Flora of New York/Apiales

< Flora of New York

Millerieae, Madieae, Eupatorieae
Flora of New York — Apiales
Dipsacales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


In New York, the order Apiales is represented by the ginseng and carrot families.

Order Family Subfamily Tribe Subtribe Genera G T
Apiales Araliaceae Aralioideae Hedereae Hedera (English ivy) 1 1
Aralieae Aralia (spikenard, sarsaparilla, angelica tree)
Panax (ginseng)
Eleutherococcus (five-leaved aralia)
3 8
Hydrocotyloideae Hydrocotyle (water pennywort) 1 5
Apiaceae Saniculoideae Saniculeae Sanicula (sanicle, black snakeroot)
Eryngium (eryngo, coyote thistle)
2 7
Apioideae Oenantheae Sium (water-parsnip)
Cicuta (water-hemlock)
Cryptotaenia (honewort)
Ptilimnium (mock bishop-weed, herb-william)
Lilaeopsis (grasswort)
Oxypolis (cowbane, stiff cowbane, water dropwort)
Berula (water parsnip)
7 8
Scandiceae Scandicinae Osmorhiza (sweetroot, sweet-cicely)
Chaerophyllum (chervil)
Anthriscus (chervil, cow parsley)
3 6
Daucinae Daucus (wild carrot, Queen Anne's lace) 1 1
Torilidinae Torilis (hedge parsley) 1 1
Careae Carum (caraway, anise)
Aegopodium (goutweed, ground elder)
2 2
Pimpinelleae Pimpinella (burnet-saxifrage) 1 2
Coriandreae Coriandrum (coriander) 1 1
Apieae Apium (celery)
Anethum (dill)
Foeniculum (fennel)
Levisticum (lovage)
Petroselinum (parsley)
4 4
Tordylieae Heracleum (cow parsnip, hogweed)
Pastinaca (parsnip)
2 4
Selineae Taenidia (yellow pimpernel)
Zizia (golden Alexanders)
Angelica (angelica)
Ligusticum (licorice-root)
Thaspium (meadow-parsnip)
Aethusa (fool's parsley)
Peucedanum (masterwort)
7 11
(unplaced) Conioselinum (hemlock-parsley)
Erigenia (pepper-and-salt)
Conium (poison hemlock)
3 3

Family AraliaceaeEdit

The Araliaceae (ginseng family)

Subfamily AralioideaeEdit

Tribe AralieaeEdit

Genus AraliaEdit

Three sections of Aralia are found in New York.[1]

The native Aralia spinosa is similar in appearance to the exotica invasive Aralia elata. Reports of A. spinosa in the New York City area are probably A. elata.[2]

Apiales – fam. Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Aralia
Araliasect. Nanae Sarsaparilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Aralia nudicaulis L.
    
    
Wild sarsaparilla,
American sarsaparilla,
Virginia sarsaparilla

Angélique à tige nue,
Salsepareille
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Araliasect. Aralia Spikenard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.
ssp. racemosa

1753. Aralia racemosa L.
    
    
American spikenard,
Small spikenard
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Araliasect. Dimorphanthus Angelica-tree N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Vent.

    
    
    
Bristly sarsaparilla,
Bristly spikenard

Aralie hispide,
Salsepareille
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can





Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Devil's walking-stick,
Hercules'-club,
Angelica-tree
Native, CoC: 4,
Likely secure,
NE-5[3]

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0





Images, wsp
 (Miq.) Seem.

    Dimorphanthus elatus Miq.
    Aralia elata (Miq.) Seem.
    
Japanese angelica-tree,
Japanese aralia,
Japanese Hercules'-club

Aralie élevée,
Aralia élevé,
Angélique du Japon
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 80%[4],
Prohibited[5],
NE-4[6]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Wen, J. (2011). "Systematics and Biogeography of Aralia L. (Araliaceae): Revision of Aralia Sects. Aralia, Humiles, Nanae, and Sciadodendron." Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 57:1-172. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/23493230
  2. Steven D. Glenn (2012), Aralia spinosa, devil's walking-stick, New York Metropolitan Flora Project.
  3. Category 5 Plants - native invasives - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
  4. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAralia elata: Very high (80). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  5. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
  6. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Genus PanaxEdit

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius), is widely collected for use as a medicinal herb.[1] Note that is illegal to harvest American ginseng from State Lands.[2]

Apiales – fam. Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Panax
Panax Ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Panax trifolium L.
1854. Aralia trifolia (L.) Decne.& Planch.
1872. Ginseng trifolium (L.) Alph.Wood
Dwarf ginseng,
Groundnut

Ginseng à trois folioles,
Panace à trois folioles,
Petit ginseng
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 L.

