Hindi/Family relations

Family relation names in Hindi are very specific to the speaker. For example, your father's brother and your mother's brother are not both just "uncle"; you would differentiate and address them using specific terms to indicate the precise relationship. These terms can vary a bit from place to place. The following are some standard examples.

Often the honorific suffix जी is added to names to denote respect. It is very common to use when referring to or especially addressing an elder, and sometimes for others depending on customs or the situation.

The transliteration is in ITRANS form, which allows for exact mapping of Devanagari characters to the Roman script.

GrandparentsEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Father's father(grandfather) दादा or बाबा
Father's mother(grandmother) दादी
Mother's father(materal grandfather) नाना
Mother's mother(materal grandmother) नानी

ParentsEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Mother माँ , माता , अम्मा
Father पापा , पिता , बाबा , अप्पा

Siblings, Cousins, and Siblings-in-LawEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Brother भाई
Elder Brother भैया, भइया, बड़ा भाई
Younger Brother छोटा भाई
Sister बहन, बेहेन, बहिन
Elder Sister दीदी, बड़ी बेहेन, बड़ी बहन, बड़ी बहिन
Younger Sister छोटी बेहेन, छोटी बहन, छोटी बहिन
Husband's sister ननद
Father's sister बुआ
Elder Sister's husband जीजा
Younger Sister's husband बहनोई
Husband's elder brother(brother-in-law) जेठ
Husband's younger brother देवर
Elder brother's wife भाभी, भौजी, भौजाई
Younger brother's wife भयो
Wife's Sister साली
Wife's elder Brother भाई साहब
Wife's younger Brother साला
Wife's Brother's wife सहलज
Husband's Sister's Husband नन्दोई
Wife's sister's husband साढ़ू or हमज़ुल्फ़
Husband's elder brother's wife जेठानी
Husband's younger brother's wife देवरानी

Note: There is no direct word for 'cousin' in Hindi, rather phrases like uncle's/aunt's son/daughter, are used to regard a cousin when there is a need to be specific, if not, then simply they are regarded as just brother/sister (भाईबहन).

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Father's brother's son (cousin) (चचेरा) भाई
Father's brother's daughter (cousin) (चचेरी) बहन
Father's sister's son (cousin) (फुफेरा) भाई
Father's sister's daughter (cousin) (फुफेरी) बहन
Mother's brother's son (cousin) (ममेरा) भाई
Mother's brother's daughter (cousin) (ममेरी) बहन
Mother's sister's son (cousin) (मौसेरा) भाई
Mother's sister's daughter (cousin) (मौसेरी) बहन

Children and Children-in-LawEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Son बेटा or पुत्र
Daughter बेटी, पुत्री or जाई
Son's Wife बहू
Daugther's Husband दामाद or जमाई

GrandchildrenEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Son's son (grandson) पोता
Son's daughter (granddaughter) पोती
Daughter's son (grandson) नाती, नवासा or दोहता
Daugther's daughter (granddaughter) नातिन, नवासी or दोहती

Spouses and parents-in-lawEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Husband पति
Wife पत्नी or बीवी
Spouses' Mother (Mother-in-law) सास
Spouse's Father (Father-in-law)) ससुर
Fiancé or Fiancée मंगेतर


Aunts and unclesEdit

Relation in English Relation in Hindi
Father's younger brother (uncle) चाचा, काका or छोटे पापा
Father's younger brother's wife (aunt) चाची, काकी or छोटी मम्मी
Father's elder brother's (Uncle) ताया, ताऊ or बड़े पापा
Father's elder brother's wife (Aunt) ताई or बड़ी मम्मी
Father's sister (aunt) बुआ
Father's sister's husband फूफा
Mother's brother मामा or मामू
Mother's brother's wife मामी or माई
Mother's younger sister मौसी, मासी
Mother's younger sister's husband मौसा
Mother's elder sister's husband (Uncle) ताया or ताऊ
Mother's elder sister (Aunt) ताई

ReferencesEdit

  • McGregor, R.S, ed. The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, Oxford university press. 1993
  • Snell, Rupert Teach yourself Hindi: A complete guide for beginners. Lincolnwood, IL : NTC Publishing Group, 1992. ISBN 0-8442-3863-5