Open main menu

Wikibooks β

Flora of New York/Proteales…Saxifragales

< Flora of New York

Ranunculales
Flora of New York — Proteales, Buxales, Saxifragales
Vitales, Zygophyllales, Celastrales, Oxalidales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Proteales Nelumbonaceae Nelumbo (lotus) 1 2
Platanaceae Platanus (sycamore) 1 2
Buxales Buxaceae Buxoideae Buxus (boxwood) 1 1
Pachysandroideae Pachysandreae Pachysandra (spurge) 1 2
Saxifragales Paeoniaceae Paeonia (peony) 1 1
Altingiaceae Liquidambar (sweetgum) 1 1
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelidoideae Hamamelideae Hamamelis (witchhazel) 1 1
Cercidiphyllaceae Cercidiphyllum (katsura tree) 1 1
Crassulaceae Crassuloideae Crassula (pygmyweed) 1 1
Sempervivoideae Umbiliceae Rhodiola, Hylotelephium, Phedimus (stonecrop) 3 7
Semperviveae Sempervivum (houseleek, hen-and-chickens) 1 1
Sedeae Sedum (stonecrop) 1 8
Haloragaceae Myriophylleae Myriophyllum (watermilfoil)
Proserpinaca (mermaidweed)
2 13
Penthoraceae Penthorum (ditch-stonecrop) 1 1
Grossulariaceae Ribes (currant, gooseberry) 1 11
Saxifragaceae Saxifragoideae Saxifrageae Saxifraga (saxifrage) 1 5
Heucheroideae Chrysosplenieae Chrysosplenium (golden saxifrage) 1 1
Heuchereae Tiarella (foamflower)
Mitella (miterwort)
Heuchera (alumroot)
Astilbe (florist's spiraea)
1 7

Order ProtealesEdit

The order Proteales...

 
Nelumbo lutea, Sodus Bay, 1916

Family NelumbonaceaeEdit

The Nelumbonaceae (lotus family) has two species of aquatic plants found in New York.

Genus NelumboEdit

Nelumbo nucifera is from tropical Asia, and Nelumbo lutea is a North American native that was probably introduced to New York from further south prior to widespread European settlement.

Proteales - fam. Nelumbonaceae - genus Nelumbo
Nelumbo Lotus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Willd.

1788. Nymphaea pentapetala Walter
rej.
1799. Nelumbo pentapetala Willd
rej.
1799. Nelumbium luteum Willd.
1799. Nelumbo lutea Willd.
1996. Nelumbo nucifera
ssp. lutea Borsch & Barthlott
American lotus,
Great yellow water-lily,
Water-chinquapin,
Yellow lotus
Introduced,
N. America native,
Rare[1]
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Nelumbo (excluded taxa) Lotus N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 Gaertn.

1753. Nymphaea nelumbo L.
1788. Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
1799. Nelumbo speciosa Willd.
1799. Nelumbium speciosum Willd.
East Indian lotus,
Oriental lotus,
Pink lotus,
Sacred bean,
Sacred lotus
Introduced from
 tropical Asia,
N.Y. excluded,
Potentially invasive,
[2]
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
  1. Early botanists considered Nelumbo lutea to be native to the area around Sodus Bay, but it may have been cultivated there by Native Americans using plants brought from the South. It is now extirpated from that area, but naturalized pants persist elsewhere in the state.
  2. Nelumbo nucifera is likely to become invasive if introduced on Long Island.[1]

Family PlatanaceaeEdit

The Platanaceae (sycamore family) is represented in New York by the native American Sycamore and the London plane tree, which is probably a hybrid of the American Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and the Oriental plane (Platanus orientalis) from Eurasia.[1] Although widely planted as a street tree, the London plane tree is not known to naturalize extensively in New York.

