Flora of New York/Caryophyllales 3


Caryophyllales 2:
Caryophyllaceae
Flora of New York — Caryophyllales 3:
Amaranthaceae, Aizoaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Molluginaceae, Montiaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae

Cornales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family AmaranthaceaeEdit

The Amaranthaceae (amaranthus family)

Subfamily AmaranthoideaeEdit

The Amaranthoideae

AmaranthusEdit

Amaranthus subg. AcnidaEdit

Subgenus Acnida contains the dioecious Amaranthus species.

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Amaranthus subg. Acnida
Amaranthussubg. Acnida Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Sauer

1753. Acnida cannabina L.
    
1955. Amaranthus cannabinus
(L.) Sauer
Waterhemp pigweed,
Tidal marsh amaranth
Native, C:4,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
(Moq.) J.D.Sauer

1849. Acnida tuberculata Moq.
1955. Amaranthus tuberculatus
(Moq.) J.D.Sauer
1972. Amaranthus rudis J.D.Sauer
Rough-fruited water-hemp,
Tall water-hemp,
Rough-fruited amaranth
Native, C:1,
Likely secure

OBL-FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Amaranthus subg. AmaranthusEdit
[1]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Amaranthus subg. Amaranthus
Amaranthussubg. Amaranthus Amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L. (1753)

Common amaranth,
Redroot amaranth,
Redroot pigweed,
Rough pigweed,
Wild-beet amaranth
Native,
Secure,
NE-3[1]
  NYFA-5
USDA-NX
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Spleen amaranth,
Green pigweed,
Smooth pigweed,
Smooth amaranth,
Hybrid amaranth,
Slim amaranth
Native,
Questionable,
NE-3[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp

Powell’s amaranth,
Green amaranth,
Powell’s smooth amaranth
Introduced from
 southwest,
 South America,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

Love-lies-bleeding,
Purple amaranth,
Foxtail amaranth
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    Amaranthus cruentus L.
    A. hybridus cruentus
    A. paniculatus
Blood amaranth,
Purple amaranth,
Caterpillar amaranth
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
L. (1753)

Prince-of-Wales feather,
Prince’s feather,
Prince’s-feather amaranth
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Amaranthus spinosus L.
    
    
Spiny amaranth,
Thorny amaranth,
Carelessweed
Introduced from
 neotropics,
Naturalized
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-

ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
  1. a b Category 3 Plants - widespread non-native species - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Amaranthus subg. AlbersiaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Amaranthus subg. Albersia
Amaranthussubg. Albersia Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Raf.

Seabeach amaranth,
Coast amaranth
Native, C:10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 1[1]
  NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NPT 
ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Note: FWS
 L.

1759. Amaranthus albus L.
1894. A. graecizans var. pubescens
Uline & W.L.Bray
1912. Amaranthus pubescens Rydb.
1945. A. albus var. pubescens Fernald
 auctAmaranthus graecizans non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Tumble pigweed,
Tumbleweed,
White amaranth
Introduced from
 tropical America
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NPT 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus blitoides S.Watson
 auctAmaranthus graecizans non L.
Prostrate pigweed,
Prostrate amaranth,
Matweed,
Matweed amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 S.Watson

1877. Amaranthus palmeri S.Watson
Carelessweed,
Palmer’s amaranth
Introduced from
 NA Southwest
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Amaranthus blitum L.
Purple amaranth,
Livid amaranth
Amarante livide
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
(Lesp. & Thev.) N. Terracc.

Crispleaf amaranth,
Crisp-leaved amaranth
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Low amaranth,
Large-fruited amaranth
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Slender amaranth,
Tropical green amaranth,
Green amaranth
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

CelosiaEdit


Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Celosia
Celosia Cockscomb N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

    Celosia argentea L.
Silver cockscomb

Introduced,
Not naturalized

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
NEW-0





Images, wsp
L.

