Flora of New York/Cichorioideae


Carduoideae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae :
Cichorioideae : Cichorieae & Vernonieae

Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Asteraceae (cont'd)Edit

Subfamily CichorioideaeEdit

Tribe CichorieaeEdit

The members of the Cichorieae have white latex and most have flower heads with perfect 5-dentate, mostly-yellow, ligulate flowers.[1]
Subtribe ScorzonerinaeEdit
TragopogonEdit
 
Tragopogon pratensis

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Scorzonerinae
Tragopogon Goat's beard, Salsify N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tragopogon pratensis L.
1753. Tragopogon orientalis L.
1882. Tragopogon lamottei Rouy
[1]
Meadow salsify,
Meadow goat's-beard,
Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon
Salsifis des prés
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Tragopogon porrifolius L.
Salsify,
Purple salsify,
Purple goat's-beard,
Vegetable oyster
Salsifis cultivé,
Salsifis blanc
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
 Scop.

1772. Tragopogon dubius Scop.
1773. Tragopogon major Jacq.
1931. T. dubius ssp. campestris
1989. T. dubius var. major Voll.
Yellow salsify
Salsifis majeur
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
Farw.

Tragopogon porrifolius ×
Tragopogon pratensis

1930. Tragopogon neohybridus Farw.
Goat's-beard,
Newhybrid salsify,
Hybrid of
 Meadow salsify &
 Purple salsify
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0
IPN

Images, wsp
  1. NYFA finds T. lamottei to be a distinct species, not found in New York, while NRCS gives T. lamottei as the accepted name for T. pratensis. Other sources treat T. lamottei as a synonym of T. pratensis.
Subtribe ScolyminaeEdit
ScolymusEdit
 
Scolymus hispanicus
golden thistle

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Scolyminae — Scolymus
Scolymus Golden thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Scolymus hispanicus L.
1799. Scolymus grandiflorus Desf.
Common goldenthistle,
Spanish oyster-plant,
Spanish salsify
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
Go Botany-0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos

Images, wsp
Subtribe LactucinaeEdit
LactucaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Lactucinae — Lactuca
Lactuca Lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lactuca canadensis L.
1803. Lactuca longifolia Michx.
1824. Lactuca sagittifolia Elliott
1891. L. canadensis var. latifolia
1898. L. canadensis var. montana
1920. L. canadensis var. obovata
1923. L. canadensis var. longifolia
Tall lettuce,
Canada lettuce,
Canada wild lettuce,
Tall wild lettuce,
Arrow-leaved lettuce,
Devil's weed
Laitue du Canada
Native, C:1,
Secure

FACU

Annual, biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
 (Moench) Fernald

1794. Sonchus biennis Moench
1940. L. biennis (Moench) Fernald
    
Tall blue lettuce,
Blue wood lettuce,
Biennial lettuce
Native, C:1,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Annual, biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
 B.L.Rob.

Lactuca biennis ×
Lactuca canadensis

Morss’s lettuce,
Wild lettuce
Native,
Unranked
  NYFA-U
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Nutt.

Tall hairy lettuce,
Hairy lettuce,
Downy lettuce
Native, C:5,
Endangered

Biennial
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
FNA

Images, wsp
 (L.) Gaertn.

    
    
    
Woodland lettuce Native, C:10,
Endangered
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Willow-leaved lettuce Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Garden lettuce Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lactuca virosa L. misappl.
1756. Lactuca serriola L.
1763. Lactuca scariola L. orth.var.
1773. Lactuca augustana All.
1926. Lactuca serriola var. integrata
Prickly lettuce,
China lettuce,
Wild lettuce
Introduced from
 Europe
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
(Pursh) DC.

