Flora of New York/Amygdaloideae 1


Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Rosoideae 2
Flora of New York — Rosales : Rosaceae : Amygdaloideae 1
Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Amygdaloideae 2
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Rosaceae (cont'd)


The grouping of the Rosaceae (rose family) taxa used here is based on the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website,[1] Eriksson (2003),[2] and Longhi (2014).[3] The subfamilies Rosoideae and Amygdaloideae are present in New York.
Rosaceae
Rosoideae
Ulmarieae

Filipendula

Rosodeae
Rubeae

Rubus

Colureae

Geum

Waldsteinia

Sanguisorbeae
Agrimoniinae

Agrimonia

Sanguisorbineae

Sanguisorba

Roseae

Rosa

Potentilleae
Potentillineae

Potentilla

Argentina

Fragariinae

Drymocallis

Comarum

Dasiphora

Sibbaldia

Fragaria

Alchemillinae

Alchemilla

Aphanes

Dryadoideae

Cercocarpus

Dryas

Amygdaloideae
Niellieae

Physocarpus

Amygdaleae

Prunus

Osmaronieae

Exochorda

Kerrieae

Rhodotypos

Kerria

Sorbarieae

Sorbaria

Spiraeeae

Spiraea

Pyrodeae
Gillenieae

Gillenia

Maleae

Amelanchier

Aronia

Photinia

Crataegus

Sorbus

Malus

Pyrus

Cydonia

Chaenomeles

Pyracantha

Cotoneaster


Subfamily AmygdaloideaeEdit

Tribe NeillieaeEdit

PhysocarpusEdit

 
Physocarpus opulifolius
Ninebark (Physocarpus), named for the shape (the figure '9') formed by its peeling bark, is primarily a North American genus, with a handful of species native to western North America and a single species (Physocarpus opulifolius) native to eastern North America.[1] The genus also has a single Asian species.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Neillieae — Physocarpus
Physocarpus Ninebark N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Maxim.

1753. Spiraea opulifolia L.
1879. Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.
1891. Opulaster opulifolius (L.) Kuntze
1901. Opulaster intermedius Rydb.
1906. Physocarpus intermedius C.K.Schneid.
1908. P. opulifolius var. intermedius B.L.Rob.
Ninebark,
Eastern ninebark,
Atlantic ninebark,
Common ninebark,
Smooth ninebark,
Viburnum-leaved ninebark
Physocarpe à feuilles d'obier,
Sept écorces
Native, C:7,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos
BONAP
LBJ

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Tribe AmygdaleaeEdit

The Amygdaleae contains cherries, plums, and peaches, all three of which are in the genus Prunus.

PrunusEdit

The genus Prunus is here separated into three subgenera: subg. Cerasus (cherries); subg. Prunus (sandcherries and plums); and subg. Amygdalus (peach).[1]
Prunus subg. CerasusEdit
The subgenus Cerasus contains the cherries, three of which (black cherry, chokecherry, and pin cherry) are native to New York State. About five Eurasian cherry species have been found to have naturalized in New York, and two of those (sweet cherry and sour cherry) are considered to be moderately invasive. Black cherry is the only member of the Rosaceae that has significant value as a timber resource.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amygdaloideae — Amygdaleae — Prunus subg. Cerasus
Prunussubg. Cerasussect. Laurocerasus Cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. virginiana

1753. Prunus virginiana L. nom. cons.
1762. Prunus canadensis L.
1768. Padus virginiana (L) Mill.
1797. Padus nana (Du Roi) Borkh.
1943. Pr. virginiana fo. deamii G.N.Jones
1966. Pr. virginiana var. deamii B.Boivin
Chokecherry,
Common chokecherry,
Virginia chokecherry,
Eastern chokecherry,
Red chokecherry
Cerisier de Virginie,
Cerisier à grappes
Native, C:3,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun-shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 Ehrh.
var. serotina

1783. Prunus serotina Ehrh.
1796. Padus serotina Borkh.
1901. Prunus eximia Small
1903. Padus eximia Small
1951. Pr. serotina ssp. eximia McVaugh
1953. Pr. serotina var. eximia Little
Black cherry,
Wild black cherry,
Rum cherry,
American cherry,
Capulin
Cerisier tardif,
Cerisier d'automne
Native, C:4,
Secure

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun-shade
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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 L.

