Hindi/Basic Hindi

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Common phrasesEdit

mai tumse jarur miluga (Hindustani) Main tumse avashyá miloonga (Hindi)

English Hindi Pronunciation Notes
. (full stop) (purnaviram) a fullstop/period sign in Hindi (called "purna viraam" in hindi)
You are welcome [as in welcome to our home] आपका स्वागत है aapkaa svaagat hai
Hello नमस्ते namasté
How are you? आप कैसे हैं? aap kaisé hain? [hai is pronounced nasally like han is pronounced in "hand"]
Goodbye अलविदा alvida (also नमस्ते, namaste) (also फिर मिलेंगे phir milenge and the reply is ज़रूर मिलेंगे zaroor milenge, Note that ज़रूर (zaroor) is an Urdu word)
Thank you धन्यवाद dhanyavaad
Thank you very much आपका बहुत बहुत धन्यवाद aapkaa bahut bahut dhanyavaad
Please कृपया kripyaa Instead of please, most people just say please or add zara into the sentence
Excuse me क्षमा/माफ़ करें kshamaa/maaf karén क्षमा and माफ़ are synonyms. क्षमा is used in Hindi and माफ़ is used in Hindustani.
Good अच्छा achchhaa
Bad बुरा buraa
Friend मित्र mitra (friend neutral gender) यार (yaar) (close friend) दोस्त dost (male friend) सहेली saheli (female friend). [Note: usually दोस्त is used by men to address another man, सहेली is a girl's girl-friend, यार is girl's boy friend.]
What is your name? आपका नाम क्या है? aapka naam kya hai? [This is used to address a person with respect e.g. an older or unknown person. Similar to vous in French or usted in Spanish.] तुम्हारा नाम क्या है? Tumhara naam kya hai [This is used to address a younger person or a close friend. Similar to tu in French and in Spanish.]
Nice to meet you आपसे मिलकर खुशी हुई aapse milkar khushii huyii
Birthday जन्मदिन janmadin जन्म (Janma means birth; din means day)
Happy Birthday! जन्मदिन की शुभकामनाएं।जन्मदिन मुबारक हो। जन्मदिन मुबारक हो। (janmadin mubaarak ho) OR जन्मदिन की शुभकामनाएँ! (janmadin ki shubhkaamnaayehn)
Tomorrow/Yesterday कल kal (Hindi does not have separate words for yesterday and tomorrow, the meaning is determined from the context that the word is used; if the context cannot be determined from the tense of the verb, longer expressions could be used: tomorrow = आनेवाला कल aanevaalaa kal, yesterday = बीता हुआ कल beetaa huaa kal. Often, tense can help determine today or yesterday.)
Would you like to eat something? क्या आप कुछ खाना पसंद करेंगे? Kyaa aap kuchh khaanaa pasand karenge?
My name is मेरा नाम _____ है Mera naam _____ hai
I love you मैं तुमसे प्यार करता/करती हूँ Mai tumse pyaar karta/karti hoon (karta = male speaker; karti = female speaker); notice, tumse can be written together as तुमसे as well as separately as तुम से
Day after tomorrow/Day before yesterday परसों Parso (see note for tomorrow/yesterday)
And और Aur
Go जा/जाओ/जाइए Jaa/Jaao/Jaaiye (to small kids or servants)/जाओ Jaao (ja-ow)/जाइए (जाइये) Jaaiye (respect)/जाना Jaana (to go) / जाएँ Jaayen (nasally spoken) (very polite)