Open main menu

Wikibooks β

Flora of New York/Commelinales, Zingiberales, Ceratophyllales

< Flora of New York(Redirected from Flora of New York/Commelinales, Cannales, Ceratophyllales)

Order CommelinalesEdit

The Commelinales

Family CommelinaceaeEdit

The Commelinaceae (dayflower family).[1]
  1. Commelinaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subamily CommelinoideaeEdit

Tribe TradescanteaeEdit
TradescantiaEdit
 
Wild Flowers of New York Part 1, Plate 7. Spider Lily, Spiderwort - Tradescantia virginiana (1918)
Spiderwort (Tradescantia) is a New World genus of herbaceous perennials, named by Carl Linnaeus in honor of John Tradescant the Elder (ca. 1570–1638). Although all spiderworts listed in New York are considered to be native to eastern North America, none are listed as New York natives by the New York Flora Atlas.
Commelinales — Commelinaceae — Commelinoideae — Tradescanteae — Tradescantia
Tradescantia Spider wort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 Raf.

1814. Tradescantia ohiensis Raf.
Ohio spiderwort,
Bluejacket,
Smooth spiderwort
Introduced from
 eastern N. America,
N. America native,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
BNA

BBG 
Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Tradescantia virginiana L.
Virginia spiderwort
Éphémère de Virginie
Introduced from
 eastern N. America,
N. America native,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X
USDA-NX
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA

BBG 
Images, wsp
T. ohiensis × virginiana

Tradescantia ohiensis ×
Tradescantia virginiana

Hybrid of
 Ohio spiderwort &
 Virginia spiderwort

Introduced from
 eastern N. America,
N. America native,
Naturalized
  NYFA-X






Images, wsp
(Britton) Smyth
var. occidentalis

T. virginiana var. occidentalis
Prairie spider-wort,
Western spiderwort
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
 Ker Gawl.

yyyy. Tradescantia subaspera Ker Gawl.
yyyy. Tradescantia subaspera var. montana
yyyy. Tradescantia subaspera ssp. montana
yyyy. species fo. forma
Zigzag spiderwort Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Tribe CommelineaeEdit
The Commelineae in New York include the dayflowers (Commelina spp.) and dewflowers (Murdannia spp.).
CommelinaEdit
 
Commelina erecta L.
slender or whitemouth dayflower
The only dayflower (Commelina sp.) listed as native to New York is Commelina erecta (slender dayflower),[1] which is though to be extirpated from the state.

The introduced Asiatic dayflower (Commelina communis) continues to be quite common in many parts of the state.


  1. M.L. Fernald (1950). Gray's manual of botany, 8th ed. American Book Company, New York. p. 393. Lists C. erecta (typical) as present in southeastern New York.
Commelinales — Commelinaceae — Commelinoideae — Commelineae — Commelina
Commelina Dayflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Commelina erecta L.
    Commelina elegans Kunth
    Commelina saxicola Small
Slender dayflower,
Whitemouth dayflower
Native,
Extirpated,
Impersistent,
NYNHP:[1]
  NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW-0


BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Commelina communis L.
1811. C. debilis Ledeb.
1843. C. willdenowii Kunth
1861. C. ludens Miq.
1881. C. communis var. ludens
1909. C. communis var. angustifolia
1910. C. coreana H.Lév.
1961. C. communis fo. aureostriata
Asian dayflower,
Asiatic dayflower,
Dayflower
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Commelina (excluded taxa) Dayflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
var. diffusa

1768. Commelina diffusa Burm.f.
    
    
Climbing dayflower N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Commelina virginica L.
    
    
Virginia dayflower N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
MurdanniaEdit
Commelinales — Commelinaceae — Commelinoideae — Commelineae — Murdannia
MurdanniaRoyle (excluded species) Dew-flower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Brenan

1753. Commelina nudiflora L.
1952. Murdannia nudiflora (L.) Brenan
    
Nakedstem dewflower,
Dove-weed
Introduced from
 Asia,
N.Y. excluded
  NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Hassk.) Hand.-Maz.