1813. Sonchus pulchellus Pursh
1838. Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC.
1839. Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) G. Don
1841. Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) Nutt.
isonym
1939. Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella
1957. Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella
Showy blue lettuce,
Blue lettuce
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
MycelisEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Lactucinae — Mycelis
MycelisCass. Blue sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution Refs.[1] NPT
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Prenanthes muralis L.
1791. Lactuca muralis (L.) Gaertn.
1822. Cicerbita muralis (L.) Wallr.
1827. Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort.
Wall lettuce Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
Subtribe HyoseridinaeEdit
SonchusEdit
 
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus sow-thistle flower-head width fruiting involucre length duration roots peduncles (flower/fruit stalks) phyllaries (involucral bracts)
S. arvensis ssp. arvensis field sowthistle 3.0 - 5.0 cm >13 mm
14 - 17 mm
perennial creeping, deep-seated rhizome pubescent with yellow stipitate glands pubescent with yellow stipitate glands
S. arvensis ssp. uliginosus smooth sowthistle 3.0 - 5.0 cm >13 mm
10 - 15 mm
perennial creeping, deep-seated rhizome glabrous with sessile yellow glands glabrous with sessile yellow glands or tomentose
S. asper spiny-leaved sowthistle 1.5 - 2.5 cm ≤13 mm annual or biennial taproot
S. oleraceus common sow-thistle 1.5 - 2.5 cm ≤13 mm annual or biennial taproot
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hyoseridinae
Sonchus Sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. arvensis

1753. Sonchus arvensis L.
Field sow thistle
Field sow-thistle

Laiteron des champs
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. uliginosus (M. Bieb.) Nyman

Smooth sow thistle
Moist sowthistle
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 (L.) Hill

    Sonchus nymanii Tineo & Guss.
Spiny-leaved sowthistle
Spiny sowthistle
Prickly sowthistle
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.

Common sowthistle Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.

Slender sowthistle Introduced   Richmond (1908) NYFA-X
USDA-X0
tenerrimus/ Go Botany

Images, wsp
Subtribe CrepidinaeEdit
Subtribe Crepidinae
Crepidinae

Nabalus (8 native rattlesnake roots)

Ixeris stolonifera (creeping lettuce - not naturalized)

Taraxacum (3 introduced dandelions)

Crepis (6 introduced hawk's beards)

Lapsana communis (introduced nipplewort)


NabalusEdit
 
Nabalus serpentarius
Common names for Nabalus species include rattlesnake-root and white lettuce.
Names Principle phyllaries
(inner/longer involucral bracts)
Flower
count
Ray
color
Pappus
color
Nabalus rattlesnakeroot surface color count
N. altissimus tall rattlesnake root glabrous pale green (4)5(6) 5–6
N. trifoliolatus threeleaf rattlesnake root glabrous pale green (7)8–14 (8)9–18(20) green-yellow to
yellow-white
light brown to
pale yellow-brown
N. albus white rattlesnake root glabrous pale purple-green (7)8–14 (8)9–18(20) white-pink-lavender deep red-brown
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Nabalus
Nabalus Rattlesnakeroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Hook.

1753. Prenanthes altissima L.
1833. Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
1900. Prenanthes altissima var. hispidula
1908. Prenanthes altissima var. cinnamomea
Tall rattlesnake root,
Tall rattlesnake-root,
Tall white-lettuce
Prenanthe élevée
Native, C:6,
Secure,
S5, G5?

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 Cass.

1825. Nabalus trifoliolatus Cass.
1838. Nabalus nanus (Bigelow) DC.
1839. Prenanthes nana Torr. ex DC.
1900. Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fernald
1901. Prenanthes trifoliolata var. nana
Three-leaved rattlesnake root,
Threeleaf rattlesnake-root,
Gall of the earth
Native, C:6,
Secure,
S5, G5

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
 (L.) Hook.

1753. Prenanthes alba L.
1833. Nabalus albus (L.) Hook.
White rattlesnakeroot,
White rattlesnake-root
Prenanthe blanche
Native, C:7,
Secure,
S5

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Hook.

1813. Prenanthes serpentaria Pursh
    Nabalus integrifolius Cass.
1833. Nabalus serpentarius (Pursh) Hook.
    Nabalus fraseri DC.
    P. integrifolia (Cass.) Small
Lion's-foot rattlesnakeroot,
Cankerweed,
Gall-of-the-earth,
Butterweed
Native, C:10,
Unranked,
SNR
  Albany, Bronx, Chemung, Kings, Nassau, Otsego, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk, Ulster, Westchester NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
DC.

