Cookbook | Recipes | Ingredients | Fruit

Hawthorn is a plant in the rose family. The berries, young leaves, and buds of various species are edible and used in a range of cuisines. The berries range in color from yellow to red to black, and they can be used fresh or dried.

Varieties edit

Various edible hawthorn species are distributed worldwide, and they have various traditional uses. Commercially-available hawthorn products in the USA and Europe are often derived from Crataegus monogyna or Crataegus laevigata.

Species Common names Region Uses
Crataegus azarolus azarole/azerole, Mediterranean medlar Mediterranean Basin and the Arab world preserves
Crataegus pinnatifida mountain hawthorn, Chinese hawthorn/hawberry Tanghulu, haw flakes, sansachun (산사춘), preserves
Crataegus mexicana ejocote, manzanita, tejocotera, Mexican hawthorn Mexico, Guatemala ponche, rielitos, pectin production
Crataegus monogyna common hawthorn Europe, northwest Africa, West Asia preserves, syrups, salads
Crataegus aestivalis eastern mayhaw eastern USA preserves
Crataegus opaca western mayhaw southern/western USA preserves
Crataegus mollis downy hawthorn, red hawthorn USA, Canada
Crataegus laevigata Midland hawthorn, English hawthorn, woodland hawthorn Europe tea, preserves

Gallery edit