Flora of New York/Boraginales


Solanales
Flora of New York — Boraginales
Lamiales 1
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family BoraginaceaeEdit

The Boraginaceae (forget-me-not family)...

Subfamily BoraginoideaeEdit

Tribe EritrichieaeEdit

HackeliaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Hackelia
HackeliaOpiz Stickseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) I.M.Johnst.

1753. Myosotis virginiana L.
1818. Echinospermum virginicum (L.) Lehm.
1819. Rochelia virginiana (L.) Roem.& Schult.
1888. Echinospermum Virginianum
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1891. Lappula Virginiana (L.) Greene
1891. Cynoglossospermum virginicm
(L.) Kuntze
1923. Hackelia virginiana (L.) I.M.Johnst.
Virginia stickseed,
Beggars lice,
Stickseed
Hackélia de Virginie,
Hackélie de Virginie,
Bardanette de Virginie
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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VASCAN
Tropicos
LBJ
Images
Wikispecies
 (Wahlenb.) Opiz
ssp. americana
(A. Gray) Á.Löve & D.Löve

1882. Echinospermum deflexum
var. americanum
1891. Lappula deflexa var. americana
1897. Lappula americana Rydb.
1924. H. deflexa var. americana
1938. H. americana Fernald
1975. Lappula deflexa ssp. americana
1982. H. deflexa ssp. americana
Nodding stickseed,
American stickseed
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Go Botany
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
MertensiaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Mertensia
Mertensia Bluebells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Pers. ex Link

1753. Pulmonaria virginica L.
1797. Mertensia pulmonarioides Roth
1829. Mertensia virginica Pers. ex Link
Eastern bluebells,
Virginia bluebells,
Roanoke-bells,
Virginia cowslip
Mertensia de Virginie
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

FAC-FACW
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
LBJ
Images
Wikispecies
Mertensia (excluded taxa) Bluebells N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Ait.) G. Don.

    Mertensia paniculata (Ait.) G. Don.
Tall bluebells N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
(L.) Gray

    Mertensia maritima (L.) Gray
    Pneumaria maritima (L.) Hill
    
Oysterleaf
Oysterplant
Seaside bluebells
Sea bluebells

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
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Images
Wikispecies
AmsinckiaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Amsinckia
Amsinckia Fiddleneck N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

A. menziesii var. intermedia
Coast fiddleneck,
Common fiddleneck,
Intermediate fiddleneck,
Rancher's fiddleneck,
Coast buckthorn
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 Lehm.

Bugloss fiddle-neck,
Tarweed fiddleneck
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
(Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F.Macbr.

yyyy. Amsinckia menziesii
(Lehm.) A. Nelson & J.F.Macbr.
Small-flowered fiddleneck
Menzies' fiddleneck

Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
LappulaEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Lappula
Lappula Stickseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Retz.) Dumort.

1753. Myosotis lappula L.
1781. Myosotis squarrosa Retz.
1827. L. squarrosa (Retz.) Dumort.
European stickseed
Bluebur
Bur-forget-me-not
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
Naturalized

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
(S.Watson) Greene

1891. Lappula redowskii
(Hornem.) Greene misapplied
1895. L. redowskii var. occidentalis (S.Watson) Rydb.
1899. L. occidentalis
(S.Watson) Greene
Western stickseed
Flatspine stickseed
Flat-spined stickseed
Flat-spined sheepburr
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
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Wikispecies
Lappula (excluded taxa) Stickseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Hornem.) Greene

1813. Myosotis redowskii Hornem.
1891. Lappula redowskii
(Hornem.) Greene
Redowski's stickseed

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies
AsperugoEdit
Asperugo is a monotypic genus, containing only Asperugo procumbens, commonly known as madwort.
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Eritrichieae — Asperugo
AsperugoL. Madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Madwort
German madwort
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe BoragineaeEdit

AnchusaEdit
 
Anchusa arvensis

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Anchusa
Anchusa Bugloss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) M. Bieb.

1753. Lycopsis arvensis L.
1808. Anchusa arvensis (L.) M.Bieb.
1911. Lycopsis arvensis ssp. occidentalis Kusn.
1927. Anchusa rigolei Sennen
1928. Anchusa guculeacii Sennen
1940. Anchusa arvensis ssp. occidentalis (Kusn.) Nordh.
Small alkanet
Small bugloss
Annual bugloss
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive,
 GRIIS-US: Invasive,
Unknown naturalization

Annual,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: 6 counties
iNat: no observations
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
Kew POWO
iNaturalist
Images
Wikispecies
 Mill.