Genus PlatanusEdit

Proteales - fam. Platanaceae - genus Platanus
Platanus Sycamore N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Platanus occidentalis L.
1901. P. glabrata Fernald
1919. P. occidentalis var. glabrata
Eastern sycamore,
American sycamore,
American plane-tree,
Buttonball tree
Platane occidental,
Platane d'Amérique,
Platane d'Occident
N.Y. native,
CoC: 6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Tree
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Platanus (excluded taxa) Sycamore N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Mill. ex Münchh

Platanus occidentalis ×
Platanus orientalis

1770. P. hispanica Mill. ex Münchh.
1789. P. orientalis var. acerifolia
1804. P. hybridus Brot.
1805. P. acerifolia (Aiton) Willd.
1919. P. acerifolia var. hispanica
London planetree,
Maple-leaved plane-tree,
London sycamore,
Hybrid of
 American sycamore &
 Oriental planetree
Platane à feuilles d'érable,
Hybride de
 platane occidental et de
 platane oriental
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded,
Cultivated only
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-XX]
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Order BuxalesEdit

The order Buxales...

Family BuxaceaeEdit

The Buxaceae (box family)

Subfamily BuxoideaeEdit

Genus BuxusEdit
Buxales - fam. Buxaceae - subfam. Buxoideae - genus Buxus
Buxus Boxwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Buxus sempervirens L.
1785. Buxus myrtifolia Lam.
1947. Buxus colchica Pojark.
1947. Buxus hyrcana Pojark.
Common boxwood,
Common box
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
NYFA-X
USDA-X

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Subfamily PachysandroideaeEdit

Tribe PachysandreaeEdit
Genus PachysandraEdit

Japanese pachysandra is widely planted as a ground-cover and tends to persist, spreading vegetatively to adjacent wooded areas, where it can be difficult to remove. Allegheny pachysandra is planted as a "native" substitute, and is probably unlikely to naturalize as far north as New York State.[1]

Buxales - fam. Buxaceae - subfam. Pachysandroideae - trib. Pachysandreae - genus Pachysandra
Pachysandra Pachysandra N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Michx.

1803. Pachysandra procumbens
Michx.
Allegheny pachysandra,
Allegheny spurge
Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens[2]
NYFA-0
USDA-N



NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Siebold & Zucc.

1845. Pachysandra terminalis
Siebold & Zucc.
Japanese pachysandra,
Japanese spurge
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
MIPC,
WW
NYFA-X
USDA-X






Images, wsp
  1. New York Metropolitan Flora Project, 02/07/2012 considers reports of naturalized Pachysandra procumbens to have been based on planted specimens.
  2. Long Island Botanical Society Newsletter (18:2, Spring 2008) reported "two patches in the uplands of Oakland Lake [Queens]." and "…from North Hempstead Township in Nassau County."

Order SaxifragalesEdit

The order Saxifragales has about 15 families worldwide. Of these, ten are represented in New York.

Family PaeoniaceaeEdit

The Paeoniaceae (peony family)...

Genus PaeoniaEdit

Saxifragales - fam. Paeoniaceae - genus Paeonia
Paeonia Peony N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Pall.

1776. Paeonia lactiflora Pall.
1788. Paeonia albiflora Pall.
18??. Paeonia sinensis hort. ex Steud.
1870. Paeonia chinensis hort. ex E.Vilm.
Chinese peony Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Rarely spreads
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE 
IPN 

Images, wsp

Family AltingiaceaeEdit

The Altingiaceae (sweetgum family) contains only about fifteen species and its segregation from Hamamelidaceae has only recently been widely accepted. One of its three genera (Semiliquidambar) may comprise intergeneric hybrids of the other two (Altingia and Liquidambar), so revisions within this family may be forthcoming.

Genus LiquidambarEdit

Liquidambar styraciflua is the only North American species of Liquidambar, or sweetgum. It is most common in the forests of the southeastern United States, but its native range appears to extend as far north as southeastern New York State. It is cultivated elsewhere in the state and seems to be able to naturalize in some upstate locations.

Saxifragales - fam. Altingiaceae - genus Liquidambar
Liquidambar Sweet gum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Liquidambar styraciflua L.
1796. Liquidambar gummifera Salisb.
1812. Liquidambar barbata Stokes
1863. Liquidambar macrophylla Oerst.
1863. L. styraciflua var. mexicana Oerst.
Sweetgum,
American sweetgum,
American sweet-gum,
Redgum,
American storax
N.Y. native,
CoC: 6,
Secure



Perennial,
Tree
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NEW Can-0
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Family HamamelidaceaeEdit

The Hamamelidaceae...

