Hindi/Family relations

< Hindi

Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example there are different names for your uncles such as your father's brother and your mother's brother. Since these vary a bit from place to place, the following are some standard examples. The listed words are the names that one would use to refer to a relative of a specified relation, not the generic word for an uncle for example. This is because there are often different words to express a maternal relation and a paternal one. The same occurs for elder family members vs younger ones.

Note the polite word जी (jii or ji) is often added as a suffix to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration from the devanagari is in ITRANS form, which allows for perfect transliteration, meaning accurate representation of the characters in a different script. Commonly if the transliterated form is written for casual usage, a simpler approximation is used, such as spelling the doubled vowels with just one and not bothering to use the correct capitalized forms to denote the retrolflex vs dental consonants. For example दादाजी would often be spelled dadaji instead of the more precise transliteration daadaajii, and similarly बेटी would often be written as beti instead of beTii. These simpler cases are ambiguous, but if the context is known, the correct spelling and pronunciation can be inferred.


  • Paternal Grandmother — दादी (dadi)
  • Maternal Grandfather — नाना (naanaa)
  • Maternal Grandmother — नानी (naanii)
  • Brother — भाई bhaii
  • Brother's wife — भाभी (bhabhi-ji)
  • Elder Brother — भैया (bhaiyaa) or दादा (daadaa) or (bhaisahib)
  • Younger Brother — छोटा भाई (Chota bhaii)
  • Sister in law - ननद (nanad)
  • Sister — बहिन (bahin) or बहन (bahen)
  • Sister's husband — जीजा (jija)
  • Elder Sister — दीदी (diidii) or जीजी (jiijii) or (behen-jif)
  • Brother In Law — बहनोई (bahanoii)
  • Younger Sister — छोटी बहिन (Choti behen)
  • Son — बेटा (beta) or पुत्र (putra)
  • Son's wife (daughter-in-law) - बहू (bahu)
  • Daughter — बेटी (betii) or पुत्री (putrii)
  • Daughter's husband (son-in-law) — दामाद (daamaad, also jamaii)
  • Grandson (son's son) — पोता (potaa)
  • Granddaughter (son's daughter) — पोती (potii)
  • Grandson (daughter's son) — नाती (naatii) or नवासा (navaasaa)or दोहिता (dohita)
  • Granddaughter (daughter's daughter) — नातिन (naatin) or नवासी (navaasii) or दोहिति (dohiti)
  • Husband — पति (pathi)
  • Wife — पत्नी (patnii)
  • Husband's Mother (Mother-in-law) — सास (saas)
  • Husband's Father (Father-in-law) — ससुर (sasur)

Aunts and UnclesEdit

  • Father's younger brother (uncle) — चाचा (chacha)
  • Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) — चाची (chachii)
  • Father's elder brother's (Uncle) — ताऊ (Taau) or बड़े पापा (Bade Papa)
  • Father's elder brother's wife (Aunt) — ताई (Taai) or बड़ी माँ (Badi Maa)
  • Father's sister (aunt) — बुआ (bua) or फूफी (phuuphii)
  • Father's sister's husband फूफा (phupha)
  • Mother's brother — मामा (mama)or मामू (mamu)
  • Mother's brother's wife — मामी (mami) or माई (mai)
  • Mother's sister — मौसी (mausii) or ख़ाला (khala) comment: Khala is used in urdu dominated areas
  • Mother's sister's husband — मौसा (mausaa)
  • Brother's son (nephew) — भतीजा (bhatijaa)
  • Sister's son (nephew) — भान्जा (bhanja)
  • Brother's daughter (niece) — भतीजी (bhatiiji)
  • Sister's daughter (niece) — भान्जी (bhanji)
  • Husband's elder brother's daughter — jitotee (jitotee)
  • Husband's elder brother's son — jitot (jitot)
  • Husband's elder brother — जेठ (Jeth)
  • Husband's younger brother — देवर (Devar)
  • Elder brother's wife — भाभी, भौजी, भौजाई (bhabhi, bhahujayi)
  • younger brother's wife — बहू, भयो (bahu,bhayo)
  • wife's sister — साली (saali)
  • wife's brother — साला (saala)
  • wife's brother's wife — सलहज (salhaj)
  • husband's sister's husband — नंदोई (nandoi)
  • Fianceé —-मंगेतर (mangéthar)
  • Wife's sister's husband — साडू (saadu)
  • Husband's elder brother's wife— जेठानी (Jetani)
  • Husband's younger brother's wife— देवरानी (Devarani)
  • Mother's sister son's wife- (Deur)


  • Friend — मित्र (mitra) or दोस्त (dost)
  • Companion — साथी (saathi)
  • Female friend of a female — सहेली (sahelii)
  • Neighbour — पड़ोसी (pa.dhosii) or हमसाया (hamsaayaa)
  • Female neighbour — पड़ोsन (pa.dhosin)
  • Traveling companion — हमसफ़र (humsafar)
  • Pal, buddy, friend — यार yaar(mitr)

Teachers and StudentsEdit

  • Teacher — गुरु (guru) or अध्यापक (adhyaapak)
  • Teacher (A female teacher) — अध्यापिका (adhyaapikaa)
  • Headmaster — प्रधानाचार्य (pradhaanaachaarya) or प्रधानाध्यापक (pradhaanaadhyapak)
  • Student — छात्र (Chaatr) or विद्यार्थी (vidyaarthii)
  • Graduate — स्नातक (snaatak)


  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5