Anchusa italica
Garden alkanet
Italian bugloss
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Common alkanet
Common bugloss
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
Unknown naturalization
 
NYFA: 3 counties
iNat: 0 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
BoragoEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Borago
Borago Borage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Borago officinalis L.
Borage
Common borage
Introduced from
 Europe,
 western Asia,
 northern Africa,
Unknown naturalization

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
BrunneraEdit
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Brunnera
Brunnera Brunnera N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Adams) I.Johnst.

Large-leaved brunnera,
Siberian bugloss
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
PulmonariaEdit
 
Pulmonaria saccharata

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Pulmonaria
Pulmonaria Lungwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 Mill.

Bethlehem lungwort Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
 Invasive.org: [1],
 GRIIS-US: Present
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
Images
Wikispecies
SymphytumEdit
 
Symphytum officinale
common comfrey

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Boragineae — Symphytum
Symphytum Comfrey N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

S. uliginosum auct. non Kern.
Common comfrey Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
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Wikispecies
 Lepechin

Prickly comfrey Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies

Tribe LithospermeaeEdit

LithospermumEdit
 
John Torrey's Flora of the State of New York Volume 2, plate 8
Lithospermum species are generally known as gromwells, stoneseeds, or puccoons.
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Lithospermeae — Lithospermum
Lithospermum Stoneseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

American gromwell,
American stoneseed
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable,
S2, G4
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN
iNaturalist
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
Weakley, Witsell & D.Estes

1905. Onosmodium hispidissimum Mack.
1959. O. molle var. hispidissimum (Mack.) Cronquist
1972. O. molle ssp. hispidissimum (Mack.) B.Boivin
1976. O. molle ssp. hispidissimum (Mack.) Cochrane (isonym)
1995. O. bejariense var. hispidissimum (Mack.) B.L. Turner
2009. Lithospermum onosmodium
J.I. Cohen
2011. Lithospermum parviflorum
Weakley, Witsell & D.Estes
Shaggy marbleseed
Soft-hairy false gromwell
Hairy false gromwell
Shaggy false gromwell
Soft-hair marbleseed

Native, CoC: 10,
Historical,
SH, G4-G5-T4

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Note: [1]
 L.

1753. Lithospermum virginianum L.
1846. Onosmodium virginianum A.DC.
1905. O. virginianum var. hirsutum Mack.
Virginia marbleseed
Virginia false gromwell
Wild Job's tears
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
S1, G4,
NYNHP: 1[2]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-N
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Note: [1]
 Fernald

1791. Batschia caroliniensis J.F. Gmel.
1892. Lithospermum caroliniense
(J.F. Gmel.) MacMill. misapplied
1935. Lithospermum croceum Fernald
1991. L. caroliniense var. croceum (Fernald) Cronquist
    L. caroliniense ssp. croceum (Fernald) Cusick
Fernald’s puccoon
Carolina puccoon
Plains puccoon

Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
SH, G4-G5-T5

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  Monroe, Niagara NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
ITIS
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

European gromwell,
European stoneseed
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Lithospermum (excluded taxa) Stoneseed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Michx.) Lehm.

    Batschia canescens Michx.
    Lithospermum canescens
(Michx.) Lehm.
Hoary puccoon North America native,
N.Y. excluded
  excluded NYFA-Excluded
USDA-NN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
  1. a b In 2011, because Onosmodium was found to be embedded within Lithospermum, Alan S. Weakley, et. al. transfered the species of Onosmodium to (in some cases back to) Lithospermum.J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 5(2): 437 – 455. 2011
  2. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2016. Online Conservation Guide for Lithospermum virginianum. Endangered, S1/Gx.
MyosotisEdit
 
Myosotis laxa
Of the seven forget-me-not (Myosotis L.) species reported in New York State, two of them (M. laxa and M. verna) are native.

The genus name is from the Greek muosōtis meaning "mouse ear", based on the shape of the leaves.

Forget-me-not flowers have 5 petals and 5 sepals, and are generally little more than 1/4-inch in diameter.


Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Lithospermeae — Myosotis
MyosotisL. Forget-me-not N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lehm.

1818. Myosotis laxa Lehm.
Smaller forget-me-not
Bay forget-me-not
Small forget-me-not
Small-flowered forget-me-not
Tufted forget-me-not

Myosotis laxiflore
Myosotis à petite fleur
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

OBL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
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LBJ
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 Nutt.