1718. Aureliana canadensis Lafit. pre-Lin.
1753. Panax quinquefolium L.
1838. Panax americanus Raf.
1854. Aralia quinquefolia (L.) Decne.& Planch.
1871. Ginseng quinquefolium (L.) Alph.Wood
American ginseng,
Five-leaved ginseng,
Occidental ginseng,
Redberry

Ginseng à cinq folioles,
Ginseng d'Amérique,
Grand ginseng,
Panace à cinq folioles
Native, CoC: 9,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Genus EleutherococcusEdit

The National Park Service considers Five-leaf Aralia to be a potential or emerging threat to natural areas in the mid-Atlantic region.[1]

Apiales – fam. Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Aralieae – genus Eleutherococcus
Eleutherococcus Thorny ginseng N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Makino) Koidz.

1881. Acanthopanax pentaphyllus Marchal
1898. Acanthopanax sieboldianus Makino
1914. E. pentaphyllus (Marchal) Nakai
1939. E. sieboldianus (Makino) Koidz.
Five-leaved aralia Introduced,
Potentially invasive
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe HedereaeEdit

Genus HederaEdit

Ivies (Hedera spp.) are primarily native to Eurasia and northern Africa. Outside of their native ranges, some can become invasive, as Hedera helix is considered to be in New York. However both of these ivies are considered invasive at various locations throughout North America.[1]

Apiales – fam. Araliaceae – subfam. Aralioideae – tribe Hedereae – genus Hedera
Hedera Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
ssp. helix

1753. Hedera helix L
1830. Hedera canariensis Willd.
1830. H. helix var. canariensis DC.
1913. H. helix ssp. canariensis Cout.
English ivy

Lierre commun,
Lierre
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 66%[2],
CP-3[3] IPA
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Hedera (excluded) Ivy N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (G.Kirchn.) Bean

1864. Hedera helix var. hibernica G.Kirchn.
1890. Hedera hibernica Carrière invalid
1914. Hedera hibernica (G.Kirchn.) Bean
1987. Hedera helix ssp. hibernica McClint.
Atlantic ivy,
Irish ivy

Lierre d'Irlande
Introduced from
 Europe,
Excluded
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Patterson Clark (2013). "Ivy: You say helix, I say hibernica." Urban Jungle column in The Washington Post. February 19, 2013.
  2. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHedera helix: Moderate (66). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  3. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)

Subfamily HydrocotyloideaeEdit

Genus HydrocotyleEdit

Apiales – fam. Araliaceae – subfam. Hydrocotyloideae – genus Hydrocotyle
Hydrocotyle Water pennywort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 L.

1753. Hydrocotyle americana L.
    
    
American marsh-pennywort,
American water-pennywort
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Hydrocotyle umbellata L.
    
    
Many-flowered
  marsh-pennywort,
Many-flowered pennywort,
Dollarweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-N?
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.f.

1782. H. ranunculoides L.f.
    
    
Floating pennywort Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
 Thunb.
var. verticillata

1798. Hydrocotyle verticillata Thunb.
    
    
Whorled pennywort,
Whorled marsh-pennywort
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

    Hydrocotyle vulgaris L.
    H. fetherstoniana
1798. H. verticillata var. fetherstoniana
European marsh-pennywort,
Common pennywort,
Pennywort
Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-Z
USDA-00
NEW 




EOL 
Images, wsp
Lam.

    H. sibthorpioides Lam.
    H. rotundifolia Roxburgh ex DC.
    
Lawn marsh-pennywort Introduced,
Naturalized







Images, wsp

Family ApiaceaeEdit

The Apiaceae (carrot family)...

Subfamily SaniculoideaeEdit

Tribe SaniculeaeEdit

Genus SaniculaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Saniculoideae – tribe Saniculeae – genus Sanicula
Sanicula Sanicle /
black snakeroot
N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
L.