    Celosia cristata L.
Fasciated cockscomb

Introduced,
Not naturalized
NYFA-Xm
NPT 





Images, wsp

Subfamily AchyranthoideaeEdit

The Achyranthoideae

AchyranthesEdit

The Japanese chaff flower, Achyranthes japonica, has been found to be quite invasive where it has naturalized in Kentucky and surrounding states.[1] Although it has not been found to have naturalized in or near New York, Japanese chaff flower has been placed on the DEC's list of prohibited plants.[2]

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Amaranthoideae — Achyranthes
AchyranthesL. Chaff flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Miq.) Nakai

1865. A. bidentata var. japonica Miq.
1920. Achyranthes japonica (Miq.) Nakai
Japanese chaff flower Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 71%[3],
Prohibited[2]
 
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily GomphrenoideaeEdit

The Gomphrenoideae ...

AlternantheraEdit

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Gomphrenoideae — Alternanthera
Alternanthera Joyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Kunth

1753. Achyranthes repens L.
1817. Alternanthera pungens Kunth
1821. Alternanthera repens (L.) Link
non J.F.Gmel.
1915. Achyranthes leiantha (Seub.) Standl.
Khakiweed,
Khaki joyweed
Introduced,
Imperistent,
No specimens
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NPT 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

FroelichiaEdit

Froelichia gracilis (slender snakecotton) is commonly found growing in the disturbed sandy soils around railroads.

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Gomphrenoideae — Froelichia
Froelichia Snakecotton N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Hook.) Moq.

1840. Oplotheca gracilis Hook.
1849. Oplotheca texana A.Braun
1849. Froelichia gracilis (Hook.) Moq.
1903. F. texana A.Braun ex Small illeg.
1917. F. braunii Standl.
Slender cottonweed,
Slender cotton-weed,
Slender snakecotton,
Slender snake-cotton
Introduced from
 sw North America,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 53%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NPT 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

GomphrenaEdit

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Gomphrenoideae — Gomphrena
Gomphrena Globe-amaranth N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Gomphrena globosa L.
    
    
Globe-amaranth,
Common globe amaranth,
Bachelor's-button
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Cultivated
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Gill. ex Moq.

1849. Gomphrena martiana Gill. ex Moq.
    
    
Globe amaranth Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily PolycnemoideaeEdit

The Polycnemoideae ... NYFA includes Polycnemum in the Chenopodiaceae.

PolycnemumEdit

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Polycnemoideae — Polycnemum
Polycnemum Needleleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
A.Braun ex Bogenh.

1841. Polycnemum majus A.Braun
    Polycnemum arvense
var. simplex Wallr.
    Polycnemum arvense
ssp. majus Briq.
Giant needleleaf,
Giant needle-leaf
Grand polycnème
Introduced from
 Europe,
 Turkey,
Impersistent

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp

Subfamily SalicornioideaeEdit

The Salicornioideae ...

Tribe SalicornieaeEdit

SalicorniaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Salicornioideae — Salicornia
Salicornia Glasswort,
Pickleweed
N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Standl.

1753. Salicornia virginica L. p.p.
1907. Salicornia europaea
var. pachystachya (W.D.J.Koch) Fernald
1916. Salicornia depressa Standl.
1947. Salicornia europaea
var. simplex (Pursh) Fernald
auct.. Salicornia europaeanon L.
Glasswort,
Virginia glasswort,
American glasswort,
Low glasswort,
Saltwort
Salicorne de Virginie
Native,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Subshrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Michx.

    Salicornia ambigua
    Salicornia perennis
Mill. misapplied
    Salicornia virginica
L. misapplied
    Sarcocornia pacifica
(Standl.) A.J. Scott misapplied
Perennial glasswort

Native, C:8,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-N4






Images, wsp
 Torr.

1858. Salicornia bigelovi Torr.
 auct. Salicornia mucronata non Lag.
Dwarf saltwort,
Dwarf glasswort
Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2-3
USDA-






Images, wsp
SarcocorniaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Salicornioideae — Sarcocornia
Sarcocornia Swampfire N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Samphire,
Chicken claws,
Glasswort,
Saltwort
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4






Images, wsp

Subfamily CamphorosmoideaeEdit

The Camphorosmoideae

Tribe SuaedeaeEdit

SuaedaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Camphorosmoideae — Suaedeae — Suaeda
SuaedaForssk. ex J.F. Gmel. 1776 Seepweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Hook.) Moq.