1818. Myosotis verna Nutt.
1888. Myosotis virginica (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Spring forget-me-not
Spring scorpion grass

Native, CoC: 5,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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VASCAN
Tropicos
LBJ
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Myosotis scorpioides L.
1753. Myosotis scorpioides var. palustris L.
1756. Myosotis palustris (L.) Nathh.
Water forget-me-not
True forget-me-not
Forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
Invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [2],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
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Wikispecies
 (L.) Hill

1753. Myosotis scorpioides var. arvensis L.
1764. Myosotis arvensis (L.) Hill
Field forget-me-not,
Rough forget-me-not
Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
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 Ehrh. ex Hoffm.

1788. Myosotis scorpioides var. sylvatica Ehrh. nom. nud.
1791. Myosotis sylvatica Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
1794. Myosotis alpestris F.W.Schmidt
1825. Myosotis oblongata Link
Woodland forget-me-not
Wood forget-me-not
Garden forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 temperate Asia,
 tropical Asia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [3],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
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ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
IPN
Images
Wikispecies
 Link ex Roem. & Schult.

1819. Myosotis stricta Link ex Roem. & Schult.
 auct. Myosotis micrantha non Pall. ex Lehm.
Blue forget-me-not
Small-flowered forget-me-not
Strict forget-me-not
Upright forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 northwest Africa,
Naturalized,
 USGS: L48 established,
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
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 Pers.

1791. Myosotis collina Hoffm.
1798. Myosotis discolor Pers.
1805. Myosotis arvensis var. versicolor Pers.
1813. Myosotis versicolor (Pers.) Sm.
1857. Myosotis fallacina Jord. ex Boreau
1917. Myosotis lutea var. versicolor (Pers.) J.F.Macbr.
Yellow and blue forget-me-not
Changing forget-me-not

Introduced from
 Europe,
 Azores to Medit.,
Potentially invasive,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: 4 counties
iNat: 3 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
Kew POWO
Go Botany
VASCAN
Images
Wikispecies
BuglossoidesEdit
 
Buglossoides arvensis
Buglossoides is a Eurasian genus with only the single species corn gromwell (Buglossoides arvensis) known to have naturalized in North America, including New York. It is listed as a noxious weed in Washington State.[1]

Other Buglossoides species, including B. purpurocaerulea, B. tenuiflora, and B. zollingeri, have likely been cultivated in North America, but have not been widely reported to have naturalized.[2]


Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Lithospermeae — Buglossoides
BuglossoidesMoench (1782) Buglossoides N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) I.M.Johnst.

1753. Lithospermum arvense L.
1829. Rhytispermum arvense (L.) Link
1840. Margarospermum arvense (L.) Decne.
1952. Buglossoides arvensis (L.) I.M.Johnst.
Corn gromwell
Corn-gromwell

Introduced from
 Europe,
 Asia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [4],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR,
NSE: Exotic, GNR,
Herb-forb
 
NYFA: 34 counties
iNat: 3 counties
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
GBIF
Kew POWO
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
BONAP
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Tribe CynoglosseaeEdit

AndersonglossumEdit
 
Andersonglossum boreale
northern wild comfrey

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Cynoglosseae — Andersonglossum
Cynoglossum Hound's-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Fernald) Jim. Mejías, J.I.Cohen & Naczi

1905. Cynoglossum boreale Fernald
1984. C. virginianum var. boreale
2010. C. virginianum ssp. boreale
2017. Andersonglossum boreale
(Fernald) Jim. Mejías, J.I.Cohen & Naczi
Northern wild comfrey,
Wild hound's-tongue,
Wild comfrey
Native, CoC: 8,
Endangered

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
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Note: CA[1]
 L.

1753. Cynoglossum virginianum L.
1984. C. virginianum var. virginianum
2010. C. virginianum ssp. virginianum
2015. Andersonglossum virginianum
(L.) J.I.Cohen
Southern wild comfrey,
Southern hound's-tongue,
Wild comfrey,
Giant-forget-me-not
Native, CoC: 10?,
Endangered

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
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CynoglossumEdit
 
Cynoglossum officinale
common hound’s tongue

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Cynoglosseae — Cynoglossum
Cynoglossum Hound's-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1753. Cynoglossum officinale L.
Houndstongue,
Common hound’s tongue
Introduced,
Potentially invasive

Biennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies

1906. Cynoglossum amabile
Stapf & J.R. Drumm.
Chinese hound's tongue,
Chinese-forget-me-not
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies

Tribe EchieaeEdit

EchiumEdit
 
Echium vulgare
common viper's bugloss

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Boraginoideae — Echieae — Echium
Echium Viper's bugloss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Echium vulgare L.
1800. Echium lusitanicum Georgi
1831. Echium molle Petter ex Rchb.
1962. Echium spinescens G.Klotz
Viper's bugloss
Common viper's-bugloss
Blueweed
Blue-weed
Blue devil
blue echium
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [5],
 GRIIS-US: Invasive,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XW
GBIF
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Echium (excluded taxa) Viper's bugloss N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
L.
ssp. pustulatum (Sm.) E.Schmid & Gams

1806. Echium pustulatum Sm.
1887. Echium argentae Pau
1927. Echium vulgare ssp. pustulatum (Sm.) E.Schmid & Gams
1950. Echium vulgare ssp. argentae (Pau) Font Quer
1983. Echium vulgare var. argentae (Pau) O.Bolòs & Vigo
Bluedevil,
Blue-weed,
Viper's-bugloss
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1754. Echium lycopsis L. p.p.
1768. Echium lusitanicum Mill.
1771. Echium plantagineum L.
1791. Echium creticum Lam.
1976. Echium creticum ssp. plantagineum (L.) Malag.
Salvation jane
Paterson's curse
Lady Campbell-weed
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
 
USDA-X
GBIF
iNaturalist
Images
Wikispecies
L.

1753. Echium creticum L.
Cretan viper's bugloss
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
Not listed in NY Flora Atlas
 
NYFA: Not listed
iNat: No NY observations

GBIF
Go Botany
iNaturalist
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Wikispecies

Subfamily HydrophylloideaeEdit

HydrophyllumEdit

 
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Virginia waterleaf
Hydrophyllum contains eight species of waterleaf, all native to North America, including two that are native to New York.
Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Hydrophylloideae — Hydrophyllum
Hydrophyllum Waterleaf N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. virginianum

1753. Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
1942. H. virginianum var. atranthum
Virginia waterleaf,
John's cabbage,
Eastern water-leaf,
Shawnee-salad,
Indian-salad
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
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Wikispecies
 L.

1759. Hydrophyllum canadense L.
Bluntleaf waterleaf,
Blunt-leaved waterleaf,
Broad-leaf waterleaf,
Canada waterleaf,
Hairy waterleaf,
Maple-leaved waterleaf
Hydrophylle du Canada
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

FACW-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Hydrophyllum (excluded taxa) ' N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT

    
    
    
Great waterleaf

N. America native
 midwest & south,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-Excluded
Images
Wikispecies

EllisiaEdit

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Hydrophylloideae — Ellisia
Ellisia Ellisia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) L.

1753. Ipomoea nyctelea L.
1762. Polemonium nyctelea L.
1763. Ellisia nyctelea L.
1913. Nyctelea nyctelea Britton
Waterpod,
Aunt Lucy,
False babyblueeyes,
Nyctelea
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated

FAC-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies

PhaceliaEdit

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Hydrophylloideae — Phacelia
Phacelia Scorpion-weed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Trel. & Small
var. dubia

1753. Polemonium dubium L.
1888. Phacelia dubia Trel. & Small
Small-flowered scorpionweed,
Smallflower phacelia
Native,
Likely extirpated
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
Go Botany-0
ITIS
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 A.Gray

1878. Phacelia campanularia A.Gray
1925. Phacelia minor
var. campanularia Jeps.
Desert scorpion-weed,
Desert bluebells,
California bluebell
Introduced,
from Arizona,
from California
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 Benth.

1835. Phacelia ciliata Benth.
Great valley scorpion-weed,
Great valley phacelia
Introduced,
from California
  NYFA-X
USDA-N0
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies

Subfamily HeliotropioideaeEdit

HeliotropiumEdit

 
Heliotropium europaeum
European heliotrope

Boraginales — Boraginaceae — Heliotropioideae — Heliotropium
Heliotropium Heliotrope N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

European heliotrope
Héliotrope d'Europe
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
 Australia (?),
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
Heliotropium (excluded taxa) Heliotrope N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. curassavicum

Licorice-weed,
Salt heliotrope,
Seaside heliotrope
Introduced,
US South native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-N0
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Indian heliotrope,
Indian turnsole
Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Garden heliotrope Introduced,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Excluded
USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies