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Flora of New York/Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae

< Flora of New York

Order AquifolialesEdit

The order Aquifoliales ...

Family AquifoliaceaeEdit

The Aquifoliaceae (holly family) ...

IlexEdit

Ilex contains trees and shrubs generally known as holly and winterberry.

Aquifoliales — Aquifoliaceae — Ilex
Ilex Holly N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) A.Gray

1753. Prinos verticillatus L.
1856. Ilex verticillata A.Gray
1912. Ilex fastigiata E.P.Bicknell
1921. Ilex verticillata var. fastigiata
Fernald
Common winterberry,
Winterberry,
Virginia winterberry,
Black holly,
Black alder
Houx verticillé
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Dioecious,
Sun - part shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 

BNA
LBJ
MBG 
Images, wsp
(L.) M.Powell, Savol. & S.Andrews

1753. Vaccinium mucronatum L.
1901. Nemopanthus mucronatus Loes.
2000. Ilex mucronata M.Powell et al.
Mountain holly,
Catberry
Némopanthe mucroné,
Faux houx
Native, C:8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Torr. & A.Gray

1848. Ilex montana Torr. & A.Gray
1856. Ilex monticola A.Gray
1870. Ilex amelanchier var. monticola
1964. Ilex ambigua var. montana
1977. Ilex ambigua var. monticola
1983. Ilex ambigua ssp. montana
Mountain winterberry,
Mountain holly,
Big-leaved holly
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray 1856

1753. Prinos glaber L.
1856. Ilex glabra A.Gray
Inkberry, ink-berry,
Gallberry,
Winter-berry,
Evergreen winterberry,
Appalachian-tea
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS


LBJ

Images, wsp
 (Pursh) A.Gray

1813. Prinos laevigatus Pursh
1856. Ilex laevigata (Pursh) A.Gray
Smooth winterberry,
Smooth winterberry holly
Native, C:8,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 


LBJ

Images, wsp
 Aiton
var. opaca

1789. Ilex opaca Aiton
    
    
American holly,
White holly,
Christmas holly
Native, C:8,
Vulnerable

FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun - shade
  NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Thunb. 1784

1865. Celastrus adenophyllus Miq.
Japanese holly,
Box-leaf holly
Houx crénelé
Introduced from
 Asia,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 48%[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ilex aquifolium L.
    
    
English holly
Houx commun
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
 
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [2]
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentIlex crenata: Low (48).
  2. Although Ilex aquifolium is not listed as naturalized in New York or most of the Northeast, it is listed as present in "forests and borders of swamps in areas of habitation" in the adjacent state of Massachusetts,[1] and it is cultivated in suitable parts of New York as an ornamental tree.

Order AsteralesEdit

Family CampanulaceaeEdit

Subamily CampanuloideaeEdit

CampanulaEdit
Asterales — Campanulaceae — Campanuloideae — Campanuleae — Campanula[1]
Campanula Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Pursh

    C. aparinoides var. grandiflora
    C. aparinoides var. uliginosa
    C. uliginosa Rydb.
Marsh bellflower Native, C:8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

    C. alaskana
    C. dubia
    C. gieseckiana
    C. groenlandica
American harebell,
Bluebell bellflower
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Campanula americana L.
1796. Campanula asteroides Lam.
1803. Campanula acuminata Michx.
1836. Campanula illinoensis Fresen.
1884. Specularia americana
(L.) Morgan ex J.James
1903. Campanulastrum americanum
(L.) Small
1919. Campanula americana
var. illinoensis
Tall bellflower,
American bellflower
Campanule d'Amérique
Native, C:7,
Endangered

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

    C. rapunculoides var. ucranica
Creeping bellflower,
Rampion bellflower
Campanule fausse-raiponce
Campanule raiponce
Fausse raiponce
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

Bats in the belfry,
Nettle-leaved bellflower
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-






Images, wsp
 L.

    C. persicifolia var. alba
Peachleaf bellflower,
Peach-leaved bellflower
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Clustered bellflower,
Dane's blood
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
L.

    
    
    
Canterbury bells

Introduced,
Naturalization unknown
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Campanula (excluded taxa) Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.

Rambling bellflower,
Spreading bellflower
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
  1. Roquet et. al. 2008: "Natural Delineation, Molecular Phylogeny and Floral Evolution in Campanula." Systematic Botany 33(1): 203-217.
TriodanisEdit
Asterales — Campanulaceae — Campanuloideae — Campanuleae — Triodanis
Triodanis Venus' looking glass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. perfoliata

    Legousia perfoliata
    Specularia perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass,
Claspingleaf Venus' looking-glass
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. biflora

    Specularia biflora
    Triodanis biflora
Small Venus' looking-glass Introduced,
US South native
  NYFA-X
USDA-N
NEW 





Images, wsp
JasioneEdit
Asterales — Campanulaceae — Campanuloideae — Campanuleae — Jasione
Jasione Jasione N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.