1838. Chenopodium calceoliforme
Hook.
1840. Suaeda calceoliformis Moq.
1874. Suaeda depressa var. erecta
1907. Suaeda americana
(Pers.) Fernald
1909. Suaeda erecta A.Nelson
1912. Dondia calceoliformis Rydb.
Horned sea-blite,
Pursh seepweed,
Pursh’s seepweed,
American sea-blite,
Broom seepweed
Suéda couché
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Elliott) Moq.

1817. Salsola linearis Elliott
1840. Suaeda linearis Moq.
1849. Chenopodina linearis Moq.
1898. Dondia linearis A.Heller
Annual seepweed,
Narrow-leaf sea-blite,
Southern sea-blite
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-X0
NPT 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Bassett & Crompton

1978. Suaeda rolandii
Bassett & Crompton
Roland's sea-blite
Suéda de Roland
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Chenopodium maritimum L.
1827. Suaeda maritima Dumort.
Herbaceous seepweed,
White sea-blite
Suéda maritime
Introduced from
 North Atlantic coast,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-MN
NPT Can

FNA 



Images, wsp

Tribe CamphorosmeaeEdit

BassiaEdit
The genus Bassia here includes Kochia scoparia. The Kochia genus was merged into Bassia by A. J. Scott in 1978. Although that merger was not widely accepted as a whole, Kochia scoparia subsp. scoparia has been shown to be embedded within a clade with Bassia hyssopifolia, making the Bassia scoparia name more appropriate for that particular taxon. The same study showed Bassia hirsuta to be in a separate clade, and the new monotypic genus Spirobassia was coined to contain that species.[1]
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Camphorosmoideae — Camphorosmeae
BassiaAll. Smotherweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Schrad.

1753. Chenopodium scoparium L.
1809. Kochia scoparia Schrad.
1809. Kochia scoparia ssp. scoparia
1908. Kochia alata Bates
1978. Bassia scoparia A.J.Scott
Summer-cypress,
Burningbush,
Common kochia,
Mexican fireweed,
Red belvedere
Kochia à balais
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Pall.) Kuntze

1771. Salsola hyssopifolia Pall.
1802. Kochia hyssopifolia Roth
1804. Suaeda hyssopifolia Pall.
1840. Echinopsilon hyssopifolium Moq.
1891. Bassia hyssopifolia Kuntze
Fivehorn smotherweed,
Five-horned smother-weed,
Five-hooked bassia
Bassia à feuilles d'hysope
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
SpirobassiaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Camphorosmoideae — Camphorosmeae
SpirobassiaFreitag & G.Kadereit Contorted smotherweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Freitag & G.Kadereit

1753. Chenopodium hirsutum L.
1834. Echinopsilon hirsutum Moq.
1867. Bassia hirsuta Asch.
2011. Spirobassia hirsuta Freitag & al.
Hairy smother-weed Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NPT 

FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily SalsoloideaeEdit

The Salsoloideae ...

Tribe SalsoleaeEdit

In 2007, Hossein Akhani et al. transferred a number of Old World Salsola species to the resurected genus Kali Mill. (1754).[1] As of 2014, the North American sources used here had not chosen to abide by this transferal (though Wikipedia, Wikispecies, and Wikimedia Commons had made the change several years earlier).
SalsolaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Salsoloideae — Salsoleae
SalsolaL. 1753 Russian thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. kali

1753. Salsola kali L.
1827. Salsola turgida Dumort
2011. Kali turgida (Dumort) Guterm.
[1]
Russian thistle,
Common saltwort,
Salt-bush
Introduced from
 Europe
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. pontica (Pall.) Mosyakin

1803. Salsola kali var. pontica Pall.
1936. Salsola pontica Iliin
1996. Salsola kali ssp. pontica Mosyakin
1999. Salsola tragus ssp. pontica Rilke
2010. Kali pontica (Pall.) Sukhor.
[2]
Russian thistle,
Prickly Russian thistle
Introduced,
No sepecimens
NYFA-X0
USDA-X0
NPT 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Pall.

