursh) Benth.

Hairy pagoda plant,
Hairy woodmint
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (L.) Raf.

Downy pagoda plant,
Downy woodmint,
Ohio horsemint,
Sunny woodmint
N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus MonardaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Monarda
Monarda Beebalm N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

Oswego tea,
Bee-balm,
Red bergamot
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 7,
Secure,
DEC-D[1]

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb/forb,
Sun - part shade
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. fistulosa

Common wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot,
Wild bergamot bee-balm
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 2,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb/forb,
Sun - part shade
NYFA-5
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 L.
var. mollis

    Monarda mollis L.
    Monarda fistulosa var. mollis
    Monarda scabra Beck
Wild bergamot N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. villicaulis

Horsemint N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. punctata

Spotted beebalm N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1?






Images, wsp
 Willd.

Purple bergamot N.Y. native,
Very vulnerable
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

    Monarda clinopodia L.
    M. allophylla Michx.
    M. fistulosa var. clinopodia
Basil balm,
Basil bee-balm
N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1-2
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus PycnanthemumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Pycnanthemum
Pycnanthemum Mountainmint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
(L.) Michx.

Hoary mountain-mint N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Narrowleaf mountainmint,
Slender mountain-mint
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5






Images, wsp

Virginia mountain-mint N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Blunt mountain-mint N.Y. native,
Threatened,
DEC-B[1],
NYNHP: 2[2]
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Torr. & A. Gray

Koellia clinopodioides
Basil mountain-mint N.Y. native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[3]
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Torrey's mountain mint N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(Michx.) Pers.
var. verticillatum

Whorled mountain-mint N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. pilosum

Koellia pilosaPycnanthemum pilosum
Whorled mountain-mint Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus CunilaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Cunila
Cunila Cunila N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Britt.

Cunila mariana L.Mappia origanoides (L.) House
Common dittany N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-






Images, wsp
Genus MenthaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Mentha
Mentha Mint N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 L.

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha longifolia

1753. Mentha canadensis L.
1833. M. canadensis var. glabrata
1882. M. arvensis ssp. piperascens
1908. M. arvensis var. glabrata
 auct. M. arvensisnon L.
American wild mint,
American corn mint,
Canadian mint,
Corn mint,
Chinese mint,
Japanese mint
N.Y. native,
NYS CoC: 4,
Secure,
N. America native,
Asia native
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L. (1753)

Corn mint,
Field mint,
Wild mint,
Menthe des champs
Introduced,
Eurasia native
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.

    Mentha citrata Ehrh.
    Mentha × piperi var. citrata
    Mentha piperita ssp. citrata
Water mint Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    M. sylvestris L.
    M. viridis L.
 auct. M. cordifolianon Opiz ex Fresen.
 auct. M. longifolianon (L.) Huds.
Spearmint Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Sole (pro sp.)

Mentha arvensis ×
Mentha spicata

    M. cardiaca J.Gerard ex Baker
 auct. M. gentilisnon L.
    M. × gentilis var. cardiaca
 auct. M. × muelleriananon F.W.Schultz
Gingermint,
Creeping whorled mint
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
IO
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L. (pro sp.)

Mentha aquatica ×
Mentha spicata

    M. aquatica var. crispa
    M. Mentha crispa L.
    M. dumetorum Schultes
Peppermint Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(L.) Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha longifolia ×
Mentha suaveolens

Peppermint Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 Huds. (pro sp.)

Mentha spicata ×
Mentha suaveolens

    M. alopecuroides Hull
    M. nemorosa Willd.
Foxtail mint Introduced
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. The USDA-NRCS PLANTS database and ITIS treat Mentha canadensis as a synonym of Mentha arvensis, while the New York Flora Atlas and ARS-GRIN treat them as separate species.
Genus ClinopodiumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Clinopodium
Clinopodium Clinopodium N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 L.

    Clinopodium vulgare L.
    Calamintha vulgaris
    Satureja vulgaris
Wild basil,
Field basil
N.Y. native,
Secure,
Questionable[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze
    Calamintha glabella
var. angustifolia
    Calamintha arkansana
    Clinopodium arkansanum
    Hedeoma arkansana
    Satureja arkansana
    Satureja glabella
var. angustifolia
Limestone calamint,
Low calamint
N.Y. native,
Likely extirpated,
N. America native
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [2]
 (L.) Kuntze

    Cl. acinos (L.) Kuntze
    Acinos arvensis
    Acinos thymoides
    Calamintha acinos
    Satureja acinos
Basil thyme Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
(L.) Kuntze

1891. Cl. nepeta (L.) Kuntze
    Calamintha nepeta
Field balm,
Lesser calamint
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp
Note: [3]
  1. NYFA lists Clinopodium vulgare as "Not Native." Other sources list it as circumboreal, native as far south as North Carolina.
  2. NYFA lists Clinopodium glabrum as Calamintha arkansana (Nutt.) Shinners. USDA-NRCS PLANTS uses Clinopodium arkansanum (Nutt.) House. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both use Clinopodium glabrum (Nutt.) Kuntze.
  3. NYFA and USDA-NRCS PLANTS list Clinopodium nepeta as Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi. ITIS and ARS-GRIN both list it as Clinopodium nepeta (Nutt.) Kuntze.
Genus SaturejaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Satureja
Satureja Savory N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L. (1753)

Summer savory,
Savourée,
Sarriette des jardins
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

Winter savory Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Genus OriganumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Origanum
Origanum Origanum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Origanum vulgare L.
1867. Thymus origanum (L.) Kuntze
1934. Micromeria formosana C.Marquand
Wild marjoram,
Marjoram,
Oregano,
Organy
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus ThymusEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Mentheae — Menthinae — Thymus
Thymus Thyme N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

Lemon thyme Introduced NYFA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

Garden thyme Introduced NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Tribe OcimeaeEdit

Genus LavandulaEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Lavandula
Lavandula Lavender N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

English lavender Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Genus OcimumEdit
Lamiales — Lamiaceae — Nepetoideae — Ocimeae — Ocimum
Ocimum Basil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Sweet basil Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

ReferencesEdit