Flora of New York/Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae


Cichorioideae
Flora of New York — Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Astereae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Asteraceae (cont'd)Edit

Subfamily AsteroideaeEdit

Tribe SenecioneaeEdit

Subtribe TussilagininaeEdit
PetasitesEdit
 
Petasites frigidus

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Tussilagininae — Petasites
PetasitesMill. (1754) Butterbur N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Fr.
var. palmatus (Aiton) Cronquist

1789. Tussilago palmata Aiton
1876. P. palmatus (Aiton) A. Gray
1943. P. arcticus A.E.Porsild
1946. P. frigidus var. palmatus
1975. Nardosmia arctica (A.E.Porsild) Á.Löve & D.Löve
1994. P. frigidus ssp. arcticus
1994. P. frigidus ssp. palmatus
Sweet-coltsfoot,
Arctic sweet-coltsfoot,
Northern sweet-coltsfoot,
Arctic butterbur,
Palmate coltsfoot,
Palmate-leaved coltsfoot,
Western coltsfoot,
Western sweet coltsfoot
Pétasite palmé,
Pétasite des régions froides
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
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Wikispecies
 (L.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.

1753. Tussilago hybrida L.
1753. Tussilago petasites L.
1794. Petasites officinalis Moench
1802. Petasites hybridus (L.) G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.
1883. Tussilago tussilago (L.) H. Karst. (i)
1905. Thyrsanthema hybridum (L.) Greene
Butter-bur,
Purple butter-bur,
Butterbur sweet-coltsfoot,
Pestilence wort,
Pestilence wort,
Butterfly-dock,
Bog-rhubarb,
Umbrella-plant
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Unknown naturalization

FAC-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: 3 counties
iNat: 3 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
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(Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim.

1784. Tussilago petasites Thunb.
1843. Nardosmia japonica Siebold & Zucc.
1866. Petasites japonicus (Siebold & Zucc.) Maxim.
1868. Petasites japonicus (Siebold & Zucc.) F.Schmidt (i)
Giant butterbur
Japanese butter-bur
Sweet coltsfoot

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [1],
 GRIIS-US: Alien
 
NYFA: Not listed
iNat: 7 counties

GBIF
iNaturalist
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Wikispecies
ArnoglossumEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Tussilagininae — Arnoglossum
Arnoglossum Indian-plaintain N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) H.Rob.

1753. Cacalia atriplicifolia L.
1838. Mesadenia rotundifolia Raf.
1820. Cacalia paniculata Raf.
1834. Senecio atriplicifolius (L.) Hook.
1836. Mesadenia atriplicifolia (L.) Raf.
1903. Mesadenia similis Small
1914. Conophora atriplicifolia (L.) Nieuwl.
1914. Conophora similis (Small) Nieuwl.
1921. Cacalia rotundifolia (Raf.) House
1974. A. atriplicifolium (L.) H. Rob.
Pale Indian plantain Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
SH, G4-5

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun
  Cattaraugus,
Chautauqua (1875),
Chemung (1888),
Tioga (1948)
NYFA-1Z
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
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TussilagoEdit
 
Tussilago farfara

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Tussilagininae — Tussilago
Tussilago Coltsfoot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tussilago farfara L.
Coltsfoot,
Colt's foot,
Coughwort
Tussilage pas-d'âne,
Tussilage farfara
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 nothrern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 58%[1]

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Subtribe SenecioninaeEdit
Most of the Senecioninae species found in New York were originally included in the genus Senecio.
ErechtitesEdit
 
Erechtites hieraciifolius
American burnweed (Erechtites hieraciifolius) is an early colonizer of disturbed sites. It somewhat resembles wild lettuce (Lactuca spp.), which is in the Asteraceae subfamily Cichorioideae.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Senecioninae — Erechtites
Erechtites Burnweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Raf. ex DC.
var. hieraciifolius