1803. Salsola collina Pall.
1913. Salsola chinensis Gand.
1974. Salsola kali ssp. collina
Bolòs & Vigo in Butl.
2007. Kali collina Akhani & E.H.Roalson
[3]
Slender Russian thistle,
Tumbleweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L..

1756. Salsola tragus L.
1771. Kali tragus (L.) Scop.
1881. Salsola kali ssp. tragus Nyman
1908. Salsola kali ssp. iberica
Sennen & Pau
Russian thistle,
Tumbleweed,
Prickly Russian thistle
Soude roulante,
Chardon de Russie,
Soude de Ruthénie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily CorispermoideaeEdit

The Corispermoideae ...

CorispermumEdit

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Corispermoideae — Corispermum
Corispermum Bugseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Nutt.
var. americanum

1753. C. hyssopifoliumauct. non L.
1786. C. orientaleauct. non Lam.
1818. C. hyssopifolium var. americanum
1834. C. americanum Nutt.
1903. C. marginale Rydb
1910. C. simplicissimum Lunell
American bugseed
Corisperme à feuilles d'hysope
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Steven

1753. C. hyssopifoliumauct. non L.
1817. C. pallasii Steven
1898. C. hyssopifolium var. leptopterum
1929. C. leptopterum (Asch.) Iljin
1929. C. sibiricum Iljin
Pallas bugseed,
Siberian bugseed
Corisperme à fruit ailé
Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Kit. ex Schult.

1814. Corispermum nitidum Kit.
Shiny bugseed,
Slender bugseed
Introduced from
 Europe
NYFA-Xm
USDA-Excluded

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily ChenopodioideaeEdit

The tribal organization used here for the Chenopodioideae is from Kadereit et. al. (2010).[1]

Tribe AxyrideaeEdit

AxyrisEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Axyrideae — Axyris
Axyris Russian-pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Axyris amaranthoides L.
Russian-pigweed,
Upright axyris
Ansérine de Russie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Gudrun Kadereit, Evgeny V. Mavrodiev, Elizabeth H. Zacharias, Alexander P. Sukhorukov (2010). Molecular phylogeny of Atripliceae (Chenopodioideae, Chenopodiaceae): Implications for systematics, biogeography, flower and fruit evolution, and the origin of C4 photosynthesis. American Journal of Botany 97(10): 1664–1687.

Tribe DysphanieaeEdit

DysphaniaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Dysphanieae — Dysphania
Dysphania Glandular-goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

1753. Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
1985. Teloxys ambrosioides W.A.Weber
2002. Dysphania ambrosioides
Mosyakin & Clemants
Mexican-tea,
Worm-seed
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
(L.) Mosyakin & Clemants

1753. Chenopodium anthelminticum L.
1867. C. ambrosioides var. anthelminticum
A.Gray
2002. Dysphania anthelmintica
Wormseed Introduced   NYFA-X
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Jerusalem-oak,
Jerusalem oak goosefoot,
Feather-geranium
Introduced   NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Fetid goosefoot,
Fetid glandular-goosefoot
Introduced from
 Southwest

NPT 





Images, wsp

Cut-leaved goosefoot Introduced






Images, wsp

Clammy goosefoot,
Ridged goosefoot,
Small crumbweed
Introduced






Images, wsp
TeloxysEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Dysphanieae — Teloxys
Teloxys Wormseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moq.

1753. Chenopodium aristatum L.
1834. Teloxys aristata Moq.
2002. Dysphania aristata
Pigweed,
Wormseed
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
CyclolomaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Dysphanieae — Cycloloma
Cycloloma Pigweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Spreng.) J.M.Coult.

1801. Salsola atriplicifolia Spreng.
1894. Cycloloma atriplicifolium J.M.Coult.
Winged pigweed,
Tumbling-ringwing
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Tribe AnserineaeEdit

Anserineae Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 20. 1827. = Spinacieae Moq., Chenop. Monogr. Enum.: 5, 48. 1840.[1]

BlitumEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Anserineae — Blitum
BlitumL. 1753 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Schult.