    
1870. Aneilema keisak Hassk.
1936. Murdannia keisak (Hassk.)
Hand.-Mazz.
Wart-removing herb,
Marsh dewflower,
Asian spiderwort
Introduced from
 Asia,
Highly invasive,
NYIS: 78%[1],
No NY reports
 
USDA-X0

ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA

BUG 
Images, wsp

Family HaemodoraceaeEdit

The Haemodoraceae (bloodwort family).[1]

Subfamily HaemodoroideaeEdit

LachnanthesEdit
Commelinales — Haemodoraceae — Haemodoroideae
Lachnanthes Redroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (Lam.) Dandy

1791. Dilatris caroliniana Lam.
1791. Heritiera tinctorium Walter ex J.F.Gmel.
1812. Gyrotheca tinctoria
(Walter ex J.F.Gmel.) Salisb.
1814. Dilatris tinctoria
(Walter ex J.F.Gmel.) Pursh
1816. Lachnanthes tinctoria
(Walter ex J.F.Gmel.) Elliott
1932. Lachnanthes caroliana (Lam.) Dandy
Carolina redroot,
Carolina bloodroot,
Red-root,
Paint-root,
Dye-root
Lachnanthe de Caroline
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
  NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp

Family PontederiaceaeEdit

The Pontederiaceae (family).[1]
  1. Pontederiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe PontederieaeEdit

PontederiaEdit
 
Pontederia cordata
pickerel weed

Commelinales — Pontederiaceae — Pontederieae — Pontederia
Pontederia Pickerel weed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 L.

1753. Pontederia cordata L.
Pickerelweed
Pontédérie cordée,
Langue du boeuf
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
EichhorniaEdit
Commelinales — Pontederiaceae — Pontederieae — Eichhornia
Eichhornia Water hyacinth N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Mart.) Solms

    E. speciosa Kunth
    Piaropus crassipes (Mart.) Raf.
    Pontederia crassipes Mart.
1883. E. crassipes (Mart.) Solms
Common water hyacinth Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Impersistent,
Inavisive in south
  NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Tribe HeteranthereaeEdit

HeterantheraEdit
Commelinales — Pontederiaceae — Heteranthereae — Heteranthera
Heteranthera Mud plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Jacq.) MacMill.

1768. Commelina dubia Jacq.
1892. H. dubia (Jacq.) MacMill.
1894. H. dubia (Jacq.) Morong (i)
1913. Zosterella dubia (Jacq.) Small
Water star-grass,
Grassleaf mudplantain,
Grass-leaved mud-plantain
Hétéranthère litigieuse,
Hétéranthère douteuse
Native, C:5,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 

LBJ

Images, wsp
Ruiz & Pav.

    
    
    
Mud-plantain,
Kidneyleaf mudplantain,
Kidney-leaved mud-plantain
Native, C:7,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
  NYFA-3
USDA-N0

ITIS
FNA 

LBJ

Images, wsp

Order ZingiberalesEdit

Family CannaceaeEdit

The Cannaceae (family).[1]

CannaEdit

Zingiberales — Cannaceae — Canna
Canna Canna lily N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
L.H.Bailey (pro sp.) (1923)

Canna glauca ×
Canna indica

1923. Canna × generalis L.H.Bailey
1923. Canna × orchiodes L.H.Bailey
 auct. Canna × hortensis
non Guillaumin (1934)
Canna-lily,
Canna lily,
Common garden canna
Balisier
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Cultivated

OBL
  NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
  1. Cannaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Order CeratophyllalesEdit

The Ceratophyllales...

Family CeratophyllaceaeEdit

The Ceratophyllaceae (family).[1]
  1. Ceratophyllaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

CeratophyllumEdit

Ceratophyllales — Ceratophyllaceae
Ceratophyllum Hornwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Ceratophyllum demersum L.
1794. Dichotophyllum demersum (L.) Moench
1829. C. apiculatum Cham.
1860. C. dermersum var. apiculatum
Common coontail,
Common hornwort,
Common hornweed
Cornifle nageante
Native,
Secure
  NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 A.Gray

1837. Ceratophyllum echinatum A.Gray
1856. C. demersum var. echinatum
1985. C. submersum var. echinatum
Spineless hornwort,
Prickly coontail,
Prickly hornwort
Cornifle échinée
Native,
Vulnerable
  NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

ReferencesEdit