Flora of New York/Boraginales


Solanales
Flora of New York — Boraginales
Lamiales 1
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family BoraginaceaeEdit

The Boraginaceae (forget-me-not family)...

Subfamily BoraginoideaeEdit

Tribe EritrichieaeEdit

HackeliaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Hackelia
HackeliaOpiz Stickseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) I.M.Johnst.

1753. Myosotis virginiana L.
1818. Echinospermum virginicum (L.) Lehm.
1819. Rochelia virginiana (L.) Roem.& Schult.
1888. Echinospermum Virginianum
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1891. Lappula Virginiana (L.) Greene
1891. Cynoglossospermum virginicm
(L.) Kuntze
1923. Hackelia virginiana (L.) I.M.Johnst.
Virginia stickseed,
Beggars lice,
Stickseed
Hackélia de Virginie,
Hackélie de Virginie,
Bardanette de Virginie
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can

Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 (Wahlenb.) Opiz
ssp. americana
(A. Gray) Á.Löve & D.Löve

1882. Echinospermum deflexum
var. americanum
1891. Lappula deflexa var. americana
1897. Lappula americana Rydb.
1924. H. deflexa var. americana
1938. H. americana Fernald
1975. Lappula deflexa ssp. americana
1982. H. deflexa ssp. americana
Nodding stickseed,
American stickseed
Native, C:10,
Endangered

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT 

Trop.



Images, wsp
MertensiaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Mertensia
Mertensia Bluebells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Pers. ex Link

1753. Pulmonaria virginica L.
1797. Mertensia pulmonarioides Roth
1829. Mertensia virginica Pers. ex Link
Eastern bluebells,
Virginia bluebells,
Roanoke-bells,
Virginia cowslip
Mertensia de Virginie
Native, C:7,
Likely secure

FAC-FACW
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
Mertensia (excluded taxa) Bluebells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Ait.) G. Don.

    Mertensia paniculata (Ait.) G. Don.
Tall bluebells N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(L.) Gray

    Mertensia maritima (L.) Gray
    Pneumaria maritima (L.) Hill
    
Oysterleaf
Oysterplant
Seaside bluebells
Sea bluebells

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
AmsinckiaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Amsinckia
Amsinckia Fiddleneck N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

A. menziesii var. intermedia
Coast fiddleneck,
Common fiddleneck,
Intermediate fiddleneck,
Rancher's fiddleneck,
Coast buckthorn
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Lehm.

Bugloss fiddle-neck,
Tarweed fiddleneck
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F.Macbr.

yyyy. Amsinckia menziesii
(Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Small-flowered fiddleneck
Menzies' fiddleneck

Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
LappulaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Lappula
Lappula Stickseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Retz.) Dumort.

1753. Myosotis lappula L.
1781. Myosotis squarrosa Retz.
1827. L. squarrosa (Retz.) Dumort.
European stickseed
Bluebur
Bur-forget-me-not
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
Naturalized

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(S.Watson) Greene

1891. Lappula redowskii
(Hornem.) Greene misapplied
1895. L. redowskii var. occidentalis
1899. L. occidentalis
(S.Watson) Greene
Western stickseed
Flatspine stickseed
Flat-spined stickseed
Flat-spined sheepburr
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Lappula (excluded taxa) Stickseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Hornem.) Greene

1813. Myosotis redowskii Hornem.
1891. Lappula redowskii
(Hornem.) Greene
Redowski's stickseed

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
AsperugoEdit
Asperugo is a monotypic genus, containing only Asperugo procumbens, commonly known as madwort.
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Asperugo
AsperugoL. Madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Madwort
German madwort
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Tribe BoragineaeEdit

AnchusaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Anchusa
Anchusa Bugloss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) M. Bieb.

Lycopsis arvensis
Small alkanet
Small bugloss
Annual bugloss
Introduced

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Mill.

Anchusa italica
Garden alkanet
Italian bugloss
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Common alkanet
Common bugloss
Introduced,
Naturalization unknown
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
BoragoEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Borago
Borago Borage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Borago officinalis L.
Borage
Common borage
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa,
Unk. naturalization

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NPT 
ARS 




Images, wsp
BrunneraEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Brunnera
Brunnera Brunnera N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Adams) I.Johnst.

Large-leaved brunnera,
Siberian bugloss
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
PulmonariaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Pulmonaria
Pulmonaria Lungwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 Mill.