1822. Blitum nuttallianum Schult.
1891. Monolepis nuttalliana Greene
Poverty-weed,
Nuttall's poverty-weed
Ansérine hastée
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. capitatum

1753. Blitum capitatum L.
1753. Blitum capitatum ssp. capitatum
[2]
1857. Chenopodium capitatum Ambrosi p.p.
1857. Chenopodium capitatum var. capitatum
Strawberry goosefoot,
Strawberry-blight,
Indian-paint, Indian ink,
Blite goosefoot,
Strawberry-spinach
Chénopode capité
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X4
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 (L.) C.A.Mey.

1753. Chenopodium bonus-henricus L.
1766. Atriplex bonus-henricus Crantz
1827. Anserina bonus-henricus Dumort.
1829. Blitum bonus-henricus C.A.Mey.
1834. Agathophytum bonus-henricus Moq.
Good King Henry,
Allgood, Fat-hen,
Perennial goosefoot,
Wild spinach
Chénopode Bon-Henri,
Ansérine bon-henri,
Bon-Henri
Introduced from
 Europe
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Blitum virgatum L.
1794. Morocarpus foliosus Moench
1815. Chenopodium virgatum Thunb.
1864. Chenopodium foliosum Asch.
Leafy goosefoot Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
SpinaciaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Anserineae — Spinacia
SpinaciaL. 1753 Spinach N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Spinacia oleracea L.
1753. Spinacea oleracea L.
orth. var.
Spinach
Épinard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe ChenopodieaeEdit

Fuentes-Bazan et al. (2012) moved a number of species out of Chenopodium to make it monophyletic, calling one of the new segregate genera Chenopodiastrum. The genera that were phylogenically between the Chenopodium and Chenopodiastrum clades were already in the tribe Atripliceae, so they placed Chenopodium and the new Chenopodiastrum in Atripliceae, even though the original Atripliceae would then be surrounded by and outnumbered by the former members of the Chenopodieae. But ARS-GRIN, though recognizing the new Chenopodiastrum, places all of these genera in Chenopodieae and calls Atripliceae a synonym.[1] That's the convention used here for this tribe.
  1. Family: Chenopodiaceae Vent., nom. cons. - subfam. Chenopodioideae - tribe Chenopodieae USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
LipandraEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Lipandra
Lipandra Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. polysperma

1753. Chenopodium polyspermum L.
2012. Lipandra polysperma S.Fuentes et al.
Manyseed goosefoot,
Many-seeded goosefoot
Chénopode polysperme,
Chénopode à
  nombreuses graines
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. acutifolia Mosyakin

1805. Chenopodium acutifolium Sm.
1828. C. polyspermum var. acutifolium Gaudin
2013. L. polysperma var. acutifolia Mosyakin
Many-seeded goosefoot,
Acute-leaved goosefoot
Chénopode à feuilles aiguës
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 

IPN 

Images, wsp
OxybasisEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Oxybasis
Oxybasis Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
var. rubra

1753. Chenopodium rubrum var. rubrum
2012. Oxybasis rubra var. rubra
[1]
Red pigweed,
Red goosefoot,
Coast-blite goosefoot
Chénopode rouge,
Ansérine rouge
Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NPT Can





Images, wsp
 (L.) S.Fuentes et al.
ssp. glauca

1753. Chenopodium glaucum var. glaucum
2012. Oxybasis glauca var. glauca
[1]
Oak-leaved goosefoot Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
(L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1753. Chenopodium urbicum L.
2012. Oxybasis urbica
(L.) S. Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
Urban goosefoot
City goosefoot

Introduced from
 Eurasia,
N. America native
  NYFA-Xu
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1771. Blitum chenopodioides L.
1933. Chenopodium chenopodioides
Aellen
2012. Oxybasis chenopodioides
S.Fuentes et al.
Low goosefoot,
Saltmarsh goosefoot
Chénopode à feuilles
 grasses
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
 western N. America
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
Oxybasis (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) S.Fuentes et al.
var. humilis (Hook.) Mosyakin