1838. Nabalus boottii DC.
1847. Prenanthes boottii (DC.) D. Dietr.
Alpine rattlesnakeroot,
Boott's rattlesnake-root
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
S1, G2

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Essex (1862-1998) NYFA-1
USDA-NN
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
(Michx.) DC.

    Prenanthes crepidinea Michx.
    Nabalus crepidineus (Michx.) DC.
Nodding rattlesnakeroot,
Nodding rattlesnake-root
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
SH, G3-4

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Cattaraugus, Erie (1844) NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
iNaturalist

Images, wsp
 Michx.
ssp. racemosa

    Nabalus racemosus
Glaucous rattlesnake-root,
Purple rattlesnakeroot,
Purple rattlesnake-root
Native, C:10,
Extirpated,
SX

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Kings (1891), Nassau (1909), Queens (1882), Rockland, Westchester (1896) NYFA-X
USDA-NN
iNaturalist
ITIS

Images, wsp
(A. Gray) A. Heller

Nabalus racemosus ×
Nabalus trifoliolatus

Maine rattlesnake root Native,
No recent reports,
SNA, GNA

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Nassau (1909) NYFA-Z
USDA-

Images, wsp
IxerisEdit
 
Ixeris stolonifera
Creeping lettuce (Ixeris stolonifera) appears to have been collected from a Long Island garden in 1985 and has also been found in New Jersey, southeastern Pennsylvania, and Delaware but is not assumed to naturalize in New York State.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Ixeris
Ixeris Ixeris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.Gray

    Ixeris stolonifera (A. Gray
    Lactuca stolonifera (A. Gray) Benth. ex Maxim.
Creeping lettuce Introduced from
 east Asia,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
  Nassau (1985) NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
TaraxacumEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Taraxacum
Taraxacum Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 F.H.Wigg.

    Leontodon taraxacum L.
    T. officinale var. palustre Blytt
    T. sylvanicum R.Doll
    T. officinale F.H.Wigg.
Common dandelion,
Dandelion
Pissenlit officinal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
  NYFA-X
USDA-MM
Go Botany
VASCAN

Images, wsp
Andrz. ex Besser

    Leontodon erythrospermum
(Andrz. ex Besser) Britton
    T. disseminatum G.E.Haglund
    T. erythrospermum
Andrz. ex Besser
    T. lacistophyllum (Dahlst.) Raunk.
    T. scanicum Dahlst.
    T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC.
Red-seeded dandelion,
Smooth dandelion,
Lesser dandelion,
Rock dandelion
Pissenlit à graines rouges,
Pissenlit à fruits rouges
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ITIS

Images, wsp
(Lyons) Symons

    T. cognatum
    T. palustre (Lyons) Symons
    Leontodon palustris
    T. turfosum (Sch.Bip.) Soest
Marsh dandelion
Pissenlit palustre,
Pissenlit des marais
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
VASCAN
ITIS

Images, wsp
Taraxacum (excluded) Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Ledeb.) DC

1829. Leontodon ceratophorus Ledeb.
1838. T. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) DC
1901. T. lacerum Greene
1914. T. officinale ssp. ceratophorum
Horned dandelion,
Northern dandelion,
Woolbearing dandelion
Pissenlit tuberculé,
Pissenlit corniculé
N. America native
 western N. A.,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
Dahlst.

    
    
    
Showy dandelion

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
CrepisEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Crepis
Crepis Hawksbeard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Wallr.

1763. Crepis virens L.
1840. Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.
1860. Malacothrix crepoides A.Gray
1874. Crepis cooperi A.Gray (i)
Smooth hawksbeard,
Smooth hawk's-beard,
Green crepis
Crépis capillaire,
Crépis à tige capillaire,
Crépis verdâtre,
Crépide à tige capillaire,
Crépide capillaire,
Crépide verdâtre
Introduced from
 Europe

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Crepis biennis L.
1838. Limonoseris biennis
(L.) Peterm.
    