Bethlehem lungwort Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
SymphytumEdit
 
Symphytum officinale
common comfrey

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Symphytum
Symphytum Comfrey N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

S. uliginosum auct. non Kern.
Common comfrey Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Lepechin

Prickly comfrey Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp

Tribe LithospermeaeEdit

LithospermumEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Lithospermeae — Lithospermum
Lithospermum Stoneseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

American gromwell,
American stoneseed
Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Weakley, Witsell & D.Estes

1905. Onosmodium hispidissimum Mack.
1972. O. molle ssp. hispidissimum B.Boivin
1995. O. bejariense var. hispidissimum
2011. L. parviflorum Weakley, et al.
0000. L. carolinianumauct. non Lam.
Hairy false gromwell,
Shaggy false gromwell,
Softhair marbleseed,
Soft-hair marbleseed
Native,
Vulnerable
 
 
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 L.

1753. Lithospermum virginianum L.
1846. Onosmodium virginianum A.DC.
1905. O. virginianum var. hirsutum Mack.
Virginia false gromwell,
Wild Job's tears
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
  NYFA-1
USDA-N

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: [1]
(Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) MacMill.
var. croceum

Carolina puccoon,
Plains puccoon
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Michx.) Lehm.

Batschia canescens Michx.
Hoary puccoon Native,
Likely extirpated
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

European gromwell,
European stoneseed
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. a b In 2011, because Onosmodium was found to be embedded within Lithospermum, Alan S. Weakley, et. al. transfered the species of Onosmodium to (in some cases back to) Lithospermum.J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5(2): 437 – 455. 2011
  2. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Lithospermum virginianum. Endangered, S1/Gx.
MyosotisEdit
 
Myosotis laxa
smaller forget-me-not
Of the seven forget-me-not (Myosotis L.) species reported in New York State, two of them (M. laxa and M. verna) are native.

The genus name is from the Greek muosōtis meaning "mouse ear", based on the shape of the leaves.

Forget-me-not flowers have 5 petals and 5 sepals, and are generally little more than 1/4-inch in diameter.


Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Lithospermeae — Myosotis
MyosotisL. Forget-me-not N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lehm.

1818. Myosotis laxa Lehm.
Smaller forget-me-not
Bay forget-me-not
Small forget-me-not
Small-flowered forget-me-not
Tufted forget-me-not

Myosotis laxiflore
Myosotis à petite fleur
Native, C:3,
Secure

OBL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 Nutt.

1818. Myosotis verna Nutt.
1888. Myosotis virginica
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Spring forget-me-not
Spring scorpion grass

Native, C:5,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can

Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Myosotis scorpioides L.
1753. M. scorpioides var. palustris
1756. M. palustris (L.) Nathh.
Water forget-me-not
True forget-me-not
Forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
Naturalized,
Cultivated

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Hill

1753. M. scorpioides var. arvensis
1764. M. arvensis (L.) Hill
Field forget-me-not,
Rough forget-me-not
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

1788. M. scorpioides var. sylvatica
1791. M. sylvatica Hoffm.
1794. M. alpestris F.W.Schmidt
1825. M. oblongata Link
Woodland forget-me-not
Wood forget-me-not
Garden forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
 tropical Asia,
Naturalized

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 
Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
Link ex Roem. & Schult.

1819. Myosotis stricta
Link ex Roem. & Schult.
 auct. Myosotis micrantha
non Pall. ex Lehm.
Small-flowered forget-me-not
Strict forget-me-not
Upright forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 northwest Africa

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
 Pers.

    Myosotis discolor Pers.
    Myosotis versicolor (Pers.) Sm.
Yellow and blue forget-me-not
Changing forget-me-not

Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT Can





Images, wsp
BuglossoidesEdit
 
Buglossoides arvensis
corn gromwell
Buglossoides is a Eurasian genus with only the single species corn gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis) known to have naturalized in North America, including New York. It is listed as a noxious weed in Washington State.[1]

Other Buglossoides species, including B. purpurocaerulea, B. tenuiflora, and B. zollingeri, have likely been cultivated in North America, but have not been widely reported to have naturalized.[2]


Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Lithospermeae — Buglossoides
BuglossoidesMoench (1782) Buglossoides N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) I.M.Johnst.

1753. Lithospermum arvense L.
1952. B. arvensis (L.) I.M.Johnst.
Corn gromwell
Corn-gromwell

Introduced from
 Europe,
 Asia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe CynoglosseaeEdit

AndersonglossumEdit
 
Andersonglossum boreale
northern wild comfrey

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Cynoglosseae — Andersonglossum
Cynoglossum Hound's-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Fernald) Jim. Mejías, J.I.Cohen & Naczi

1905. Cynoglossum boreale Fernald
1984. C. virginianum var. boreale
2010. C. virginianum ssp. boreale
2017. Andersonglossum boreale
(Fernald) Jim. Mejías, J.I.Cohen & Naczi
Northern wild comfrey,
Wild hound's-tongue,
Wild comfrey
Native, C:8,
Endangered

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Note: CA[1]
 L.

1753. Cynoglossum virginianum L.
1984. C. virginianum var. virginianum
2010. C. virginianum ssp. virginianum
2015. Andersonglossum virginianum
(L.) J.I.Cohen
Southern wild comfrey,
Southern hound's-tongue,
Wild comfrey,
Giant-forget-me-not
Native, C:10?,
Endangered

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NPT 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
CynoglossumEdit
 
Cynoglossum officinale
common hound’s tongue

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Cynoglosseae — Cynoglossum
Cynoglossum Hound's-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1753. Cynoglossum officinale L.
Houndstongue,
Common hound’s tongue
Introduced

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp

1906. Cynoglossum amabile
Stapf & J.R. Drumm.
Chinese hound's tongue,
Chinese-forget-me-not
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NPT 





Images, wsp

Tribe EchieaeEdit

EchiumEdit
 
Echium vulgare
common viper's bugloss

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Echieae — Echium
Echium Viper's bugloss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Common viper's bugloss,
Blue-weed,
Blue devil
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XW
NPT 





Images, wsp
Echium (excluded taxa) Viper's bugloss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 L.

Echium lycopsis L. p.p.
Salvation jane,
Paterson's curse
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
 
USDA-X






Images, wsp
 Sm.

Echium vulgare var. pustulatum
Bluedevil,
Blue-weed,
Viper's-bugloss
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subfamily HydrophylloideaeEdit

HydrophyllumEdit

 
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Virginia waterleaf
Hydrophyllum contains eight species of waterleaf, all native to North America, including two that are native to New York.
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Hydrophylloideae — Hydrophyllum
Hydrophyllum Waterleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. virginianum

1753. Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
1942. H. virginianum var. atranthum
Virginia waterleaf,
John's cabbage,
Eastern water-leaf,
Shawnee-salad,
Indian-salad
Native, C:6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.

1759. Hydrophyllum canadense L.
Bluntleaf waterleaf,
Blunt-leaved waterleaf,
Broad-leaf waterleaf,
Canada waterleaf,
Hairy waterleaf,
Maple-leaved waterleaf
Hydrophylle du Canada
Native, C:8,
Secure

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Hydrophyllum (excluded taxa) ' N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT

    
    
    
Great waterleaf

N. America native
 midwest & south,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp

EllisiaEdit

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Hydrophylloideae — Ellisia
Ellisia Ellisia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) L.

1753. Ipomoea nyctelea L.
1762. Polemonium nyctelea L.
1763. Ellisia nyctelea L.
1913. Nyctelea nyctelea Britton
Waterpod,
Aunt Lucy,
False babyblueeyes,
Nyctelea
Native, C:10,
Likely extirpated

FAC-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

PhaceliaEdit

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Hydrophylloideae — Phacelia
Phacelia Scorpion-weed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Trel. & Small
var. dubia

1753. Polemonium dubium L.
1888. Phacelia dubia Trel. & Small
Small-flowered scorpionweed,
Smallflower phacelia
Native,
Likely extirpated
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW-0
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1878. Phacelia campanularia A.Gray
1925. Phacelia minor
var. campanularia Jeps.
Desert scorpion-weed,
Desert bluebells,
California bluebell
Introduced,
from Arizona,
from California
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Benth.

1835. Phacelia ciliata Benth.
Great valley scorpion-weed,
Great valley phacelia
Introduced,
from California
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0


Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily HeliotropioideaeEdit

HeliotropiumEdit

 
Heliotropium europaeum
European heliotrope

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Heliotropioideae — Heliotropium
Heliotropium Heliotrope N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

European heliotrope
Héliotrope d'Europe
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
 Australia (?),
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Heliotropium (excluded taxa) Heliotrope N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. curassavicum

Licorice-weed,
Salt heliotrope,
Seaside heliotrope
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 L.

Indian heliotrope,
Indian turnsole
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Garden heliotrope Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Solanales
Flora of New York — Boraginales
Lamiales 1
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index