Afghan bread or Nan-i-Afghani is the national bread of Afghanistan. It is a flatbread and can be oval or rectangular. It is baked in a tandoor, the primary cooking equipment of the sub-continent region. The Afghan tandoor sits above ground and is round and made of bricks, which are heated to cook the bread. Afghan bread, also known as "nan breads", are shaped, then stuck onto the sides of the oven to bake. Often black cumin seeds or caraway seeds are sprinkled on Afghan bread for decoration as much as taste, and lines are made in the dough lengthwise to add texture to the bread. Afghan bread is similar to pita or Lebanese bread.
Afghan bread is commonly stocked at Middle Eastern grocery stores in western countries. In Afghanistan the baker still cooks the bread the traditional way by spreading the dough around the tandoor, whereby it gets puffy quickly and starts to colour and emit a fresh bread smell that draws the early morning throngs of people. The baker then uses two long iron tongs to pull the bread from the tandoor wall. It is carried in cloth bags by Afghans, unlike western breads packaged in plastic.
Afghans serve bread with most meals; it is used as an equivalent to a fork to envelop foods and soak up liquids on the plate. Generally the bread is torn into shreds and used to pinch the foods, similar to a sandwich. The bread acts as both fork and spoon, as Afghan often use their hands to eat. The bread has no firm crust and tastes similar to Indian naan bread. It has a dense and rich taste.
Makes 8 Afghan breads
Ingredient Volumetric Grams Baker's %
Water 1½ cups 375 68.2% Dry yeast 1 sachet 7 1.3% Sugar 1 tablespoon 14 2.5% All-purpose flour 4 cups 550 100% Salt 1 tablespoon 18 3.3% Baking soda 1¾ teaspoons 7 1.6% corn oil ¼ cup 55 10%
Water 1 tablespoon 15 2.7% Egg yolk 1 24 4.4%
Black cumin seeds 2 tablespoons 30 5.5% Formula 1026 186.5%
- Mix ½ cup water, yeast, and sugar. Let it sit for 10 minutes until foamy.
- Place flour in a mixing bowl and sprinkle in the salt. Make a well, then add oil and yeast mixture. Stir in add small amounts of the remaining water until it forms a soft dough that can be moulded. Knead for 5 mins. Cover with paper and let rise for 1½ hours.
- Mix together the egg yolk and 1 tablespoon of water to make egg wash. Set aside.
- Divide dough into eight parts and roll each into a ball. Roll each bread into an oval shape 20 cm long and 5 cm thick.
- Make lines in top of dough. Brush on egg wash, and sprinkle with black cumin seeds.
- Bake in a preheated 350°F (175°C) oven for 25 mins. Total cooking time is around 2½ hours.