1838. Chenopodium humile Hook.
1880. C. rubrum var. humile S.Watson
1971. C. rubrum ssp. humile Hultén
2013. O. rubra var. humilis Mosyakin
Coast-blite goosefoot,
Marshland goosefoot
Introduced from
 western N. America,
Canada native
  NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
ChenopodiastrumEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodiastrum
ChenopodiastrumS.Fuentes et al. 2012 Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Torr.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1827. Chenopodium hybridum var. simplex Torr.
1832. Chenopodium simplex Raf.
1929. Chenopodium gigantospermum Aellen
2012. Chenopodiastrum simplex S.Fuentes &al.
Giant-seeded goosefoot,
Maple-leaved goosefoot
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
(L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

1753. Chenopodium murale L.
2012. Chenopodiastrum murale S.Fuentes &al.
Nettle-leaved goosefoot,
Australian-spinach
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
 
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
AtriplexEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Atripliceae — Atriplex
AtriplexL. 1753 Saltbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Humb. & Bonpl.
ex Willd.

1806. A. cristata Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
    A. arenaria Nutt.
    A. littoralis (Jacq.) Fawc. & Rendle
    A. pentandra (Jacq.) Standl.
Crested saltbush Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3?
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
Raf.
non (Nutt.) J.F.Macbr. (1918) nom. illeg.

1817. Atriplex dioica Raf.
1818. Chenopodium subspicatum Nutt.
1874. A. patula var. subspicata S.Watson
1906. Atriplex subspicata Rydb.
Saline saltbush,
Thickleaf orach,
Thick-leaved orach
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 Edmondston

1845. Atriplex glabriuscula Edmondston
1923. Atriplex patula ssp. glabriuscula
H.M. Hall & Clem.
Northeastern saltbush,
Glabrous orach,
Seaside orach,
Scotland Orache,
Bracted orache
Arroche glabriuscule
Native,
Endangered,
Note:[1]
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Creeping saltbush,
Fat-hen,
Thin-leaved orach,
Hastate-leaved orache,
Triangle orache
N. America native   NYFA-Un
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Atriplex patula L.
1753. Atriplex litoralis L.
1804. Atriplex angustifolia Sm.
1872. Teutliopsis patula Čelak.
1902. A. hastata ssp. patula E.Pons
1904. A. hastata var. patula Farw.
1923. A. patula ssp. typica H.M.Hall & Clem.
Halberd-leaved saltbush,
Spear orach,
Spearscale
Arroche étalée,
Arroche des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-5
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Atriplex hortensis L.
1753. Atriplex hortensis var. rubra L.
1803. Atriplex nitens Schkuhr
Garden orache,
Garden saltbush,
French spinach,
Mountain-spinach
Arroche des jardins,
Arroche rouge des jardins,
Bonne-dame
Introduced from
 southern Europe?
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Frosted orache,
Belgian orach
Introduced  






Images, wsp

Tumbling orach,
Tumbling saltweed
Introduced  






Images, wsp

Tartarian saltbush Introduced  






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
    
Grassleaf orache Introduced,
No specimens
  NYFA-D
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. NYFA is not certain of which of the three varieies of Atriplex glabriuscula is/are found in New York. This may place the status in question.
ChenopodiumEdit
The native and naturalized Chenopodium (gooosefoot) species found in New York are all members of subgenus Chenopodium, section Chenopodium, as described in Flora of North America North of Mexico.[1]
Chenopodium subsect. FavosaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Chenopodiumsubsect. Favosa Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Moq.
var. bushianum (Aellen) Cronquist

1929. Chenopodium bushianum Aellen
????. C. berlandieri var. acutidentatum Aellen
1991. C. berlandieri var. bushianum Cronquist
 auct. C. paganum non Reichenb.
Bush's goosefoot,
Bush's pigweed,
Pit-seeded goosefoot
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Moq.
var. boscianum Wahl

1840. Chenopodium boscianum Moq
1954. C. berlandieri var. boscianum Wahl
Pitseed goosefoot,
Pit-seeded goosefoot
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1?
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Moq.
var. macrocalycium Cronquist

C. macrocalycium Aellen
Pitseed goosefoot,
Pit-seeded goosefoot,
Large-calyx Goosefoot
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Favosa (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Standl.

1916. Chenopodium neomexicanum Standl.
1916. Chenopodium arizonicum Standl.
1916. Chenopodium palmeri Standl.
New Mexico goosefoot Introduced,
US West native
NYFA-X
USDA-N

ARS ITIS
FNA 
NSE 


Images, wsp
Chenopodium subsect. StandleyanaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Chenopodiumsubsect. Standleyana Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aellen

Standley's goosefoot Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-1-3
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Chenopodium subsect. ChenopodiumEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Chenopodiumsubsect. Chenopodium Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Chenopodium album L.
1820. C. browneanum Roem. & Schult.
1825. C. giganteum D. Don
Lambs-quarters,
White goosefoot,
Pigweed
Ansérine blanche
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-MM
NPT 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Schrad. ex W.D.J.Koch & Ziz

1775. Chenopodium triangulare Forssk.
1814. Chenopodium opulifolium Schrad.
1962. C. album ssp. opulifolium Maire
Seaport goosefoot,
Grey goosefoot
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Roth

    
Striped goosefoot N. America native,
Unk. NY nativity
  NYFA-N?
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Chenopodium vulvaria L.
Stinking goosefoot,
Arrach,
Vulvaria
Introduced,
Impersistant,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX


FNA 



Images, wsp
Chenopodium subsect. LeptophyllaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Chenopodiumsubsect. Leptophylla Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Rydb.

Desert goosefoot,
Narrow-leaved goosefoot
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-Xu
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Chenopodiumsubsect. Leptophylla (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
    
Aridland goosefoot,
Narrow-leaved goosefoot
Introduced NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Chenopodium subsect. FremontiaEdit
Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Chenopodioideae — Chenopodieae — Chenopodium
Chenopodiumsubsect. Fremontia (excluded taxa) Goosefoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
    
Fremont's goosefoot N. America native
 western,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

Subfamily BetoideaeEdit

The Betoideae

Caryophyllales — Amaranthaceae — Betoideae
Beta Beet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Beta vulgaris L.
1762. Beta maritima L.
1882. Beta vulgaris ssp. maritima Arcang.
Beet,
Common beet
Betterave
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NPT 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Family AizoaceaeEdit

The Aizoaceae (the fig-marigold family or ice plant family) ...

Subfamily TetragonioideaeEdit

TetragoniaEdit

Caryophyllales — Aizoaceae — Tetragonioideae
Tetragonia Tetragonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pallas) Kuntze

New Zealand spinach Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subfamily SesuvioideaeEdit

SesuviumEdit

Caryophyllales — Aizoaceae — Sesuvioideae
Sesuvium Sea purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter)
Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

Slender sea-purslane,
Puerto Rico sea-purslane
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Family NyctaginaceaeEdit

The Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family)

Tribe NyctagineaeEdit

MirabilisEdit
Caryophyllales — Nyctaginaceae — Nyctagineae — Mirabilis
Mirabilis Four-o'clock N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Heart-leaved umbrella wort
Heartleaf four o'clock
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Walter) Heimerl

1893. Mirabilis hirsuta (Pursh) MacMill.
    Mirabilis albida (Walter) Heimerl
Pale umbrella wort
White four-o'clock
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
var. linearis

Narrow-leaved four o'clock,
Narrowleaf four o'clock
Introduced,
N. America native,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-Xu
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

Marvel-of-Peru
Marvel of Peru
Introduced   NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp

Family PhytolaccaceaeEdit

The Phytolaccaceae (pokeweed family)...[1]

PhytolaccaEdit

 
Phytolacca americana
American pokeweed

  1. Phytolaccaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
Caryophyllales — Phytolaccaceae — Phytolacca
Phytolacca Pokeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. americana

