Paella Valenciana and its seafood variation originated in the early 1800s in Spain's Valencian region near lake Albufera. Prior to the 19th century, the ingredients for Valencian paella varied greatly with the most unusual being marsh rat.
Valencians consider Valencian paella and seafood paella as authentic. They view all other variations as impostors.
This recipe is based on the ones provided on the Wikipaella.org website which includes the recipes of prominent Valencian chefs 
- A 38-centimeter (15-inch) paellera
- A 7.6-liter (two-gallon) pot
- A rice skimmer
- A sharp chopping knife for meat and vegetables
- A large serving spoon
- A clean, white towel large enough to cover the paellera
- A wide heating source such as:
- A stove large enough to accommodate the size of the paellera
- A gas burner designed specifically for paelleras
- A charcoal barbecue
- A low, forged steel tripod to support the paellera over a wood or charcoal fire
- Cinder blocks or heat-resistant bricks to support the paellera over a wood or charcoal fire
Please read Paella cooking techniques before attempting this recipe.
- 500 gr (17.5 ounces) chicken
- 500 gr (17.5 ounces) rabbit (or duck)
- 20 gr (3/4 ounce) salt
- 8 tablespoons olive oil
- 250 gr (10 ounces) chopped green bell peppers (optional)
- 1 clove garlic (optional)
- 1 tablespoon sweet paprika
- 500 gr (17.5 ounces) diced or grated tomatoes
- 2 liters (2 quarts) water (preferably hard water)
- 24 boiled snails (optional)
- 125 gr (4.5 ounces) large haricot beans (canned or fresh)
- 100 gr (3.5 ounces) small haricot beans (canned or fresh)
- 125 gr (4.5 ounces) runner beans or pole beans (fresh only)
- 8 to 10 threads of saffron and/or 1.5 teaspoons yellow food coloring (See note below about saffron and food coloring.)
- 400 gr (14 ounces) short-grain, white rice
- 6 to 8 branches of fresh rosemary
Note: Throughout history, saffron has been the natural ingredient used in Spain to color rice yellow. However, it's very expensive (a pound costs over US$1,500) because it's labor intensive to process and each saffron crocus yields a minuscule amount of saffron. Consequently, supermarkets sell only a few grams per container for three or four US dollars. The best solution to this problem is to use commercially manufactured food coloring containing both natural and artificial ingredients (but usually no saffron). The two most popular US brands are Bijol and Badia. These companies sell containers each holding several ounces of coloring for less than five US dollars.
Clean the snails, poultry and rabbit thoroughly. Cut the poultry and rabbit into small pieces and salt them generously. Pour olive oil in a paellera and, when hot, sauté the poultry and rabbit pieces until golden brown. Add green peppers and sauté for one minute. Add the garlic and sauté until brown. Be careful; garlic burns easily. Once the garlic is brown, add the paprika followed quickly by the tomatoes to prevent the paprika from burning. Sauté until the tomatoes become dark and pulpy and the mixture has reduced a bit. Add the water and bring it to a rolling boil. Then add the snails, fresh haricot beans (if canned, continue reading to see when to add these), runner beans (or green beans) and saffron (and/or food coloring). Allow the mixture to boil for 10 minutes over a high flame.
After 10 minutes have passed, you should have a flavorful broth. It's customary at this point to allow your dinner guests to taste it. The purpose is to determine if the broth needs more salt. If so, add more salt, a pinch at a time, until everybody is satisfied.
Add the rice and stir it using the rice skimmer. Then, once again with the skimmer, spread it over the bottom of the paellera. The coating of rice should be one centimeter thick. Let it cook over a high flame for 10 minutes. Then reduce the heat to medium and let it simmer for four minutes. Add the canned haricot beans and reduce the heat again to low and let it simmer for another four minutes. Taste the rice about once every four to five minutes. You'll know it's done when it's slightly firm to the bite. Italians use a similar approach when cooking pasta. Italians call this texture al dente.
At this point, there should be some toasted rice sticking to the bottom of the pan. This is a delicacy in Valencia called socarrat. If no socarrat has developed, increase the flame to high and listen for the crackling sound of rice toasting at the bottom of the pan. Reduce the heat to low once the aroma of toasted rice wafts upwards.
Remove the pan from the heat when the rice is almost dry and place the rosemary branches on top. Cover with a clean, white towel (a white towel prevents dye from leeching onto the paella) and wait five minutes before serving to allow the rice to absorb the remaining broth.
- Manuel Vázquez Montalbán, La cocina de los mediterráneos, Ediciones B - Mexico
- Valencian paella recipes on the Wikipaella website