1753. S. marilandica L.
    
    
Maryland sanicle,
Maryland snakeroot,
Black snakeroot
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 





Images, wsp
L.
var. canadensis

1753. S. canadensis L.
1824. S. marilandica var. canadensis
    
Short-styled sanicle,
Canadian blacksnakeroot,
Canada sanicle
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
var. grandis Fernald

1940. S. canadensis var. grandis
    
    
Big-fruited Canada sanicle,,
Big-fruited Canada snakeroot
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
(Raf.) K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe

1817. Triclinium odoratum Raf.
1895. S. gregaria E.P.Bicknell
1989. S. odorata (Raf.)
K.M.Pryer & L.R.Phillippe
Clustered sanicle,
Clustered black snakeroot,
Common black snakeroot
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
E.P. Bicknell

    
    
    
Large-fruited sanicle,
Large-fruited snakeroot,
Beaked snakeroot
Native, CoC: ?,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus EryngiumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Saniculoideae – tribe Saniculeae – genus Eryngium
Eryngium Eryngo N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

Marsh rattlesnake master Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z






Images, wsp

Plain coyote-thistle,
Plains eryngo
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Seaside coyote-thistle Introduced,
Impersistent
NYFA-X






Images, wsp

Subfamily ApioideaeEdit

The organization used here for the Apiaceae subfamily Apioideae is based on Downie (2010).[1]

Tribe ErigenieaeEdit

Genus ErigeniaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Erigenia
Erigenia Erigenia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

    
    
    
Harbinger-of-spring,
Pepper-and-salt
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe OenantheaeEdit

Genus SiumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Sium
Sium Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Walter

1788. Sium suave Walter
1789. Sium cicutifolium Schrank
1987. Sium suave var. floridanum
C.F. Reed
Hemlock water-parsnip,
Water-parsnip,
Water-parsley
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus CicutaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Cicuta
Cicuta Water-hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Bulb-bearing water-hemlock,
Bulblet-bearing water hemlock,
Bulbous waterhemlock
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N






Images, wsp
var. maculata

Spotted water hemlock,
Poison hemlock,
Beaver-poison,
Musquash-root,
Spotted cowbane
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-






Images, wsp
Genus CryptotaeniaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Cryptotaenia
Cryptotaenia Honewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) DC.

1753. Sison canadense L.
1829. Cryptotaenia canadensis DC.
1891. Deringa canadensis Kuntze
Canada honewort Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus PtilimniumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Ptilimnium
Ptilimnium Mock-bishopweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Michx.) Raf.

1803. Ammi capillaceum Michx.
1829. Discopleura capillacea DC.
1830. Ptilimnium capillaceum Raf.
Mock bishop-weed,
Threadleaf mockbishopweed,
Atlantic mock bishop-weed,
Herbwilliam
Native,
Rare
NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
Genus LilaeopsisEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Lilaeopsis
Lilaeopsis Grasswort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Kuntze

1753. Hydrocotyle chinensis L.
1803. Hydrocotyle lineata Michx.
1818. Crantzia lineata Nutt.
1891. Lilaeopsis lineata Greene
1898. Lilaeopsis chinensis Kuntze
Eastern grasswort,
Eastern lilaeopsis
Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus OxypolisEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Oxypolis
OxypolisRaf. Cowbane N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Sium rigidius L.
1830. Oxypolis rigidior Raf.
Stiff cowbane,
Water-dropwort
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus BerulaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Oenantheae – genus Berula
Berula Waterparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Cutleaf water parsnip,
Water parsnip
Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe ScandiceaeEdit

Subtribe ScandicinaeEdit
Genus OsmorhizaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Scandicinae – genus Osmorhiza
Osmorhiza Sweetroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Michx.) C.B.Clarke

1803. Myrrhis claytonii Michx.
1830. Osmorhiza brevistylis DC.
1879. Osmorhiza claytonii C.B.Clarke
1897. Washingtonia claytonii Britton
1916. Scandix claytonii Koso-Pol.
Clayton's sweetroot,
Hairy sweet cicely,
Bland sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Torr.) DC.

1824. Myrrhis longistylis Torr.
1830. Osmorhiza longistylis DC.
1897. Washingtonia longistylis Britton
Longstyle sweetroot,
Long-styled sweetroot,
Aniseroot,
Smooth sweet cicely,
Long-styled sweet-cicely
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus ChaerophyllumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Scandicinae – genus Chaerophyllum
Chaerophyllum Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Crantz
var. procumbens

1753. Scandix procumbens L.
1767. C. procumbens (L.) Crantz
Spreading chervil Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

WL: FACW
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW-0


BNA


Images, wsp
Genus AnthriscusEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Scandicinae – genus Anthriscus
AnthriscusPers. Chervil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 M. Bieb.

