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Forming questionsEdit

To form questions in high form (존댓말), simply add the ending 습니까? if the verb stem ends in a consonant or ㅂ니까? if it ends in a vowel.

  • Example: 당신은 어디로 가고 있습니까? (Where are you going?)

When forming questions in middle and low form, the questions are implied by a rising final tone, much like in English. The ending for middle form is 요? For low form, just leave off any ending and use just the raw verb stem.

  • Example(middle): 당신은 언제 미국에 왔어요? (When did you come to America?)
  • Example(low): 넌 어디 갔다왔어? (Where have you been?)

Interrogative pronounsEdit


The interrogative pronoun 무엇 means "what". In speech, it is often contracted to :

  • 이게 예요?
    What is this?
  • 라고 했어요?
    What did [you] say?
  • 하니?
    What are [you] doing?

The pronoun 누구 means "who". It contracts before 가 to make 누가.

The pronoun 어디 means "where".

Learn Korean (Introduction)Reading and writing
Conversation1단계: Beginner2단계: High beginner3단계: Low intermediate4단계: High intermediate5단계: Low advanced6단계: Advanced

Grammar: Sentence word orderVerbsNounsParticlesPersonal pronounsDemonstrative pronounsAdjectivesDeterminersConjunctionsComparatives & superlativesForming questionsForming commandsForming dates & times