Flora of New York/Aquifoliaceae, Campanulaceae, Menyanthaceae

< Flora of New York

Order AquifolialesEdit

The order Aquifoliales ...

Family AquifoliaceaeEdit

The Aquifoliaceae (holly family) ...

Genus IlexEdit
Aquifoliaceaegenus Ilex
Ilex Holly N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 (L.) A.Gray

1753. Prinos verticillatus  L.
1856. Ilex verticillata  A.Gray
1912. Ilex fastigiata  E.P.Bicknell
1921. Ilex verticillata var. fastigiata
Common winterberry,
Virginia winterberry,
Black holly,
Black alder

Houx verticillé
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 7

NWI: FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 



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(L.) M.Powell, Savol. & S.Andrews

1753. Vaccinium mucronatum  L.
1901. Nemopanthus mucronatus  Loes.
2000. Ilex mucronata  M.Powell et al.
Mountain holly,
Catberry

Némopanthe mucroné,
Faux houx
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 8

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW Can
ARS ITIS



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 Torr. & A.Gray 1848

1848. Ilex montana  Torr. & A.Gray
1856. Ilex monticola  A.Gray
1870. Ilex amelanchier var. monticola
1964. Ilex ambigua var. montana
1977. Ilex ambigua var. monticola
1983. Ilex ambigua ssp. montana
Mountain holly,
Mountain winterberry,
Big-leaved holly
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 8

NWI: FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray 1856

1753. Prinos glaber  L.
1856. Ilex glabra  A.Gray
Inkberry, ink-berry,
Gallberry,
Winter-berry,
Evergreen winterberry,
Appalachian-tea
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 8

NWI: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS



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 (Pursh) A.Gray 1856

1813. Prinos laevigatus  Pursh
1856. Ilex laevigata  A.Gray
Smooth winterberry,
Smooth winterberry holly
Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 8

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
 Ait.
var. opaca
American holly Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 8

NWI: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
NEW 


NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Thunb. 1784

1865. Celastrus adenophyllus  Miq.
Japanese holly,
Box-leaf holly

Houx crénelé
Introduced from
 Asia,
Somewhat invasive,
NYIS: 48%[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 L. 1753
English holly

Houx commun
Introduced,
from Eurasia,
northern Africa

Perennial,
Tree, shrub

USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS


Note [2]
Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentIlex crenata: Low (48).
  2. Although Ilex aquifolium is not listed as naturalized in New York or most of the Northeast, it is listed as present in "forests and borders of swamps in areas of habitation" in the adjacent state of Massachusetts,[1] and it is cultivated in suitable parts of New York as an ornamental tree.

Order AsteralesEdit

Family CampanulaceaeEdit

Subamily CampanuloideaeEdit

Genus CampanulaEdit
Campanulaceaesubfam. Campanuloideaetribe Campanuleaegenus Campanula[1]
Campanula Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Pursh

C. aparinoides var. grandiflora
C. aparinoides var. uliginosa
C. uliginosa Rydb.
Marsh bellflower Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

C. alaskana
C. dubia
C. gieseckiana
C. groenlandica ... etc.
American harebell,
Bluebell bellflower
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

C. rapunculoides var. ucranica
Creeping bellflower,
Rampion bellflower
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





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 L.
Bats in the belfry,
Nettle-leaved bellflower
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-





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 L.

C. persicifolia var. alba
Peachleaf bellflower,
Peach-leaved bellflower
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





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 L.
Clustered bellflower,
Dane's blood
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-XX





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 L.
Rambling bellflower,
Spreading bellflower
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





Images, wsp
  1. Roquet et. al. 2008: "Natural Delineation, Molecular Phylogeny and Floral Evolution in Campanula." Systematic Botany 33(1): 203-217.
Genus CampanulastrumEdit
Campanulaceaesubfam. Campanuloideaetribe Campanuleaegenus Campanulastrum
Campanulastrum Bellflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Small (1903)
Tall bellflower Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus TriodanisEdit
Campanulaceaesubfam. Campanuloideaetribe Campanuleaegenus Triodanis
Triodanis Venus' looking glass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. perfoliata

Legousia perfoliata
Specularia perfoliata
Clasping Venus' looking-glass,
Claspingleaf Venus' looking-glass
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
(L.) Nieuwl.
ssp. biflora

Specularia biflora
T. biflora
Small Venus' looking-glass Introduced,
US South native
NYFA-X
USDA-N





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Genus JasioneEdit
Campanulaceaesubfam. Campanuloideaetribe Campanuleaegenus Jasione
Jasione Jasione N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.
Sheepbit,
Sheep's-bit
Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X0





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Genus PlatycodonEdit
Campanulaceaesubfam. Campanuloideaetribe Campanuleaegenus Platycodon
Platycodon Platycodon N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Jacq.) A.DC.

P. grandiflorum orth. var.
Balloon-flower,
Chinese bellflower
Introduced,
No specimens
NYFA-X0
USDA-X0





Images, wsp

Subamily LobelioideaeEdit

Genus LobeliaEdit
Campanulaceaesubfam. Lobelioideaetribe Lobelieaegenus Lobelia
Lobelia Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 L.

1753. Lobelia inflata  L.
Indian-tobacco,
Puke weed

Lobélie enflée,
Tabac indien
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 1

NWI: FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp
 Lam.

     Lobelia spicata  Lam.
     Lobelia bracteata
     Lobelia hirtella
     Lobelia leptostachys
Palespike lobelia,
Pale-spiked lobelia
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

NWI: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

    
Great blue lobelia Native,
Secure,
CoC: 5

NWI: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

     Lobelia kalmii  L.
     L. kalmii var. strictiflora
     L. strictiflora  (Rydb.) Lunell
Brook lobelia,
Kalm's lobelia,
Ontario lobelia
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 8

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.

     Lobelia cardinalis  L.
     Lobelia fulgens
     Lobelia splendens
Cardinalflower,
Cardinal flower
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 7

NWI: OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 L.
Dortmann's cardinalflower,
Water lobelia
Native,
Likely secure,
CoC: 9

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Schult.

     Lobelia nuttallii  Schult.
Nuttall's lobelia Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 7

NWI: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-3
USDA-N0





Images, wsp
 Lour.

1790. Lobelia chinensis  Lour.
Chinese lobelia Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 37%[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-0
USDA-X0

ARS 
Trop.


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentLobelia chinensis: Low (37). USDA-NRCS Plants database shows that Lobelia chinensis has naturalized in PA and NJ, but not NY.

Family MenyanthaceaeEdit

The Menyanthaceae is a family of aquatic and wetland plants.

Menyanthaceae
Menyanthes Buckbean N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Bog buckbean Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-N





Images, wsp
Nymphoides Floatingheart N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
Floating-heart Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N





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Yellow floating-heart Introduced
NYFA-X
USDA-X





Images, wsp