Sheepbit,
Sheep's-bit
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
PlatycodonEdit
Asterales — Campanulaceae — Campanuloideae — Campanuleae — Platycodon
Platycodon Platycodon N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Jacq.) A.DC.

P. grandiflorum orth. var.
Balloon-flower,
Chinese bellflower
Introduced,
No specimens
  NYFA-X0
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Subamily LobelioideaeEdit

LobeliaEdit
Lobelia sect. LobeliaEdit

All native New York Lobelia species are in sect. Lobelia.[1]

Asterales — Campanulaceae — Lobelioideae — Lobelieae — Lobelia
Lobeliasect. Lobelia Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Lobelia inflata L.
1768. Rapuntium inflatum (L.) Mill.
1891. Dortmannia inflata (L.) Kuntze
Indian-tobacco,
Puke weed
Lobélie enflée,
Tabac indien
Native, C:1,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. spicata

1792. Lobelia spicata Lam.
1839. Lobelia leptostachys A.DC.
1891. Dortmannia spicata (Lam.) Kuntze
1903. Lobelia bracteata Small
Palespike lobelia,
Pale-spiked lobelia,
Spiked lobelia,
Balespike lobelia,
Highbelia
Lobélie à épi
Native, C:4,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Lam.
var. hirtella A.Gray

1878. Lobelia spicata var. hirtella
1898. L. hirtella (A.Gray) Greene
1913. L. leptostachys var. hirtella
1917. Petromarula hirtella
(A. Gray) Nieuwl. & Lunell
Bristly-spiked lobelia Native, C:1,
Unranked

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-N?
USDA-NN
NEW Can

Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.
var. siphilitica

1753. Lobelia siphilitica L.
1891. Dortmannia siphilitica (L.) Kuntze
Great blue lobelia,
Blue cardinal flower,
Great lobelia
Lobélie bleue
Native, C:5,
Secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun - shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lobelia kalmii L.
1836. Rapuntium kalmii (L.) C.Presl
1891. Dortmanna kalmii (L.) Kunze
1900. L. kalmii var. strictiflora
1908. L. strictiflora (Rydb.) Lunell
Brook lobelia,
Kalm's lobelia,
Bog lobelia,
Ontario lobelia
Lobélie de Kalm
Native, C:8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lobelia cardinalis L.
1792. Lobelia graminea Lam.
1809. Lobelia fulgens Willd.
1809. Lobelia splendens Willd.
1891. Dortmanna cardinalis (L.) Kuntze
1891. Dortmanna fulgens Kuntze
1940. Lobelia cardinalis ssp. graminea
Cardinalflower,
Cardinal flower,
Scarlet lobelia
Lobélie cardinale,
Lobélie du cardinal,
Lobélie écarlate
Native, C:7,
Likely secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun-shade
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lobelia dortmanna L.
1796. L. lacustris (L.) Salisb. superfl.
1836. Rapuntium dortmanna (L.) C.Presl
Dortmann's cardinalflower,
Water lobelia,
Dortmann's lobelia,
Water gladiole
Lobélie de Dortmann,
Cardinale de Dortmann,
Lobélie aquatique
Native, C:9,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Schult.

    Lobelia nuttallii Schult.
Nuttall's lobelia Native, C:7,
Vulnerable

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NEW-0



LBJ

Images, wsp
Lobelia sect. HypselaEdit
Asterales — Campanulaceae — Lobelioideae — Lobelieae — Lobelia
Lobeliasect. Hypsela Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Lour.

1790. Lobelia chinensis Lour.
Chinese lobelia Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 37%[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-0
USDA-X0
NEW-0
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLobelia chinensis: Low (37). Although it is listed a potentially invasive in New York, BONAP and USDA-NRCS plants database show that Lobelia chinensis has naturalized in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, but not New York State.

Family MenyanthaceaeEdit

The Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants.

MenyanthesEdit

Asterales — Menyanthaceae — Menyanthes
MenyanthesL. Buckbean N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.

1753. Menyanthes trifoliata L.
1826. Menyanthes americana Sweet
1830. Menyanthes verna Raf.
1929. Menyanthes trifoliata var. minor
2003. Menyanthes trifoliata ssp. verna
Buckbean,
Buck-bean,
Bog buckbean,
Bogbean
Trèfle d'eau
Native, C:9,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-4
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

NymphoidesEdit

Asterales — Menyanthaceae — Nymphoides
NymphoidesHill Floatingheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Elliott) Fernald

1817. Villarsia cordata Elliott
1938. Nymphoides cordatum (Elliott) Fernald
    
Floating-heart,
Little floatingheart,
Eight-angled floatingheart
Faux-nymphéa à
  feuilles cordées,
Nymphoïde cordées
Native, C:9,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-3-4
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(S.G.Gmel.) Kuntze

    
    
    
Yellow floating-heart,
Yellow floatingheart
Faux-nymphéa pelté,
Faux-nénuphar,
Nymphoïdès pelté,
Petit nénuphar
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 74%[1],
Prohibited[2]

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp

Lamiales 3
Flora of New York — Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae
Carduoideae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index