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Persian/Lesson 11

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Iran

Afghanistan

Tajikistan

فارسی (‹fârsi›, “Persian”)
Learn the Persian language
ContentsIntroduction
Persian Alphabet lessons: 1 ( ۱ )2 ( ۲ )3 ( ۳ )4 ( ۴ )
Elementary grammar: 5 ( ۵ )6 ( ۶ )7 ( ۷ )8 ( ۸ )9 ( ۹ )
10 ( ۱۰ )11 ( ۱۱ )12 ( ۱۲ )13 ( ۱۳ )14 ( ۱۴ )15 ( ۱۵ )
Intermediate: 16 ( ۱۶ )17 ( ۱۷ )18 ( ۱۸ )19 ( ۱۹ )20 ( ۲۰ )
21 ( ۲۱ )22 ( ۲۲ )23 ( ۲۳ )24 ( ۲۴ )25 ( ۲۵ )26 ( ۲۶ )
Advanced:
Appendix: AlphabetGlossaryHandwriting

Farsi

To continue, your computer must display Persian. The box below should show these Persian letters on the far right: Paa-individua.svgBaa-individua.svgAlif-individua.svg
ا ب پ ت ث ج چ ح خ د ذ ر ز ژ س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق ک گ ل م ن و ه ی

If they are different or in the wrong order, see Persian Computing.


In this lesson, you will learn about direct objects and prepositions in Persian.

Contents

DialogueEdit

Direct objectsEdit

Definite or human object enclitic را   ‹râ›, colloquially pronounced or /o/ after consonant, /ro/ after vowel.

Persian doesn't have a direct article like “the”. In some situations را carries similar meaning, but is less used than "the".

PrepositionsEdit

prepositions:

  • از   ‹az› (“from, than, by”)
  • با   ‹bâ› (“with”)
  • برای   ‹barâye› (“for, in order to”)
  • بی   ‹bi› (“without”)
  • بدون   ‹bedun-e› (“without”)
  • به   ‹be› (“to, in, at, on”)
  • دنبال   ‹dombâl-e› (“behind”)
  • پشت   ‹post-e› (“behind”)
  • نزدیک   ‹nazdik-e› (“near”)
  • پیش   ‹pish-e› (“before, in front of”)
  • جلو   ‹jelo-ye› (“before, in front of”)
  • روی   ‹ruy-e› (“on, on the face of”)
  • تو   ‹tu-ye› (“inside, into”)
  • در   ‹dar› (“in”)
  • زیر   ‹zir-e› (“under”)

Some Persian verbs often are accompanied by prepositional phrases that translate into English as transitive verbs with direct objects, especially common with از ‹az› (“from, than, by”) and بی ‹bi› (“without”).

Sentence structureEdit

(subject) (definite object را) (prep phrases) (adverbs) (predicate nominative/adjective) verb

NotesEdit


Next: Lesson 12 ( ۱۲ ), Simple present tense