1753. Phytolacca americana L.
1762. Phytolacca decandra L.
American pokeweed,
Inkberry,
Pigeonberry,
Pokeberry,
Virginia poke
Raisin d'Amérique
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Family MolluginaceaeEdit

 
Mollugo verticillata
carpet-weed
The Molluginaceae (family) ... [1]
  1. Molluginaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

MollugoEdit

Caryophyllales — Molluginaceae
Mollugo Carpetweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)

Carpet-weed,
Green carpetweed,
Indian chickweed,
Mollugo verticillé
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NPT 

FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp

Family MontiaceaeEdit

The Montiaceae Raf. (1820) was adoped by APG III (2009) to house a number of genera sgregated from the Portulacaceae (purslane family). Montiaceae includes the spring ephemerals in the genus Claytonia.

ClaytoniaEdit

 
Claytonia caroliniana
Carolina spring-beauty
Claytonia contains the two New York spring ephemerals C. caroliniana (Carolina springbeauty) and C. virginica (eastern spring beauty). These two species can be most readily be differentiated by the shape of their leaves. C. virginica is generally found in drier and thinner soils than C. caroliniana.
Claytonia leaf shape leaf length leaf width
C. caroliniana broad oblanceolate to oval 25-75 mm 10-30 mm
C. virginica linear to narrow oblanceolate 75-180 mm 2-15 mm
Caryophyllales — Montiaceae — Claytonia
Claytonia Spring beauty N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Claytonia caroliniana Michx.
1807. Claytonia spathulifolia Salisb.
1966. C. caroliniana var. spathulifolia W.H.Lewis
1975. C. caroliniana var. lewisii McNeill
Carolina springbeauty,
Carolina spring-beauty,
Wide-leaved spring beauty
Claytonie de Caroline,
Claytonie feuille-large
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. virginica

1753. Claytonia virginica L.
1931. Claytonia robusta (Somes) Rydb.
1831. Claytonia media (DC.) Link
1992. C. virginica var. hammondiae J.J.Doyle &al.
Eastern spring beauty,
Virginia springbeauty,
Narrow-leaf spring-beauty,
Narrow-leaved spring beauty
Claytonie de Virginie,
Claytonie feuille-étroite
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Family PortulacaceaeEdit

The Portulacaceae (purslane family) now contains only the genus Portulaca.[1]
  1. Portulacaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

PortulacaEdit

 
Portulaca oleracea
common purslane
The origin of Portulaca oleracea is uncertain, but purslane seeds and the pollen of both purslane and corn were discovered in sediments at the bottom of meromitic Crawford Lake, a few miles west of Lake Ontario, indicating that both plants were present there prior to European settlement. It is thought that pre-Columbian people pulled the purslane from their corn fields and then washed it in the lake prior to cooking it.[1] Globally, P. oleracea is widely-naturalized and treated as a noxious weed in many locations.
Caryophyllales — Portulacaceae — Portulaca
Portulaca Purslane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Portulaca oleracea L.
Common purslane,
Little hogweed
Introduced,
Canada native,
Naturalized
  NYFA-
USDA-XN
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Hook.

Garden purslane,
Moss-rose,
Rose moss,
Rose-moss-of-garden
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW






Images, wsp

Family CactaceaeEdit

The Cactaceae (cactus family) has just one taxon native to New York.[1]
  1. Cactaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily OpuntioideaeEdit

Tribe OpuntieaeEdit

OpuntiaEdit
 
Opuntia humifusa
eastern prickly-pear
The eastern prickly-pear (Opuntia humifusa) is found only in the southeastern part of New York State and is limited to rocky and sandy areas.
Caryophyllales — Cactaceae — Opuntioideae — Opuntieae — Opuntiea
Opuntia Pricklypear N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Raf.) Raf. (1830)

Eastern prickly-pear Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Caryophyllales 2:
Caryophyllaceae
Flora of New York — Caryophyllales 3:
Amaranthaceae, Aizoaceae, Nyctaginaceae, Phytolaccaceae, Molluginaceae, Montiaceae, Portulacaceae, Cactaceae

Cornales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index