Subfamily HamamelidoideaeEdit

Tribe HamamelideaeEdit
Genus HamamelisEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Hamamelidaceae - subfam. Hamamelidoideae - trib. Hamamelideae - genus Hamamelis
Hamamelis Witchhazel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Hamamelis virginiana L.
1788. Hamamelis androgyna Walter
1788. Hamamelis dioica Walter
1814. Hamamelis macrophylla Pursh
1836. Trilopus virginica (L.) Raf.
American witch-hazel,
Common witch-hazel,
Witch-hazel
Café du diable,
Hamémelis de Virginie
N.Y. native,
CoC: 7,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Hamamelis (excluded taxa) Witchhazel N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 Sarg.

1908. Hamamelis vernalis Sarg.
1932. H. vernalis var. tomentella
2007. H. virginiana ssp. vernalis
Ozark witchhazel,
Ozark witch-hazel,
Vernal witch-hazel
Introduced from
 southern US,
N. America native,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Shrub, tree
NYFA-0
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Tribe CorylopsideaeEdit
Genus CorylopsisEdit

There are a number of species of winterhazel (Corylopsis) that are hardy in New York and planted as early-blooming shrubs. None of them have been reported to naturalize in the state.

Saxifragales - fam. Hamamelidaceae - subfam. Hamamelidoideae - trib. Corylopsideae - genus Corylopsis
Corylopsis Winter hazel N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0

    
    
    
Spike winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
NYFA-0






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Fragrant winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
NYFA-0






Images, wsp

    
    
    
Butteercup winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
NYFA-0






Images, wsp
 Hemsl.

1906. Corylopsis sinensis Hemsl.
    
    
Chinese winterhazel Introduced from
 Asia,
Cultivated,
Not naturalized
NYFA-0
USDA-00

ARS 




Images, wsp
Tribe FothergilleaeEdit
Genus FothergillaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Hamamelidaceae - subfam. Hamamelidoideae - trib. Fothergilleae - genus Fothergilla
Fothergilla Witch-alder N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 L.

1774. Fothergilla gardenii L.
1782. Fothergilla alnifolia L.f.
1894. Fothergilla carolina Britton
1903. Fothergilla parvifolia Kearney
Dwarf witchalder Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 (Sims) Lodd.

1810. Fothergilla alnifolia var. major Sims
1829. Fothergilla major (Sims) Lodd.
1897. Fothergilla monticola Ashe
Witch-alder,
Mountain witchalder
Introduced,
US South native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Shrub
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family CercidiphyllaceaeEdit

The Cercidiphyllaceae contains only the Asian genus Cercidiphyllum.

Genus CercidiphyllumEdit

Cercidiphyllum contains the two Asian species, C. japonicum and C. magnificum, the first of which, the katsura-tree has been reported outside of cultivation in Kings, Nassau and Queens Counties.

Saxifragales - fam. Cercidiphyllaceae - genus Cercidiphyllum
Cercidiphyllum Katsura N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
Siebold & Zucc. ex J.J.Hoffm. & J.H.Schult. bis

1846. Cercidiphyllum japonicum Siebold & Zucc.
1864. C. japonicum J.J.Hoffm. & J.H.Schult. bis
1913. C. japonicum
var. sinense Rehder & E.H.Wilson
Katsura-tree,
Toffee-apple tree
Introduced from
 Japan, China
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family CrassulaceaeEdit

The Crassulaceae (orpine family)...

Subfamily CrassuloideaeEdit

Genus CrassulaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Crassulaceae - subfam. Crassuloideae - genus Crassula
Crassula Pygmyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Schoenl.

1753. Tillaea aquatica L.
1801. Bulliarda aquatica (L.) DC.
1840. Tillaea angustifolia Nutt.
1890. Crassula aquatica (L.) Schoenl.
1903. Tillaeastrum aquaticum (L.) Britton
1920. Hydrophila aquatica (L.) House
Water pigmy-weed,
River-leek,
Pigmy-weed
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Subfamily SempervivoideaeEdit

Tribe UmbiliceaeEdit
Genus RhodiolaEdit

In New York, Rhodiola consists of two taxa of endangered plants.