1753. Prunus padus L.
1768. Padus avium Mill.
1800. Cerasus padus (L.) Delarbre
European bird cherry,
Bird cherry,
Hagberry
Cerisier à grappes
    d'Europe,
Cerisier à grappes
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
 n. Africa

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
Prunussubg. Cerasussect. Cerasus Cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.f.

1781. Prunus pensylvanica L.f.
1812. Cerasus pensylvanica Loisel.
1900. Prunus corymbulosa Rydb.
1915. Prunus pensylvanica
var. corymbulosa W.Wight
Pin cherry,
Fire cherry,
Wild red cherry,
Bird cherry
Cerisier de Pennsylvanie,
Petit merisier,
Cerisier d'été
Native, C:4,
Secure

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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VASCAN
ITIS
Tropicos
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) L.

1753. P. cerasus var. avium L.
1755. Prunus avium (L.) L.
1794. Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
1816. Prunus macrophylla Poir.
Sweet cherry,
Wild sweet cherry,
Mazzard cherry,
Bird cherry,
Gean
Cerisier des oiseaux,
Cerisier sauvage,
Merisier des oiseaux,
Cerisier de France
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 55%[1],
CP-5[2],
NE-4[3]

Perennial,
Tree
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS

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 L.

1753. Prunus cerasus L.
1768. Cerasus vulgaris Mill.
1866. P. vulgaris Schur nom. inval.
Sour cherry,
Sour red cherry,
Pie cherry,
Morello cherry
Cerisier acide,
Cerisier aigre,
Griottier acide
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 55%[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
 L.

    Cerasus mahaleb
Perfumed cherry,
Mahaleb cherry
Introduced

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images, wsp
Pall.

1753. Prunus cerasus var. pumila L.
1784. Prunus fruticosa Pall.
1787. Prunus chamaecerasus Jacq.
1893. P. fruticosa fo. pendula Dippel
1925. Cerasus fruticosa Woronow
European dwarf cherry,
European ground cherry
Prunier nain
Introduced from
 Erurasia

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images, wsp
  1. a b New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentPrunus avium & Prunus cerasus: Moderate (55). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
  3. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Prunus subg. PrunusEdit
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amygdaloideae — Amygdaleae — Prunus subg. Prunus
Prunussect. Penarmeniaca Sandcherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. susquehanae

    Prunus cuneata
    P. pumila var. cuneata
    P. susquehanae
Appalachian cherry
Appalachian sand plum
Sand cherry
Great Lakes sandcherry
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-4
USDA-N
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ARS-GRIN

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 L.
var. depressa

    Prunus depressa Pursh
    P. pumila var. depressa
    
Low sand cherry,
Eastern sandcherry,
Prostrate sand cherry,
Prostrate dwarf cherry
Native, C:10,
Threatened

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-2
USDA-N
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 L.
var. pumila

Sand cherry,
Great Lakes sandcherry
Cerisier nain
Native, C:10,
Endangered

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-1
USDA-N
Go Botany
VASCAN

Images, wsp
Prunussect. Prunocerasus New-world plum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton (1789)

P. americana var. nigra
Canada plum Native, C:2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Tree
  NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN

Images, wsp
 Marshall

1785. Prunus maritima Marshall
1897. Prunus gravesii Small
1980. Prunus maritima
var. gravesii G.J.Anderson
Beach plum,
Shore plum
Native, C:8,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-4
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 Marshall (1785)

American red plum,
Prunier américain
Native, C:2,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-3-4

Images, wsp
 Elliott (1821)

    Prunus alleghaniensis Porter[1]
    Prunus alleghaniensis var. davisii
    Prunus injucunda Small
    Prunus mitis Beadle
Allegheny plum,
Flatwoods plum,
Hog plum,
Sloe plum
Native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Tree
  NYFA-U
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
Prunussect. Prunus Old-world plum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. domestica

European plum Introduced

Perennial,
Tree
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
var. insititia

