English for B2 Students/Unit 10
You mustn't smoke in hereEdit
Aim of this lesson: Introduce and practice modals of deduction and use some language related to hotels and other accommodation.
Sally is a tourist and she's visiting Dublin for a few days. She has just arrived at the Victoria Hotel.
|Sally||Hello, my name's Sally, and I have a room reserved for tonight.|
|Receptionist||Hello, Sally. Welcome to the Victoria Hotel. Can I have your passport please?|
|Sally||Here you are.|
|Receptionist||OK. It'll be €55.00 for the night. Your room number is 405 and it's on the fourth floor near the lift.|
|Sally||Great, thanks. Can someone help me with my bags, please?|
|Receptionist||Certainly. Roger, our porter, will show you to your room.|
|Roger||Here's your room. Is this OK for you?|
|Sally||Yes, it looks fine.|
|Roger||There are some hotel rules which I must tell you about. Firstly, you mustn't smoke in the room and you mustn't make a lot of noise after 10pm. Also you have to vacate the room before 10am.|
|Herr Schwarz||OK, that's not a problem. Are non-guests allowed in the hotel rooms?|
|Franz||Yes, but they have to leave before 10pm. Enjoy your stay at the Victoria Hotel. Good evening.|
Grammar Focus - Modals of ObligationEdit
Modals of obligation are used to talk about permission and prohibition.
|must||obligations (often personal obligations)|
|have to||obligations (often external obligations)|
|don't have to||not required, optional|
|shouldn't||not recommended, not advised|
Speaking about RulesEdit
Work with a partner if possible to answer these questions.
- Does your workplace or school have many rules? What mustn't you do?
- Can you think of any rules in your local café or shop? What things must or mustn't you do?
- In some countries like Australia you have to vote in elections. Do you think this is a good idea?
Vocabulary - Hotels & AccommodationEdit
Try these questions to see if you can use modal verbs correctly. The answers can be found here.
Complete the following sentences using the correct modal verb:
- I'm very sorry but you mustn't / don't have to smoke here.
- Sir, you have to / must leave your passport at the reception.
- My doctor says that I shouldn't / should smoke.
- The bus was cancelled so we had to / must take a taxi.
- I mustn't / don't have to go to work on Saturday because the office is closed.
For further information about the use of modals of obligation see Modal Verb on Wikipedia.