Gothic/2/Cases

What is a Case?Edit

In the simplest terms, a case determines the function of a word in a sentence. Gothic has five cases: the nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, and vocative.

  • The Nominative Case indicates the subject of a sentence. Generally, the noun "that is doing something" is in the nominative. Example: The man went to the store.
  • The Genitive Case indicates an attributive relationship of one noun to the other noun, or in simpler terms, the genitive case indicates to whom an object belongs. Example: This is the man's store.
  • The Dative Case indicates the indirect object of a sentence. Example: The man gave the money to the storekeeper.
  • The Accusative Case indicates the direct object of a sentence or transitive verb. Example: The man bought food.
  • The Vocative Case is used when you directly talk to someone, for example: "My brother, listen to me!" or "My friend, go with me".

Certain Gothic verbs, pronouns, and adjectives must modify a case.