Rhodiola integrifolia ssp. leedyi is an isolated subspecies of a common western cliff-stonecrop species (transferred from Sedum integrifolium in 1999). It has been found mainly on northwest-to-northeast-facing cliffs in southeastern Minnesota and near the southern part of Seneca Lake. It was discovered at Watkins Glen State Park in Schuyler County in 1918. The largest known population (at least 6000 plants) was discovered that same year, along about 2 miles of Glenora Cliff, on the western shore of Seneca Lake, in Yates County. It wasn't until 1994 that a third New York population was found near Glenora Falls, also in Yates County. [2], [3]

Saxifragales - fam. Crassulaceae - subfam. Sempervivoideae - trib. Umbiliceae - genus Rhodiola
Rhodiola Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Rhodiola rosea L.
1771. Sedum rosea (L.) Scop.
1903. Sedum roanense Britton
1903. Rhodiola roanensis Britton
1930. Sedum rosea var. roanense
1973. Rhodiola rosea ssp. roanensis
Roseroot stonecrop,
Roseroot
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[2]
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Raf.
ssp. leedyi
(Rosend. & J.W.Moore) H.Ohba

1947. Sedum rosea var. leedyi Rosend. &al.
1975. Sedum integrifolium ssp. leedyi
R.T.Clausen
1985. Tolmachevia integrifolia ssp. leedyi
Á.Löve & D.Löve
1999. R. integrifolia ssp. leedyi H.Ohba
Leedy's roseroot,
Leedy's stonecrop,
Rose sedum
N.Y. native,
Endangered,
Federally listed[3],
DEC-A[1],
NYNHP: 1[4]
NYFA-1
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Rhodiola (excluded taxa) Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
ssp. integrifolia

1832. Rhodiola integrifolia Raf. p.p.
    Sedum atropurpureum Turcz.
    R. atropurpurea (Turcz.) Trautv. & C. A. Mey.
    R. rosea ssp. integrifolia
    Sedum integrifolium (Raf.) A. Nelson
Ledge stonecrop N. America native
 western N. A.,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS


IPN 

Images, wsp
Genus HylotelephiumEdit

The NYFA now lists Hylotelephium telephioides as not-native to New York, but the DEC (and NYFA) still list it as endangered in New York.

Saxifragales - fam. Crassulaceae - subfam. Sempervivoideae - trib. Umbiliceae - genus Hylotelephium
Hylotelephium Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) H.Ohba.
ssp. telephium

1753. Sedum telephium L.
1821. S. triphyllum (Haw.) Gray
1843. S. purpurascens W.D.J.Koch
1878. S. telephium var. borderi
1909. S. telephium ssp. purpurascens
1961. S. telephium var. purpurascens (i)
1977. H. telephium (L.) H.Ohba.
Garden stonecrop,
Witch's moneybags,
Purple orpine,
Sedum,
Live-forever
Vit-toujours
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
(Miq.) H.Ohba

Garden stonecrop,
Garden orpine
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp
(Michx.) H.Ohba

Allegheny stonecrop,
Live-forever
Introduced,
Not naturalized,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
DEC-A[1]
NYFA-Z
USDA-NX



BNA


Images, wsp
Hylotelephium (excluded taxa) Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution [4]
(Sweet ex Hooker) H. Ohba

    Sedum sieboldii Sweet ex Hooker
    Hylotelephium sieboldii
(Sweet ex Hooker) H.Ohba
    
Stonecrop,
October Daphne
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-EXCLD






Images, wsp
(Boreau) H.Ohba

Showy stonecrop,
Iceplant
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Genus PhedimusEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Crassulaceae - subfam. Sempervivoideae - trib. Umbiliceae - genus Phedimus
Phedimus Phedimus N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (M.Bieb.) 't Hart

1808. Sedum spurium M.Bieb.
1815. Sedum oppositifolium Sims
1984. Asterosedum spurium Grulich
1985. Spathulata spuria Á.Löve & D.Löve
1995. Phedimus spurius 't Hart
Caucasian stonecrop,
Two-rowed stonecrop
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Phedimus (excluded taxa) Phedimus N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(J.F.Gmel.) 't Hart

1774. Sedum stoloniferum J.F.Gmel.
1995. Phedimus stolonifer
(J.F.Gmel.) 't Hart
    
Running false stonecrop,
Stolon stonecrop
Introduced from
 northern Iran,
 eastern Turkey,
N.Y. excluded
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Tribe SemperviveaeEdit
Genus SempervivumEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Crassulaceae - subfam. Sempervivoideae - trib. Semperviveae - genus Sempervivum
Sempervivum Houseleek N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Sempervivum tectorum L.
Common houseleek,
Hen-and-chickens,
Hen-and-chicks
Joubarbe des toits
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-Xx
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Tribe SedeaeEdit
Genus SedumEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Crassulaceae - subfam. Sempervivoideae - trib. Sedeae - genus Sedum
Sedum Stonecrop N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Michx.