1753. Senecio hieraciifolius L.
1820. Neoceis hieraciifolius (L.) Cass.
1837. E. hieraciifolia var. hieraciifolia not accepted - orthographic variant
1837. E. hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolius gender corrected to masculine by Pruski 1997
Common pilewort,
American burnweed,
Fireweed
Ėrechtite à feuilles d'épervière
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure,
S5, G5-T5

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (L.) Raf. ex DC.
var. megalocarpus (Fernald) Cronquist

1917. E. megalocarpus Fernald
1946. E. hieraciifolius var. megalocarpa (Fernald) Cronquist
Coastal pilewort,
American burnweed,
Fireweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
S1, G5-T1-2

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  Suffolk (1935-1990) NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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FNA
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PackeraEdit
 
Packera aurea

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Senecioninae — Packera
Packera Ragwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve

1753. Senecio aureus L.
    Senecio gracilis Pursh
1976. Packera aurea Á.& D. Löve
Golden ragwort,
Golden groundsel
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (Muhl. ex Willd.) W.A.Weber & Á.Löve

    Senecio obovatus Muhl. ex Willd.
    
    
Roundleaf ragwort,
Round-leaved ragwort
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (Nutt.) W.A.Weber & Á.Löve

    Senecio schweinitzianus Nutt.
    Senecio robbinsii Oakes ex Rusby
Schweinitz's ragwort,
New England groundsel
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

FACW
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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 (Michx.) Á. Löve & D. Löve

1803. Senecio pauperculus Michx.
1976. Packera paupercula Á.& D. Löve
Balsam ragwort,
Balsam groundsel
Native,
Threatened

FAC-FACW
  NYFA-2?
USDA-NN
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Packera aurea ×
Packera obovata

    Senecio aureus × obovatus
Ragwort,
Groundsel
Native,
No recent reports
  NYFA-Z?
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HasteolaEdit
 
Hasteola suaveolens
Hasteola suaveolens (L.) Pojark. is currently accepted by The International Plant Names Index[1] and Global Compositae Database.[2]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Senecioninae — Senecio
Hasteola Ragwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Pojark.

1753. Cacalia suaveolens L.
1823. Senecio suaveolens Elliott
1898. Synosma suaveolens Raf. ex Britton
1960. Hasteola suaveolens Pojark.[1]
False Indian-plantain,
Sweet-scented
    Indian-plantain
Native,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-N0
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  1. While the Flora of North America North of Mexico (2006) accepts Hasteola suaveolens (L.) Pojark, Pieter B. Pelser (2008) accepts Senecio suaveolens (L.) Elliott. (ITIS taxonomy 2012)
SenecioEdit
 
Senecio vulgaris

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Senecioninae — Senecio
Senecio Ragwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Senecio vulgaris L.
1838. Jacobaea vulgaris (L.) Claus non Gaertn.
1845. Erigeron senecio Sch.Bip. ex Webb & Berthel.
1902. Senecio vulgari-humilis Batt. & Trab.
Common groundsel,
Old-man-in-the-spring
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 USGS: L48 invasive
 
NYFA: ? counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
COL
GBIF
Kew POWO
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Wikispecies
 Richardson 1823
var. kingii (Rydb.) Greenm. 1915

1910. Senecio kingii Rydb.
1910. Senecio ambrosioides Rydb.
Desert ragwort,
Groundsel,
King's ragwort,
King's groundsel,
Ragwort groundsel
Introduced,
US southwest native
 
NYFA: ? counties
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-X
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies

Sticky groundsel Introduced  
NYFA: Monroe (1911)
iNat: ? counties
NYFA-X
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Wikispecies
JacobaeaEdit
 
Jacobaea vulgaris
Jacobaea was formerly treated as a subgenus of Senecio but recently (re-)segregated to better reflect the current phylogenetic understanding. Jacobaea vulgaris (tansy ragwort) rarely if ever naturalizes in in New York State but would be considered highly invasive if it is found to do so.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Senecioneae — Senecioninae — Jacobaea
JacobaeaMill. (1754) Ragwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Gaertn.

1753. Senecio jacobaea L.
1791. Jacobaea vulgaris Gaertn.
Tansy ragwort,
Stinking Willie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 60%[1],
Unknown naturalization,
WW
 
NYFA: Chautauqua (1992)
iNat: 0 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
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Wikispecies

Tribe GnaphalieaeEdit

The Gnaphalieae is a group of plants known comonly as "everlastings."
AnaphalisEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Cassiniinae — Anaphalis
Anaphalis Pearly everlasting N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Benth. & Hook.f. 1873

Pearly everlasting,
Western pearly everlasting,
Common pearly everlasting
Immortelle blanche
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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AntennariaEdit
The New York pussytoes (Antennaria) species can be separated into two groups:
  • the A. neglecta/howellii group with mostly a single vein in each basal leaf and
  • the A. plantaginifolia/parlinii group with 3 to 5 (or as many as 7) veins per basal leaf.[1]

Antennaria neglecta/howellii groupEdit
 
Antennaria neglecta
field pussytoes
This group corresponds to Flora of North America Group 5, which has mostly a single vein in each basal leaf.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Cassiniinae — Antennaria
Antennaria(Group 5) Pussytoes N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Greene

1897. Antennaria neglecta Greene
1897. Antennaria campestris Rydb.
1906. Antennaria athabascensis Greene
1911. Antennaria wilsonii Greene
1911. Antennaria erosa Greene
1911. Antennaria longifolia Greene
1911. Antennaria nebrascensis Greene
1911. Antennaria parvula Greene
1911. Antennaria lunellii Greene
1911. Antennaria chelonica Lunell
Field pussytoes,
Prairie everlasting
Antennaire négligée
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
2n=28
  NYFA-5
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 Greene
ssp. neodioica (Greene) R.J.Bayer

1899. Antennaria neodioica Greene
1933. A. neodioica var. interjecta
1989. A. howellii ssp. neodioica
1991. A. neglecta var. neodioica
Small pussytoes
Northern pussytoes
Tomentose pussytoes
Howell's pussytoes

Antennaire néodioïque
Native, CoC: 2,
Unranked

N. R.

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
2n=56,84
  NYFA-U
USDA-NN
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 Greene
ssp. petaloidea (Fernald) R.J.Bayer

1897. Antennaria pedicellata Greene
1899. A. petaloidea (Fernald) Fernald
1904. A. stenolepis Greene
1921. A. appendiculata Fernald
1982. A. neodioica ssp. petaloidea (Fernald) R.J.Bayer & Stebbins
1989. A. howellii ssp. petaloidea (Fernald) R.J.Bayer
1991. A. neglecta ssp. petaloidea (Fernald) Cronquist
Petaloid pussytoes,
Small pussytoes
Antennaire pétaloïde,
Immortelle
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

N. R.

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
2n=56,84
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 Greene
ssp. canadensis (Greene) R.J.Bayer

1898. Antennaria canadensis Greene
1898. A. canadensis var. randii Fernald
1914. A. canadensis var. spathulata Fernald
1914. A. spathulata (Fernald) Fernald
1945. A. neglecta var. randii (Fernald) Cronquist
1972. A. canadensis var. randii (Fernald) B.Boivin
1982. A. neodioica ssp. canadensis (Greene) R.J.Bayer & Stebbins
1989. A. howellii ssp. canadensis R.J.Bayer
Canada pussytoes,
Canadian pussytoes,
Small pussytoes
Antennaire du Canada
Native, CoC: 2,
Unranked

N. R.

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
2n=56,84
  NYFA-U
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Antennaria plantaginifolia/parlinii groupEdit
 
Antennaria plantaginifolia
plantain-leaved pussytoes
This group corresponds to FNA group 3 and may be identified by having mostly 3-5(-7) veins per basal leaf.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Cassiniinae — Antennaria
Antennaria(Group 3) Pussytoes N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Fernald
ssp. fallax

1898. Antennaria fallax Greene
1982. Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Greene) R.J.Bayer & Stebbin
2003. Antennaria parlinii var. fallax (Greene) B.L.Turner
Deceitful pussytoes,
Lady's tobacco,
Downy Parlin's pussytoes
Native, CoC: 3,
Unranked,
2n=56,84,70,112
  NYFA-U
USDA-NN
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 Fernald
ssp. parlinii

