Cookbook:Apple Strudel

Cookbook | Ingredients | Recipes | Austrian Cuisine


The apple strudel is said to be a famous Viennese dish. It is true that it gained international success via the Viennese cuisine, but the origin of the apple strudel is to be found in what was known as "the Orient". When the Turks occupied Hungary (among other Middle-European countries), the Hungarians got to know the strudel which then, thanks to the high percentage of gluten starch in the Hungarian wheat flour, became quite popular in Hungary. From there the strudel found its way into the Viennese cuisine and later on conquered the whole Austrian-Hungarian monarchy. Already in 1696, a recipe of a so called milk-cream-strudel existed. In 1715, the strudel was described as a spiral wound flummery. This leads to the assumption that the word “strudel” derives from its shape, which reminds of a water vortex

However, the Viennese strudel recipes are, to some extent, of Moorish-Spanish origin as well. The Moors brought their pastry recipe to Spain and to the South of France. In both countries their recipes can be traced back to the 17th and 18th century.

Until the second half of the 19th century, variations developed with a great variety of stuffing and the strudel established itself in the Austrian cuisine. From 1800 onwards, many types of strudels were created, such as apple strudel, almond strudel, semolina strudel, rice strudel, quark strudel, milk-cream-strudel, grape strudel, poppy strudel, nut strudel, cabbage strudel, meat strudel, damson strudel, cherry strudel, pear strudel, apricot strudel, ham strudel, coffee strudel, Parmesan strudel, roll strudel, mushroom strudel, herb strudel, cinnamon strudel, and the Hungarian strudel, which is called rétes.

These variants are more common in the foothills of the Alps than in the Alps, people living in the mountains usually prefer fritter and substantial meals. Generally, it can be said that for the Austrian apple strudel it is important to choose green or tartish apples that are firm and not overripe. If the apples are too sour, just add some more sugar. For the apple strudel of the old-Viennese style, ¼ L of sour cream, or slightly whipped cream, and 80g coarsely cut nuts are added to the original recipe before the strudel is rolled up. For the apple strudel of Salzburg's cuisine, some sugared milk is poured over the stuffing in order to keep the strudel juicy. Each variation of an apple strudel, or a strudel in general, can be served as a main dish or a dessert. Whether it is eaten warm or cold, it always has a delicious taste!

On this page you will find the recipe for the dough and as well as the stuffing. The dough should be soft and smooth when it comes to stretching it. In former years, there was the saying that a woman is not mature until she is able to make a strudel dough thin enough to read a newspaper through it.

Apple Strudel
Category Dessert recipes
Servings 8-12
Time prep: 45 min, cooking: 35 min


200 gflour
63 glukewarm water (near "hot" is better than near "cold")
20 goil
  1. Combine the flour and salt. Mound the flour on a wooden work surface.
  2. Make a well in the center of the flour. Add some of the water and oil to the well (be careful not to take too much liquid at once). Mix in a little flour from the edges (be careful not to break the "wall" of flour and let the liquid out). Knead mixture until liquid is incorporated.
  3. Repeat step 2 until all the oil and water are incorporated.
  4. Knead the dough until it is smooth and does not stick to the hands or the board anymore.
  5. Flour a slightly warmed bowl (this dough does not like to get cold). Grease the dough with some extra oil so it cannot form a skin. Place the greased dough in the bowl.
  6. Cover the bowl with a damp dish cloth, but the cloth should not touch the dough. Let dough rest for 30 minutes (prepare the filling in the meantime). The dough should be soft and smooth.
  7. Flour a very large cloth (e.g. a bedsheet). Put the dough on the sheet and tumble it
  8. Flour your hands. With the back of your hand facing upwards, place your hands under the dough. Spread your fingers to stretch the dough, and use the other hand to pull the dough towards the edge of the sheet. Repeat this gradually until the dough is as thin as paper. Be careful not to tear the dough with your fingers. Cut the thick edges off and discard.
  9. Proceed to the filling and assembly stage.


15 kgapples, peeled and sliced
40 gbutter
80 gbreadcrumbs, toasted
100 gsugar
60 graisins
60 gnuts (if you like)
80 gbutter, melted
powdered sugar
  1. Scatter the breadcrumbs over ⅔ of the dough. Arrange the apple slices on top of the breadcrumbs. Sprinkle sugar, cinnamon, raisins, and nuts over the apples.
  2. Brush the remaining ⅓ of the dough with some melted butter.
  3. Fold the side edges slightly in towards the center. These will be the ends of the strudel once it is rolled up. If you know how to roll a burrito, assembling the strudel is an analogous process.
  4. Begin to roll up the strudel, starting with the apple section. Use the cloth to help roll the strudel up completely. Again, it is similar to rolling a burrito.
  5. Transfer the strudel to a baking sheet. Brush the entire rolled-up strudel with some melted butter. Do not neglect the two ends.
  6. Bake in a preheated 180˚C oven for 35 min. Brush the strudel with melted butter two or three times during the first 15 minutes of baking to help it brown.
  7. When browned and cooked through, remove from oven. Cool slightly.
  8. Slice into individual portions, and serve sprinkled with powdered sugar.


  • Maier-Bruck, Franz. Das Große Sacher Kochbuch: Die österreichische Küche. Schuler, 1975, 491-494.
  • Mörwald, Toni, Christoph Wagner. Die Süße Küche: Das österreichische Mehlspeiskochbuch. St. Pölten/Wien/Linz: NP Buchverlag, 2003, 16.