    A. neglecta var. scandix
    A. scandicina Mansf. (i)
Bur chervil Introduced
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 (L.) Hoffm.

    A. longirostris Bertol.
    Cerefolium cerefolium
    Scandix cerefolium L.
Common chervil,
Garden chervil
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 (L.) Hoffm.

Wild chervil,
Cow parsley
Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 79%[1],
Prohibited[2]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAnthriscus sylvestris: High (79). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Proposed Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
Subtribe DaucinaeEdit
Genus DaucusEdit

Wild carrot (Daucus carota), ancestor to the cultivated carrot, has edible roots when young, but they soon become quite woody.

Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Daucinae – genus Daucus
Daucus Wild-carrot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Daucus carota L.
1753. D. gingidium L.
1813. D. aegyptiacus Hornem.
1843. D. abyssinicus C.A.Mey.
Wild carrot,
Queen Anne's lace,
Bird's nest

Carotte sauvage,
Carotte,
Carotte potagère,
Dauce carotte
Introduced, CoC: 0 from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

WL: UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Subtribe TorilidinaeEdit
Genus TorilisEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Scandiceae – subtr. Torilidinae – genus Torilis
Torilis Hedgeparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Houtt.) DC.

1777. Caucalis japonica Houtt.
1805. T. anthriscus (L.) C.C.Gmel.
1830. T. japonica (Houtt.) DC.
1903. T. anthriscus var. japonica
Erect hedge-parsley,
Japanese hedge parsley,
Upright hedge parsley

Torilis du Japon,
Torilis anthrisque,
Torilis faux-cerfeuil
Introduced, CoC: 0 from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
CP-3[1] IPA[2][3]

Annual,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Huds.) Link

1762. Caucalis arvensis Huds.
1821. Torilis arvensis Link
1915. Anthriscus arvensis Koso-Pol.
Spreading hedgeparsley,
Canada hedge-parsley,
Field hedge-parsley

Torilis des champs
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
No specimens

Annual,
Forb-herb
NYFA-0
USDA-XN
Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe CareaeEdit

Genus CarumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Careae – genus Carum
Carum Carum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Caraway,
Anise
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus AegopodiumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Careae – genus Aegopodium
Aegopodium Goutweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Aegopodium podagraria L.
1827. Carum podagraria (L.) Roth
1889. Apium podagraria (L.) Caruel
1900. A. podagraria var. variegatum
Goutweed,
Bishop's goutweed,
Ground elder,
Snow-on-the-mountain

Égopode podagraire,
Herbe aux goutteux,
Podagraire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 64%[1],
CP-3[2], NE-2[3]

WL: FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentAegopodium podagraria: Moderate (64). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Plantations' accessioned collections (2009)
  3. Category 2 Plants - moderately invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Tribe PimpinelleaeEdit

Genus PimpinellaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Pimpinelleae – genus Pimpinella
Pimpinella Burnet-saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. P. saxifraga L.
    
Common burnet-saxifrage,
Solidstem burnet-saxifrage,
Burnet-saxifrage
Introduced,
from Eurasia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
 (L.) Huds.

1753. P. saxifraga var. major
1762. P. major Huds.
1771. P. magna L.
Hollowstem burnet saxifrage,
Hollow-stemmed burnet-saxifrage
Introduced from
 Europe
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Tribe CoriandreaeEdit

Genus CoriandrumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Coriandreae – genus Coriandrum
Coriandrum Coriander N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Coriandrum sativum L.
1904. Selinum coriandrum Krause
    
Coriander,
Cilantro,
Chinese parsley

Coriandre cultivée,
Coriandre cultivé,
Coriandre
Introduced from
 Mediterranean,
Likely naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe ApieaeEdit

Genus ApiumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae – genus Apium
Apium Celery N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Apium graveolens L.
1771. Seseli graveolens (L) Scop.
1788. Sium apium Roth
1805. Sium graveolens (L) Vest
1829. Seseli graveolens (L) Ledeb.
1900. Apium vulgare Bubani
1904. Selinum graveolens (L) Krause
1911. Apium integrilobum Hayata
1913. Celeri graveolens (L.) Britton
1916. Carum graveolens (L.) Koso-Pol.
Celery,
Wild celery

Céleri
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

WL: FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XN
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
Genus AnethumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae – genus Anethum
Anethum Dill N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Dill Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus FoeniculumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae – genus Foeniculum
Foeniculum Fennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Sweet fennel Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus LevisticumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae – genus Levisticum
Levisticum Levisticum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Lovage Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus PetroselinumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Apieae – genus Petroselinum
Petroselinum Parsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Mill.) Fuss

1768. Apium crispum Mill.
1866. Petroselinum crispum Fuss
1879. P. crispum Nyman
1925. P. crispum Nyman ex A.W.Hill
Parsley

Persil
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe TordylieaeEdit

This tribe contains the parsnips and cowparsnips, the only native member of which is Heracleum maximum. Skin contact with any of these may cause phytophotodermatitis.

Genus HeracleumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Tordylieae
Heracleum Cowparsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Bartr.

    Heracleum lanatum Michx.
    H. sphondylium ssp. montanum
    H. sphondylium var. lanatum
Cow-parsnip,
Common cowparsnip
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
ssp. sibiricum

Common Hogweed,
Eltrot
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Giant hogweed Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 72%[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentHeracleum mantegazzianum: High (72). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
Genus PastinacaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Tordylieae
Pastinaca Parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Pastinaca sativa L.
    
    
Wild parsnip,
Common parsnip

Panais sauvage,
Panais cultivé
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive

Biennial-perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
Note: IPA[1] WW
  1. Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States lists Pastinaca sativa invasive in MI, OH PA, TN, VA, WI

Tribe SelineaeEdit

Genus TaenidiaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – subtr. Taenidia
Taenidia Yellow-pimpernel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Drude

1753. Smyrnium integerrimum L.
1898. Taenidia integerrima (L.) Drude
Yellow pimpernel,
Yellow pimpernell,
Golden Alexander

Ténidia à feuilles entières,
Ténidie très entière
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA
LBJ
EOL 
Images, wsp
Genus ZiziaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – subtr. Zizia
Zizia Zizia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2

Common golden Alexanders,
Golden Zizia
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Zizia cordata
Heartleaf golden Alexanders,
Meadow zizia
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus AngelicaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – subtr. Angelica
Angelica Angelica N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

Great angelica,
Purplestem angelica
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Angelica villosa
Hairy angelica Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3
USDA-NX






Images, wsp

Coelopleurum spp.
Angelica,
Seacoast angelica,
Seaside angelica
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus LigusticumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – subtr. Ligusticum
Ligusticum Licorice-root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. scoticum

Scottish licorice-root Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus ThaspiumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – subtr. Thaspium
Thaspium Meadow-parsnip N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Nutt.

1803. Ligusticum barbinode Michx.
1818. Thaspium barbinode Nutt.
1887. T. barbinode var. angustifolium
1900. T. barbinode var. chapmanii
1933. Thaspium chapmanii Small
Hairyjoint meadowparsnip,
Hairy-jointed meadowparsnip
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (L.) A.Gray
var. aureum (L.) Britton

1753. Smyrnium aureum L.
1818. Thaspium aureum Nutt
1894. T. trifoliatum var. aureum Britton
1918. T. trifoliatum var. flavum S.F.Blake
Purple meadow-parsnip,
Smooth meadow-parsnip
Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN


Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus AethusaEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – genus Aethusa
Aethusa Aethusa N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
L.

1753. Aethusa cynapium L.
    
    
Fool's-parsley,
Poison parsley

Ethuse,
Petite ciguë
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Annual,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus PeucedanumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe Selineae – genus Peucedanum
Peucedanum Masterwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) W.D.J.Koch

1753. Imperatoria ostruthia L.
1822. Imperatoria major Gray
1824. Peucedanum ostruthium W.D.J.Koch
Masterwort Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe (unplaced)Edit

Genus ConioselinumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe (unplaced) – genus Conioselinum
Conioselinum Hemlockparsley N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1753. Athamanta chinense L.
1813. Cnidium chinense Spreng. ex Steud.
1888. Conioselinum chinense B.S.P.
1900. Conioselinum pacificum J.M.Coult. & Rose
Hemlock parsley,
Eastern hemlockparsley,
Chinese hemlockparsley
Native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus ConiumEdit
Apiales – fam. Apiaceae – subfam. Apioideae – tribe (unplaced) – genus Conium
Conium Poison hemlock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

Poison hemlock,
Deadly hemlock,
Poison parsley
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp