Hindi/Basic Hindi

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Common phrases

  • मैं तुमसे ज़रूर मिलूँगा, Maĩ tumse zarūr milūṅga (Hindustani)
  • मैं तुमसे अवश्य मिलूँगा, Maĩ tumse avaśyá milūṅgā (Hindi)
English Hindi Pronunciation Notes
You are welcome [as in, "welcome to our home"] आपका स्वागत है Āpkā svāgat hai
Hello नमस्ते Namaste In informal context, an English "hello" can be used.
How are you? आप कैसे हैं? Āp kaise haĩ? "हैं" (haĩ) is pronounced nasally like "han" is pronounced in "hand".
Goodbye अलविदा Alvidā Also "फिर मिलेंगे" (phir mileṅge) meaning "we'll meet again".

The reply is "ज़रूर मिलेंगे" (zarūr mileṅge). Note that "ज़रूर" (zarūr) is a Hindustani word.

Thank you धन्यवाद Dhanyavād In informal context, an English "thank you" or Hindustani "शुक्रिया" (śukriyā) can be used.
Thank you very much आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद Āpkā bahut-bahut dhanyavād In informal context, dhanyavād can be replaced with Hindustani "शुक्रिया" (śukriyā).
Please कृपया Kr̥pyā In informal context, an English "please", or a "ज़रा" (zarā) at the beginning of the sentence will also do.
Excuse me क्षमा/माफ़ कीजिए Kṣamā/māf kījiye "क्षमा" (kṣamā) and "माफ़" (māf) are synonyms. Kṣamā is used in formal Hindi and māf is used in Hindustani. In informal context, an English "excuse me" can be used.
Good अच्छा Acchā
Bad बुरा Burā When referring to an object (such as food) "बेकार" (bekār) is more commonly used.
Friend मित्र mitra
  • यार, yār (close friend)
  • दोस्त, dost (male friend)
  • सहेली, sahelī (female friend)
What is your name? आपका नाम क्या है? Āpkā nām kyā hai? This is used to address a person with respect, e.g., an older or unknown person, similar to vous in French and usted in Spanish.

"तुम्हारा नाम क्या है?" (Tumhārā nām kyā hai?) is used to address a younger person or a close friend, similar to tu in French and in Spanish.

Nice to meet you आपसे मिलकर ख़ुशी हुई Āpse milkar xuśī huī
Birthday जन्मदिन Janmadin Can also be pronounced as janamdin.
Happy Birthday! जन्मदिन की शुभकामनाएँ! / जन्मदिन मुबारक हो! Janmadin kī śubhkāmnāyẽ! / Janmadin mubārak ho! In informal context, an English "happy birthday" can be used.
Tomorrow/Yesterday कल Kal Hindi does not have separate words for "yesterday" and "tomorrow". The meaning is determined from the context that the word is used in.

If the context cannot be determined from the tense of the verb, longer expressions may be used: tomorrow = "आनेवाला कल" (ānevālā kal), yesterday = "बीता हुआ कल" (bītā huā kal). Often, tense can help determine today or yesterday. ||

Would you like to eat something? क्या आप कुछ खाना पसंद करेंगे? Kyā āp kuch khānā pasand kareṅge? Can be shortened to "कुछ लेंगे?" (Kuch leṅge?)
My name is _____ मेरा नाम _____ है Merā nām _____ hai
I love you मैं तुमसे प्यार करता/करती हूँ Maĩ tumse pyār kartā/kartī hū̃ करता (kartā) = male speaker; करती (kartī) = female speaker.
Day after tomorrow/Day before yesterday परसों Parsõ (see note for "Tomorrow/Yesterday")
And और Aur
Go जा/जाओ/जाइए Jā/Jāo/Jāiye * जा, : impolite form
  • जाओ, jāo: neutral form
  • जाइए, jāiye polite form