European plum Introduced

Perennial,
Tree
  NYFA-X

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Prunus spinosa L.
Blackthorn,
Sloe
Épine noire
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
  1. The New York Flora Atlas and USDA-NRCS PLANTS database both list Prunus alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis, but GRIN & ITIS both list P. umbellata as the accepted name for all varieties of P. alleghaniensis. Joey Shaw & Randall L. Small (2004) "Addressing the 'hardest puzzle in American pomology:' Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions." American Journal of Botany 91(6): 985–996.
Prunus subg. AmygdalusEdit
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amygdaloideae — Amygdaleae — Prunus subg. Amygdalus
Prunus Peach N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Batsch

1753. Amygdalus persica L.
1768. Persica vulgaris Mill.
1801. Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Peach,
Pêcher
Introduced,
Not naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp

Tribe OsmaronieaeEdit

ExochordaEdit

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Osmaronieae
Exochorda Pearlbrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Lindl.) Rehder

1847. Amelanchier racemosa Lindl.
1858. Exochorda grandiflora Lindl.
1913. Exochorda racemosa Rehder
Common pearlbrush,
Common pearlbush,
Pearl-bush
Exochorde à grandes fleurs
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp

Tribe KerrieaeEdit

RhodotyposEdit

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Kerrieae — Rhodotypos
Rhodotypos Rhodotypos N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Jetbead,
Black jetbead
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[1]
  NYFA-X

Images, wsp

KerriaEdit

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Kerrieae — Kerria
KerriaDC. Kerria N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC. (1818)

Rubus japonicus L.Corchorus japonicus (L.) Houtt.
Japanese-rose,
Japan globeflower,
Japanese kerria
Introduced,
Asia native
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp

Tribe SorbarieaeEdit

SorbariaEdit

False spiraea (Sorbaria sorbifolia) gets its specific epithet from the similarity of its leaves to those of the genus Sorbus (mountain-ash), while it gets its common name of course from its similarity to the genus Spiraea. It seems to spread easily from cultivation, though there are claims of a cultivar without such invasive tendencies.

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Sorbarieae — Sorbaria
Sorbaria False-spiraea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) A.Braun

1753. Spiraea sorbifolia L.
1841. Schizonotus sorbifolia
Lindl. ex Steud.
1860. Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A.Braun
1879. So. sorbifolia var. stellipila
1905. So. stellipila C.K.Schneider
False spiraea,
Ash-leaved spiraea,
Ural false spiraea
Sorbaire à feuilles de sorbier,
Spirée à feuilles de sorbier
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 44%[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Tropicos

Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentSorbaria sorbifolia: Unknown (44). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe SpiraeeaeEdit

SpiraeaEdit

Spiraea sect. SpiraeaEdit
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Spiraea
Spiraeasect. Spiraea Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Spiraea tomentosa L.
    Spiraea glomerata Raf.
    Spiraea parvifolia Raf.
1838. Spiraea ferruginea Raf.
1838. Spiraea rosea Raf.
1912. Spiraea tomentosa var. rosea
Steeplebush,
Hardhack spiraea,
Rosy meadowsweet,
Tomentose meadowsweet
Spirée tomenteuse
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
BONAP

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 Du Roi
var. latifolia (Aiton) Dippel

1789. S. salicifolia var. latifolia
1803. S. latifolia (Aiton) Borkh.
1818. S. obovata Raf.
1838. S. ovata Raf.
1838. S. heterophylla Raf.
1893. S. alba var. latifolia
1917. S. latifolia var. septentrionalis
1964. S. alba var. latifolia
1964. S. septentrionalis
(Fernald) Á.Löve & D.Löve
1965. S. alba var. septentrionalis
1966. S. alba var. latifolia
Broad-leaved meadowsweet,
Northern meadow-sweet,
White meadow-sweet,
Alpine meadowsweet,
Mountain meadowsweet
Spirée à larges feuilles,
Thé du Canada
Native, C:4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
IPN
LBJ

Images, wsp
 Du Roi
var. alba

    
    
    
Narrowleaf meadowsweet,
Narrow-leaved spiraea,
White meadowsweet
Spirée blanche
Native, C:3,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
  NYFA-4
USDA-NN
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BONAP

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 Hérincq

Spiraea alba ×
Spiraea douglasii

Billiard spirea Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-N
BONAP

Images, wsp
Silverside

Spiraea douglasii ×
Spiraea salicifolia

False willow-leaved
  meadowsweet
Introduced,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-N
BONAP

Images, wsp
Spiraea sect. CalospiraEdit
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Calospira
Spiraeasect. Calospira Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Japanese meadowsweet Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[1]
  NYFA-X
USDA-?

Images, wsp
Spiraea sect. ChamaedryonEdit
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Chamaedryon
Spiraeaser. Chamaedryfoliae Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Germander meadow-sweet Introduced   NYFA-X

Images, wsp
Spiraeaser. Trilobatae Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Lour. (1790)

Reeves' meadowsweet,
Reeve's spiraea
Introduced,
China native
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN

Images, wsp
 L. 1771

Asian meadowsweet,
Three-lobe spirea
Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp

Vanhoutte Spirea Introduced  

Images, wsp
Spiraea sect. GlomerataeEdit
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Glomeratae
Spiraeasect. Glomeratae Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Bridal-wreath spiraea Introduced   NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp
Siebold ex Blume (1826)

Thunberg's meadowsweet Introduced,
Rare
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images, wsp

AruncusEdit

There are three varieties of bride's feathers listed as having naturalized to some extent in New York State. Although Aruncus dioicus appears to be a circumboreal species, none of its varieties are likely to be actual New York natives.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Aruncus
Aruncus Goatsbeard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) Fernald
var. dioicus

1788. Actaea dioica Walter
1838. Aruncus vulgaris Raf. nom. num.
1908. Aruncus allegheniensis Rydb.
1939. Aruncus dioicus Fernald
Bride's feathers,
Goat's beard,
Buck's beard
Barbe de bouc,
Aruncus des bois
Introduced from
 southeast US,
N. America native
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN-0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
NatureServe
BONAP

Images, wsp
 (Walter) Fernald
var. acuminatus (Rydb.) H.Hara

1908. Aruncus acuminatus Rydb.
1936. A. sylvester var. acuminatus Jeps
1955. A. dioicus var. acuminatus H.Hara
1982. A. sylvester ssp. acuminatus A.E.Murray
Bride's feathers,
Goat's beard,
Sylvan goatsbeard,
Buck's beard
Barbe de bouc
  acuminée,
Aruncus des bois
Introduced from
 N. Amer. west
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
NatureServe
BONAP

Images, wsp
 (Walter) Fernald
var. vulgaris (Maxim.) H.Hara

1753. Spiraea aruncus L.
1838. Aruncus vulgaris Raf. nom. nud.
1879. Aruncus sylvester Kostel. ex Maxim.
1879. Aruncus sylvester var. vulgaris Maxim
1882. Aruncus aruncus (L.) H.Karst.
1935. Aruncus vulgaris Raf. ex H.Hara
1955. Aruncus dioicus var. vulgaris H.Hara
Bride's feathers,
Goat's beard,
Buck's beard
Barbe de bouc,
Aruncus des bois
Introduced from
 Eurasia
  NYFA-X
USDA-X0
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
NatureServe
BONAP

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Tribe GillenieaeEdit

GilleniaEdit

 
Gillenia trifoliata (L.) Moench
Bowman’s root, Indian physic
The genus name Gillenia was published in the early 1800s, but was changed to Porteranthus by Britton in the early 1900s to avoid confusion with a similar genus name. Recent interpretations of naming rules have caused the accepted name to be switched back to Gillenia.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Gillenieae — Gillenia
Gillenia Indian physic N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moench

1753. Spiraea trifoliata L.
1802. Gillenia trifoliata Moench
1893. Porteranthus trifoliatus Britton
Bowman's root,
Mountain Indian-physic,
Fawn's breath
Gillénie trifoliée
Native,
Likely secure
  NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp
 (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.

1809. Spiraea stipulata Muhl. ex Willd.
1817. Gillenia stipulata Nutt.
1893. Porteranthus stipulatus Britton
American ipecac,
Indian physic
Native,
Likely extirpated
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
ITIS

Images, wsp

Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Rosoideae 2
Flora of New York — Rosales : Rosaceae : Amygdaloideae 1
Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Amygdaloideae 2
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index

ReferencesEdit