Rough hawksbeard,
Rough hawk's-beard
Crépis bisannuel,
Crépis des prés,
Crépide bisannuelle,
Crépide des prés
Introduced from
 Europe

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
 Haller f.

1797. Crepis setosa Haller f.
    
    
Bristly hawksbeard,
Bristly hawk's-beard
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Crepis tectorum L.
    
    
Narrowleaf hawksbeard,
Narrow-leaved hawk's-beard
Crépis des troits
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. taraxacifolia

    
    
    
Beaked hawksbeard,
Beaked hawk's-beard
Introduced,
Impersistent
 
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
LapsanaEdit
 
Lapsana communis
common nipplewort

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Lapsana
Lapsana Nipplewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lapsana communis L.
Nipplewort
Common nipplewort
Ballogan
Succory-dock
Dock-cress
Succory dock-cress

Lapsane commune
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
Subtribe ChondrillinaeEdit
ChondrillaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Chondrillinae — Chondrilla
Chondrilla Chondrilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    
    
    
Rush skeletonweed Introduced,
Noxious weed US west
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Subtribe HypochaeridinaeEdit
Subtribe Hypochaeridinae
HypochaerisEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Hypochaeris
Hypochaeris Cat's ear N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Spotted cat's ear,
Hairy cat's ear
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
 L.

Smooth cat's ear Introduced,
No specimens
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
HelminthothecaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Helminthotheca
Helminthotheca Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Holub

Picris echioides L.
Bristly oxtongue Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
PicrisEdit
Hawkweed oxtongue is becoming increasingly common along roadsides in the Northeast, and it is considered to be a noxious weed in Washington State.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Picris
Picris Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Picris hieracioides L.
1762. Hedypnois hieracioides (L.) Huds.
1781. Picris aspera Gilib.
1789. Leontodon umbellatus Schrank
1803. Apargia hieracioides (L.) Willd.
1918. Apargia umbellata (Schrank) Schrank
1967. P. hieracioides var. kamtschatica
1968. P. hieracioides ssp. kamtschatica
1982. P. hieracioides ssp. tsekouensis
2007. P. hieracioides var. alpina
Hawkweed oxtongue
Picride fausse-épervière,
Picride épervière,
Picris fausse-épervière
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-MX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
BONAP

Images, wsp
ScorzoneroidesEdit
 
Scorzoneroides autumnalis

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Scorzoneroides
Scorzoneroides Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moench

1753. Leontodon autumnalis L.
    Apargia autumnalis (L.) Hoffm.
1794. Scorzoneroides autumnalis (L.) Moench
Autumn hawkbit,
Fall hawkbit,
Fall dandelion
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
LeontodonEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Leontodon
Leontodon Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)
ssp. hispidus

Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit,
Rough hawkbit
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
 Lam.
ssp. saxatilis

1779. Leontodon saxatilis Lam.
1831. L. taraxacoides (Vill.) Willd. ex Mérat
Lesser hawkbit Introduced   NYFA-Xu
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
Leontodon (excluded taxa) Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)
ssp. danubialis (Jacq.) Simonkai

    L. danubialis Jacq.
    L. hispidus var. glabratus
    L. hastilis L.
    L. hastilis var. glabratus
Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images, wsp
Subtribe HieraciinaeEdit
The Hieraciinae contains the hawkweeds. Some sources include them all in genus Hieracium, while others split them into two genera, as is done here.
HieraciumEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hieraciinae — Hieracium
Hieracium Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1803. Hieracium scabrum Michx.
    
    
Sticky hawkweed,
Rough hawkweed
Native, C:6,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
BONAP

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Hieracium paniculatum L.
    
    
Panicled hawkweed,
Allegheny hawkweed
Native, C:6,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ITIS
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp

1753. Hieracium venosum L.
1918. H. venosum var. nudicaule
    
Rattlesnake hawkweed,
Veiny hawkweed,
Poor-Robin's-plantain
Native, C:7,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
L.

1753. Hieracium umbellatum L.
1753. Hieracium kalmii L.
1803. H. canadense Michx.
1824. H. scabriusculum Schwein.
1901. H. columbianum Rydb.
1993. H. kalmii var. canadense
Canada hawkweed,
Canadian hawkweed,
Kalm's hawkweed,
Narrowleaf hawkweed
Èpervière en ombelle,
Èpervière de Kalm
Native, C:5,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp

    
    
    
Hairy hawkweed,
Queen-devil,
Gronovius' hawkweed,
Beaked hawkweed
Native, C:7,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Go Botany
BONAP

Images, wsp
 Willd.

Hieracium gronovii ×
Hieracium venosum

    Hieracium marianum Willd.
    Hieracium × marianum Willd.
    H. pennsylvanicum Fr.
Maryland hawkweed Native,
Threatened
  NYFA-2?
USDA-NN
ITIS
BONAP

Images, wsp

    
    
    
Common hawkweed Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Canada,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-XN
ARS-GRIN
BONAP

Images, wsp

    H. hyparcticum (Almquist) Elfstr.
    
    
Wall hawkweed Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
BONAP

Images, wsp

    
    
    
New England hawkweed Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
BONAP

Images, wsp
PilosellaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hieraciinae — Pilosella
Pilosella Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch. Bip.

1753. Hieracium aurantiacum L.
1862. Pilosella aurantiaca
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch.Bip.
Orange hawkweed,
Devil's-paintbrush,
King devil,
Orange-red king devil,
Fox and cubs
Épervière orangée,
Bouquets rouges,
Marguerite rouge
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp

1827. Hieracium caespitosum Dumort.
1828. Hieracium pratense Tausch
1967. P. caespitosa P.D.Sell & C.West
Yellow Hawkweed,
Yellow king-devil,
Yellow fox-and-cubs,
Meadow hawkweed
Èpervière des prés,
Èpervière des prairies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
(Vill.) Soják

1779. Hieracium piloselloides Vill.
1785. Hieracium florentinum All.
1971. P. piloselloides (Vill.) Soják
Glaucous-leaved hawkweed,
Tall hawkweed,
Kingdevil,
Smoothish hawkweed
Èpervière des Florentins
Introduced,
Naturalized
  NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
Go Botany
FNA
Tropicos

Images, wsp

    Hieracium pilosella L
    
    
Mouse-ear hawkweed Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X
Go Botany

Images, wsp

    Hieracium flagellare Willd.
    P. flagellaris (Willd.) Arv.-Touv.
    H. macrostolonum Gus. Schneid.
    P. macrostolona Soják
    H. flagellare var. pilosius
Whiplash hawkweed,
Whip hawkweed
Introduced,
Naturalized
NYFA-I
Go Botany

Images, wsp

Lettuce hawkweed,
European hawkweed
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-

Images, wsp

Pilosella aurantiaca ×
Pilosella caespitosa

1885. H. fuscoatrum Nägeli & Peter
1971. P. fuscoatra
(Nägeli & Peter) Soják
    
Hybrid hawkweed,
Hybrid of
 orange hawkweed &
 yellow hawkweed
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images, wsp
(Wimm. & Grab.) Fr.

Pilosella caespitosa ×
Pilosella lactucella

    Hieracium × floribundum
    Hieracium × dorei
    Hieracium auricula
King-devil hawkweed,
Meadow hawkweed,
Yellow hawkweed,
Yellow devil hawkweed,
Smoothish hawkweed
Épervière à
  fleurs nombreuses
Introduced   NYFA-Xn
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
(Vill.) Arv.-Touv.

Pilosella officinarum ×
Pilosella piloselloides

    Hieracium × brachiatum
Bertol. ex DC.
    Pilosella × brachiata
(DC.) F. W. Schultz & Sch. Bip.
    Pilosella × acutifolia
(Vill.) Arv.-Touv.
Sharp-leaved hawkweed

Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
  NYFA-Xu

Images, wsp
Pilosella (excluded taxa) Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Hawkweed Introduced

Images, wsp

Hawkweed Introduced

Images, wsp
Subtribe MicroseridinaeEdit
KrigiaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Krigia
Krigia Dwarf dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) S.F.Blake

Twoflower dwarfdandelion,
Two-flowered dwarf dandelion
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
 (L.) Willd.

Virginia dwarf-dandelion Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4
USDA-NX

Images, wsp
(Raf.) K.L.Chambers
var. cespitosa

Common dwarf-dandelion,
Weedy dwarf-dandelion
Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

Images, wsp
StephanomeriaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Stephanomeria
Stephanomeria Wire lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Nutt.
ssp. exigua

Small wirelettuce Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

Images, wsp
NothocalaisEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Nothocalais
Nothocalais False agoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pursh) Greene

1814. Troximon cuspidatum Pursh
1840. Agoseris cuspidata
(Pursh) Raf.
1866. Microseris cuspidata
(Pursh) Sch. Bip.
1886. N. cuspidata (Pursh) Greene
Prairie false dandelion,
Sharppoint prairie-dandelion,
Wavy-leaf prairie-dandelion,
Toothed microseris
Microséris cuspidé
N. America native
 Great Plains,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
MalacothrixEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Malacothrix
Malacothrix Desert-dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray

    
Sowthistle desertdandelion N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0

Images, wsp
Subtribe CichoriinaeEdit
CichoriumEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Cichoriinae — Cichorium
Cichorium Chicory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Cichorium intybus L.
Chicory,
Succory,
Blue sailors,
French endive
Chicorée sauvage,
Chicorée amère,
Chicorée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Tunisia,
Potentially invasive

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
NatureServe
BONAP

Images, wsp
ArnoserisEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Cichoriinae — Arnoseris
Arnoseris Arnoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Schweigg. & Körte

1753. Hyoseris minima L
1811. Arnoseris minima
(L.) Schweigg. & Körte
Lamb's succory,
Lamb's lettuce,
Swine's succory
Porcelle des moutons,
Chicorée de mouton,
Arnoséris minime,
Arnoséris naine
Introduced,
Impersistent,
No specimens
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp

Tribe VernonieaeEdit

Subtribe VernoniineaeEdit
VernoniaEdit
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Vernonieae — Vernoniineae — Vernonia
Vernonia Ironweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Michx.

1753. Serratula noveboracensis L.
1762. Behen noveboracensis (L.) Hill
1803. V. noveboracensis (L.) Michx.
1891. Cacalia noveboracensis (L.) Kuntze
1906. V. harperi Gleason
New York ironweed Native, C:3,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-N0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
(Walter) Trel. ex Branner & Coville
ssp. gigantea

1788. Chrysocoma gigantea Walter
1818. Vernonia altissima Nutt.
1891. Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trel.
1891. Cacalia gigantea (Walter) Kuntze
Tall ironweed,
Giant ironweed
Vernonie géante
Native, C:0,
Endangered

FAC-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
BONAP

Images, wsp
 DC.

Arkansas ironweed Introduced,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
Go Botany
BONAP

Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Vernonia fasciculata Michx.
1907. V. fasciculata var. corymbosa
1972. V. fasciculata ssp. corymbosa
Smooth ironweed,
Fascicled ironweed,
Prairie ironweed
Vernonie fasciculée
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
BONAP

Images, wsp
 (L.) Willd.

1753. Serratula glauca L.
1803. Vernonia glauca (L.) Willd.
1884. V. noveboracensis var. tomentosa
    
Broadleaf ironweed Introduced from
 PA south,
N. America native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-Unlisted
USDA-N0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
BONAP

Images, wsp
 Raf.

    Vernonia missurica Raf.
Missouri ironweed Introduced from
 south-central US,
 midwestern US,
N. America native,
No NY reports,
naturalized in MA

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Unlisted
USDA-N0
Go Botany
VASCAN
BONAP

Images, wsp

Carduoideae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae :
Cichorioideae : Cichorieae & Vernonieae

Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index