Clausenellia ternata
Wood stonecrop,
Woodland stonecrop
Introduced,
US South native
NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 


NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

Gold-moss,
Goldmoss stonecrop
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

White stonecrop Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

Spanish stonecrop Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Fisch. & C.A.Mey.

Orange stonecrop Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
 L.

Petrosedum reflexum (L.) GrulichSedum reflexum L.
Jenny's stonecrop,
Reflexed stonecrop
Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Bunge

Stringy stonecrop Introduced NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 Chaix

Sedum anopetalum DC.
European stonecrop Introduced,
No specimens
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp

Family HaloragaceaeEdit

The Haloragaceae (watermilfoil family)...

Tribe MyriophylleaeEdit

Genus ProserpinacaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Haloragaceae - trib. Myriophylleae - genus Proserpinaca
Proserpinaca Mermaidweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. crebra

Marsh mermaidweed N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.
var. palustris

Marsh mermaidweed N.Y. native,
Especially vulnerable
NYFA-1?
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Lam.

Comb-leaved mermaid-weed N.Y. native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus MyriophyllumEdit

The subgeneric system used here for Myriophyllum is based on Michael L. Moody and Donald H. Les (2010). "Systematics of the Aquatic Angiosperm Genus Myriophyllum (Haloragaceae)." Systematic Botany, Vol. 35, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 2010), pp. 121-139.

Myriophyllum subg. BrachythecaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Haloragaceae - trib. Myriophylleae - genus Myriophyllum - subg. Brachytheca
Myriophyllumsubg. Brachythecasect. Tessaronia Water-milfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
Michx.

1803. Myriophyllum heterophyllum
Michx.
Various-leaved water milfoil,
Variable-leaved water-milfoil,
Two-leaf water-milfoil,
Broad-leaved water-milfoil,
Changeleaf parrotfeather
N.Y. native,
CoC: 4,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
(Raf.) Morong

Low water-milfoil N.Y. native,
CoC: 8,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Bigel.

Slender water-milfoil N.Y. native,
CoC: 10,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Morong

Farwell's water-milfoil N.Y. native,
CoC: 4,
Threatened

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

Cutleaf watermilfoil,
Cut-leaved water-milfoil,
Green parrotfeather
N.Y. native,
CoC: 10,
Endangered

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Myriophyllumsubg. Brachythecasect. Tessaronia (excluded taxa) Water-milfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray

    
Western watermilfoil N. America native
 western N. Am.,
N.Y. excluded

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
Myriophyllum subg. MyriophyllumEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Haloragaceae - trib. Myriophylleae - genus Myriophyllum - subg. Myriophyllum
Myriophyllumsubg. Myriophyllumsect. Myriophyllum Water-milfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
Kom.

1914. Myriophyllum sibiricum Kom.
Northern water-milfoil,
Shortspike watermilfoil
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
L.

Whorled water-milfoil N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
DC.

Alternateflower
  watermilfoil,
Alternate-flowered
  water-milfoil
N.Y. native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Eurasian water-milfoil,
Spike watermilfoil
Introduced,
Very highly invasive,
NYIS: 94%[1],
NE-1[2]
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Myriophyllumsubg. Myriophyllumsect. Pectinatum Water-milfoil N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
(Vell.) Verdc.

Parrot-feather,
Parrot feather watermilfoil
Introduced,
Invasive
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentMyriophyllum spicatum: invasive (94). Detail
  2. Category 1 Plants - highly invasive - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service

Family PenthoraceaeEdit

The Penthoraceae Rydb. ex Britton, nom. cons.[1]

Genus PenthorumEdit

Saxifragales - fam. Penthoraceae - genus Penthorum
Penthorum Penthorum N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Ditch-stonecrop,
Virginia stonecrop,
Virginia penthorum
Penthorum faux-orpin
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Flora of North America, Vol. 8 Page 44, 148, 230: Penthoraceae Rydberg ex Britton "Cronquist (1981) considered it to be transitional between Crassulaceae and Saxifragaceae. … Molecular studies suggest that the genus is sister to Haloragaceae. … Recent authors often have placed it in the monogeneric Penthoraceae."