Parlin's pussytoes,
Lady's tobacco
Native, CoC: 3,
Unranked,
2n=56,84,70,112
  NYFA-U
USDA-NN
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 (L.) Richardson

1753. Gnaphalium plantaginifolium L.
1834. Antennaria plantaginifolia
(L.) Richardson
    
Plantain-leaved pussytoes,
Woman's tobacco,
Pincushion
Antennaire à feuilles de plantain
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - part shade,
2n=28
  NYFA-5
USDA-
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OmalothecaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Gnaphaliinae — Omalotheca
OmalothecaCass. 1828 Arctic cudweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Sch.Bip. & F.W.Schultz

1753. Gnaphalium sylvaticum L.
1861. Omalotheca sylvatica (L.) Sch.Bip. & F.W.Schultz
Woodland arctic cudweed
Gnaphale des bois
Native, CoC: 5,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
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GamochaetaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Gnaphaliinae — Gamochaeta
GamochaetaWedd Everlasting N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (L.) Cabrera

1753. Gnaphalium purpureum L.
1894. Gn. colombianum Hieron.
1923. Gn. rosaceum I.M.Johnst.
1961. Gamochaeta purpurea (L.) Cabrera
1991. Ga. rosacea (I.M.Johnst.) Anderb.
Purple cudweed,
Spoon-leaved
  purple everlasting
Native, CoC: 0,
Endangered

FACU-UPL

Annual-biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN
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PseudognaphaliumEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Gnaphaliinae — Pseudognaphalium
Pseudognaphalium Cudweed / False cudweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Greene) Kartesz

1819. Gnaphalium decurrens Ivesnon L.
1902. Gnaphalium macounii Greene
1999. Pseudognaphalium macounii (Greene) Kartesz
Clammy rabbit tobacco,
Macoun's cudweed,
Macoun's everlasting
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (L.) Hilliard & B.L. Burtt

1753. Gnaphalium obtusifolium L.
1981. P. obtusifolium (L.) Hilliard & B.L. Burtt
Fragrant rabbit tobacco,
Rabbit-tobacco,
Sweet everlasting,
Fragrant cudweed,
Eastern rabbit-tobacco
Gnaphale à feuilles obtuses
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 (Weath.) G.L. Nesom

Delicate rabbit tobacco,
Small rabbit tobacco,
Weatherby's rabbit tobacco
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

Annual,
Herb-forb
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
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 (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt

1753. Gnaphalium luteo-album L.
1829. Helichrysum luteo-album (L.) Rchb.
1981. Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum (L.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
1994. Laphangium luteoalbum (L.) Tzvelev
Jersey cudweed,
European cudweed,
Red-tip rabbit-tobacco
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: New York (1879)
iNat: No observations
NYFA-X0
USDA-X0
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GnaphaliumEdit
 
Gnaphalium uliginosum
low cudweed

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Gnaphaliinae — Gnaphalium
Gnaphalium Cudweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Filaginella uliginosa Opiz
Low cudweed,
Marsh cudweed,
Brown cudweed
Introduced from
 Europe
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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FilagoEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Gnaphaliinae — Filago
Filago Cottonrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lam.

Common cottonrose,
Herba impia,
Herb impious,
Cudweed
Introduced,
Questionable
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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LogfiaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Gnaphalieae — Gnaphaliinae — Logfia
Logfia Field cottonrose N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Sm.) Dumort.

    Filago minima (Sm.) Pers.
    Oglifa minima (Sm.) Rchb.
Little cottonrose Introduced,
Impersistent,
Ballast waif
NYFA-Xm
USDA-XX
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Tribe CalenduleaeEdit

CalendulaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Calenduleae — Calendula
Calendula Marigold N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Calendula officinalis L.
    
    
Pot marigold,
Garden-pot marigold,
Calendula
Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
FNA
Tropicos
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Wikispecies