MATLAB Programming/Advanced Topics/Object Oriented Programming/Struct arrays

(Redirected from MATLAB Programming/Struct arrays)

A struct as defined and used in OctaveEdit

A structure in Octave groups different data types called fields in a single object. Fields are accessed by their names.

Declaring a structureEdit

A structure is declared by assigning values to its fields. A period (.) separates the name of the field and the name of the structure:

``` >> city.name = 'Liege';
>> city.country = 'Belgium';
>> city.longitude = 50.6333;
>> city.latitude = 5.5666;
```

The fields of a structure and their values can be displayed by simply entering the name of the struct:

```>> city
city =
{
name = Liege
country = Belgium
longitude =  50.633
latitude =  5.5666
}
```

Manipulating structuresEdit

A structure can be copied as any objects:

``` >> city_copy = city;
```

In most circumstance, the fields of a structure can be manipulated with the period operator. The value of a field can be overwritten by:

``` >> city.name = 'Outremeuse';
```

In the same way, the value of a field can be retrieved by:

``` >> city.name
ans = Outremeuse
```

The function isstruct can be used to test if object is a structure or not. With the function fieldnames all field names are returned as a cell array:

```>> fieldnames(city)
ans =
{
[1,1] = name
[2,1] = country
[3,1] = longitude
[4,1] = latitude
}
```

To test if a structure contains the a given field named, the function isfield can be used:

```>> isfield(city,'name')
ans =  1
```

The value of a field can be extract with getfield:

``` >> getfield(city,'name')
ans = Liege
```

or using

```>> city.('name')
ans = Liege
```

In a similar way, the value of a field can be set with setfield:

``` >> setfield(city,'name','Outremeuse')
```

The functions isfield, getfield and setfield are useful when the names of a structure are determined during execution of the program.

You can remove a field of a struct array with the rmfield function.

``` >> city = rmfield(city, 'name');
```

would remove the 'name' field from the city struct and copy the result back onto the original structure.