Family GrossulariaceaeEdit

The Grossulariaceae (gooseberry family)...

Genus RibesEdit

Ribes can be grouped into the currants, which are generally thornless with small berries, and the gooseberries, which generally have thorns and larger berries.

Ribes subg. RibesEdit

Subgenus Ribes contains the currants.

Saxifragales - fam. Grossulariaceae - genus Ribes - subg. Ribes
Ribessubg. Ribes Currant N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 Mill.

1768. Ribes americanum Mill.
1915. Coreosma americana (Mill.) Nieuwl.
Wild black currant,
American black currant,
Blank currant
Groseillier d'Amérique,
Gadellier d’Amérique
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Grauer

1784. Ribes glandulosum Grauer
1785. Ribes prostratum L'Hér.
1813. Ribes resinosum Pursh
Skunk currant,
Wild currant
Gadellier glanduleux
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Pall.

1797. Ribes triste Pall.
1856. Ribes rubrum var. propinquum
1907. Ribes triste var. albinervium
1966. Ribes rubrum var. alaskanum
Red currant,
Swamp red currant,
Wild red currant
Gadellier amer
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Pursh
var. villosum DC.

1825. Ribes odoratum H.L.Wendl.
1828. Ribes aureum var. villosum DC.
Buffalo currant,
Clove currant,
Golden currant,
Missouri currant
Groseillier doré
Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-NX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ribes nigrum L.
1929. Ribes cyathiforme Pojark.
Black currant,
European black currant,
Garden black currant
Gadellier noir,
Groseillier noir,
Cassis, Cassissier
Introduced,
Eurasia native
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Ribes rubrum L.
1789. Ribes vulgare Lam.
1826. Ribes sylvestre Mert. & W.D.J.Koch
1865. Ribes sativum (Rchb.) Syme
Northern red currant,
Red garden currant,
Cultivated currant
Groseillier rouge
Introduced,
Europe native
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Ribes subg. GrossulariaEdit

Subgenus Grossularia contains the gooseberries.

Saxifragales - fam. Grossulariaceae - genus Ribes - subg. Grossularia
Ribessubg. Grossularia Gooseberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 L. 1753

1768. Grossularia cynosbati (L.) Mill.
1901. Ribes huronense Rydb.
Prickly gooseberry,
Eastern prickly gooseberry,
American gooseberry,
Dogbramble,
Pasture gooseberry
Groseillier des chiens
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Michx. 1803

1838. Grossularia hirtella (Michx.) Spach
Smooth gooseberry,
Wild gooseberry,
Hairystem gooseberry,
Wedge-leaf gooseberry
Groseillier hérissé
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Michx. 1803

1908. Grossularia rotundifolia Coville & Britton
Appalachian gooseberry,
Wild gooseberry
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.
var. sativum DC.

1753. Ribes grossularia L.
1753. Ribes reclinatum L.
1768. Grossularia reclinata (L.) Mill.
    Ribes uva-crispa ssp. sativum DC.
1830. Ribes uva-crispa ssp. reclinatum Rchb.
European gooseberry,
English gooseberry
Groseillier épineux,
Groseillier deshaies,
Groseillier vert
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Ribes subg. GrossularioidesEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Grossulariaceae - genus Ribes - subg. Grossularioides
Ribessubg. Grossularioides Currant / Gooseberry N.Y. Status Images Distribution 11
 (Pers.) Poir. 1812

1805. Ribes oxycanthoides var. lacustre
1876. Ribes lacustre var. parvulum
1917. Limnobotrya lacustris (Pers.) Rydb.
Bristly black currant,
Bristly black gooseberry,
Prickly currant,
Swamp gooseberry
Gadellier lacustre
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Genus IteaEdit

Saxifragales - fam. Grossulariaceae - genus Itea
Itea sweetspire N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
 L.

