Flora of New York/Cornales


Caryophyllales 3
Flora of New York — Cornales
Ericales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index
Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Cornales Hydrangeaceae Hydrangeoideae Philadelpheae Deutzia (pride of Rochester)
Philadelphus (mock orange)
2 5
Hydrangeae Hydrangea (hydrangea)
Decumaria (climbing hydrangea, woodvamp)
2 4
Cornaceae Cornoideae Cornus (dogwood) 1 12
Nyssoideae Nyssa (tupelo) 1 1

Family HydrangeaceaeEdit

The Hydrangeaceae (hydrangea family) has about nine species in four genera growing outside of cultivation. Many of these are native to the southeastern United States, but have been introduced in northern states and Canada.

Subfamily HydrangeoideaeEdit

Tribe PhiladelpheaeEdit

PhiladelphusEdit
Hydrangeaceae — Hydrangeoideae — Philadelpheae — Philadelphus
Philadelphus Mock orange N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Philadelphus inodorus L.
1794. Syringa inodora Moench
1809. Philadelphus grandiflorus Willd.
1856. P. inodorus var. grandiflorus Willd.
1902. Philadelphus floridus Beadle
1902. Philadelphus gloriosus Beadle
Scentless mock orange
Seringa inodore
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Beadle

1753. Philadelphus inodorus L.
[1]
1902. Philadelphus floridus Beadle
Florida mock orange,
Beadle's mockorange,
Few-flower mock orange
Philadelphe de Beadle,
Seringat de Beadle,
Seringa très fleuri
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp
 Loisel.
var. pubescens

1820. Philadelphus pubescens Loisel.
1828. Philadelphus latifolius Schrad. ex DC.
Hoary mock-orange,
Hairy mock-orange,
Broadleaf mock-orange
Seringa à grandes feuilles
Introduced,
US South native

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Philadelphus coronarius L.
Sweet mock-orange,
Sweet mock orange
Seringat des jardins,
Seringa commun
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. NatureServe Explorer indicates that Philadelphus floridus "may prove to be only a form of P. inodorus (Weakley 1996)", although it was "accepted by Kartesz (1999) as a Georgia endemic."
DeutziaEdit
Hydrangeaceae — Hydrangeoideae — Philadelpheae — Deutzia
Deutzia Pride-of-Rochester N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Thunb.

1784. Deutzia scabra Thunb.
1835. Deutzia crenata Siebold & Zucc.
1867. Deutzia sieboldiana Maxim.
1905. D. sieboldiana var. dippeliana
C.K.Schneid.
    D. scabra var. candidissima Rehder
Fuzzy deutzia,
Fuzzy pride-of-Rochester
Introduced from
 Japan,
IO

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe HydrangeaeEdit

HydrangeaEdit
Hydrangeaceae — Hydrangeoideae — Hydrangeae — Hydrangea
Hydrangea Hydrangea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Hydrangea arborescens L.
1768. Viburnum americanum Mill.
1785. Viburnum alnifolium Marshall
1840. Hydrangea arborescens
var. oblonga Torr. & A.Gray
1840. Hydrangea arborescens
var. sterilis Torr. & A.Gray
Wild hydrangea,
American hydrangea,
Smooth hydrangea
Native,
Threatened

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-2
USDA-NX
NPT 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Panicle hydrangea,
Panicled hydrangea
Hortensia paniculé
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
D. Don

Himalayan hydrangea Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X






Images, wsp
Hydrangea (excluded taxa) Hydrangea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Small

1830. H. arborescens var. discolor
1898. H. cinerea Small
1921. H. arborescens var. deamii
1956. H. arborescens ssp. discolor
Ashy hydrangea N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 W.Bartram

1791. Hydrangea quercifolia W.Bartram
1791. Hydrangea radiata Sm. non Walter
Oakleaf hydrangea Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-0
USDA-N



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
DecumariaEdit
Hydrangeaceae — Hydrangeoideae — Hydrangeae — Decumaria
Decumaria Woodvamp N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1763. Decumaria barbara L.
Climbing hydrangea,
Woodvamp,
Wood-vamp
Introduced from
 southeast Virginia south,
US South native

OBL

Perennial,
Woody vine
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family CornaceaeEdit

The Cornaceae (dogwood family) has about a dozen, mostly native taxa represented outside of cultivation in New York.

Subfamily NyssoideaeEdit

NyssaEdit

The genus Nyssa, here included in the subfamily Nyssoideae has also been included in its own, Nyssaceae family, within Cornales.
Cornaceae — Nyssoideae — Nyssa
Nyssa Tupelo N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Marshall

1785. Nyssa sylvatica Marshall
1787. Nyssa multiflora Wangenh.
1798. Nyssa caroliniana Poir.
1935. N. sylvatica var. caroliniana Fernald
1935. N. sylvatica var. dilatata Fernald
1935. N. sylvatica var. typica Fernald
Blackgum,
Black-gum,
Black gum,
Black tupelo,
Sourgum,
Sour-gum,
Pepperidge
Nyssa sylvestre,
Gommier noir,
Gommier jaune
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily CornoideaeEdit

CornusEdit

The genus Cornus (the dogwoods) are here organized by the subgenera used by VASCAN[1] for this genus. The subgenera are further placed into two groups based on the general fruit color, which has been shown to fairly reflect the phylogenic relationship within this genus.[2]
Cornus with blue or white fruitEdit
The dogwood taxa in the clade with blue or white fruit are sometimes placed in the genus Swida Opiz (1838).[1]
Cornaceae — Cornoideae — Cornus
Cornussubg. Kraniopsis Blue-fruit dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lam.

1786. Cornus racemosa Lam.
1789. C. paniculata L’Hér.
1964. C. foemina ssp. racemosa
1943. Swida racemosa Moldenke
1959. Thelycrania racemosa Tsitsin
Gray dogwood,
Panicled dogwood,
Red-panicled dogwood,
Northern swamp dogwood
Cornouiller à grappes
Native, C:2,
Secure,
NYNHP: 1[1]

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can




FED 
Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. sericea

1771. Cornus sericea L.
1803. C. stolonifera Michx.
1890. C. baileyi J.M.Coult.& W.H.Evans
1903. C. alba var. coloradensis
1904. Swida stolonifera (Michx.) Rydb.
1909. C. stolonifera var. coloradensis
1910. C. alba ssp. stolonifera
1933. C. stolonifera var. baileyi
1967. C. alba var. baileyi
1967. C. alba var. interior
1987. Swida sericea Holub
2000. Swida alba ssp. stolonifera
Red-osier dogwood,
Red-rood dogwood,
Red-stem dogwood,
Red-twig dogwood,
American dogwood
Cornouiller stolonifère,
Cornouiller hart-rouge,
Hart-rouge
Native, C:6,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.


FED 
Images, wsp
 Mill.
ssp. amomum

1768. Cornus amomum Mill.
1903. Swida amomum Small
1950. Thelycrania amomum Pojark.
Silky dogwood,
Silky cornel,
Red-willow
Native, C:6,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NPT 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Mill.
ssp. obliqua (Raf.) J.S.Wilson

1819. Cornus obliqua Raf.
1845. C. sericea var. schuetzeana
1899. C. purpusii Koehne
1934. C. amomum var. schuetzeana
1944. Swida obliqua Moldenke
1965. C. amomum ssp. obliqua
Narrow-leaved dogwood,
Narrowleaf silky dogwood,
Silky dogwood,
Swamp dogwood,
Pale dogwood
Cornouiller oblique
Native, C:6,
Threatened
  NYFA-2?
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Lam.

1786. Cornus rugosa Lam.
1789. Cornus circinata L'Hér.
1913. Swida circinata Small
1932. Swida rugosa Rydb.
1950. Thelycrania rugosa Pojark.
Roundleaf dogwood,
Round-leaf dogwood,
Round-leaved dogwood
Cornouiller rugueux
Native, C:7,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 C.A.Mey.

1845. Cornus drummondii C.A.Mey.
1901. Cornus priceae Small
1903. Swida priceae Small
1950. Thelycrania priceae Pojark.
1960. Swida drummondii Soják
Rough-leaved dogwood,
Northern roughleaf dogwood,
Drummond's dogwood
Cornouiller de Drummond
Native, C:10,
Endangered

FAC

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Can





Images, wsp
 Rehder

Cornus rugosa ×
Cornus sericea

Slavin's dogwood Native,
No recent reports

Perennial,
Tree-shrub
  NYFA-H
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Cornussubg. Mesomera Alternate-leaf dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.f.

1782. Cornus alternifolia L.f.
1903. Swida alternifolia Small
1950. Bothrocaryum alternifolium
Pojark.
Alternate-leaf dogwood,
Pagoda dogwood,
Green osier
Cornouiller à feuilles alternes
Native, C:7,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.


FED 
Images, wsp
Cornus with red fruitEdit
 
Cornus canadensis
Bunchberries are sometimes placed in genus Chamaepericlymenum, while flowering dogwood may be placed in genus Benthamidia.



Cornaceae — Cornoideae — Cornus
Cornussubg. Arctocrania Dwarf dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Cornus canadensis L.
1784. Cornus herbacea var. canadensis
1899. Chamaepericlymenum canadense
Asch. & Graebn.[1]
1906. Cornella canadensis Rydb.
1909. Arctocrania canadensis Nakai
Bunchberry,
Pudding berry,
Crackerberry,
Dwarf cornel,
Canada dwarf-dogwood
Cornouiller quatre-temps,
Cornouiller du Canada
Native,
Likely secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Cornussubg. Cynoxylon Big-bract dogwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Cornus florida L.
1838. Cynoxylon floridum Raf.
1839. Benthamidia florida Spach [2]
1909. Benthamia florida Nakai
Flowering dogwood,
White dogwood,
Eastern flowering dogwood,
Big-bracted-dogwood
Cornouiller fleuri,
Cornouiller à fleurs,
Cornouiller de Floride
Native,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree,
Sun-shade
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Hance

1873. Cornus kousa Hance
1830. Cornus japonica DC. nom. illeg.
1836. Benthamia japonica Siebold & Zucc.
1942. Dendrobenthamia japonica Hutch.
1948. Benthamidia japonica H.Hara [3]
Kousa dogwood,
Kousa big-bract-dogwood,
Japanese dogwood
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-X-
NPT 





Images, wsp
Cornussubg. Cornus Cornelian cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Cornus mas L.
1909. Macrocarpium mas (L.) Nakai
Cornelian cherry
Cornouiller mâle
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-X-






Images, wsp
  1. Flora Novae Angliae treats Cornus canadensis as Chamaepericlymenum canadense (L.) Asch. & Graebn.
  2. Flora Novae Angliae treats Cornus florida as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach.
  3. Flora Novae Angliae treats Cornus kousa as Benthamidia japonica (Siebold & Zucc.) H.Hara.

Caryophyllales 3
Flora of New York — Cornales
Ericales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index