Hindi/Family relations

< Hindi

Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example, your father's brother and your mother's brother are not both just "uncle"; you would differentiate and address them using specific terms to indicate the precise relationship. These terms can vary a bit from place to place. The following are some standard examples.

The polite word जी (jii or ji) is often added as a suffix to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration is in ITRANS form, which allows for an exact mapping of Devanagari characters to the Roman script.


  • Paternal Grandfather — दादा (daadaa)
  • Paternal Grandmother — दादी (daadii)
  • Maternal Grandfather — नाना (naanaa)
  • Maternal Grandmother — नानी (naanii)

Siblings and siblings-in-lawEdit

  • Brother — भाई bhaaii
  • Brother's Wife — भाभी (bhabhii)
  • Elder Brother — (bhaiya)
  • Younger Brother — छोटा भाई / bhai(chhoTaa bhaaii)
  • Husband's sister - ननद (nanad)
  • Sister — बहिन (bahin) or बहन (bahan)
  • Sister's husband — जीजा (jiijaa) or बहनोई (bahanoii)
  • Elder Sister — दीदी (diidii) or जीजी (jiijii)
  • Younger Sister — छोटी बहन (chhoTii bahan)
  • Husband's elder brother — जेठ (jeTh)
  • Husband's younger brother — देवर (devar)
  • Elder brother's wife — भाभी (bhaabhii) or भौजी (bhaujii) or भौजाई (bhaujaaii)
  • Younger brother's wife — बहू (bahu) or भयो (bhayo)
  • Wife's Sister — साली (saalii)
  • Wife's Brother — साला (saalaa)
  • Wife's Brother's wife — सलहज (salahaj)
  • Husband's Sister's Husband — नन्दोई (nandoii)
  • Wife's sister's husband — साडू (saaDuu)
  • Husband's elder brother's wife — जेठानी (jeThaanii)
  • Husband's younger brother's wife — देवरानी (devraani)

Children and children-in-lawEdit

  • Son — बेटा (beTaa) or पुत्र (putra)
  • Son's wife (daughter-in-law) — बहू (bahuu)
  • Daughter — बेटी (beTii) or पुत्री (putrii) or जाई (jaaii)
  • Daughter's husband (son-in-law) — दामाद (daamaad) or जमाई jamaii)


  • Grandson (son's son) — पोता (potaa)
  • Granddaughter (son's daughter) — पोती (potii)
  • Grandson (daughter's son) — नाती (naatii) or नवासा (navaasaa)or दोहिता (dohitaa)
  • Granddaughter (daughter's daughter) — नातिन (naatin) or नवासी (navaasii) or दोहिति (dohitii)

Spouses and parents-in-lawEdit

  • Husband — पति (pati)
  • Wife — पत्नी (patnii)
  • Husband's Mother (Mother-in-law) — सास (saas)
  • Husband's Father (Father-in-law) — ससुर (sasur)
  • Fiancé or Fiancée —-मंगेतर (mangetar)

Aunts and unclesEdit

  • Father's younger brother (uncle) — चाचा (chaachaa) or काका (kaakaa)
  • Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) — चाची (chaachii)
  • Father's elder brother's (Uncle) — ताऊ (taauu) or बड़े पापा (ba.De paapaa)
  • Father's elder brother's wife (Aunt) — ताई (taai) or बड़ी माँ (ba.Dii maa.N)
  • Father's sister (aunt) — बुआ (buaa) or फूफी (phuuphii)
  • Father's sister's husband फूफा (phuuphaa)
  • Mother's brother — मामा (maamaa)or मामू (maamuu)
  • Mother's brother's wife — मामी (maamii) or माई (maaii)
  • Mother's sister — मौसी (mausii) or ख़ाला (khaalaa)
  • Mother's sister's husband — मौसा (mausaa)

Nephews and niecesEdit

  • Brother's son (nephew) — भतीजा (bhatiijaa)
  • Sister's son (nephew) — भान्जा (bhaanjaa)
  • Brother's daughter (niece) — भतीजी (bhatiijii)
  • Sister's daughter (niece) — भान्जी (bhaanjii)
  • Husband's elder brother's daughter — जिठोठी (jiThoThii)
  • Husband's elder brother's son — जिठोठ (jiThoTh)



  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5