1753. Itea virginica L.
Virginia sweetspire,
Tassel-white,
Virginia-tea,
Virginia-willow
Introduced from
 US South,
Cultivated

Perennial,
Shrub
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

NSE BNA


Images, wsp

Family SaxifragaceaeEdit

The Saxifragaceae (family)...

Subfamily SaxifragoideaeEdit

Tribe SaxifrageaeEdit
Genus MicranthesEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Saxifragoideae - trib. Saxifrageae - genus Micranthes
Micranthes Saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Michx.) Small

1803. Saxifraga virginiensis Michx.
1847. S. virginiensis var. virginiensis
1903. Micranthes virginiensis Small
1982. Spatularia virginiensis Á.& D.Löve
Virginia saxifrage,
Early saxifrage
Saxifrage de Virginie
N.Y. native,
Secure

FACU-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L. (Haw.)

1753. Saxifraga pensylvanica L.
1821. Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw.
1870. Saxifraga forbesii Vasey
1923. Saxifraga purpuripetala A.M.Johnson
1925. Micranthes pensylvanica
fo. purpuripetala (A.M.Johnson) House
1928. Micranthes pensylvanica
var. purpuripetala (A.M.Johnson) Bush
Eastern swamp saxifrage,
Swamp saxifrage,
Marsh saxifrage,
Pennsylvania saxifrage
Saxifrage de Pennsylvanie
N.Y. native,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
Genus SaxifragaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Saxifragoideae - trib. Saxifrageae - genus Saxifraga
Saxifraga Saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Saxifraga aizoides L.
1821. Leptasea aizoides (L.) Haw.
1836. Evaiezoa aizoides (L.) Raf.
1898. Saxifraga vanbruntiae Small
1905. Leptasea vanbruntiae Small
Yellow mountain saxifrage,
Evergreen saxifrage,
Golden saxifrage
Saxifrage jaune,
Saxifrage faux-aïzoon,
Saxifrage jaune des montagnes
N.Y. native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
ssp. oppositifolia

Purple mountain saxifrage N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
 Mill.
ssp. paniculata

1768. Saxifraga paniculata Mill.
1778. Saxifraga aizoon Jacq.
1944. Saxifraga aizoon var. neogaea
1968. Saxifraga paniculata ssp. neogaea
1982. Chondrosea paniculata (Mill.) Á.Löve
White mountain saxifrage N.Y. native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp

Subfamily HeucheroideaeEdit

Tribe ChrysosplenieaeEdit
Genus ChrysospleniumEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Heucheroideae - trib. Chrysosplenieae - genus Chrysosplenium
Chrysosplenium Golden saxifrage N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1

American golden saxifrage N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Tribe HeuchereaeEdit
Genus TiarellaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Heucheroideae - trib. Heuchereae - genus Tiarella
Tiarella Foamflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Tiarella cordifolia L.
1903. Tiarella macrophylla Small
1937. Tiarella wherryi Lakela
1937. T. cordifolia var. austrina Lakela
1940. T. cordifolia ssp. collina Wherry
Heartleaf foamflower,
Heart-leaved foam-flower,
False mitrewort,
Coolwort
Tiarelle cordifoliée,
Tiarelle à feuilles cordées,
Tiarelle feuille-en-coeur,
Tiarelle
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus MitellaEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Heucheroideae - trib. Heuchereae - genus Mitella
Mitella Miterwort,
bishop's cap
N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3

Two-leaved bishop's-cap,
Two-leaved miterwort,
Coolwort
N.Y. native,
Secure
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

Mitella prostrata Michx.
Naked bishop's-cap,
Naked miterwort,
Creeping bishop's cap
N.Y. native,
Likely secure
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Mitella diphylla ×
Mitella nuda

Miterwort,
Bishop's-cap
N.Y. native,
Especially vulnerable
NYFA-1?
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus HeucheraEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Heucheroideae - trib. Heuchereae - genus Heuchera
Heuchera Alumroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.
var. americana

American alumroot
Heuchère d'Amérique
N.Y. native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
var. villosa

Hairy alumroot Introduced,
N. America native
NYFA-X
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Genus AstilbeEdit
Saxifragales - fam. Saxifragaceae - subfam. Heucheroideae - trib. Heuchereae - genus Astilbe
Astilbe False-goat's-beard N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(C.Morren & Decne.) A.Gray

Florist's-spiraea Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp