Quenya

Quenya is an artificial language developed by the English philologist and author of The Lord of the Rings, The Hobbit, etc., J.R.R. Tolkien (1892-1973). The native language of the High Elves, Quenya was inspired by Finnish, Latin, Greek and some smaller elements from other European languages.

Quenya has ten cases (nominative, genitive, possessive, dative, accusative, allative, ablative, locative, instrumental, respective) and five verbal tenses (including the aorist, based upon the Greek tense with the same name).

Tolkien had written Quenya as a kind of 'Elven-Latin' for Middle-Earth, being an ancient language of the High-Elves that was spoken by the Vanyar and Noldor. It persists throughout the history of Middle-Earth as a language of lore among the elves and men.
It has not been a first language spoken of any elf since the early part of the First Age when King Thingol of Doriath learned of the Noldor's Kinslaying of the Teleri, as many of his kinfolk were slain among them and thus forbade the use of Quenya in his realm, thus the Noldor switched to using Sindarin for everyday use.

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Disclaimer: This book is about the version of Quenya as it is nowadays used. Some people call this language Neo-Quenya to distinguish it from the research made by Tolkien. He never made a definitive version of Quenya as he kept changing his mind about the details throughout his life.

Lots of facts in this book are derived from only a few examples. It contains some Qenya vocabulary. Qenya is the original language developed by Tolkien, he only later changed the name to the now more familiar Quenya. This book is meant to be used as a reference "as is". It is not meant to be authoritative in any way.

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