Framework for subsequent chapters with nomina sacra
The Updated Modernity Version (Parallel, Annotated) John 19Edit
THE NEW TESTAMENT
Gospel of JOHN
Updated King James Version
Greek Word Pictures
plus Latin Facsimilies
The Updated Modernity Version
19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
1 Then Pilatus took Jesus and had Him flogged.
IHS = ENG.Jesus AR.Yeshua
Jesus: universal language
19:2 And the soldiers intertwined a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe,
2 And the soldiers, weaving twigs of thorn into a crown, placed it on His head, and arrayed Him in a robe of purple.
19:3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they stroke him with their hands.
3 Then they approached Him, saying in a mocking voice, "Hail, King of Judea!" And they slapped His face.
19:4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and says unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that all of you may know that I find no fault in him.
4 Once more Pilatus came out and said to the Judeans, "See, I am bringing him out to you to let you understand that I find no crime in him."
19:5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate says unto them, Behold the man!
LATIN et dicit eis ecce homo
5 So Jesus came out, crowned with thorns and robed with royal purple. Then Pilatus said, "Behold, the man!"
19:6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate says unto them, Take all of you him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.
6 As soon as the High Priests and officers saw Him, they shouted, Crucify him ! Crucify him! Pilatus responded, You, take him and crucify him for I find no crime in him."
19:7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.
7 The Judean leaders replied, "We have a Law, and in accordance with that Law he ought to die, for having claimed to be the Son of God."
19:8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, (o. logos) he was the more afraid;
8 With all this clamor, Pilatus became alarmed
19:9 And went again into the judgment hall, and says unto Jesus, Whence are you? But Jesus gave him no answer.
9 He entered the Praetorium again and began to question Jesus. He asked, "Where do you come from?" But Jesus did not answer.
19:10 Then says Pilate unto him, Speak you not unto me? know you not that I have power to crucify you, and have power to release you?
10 "Do you refuse to speak to me?" said Pilatus; "do you know that I have the power to release or to crucify you?"
19:11 Jesus answered, You could have no power at all against me, except it were given you from above: therefore he that delivered me unto you has the greater sin.
11 Jesus said, "You would have no power whatever over me, if it had not been given you from above." Therefore, he who handed me over to you is more guilty than you are."
19:12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If you let this man go, you are not Caesar's friend: whosoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.
LATIN non es amicus Caesaris
12 After this, Pilatus wanted to release Him. But the Judeans kept shouting, "If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar. Every one who sets himself up as king speaks against Caesar."
19:13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, (o. logos) he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.
13 Hearing this, Pilatus brought Jesus with him, and sat down on the judgment seat in a place called the Pavement of stone, or in Aramaic, Gabbatha.
AR.Gabbatha: elevated place
19:14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he says unto the Jews, Behold your King!
14 It was the day of Preparation for the Passover, about mid-day. Then he said to the Judeans, "Here, behold your King!"
19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate says unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
15 This caused such an outcry from the crowd, "Away! Away with him! Crucify him! Pilatus exclaimed, "What, crucify your king?" The High Priests shouted, "We have no king, except Caesar."
19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.
16 Then Pilatus turned Him over to them to be crucified. So, the authorities took Jesus away,
19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
LATIN calvarie locum
17 And He carried His own cross to the place called, The Skull, or in Aramaic, Golgotha:
AR.Golgotha: the skull
19:18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
18 Where they nailed Him to the cross with two others, one on each side and Jesus in the middle.
19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
19 And Pilatus wrote a notice and had it fastened to the cross. It read thus: JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF JUDEA.
19:20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
20 Many Judeans near the city at the site of the crucifixion read this notice, being written in three languages—Aramaic, Latin, and Greek.
AR.Aramaic and Gr, and LAT. (N.I.V.)
19:21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but that he said, I am King of the Jews.
21 The High Priests of Judea disagreed with Pilatus. "You should not write `The King of Judea,' “ they said, "but that he claimed to be King of Judea."
19:22 Pilate answered, What I have written I have written.
22 Pilatus responded, "What I have written, will remain as it is written."
19:23 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a part; and also his coat: now the coat was without seam, woven from the top throughout.
unsewed together αρραφος (729)
23 So the soldiers, as soon as they had crucified Jesus, took His garments, including His robe, and divided them into four parts–one part for each soldier. The robe was seamless, woven from top to bottom.
Herod Antipas provided a gorgeous robe.
19:24 They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which says, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.
24 So, they said to themselves, "We should not separate this fabric, but draw lots for the whole robe. This happened that the Scripture might be fulfilled: `THEY PARTED MY GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND DREW LOTS FOR MY VESTURE´ (PS. 22:18). The soldiers did as predicted.
19:25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.
25 There was standing close to the cross of Jesus, His mother, His mother's sister–Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary of Magdala.
19:26 When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he says unto his mother, Woman, behold your son!
26 When Jesus, seeing His mother and also the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, spoke to His mother: "Look upon your son, there!
19:27 Then says he to the disciple, Behold your mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.
27 Then He said to that disciple, "Look, here is your mother!" From that day and hour, the disciple received her into his home.
19:28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, says, I thirst.
28 Then Jesus, knowing that everything was now coming to an end, said in fulfillment of the Scripture (PS. 69:21), "I am thirsty."
19:29 Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.
29 There was a jar of sour wine sitting there; the soldiers put a sponge soaked in this sour mixture on the end of a stalk of hyssop, and raised it to His mouth.
19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the spirit. (o. pneuma)
30 When Jesus had taken the liquid, He exclaimed, "It is finished." And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was a high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
legs σκελη (4628)
31 Meanwhile the Judeans, because it was the day of Preparation for the Passover, and in order that the bodies might not remain on the crosses during the Sabbath (for that was a high Sabbath), requested Pilatus to have their legs broken, and the dying men taken away.
19:32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.
32 So, the soldiers came and broke the legs of both men who were crucified with Jesus.
19:33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs:
33 When they came to Jesus and saw that He had already expired, they did not break His legs.
19:34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
pierced ενυξεν (3572)
34 One of the soldiers, however, pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out.
19:35 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knows that he says true, that all of you might believe.
35 This is the testimony of an eye-witness, and it is true. He knows that he is telling the truth—in order that you may also believe.
19:36 For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken.
36 For these things took place so that the Scripture would be fulfilled which says: `NOT ONE OF HIS BONES SHALL BE BROKEN´ (PS. 34:20),
19:37 And again another scripture says, They shall look on him whom they pierced.
37 Where also it says, `THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY HAVE PIERCED´ (ZECH. 12:10).
19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.
38 After this, Joseph of Arimathaea, who was a disciple of Jesus, although a secret disciple for fear of the other Judean leaders, asked permission to take the body of Jesus; and Pilatus consented. So he came to remove the body.
19:39 And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.
LATIN mixturam murrae et aloes
39 Another person, Nicodemus, who at first visited Jesus by night, brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes that weighed about seventy or eighty pounds.
19:40 Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.
40 Taking the body down, they wrapped it in linen cloths along with the spices, in accordance with the Judean mode of burial preparation.
19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new tomb, wherein was never man yet laid.
41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre that had never been used.
19:42 There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation day; for the tomb was nigh at hand.
42 And being the Judean preparation day for the Sabbath, they laid the body of Jesus in the sepulchre because it was nearby.